TIME Music

Hip-hop Was the Biggest Revolution in American Music and That’s Backed By a Study of 17,000 Songs

Photo of Public Enemy Jan. 1, 1991
Ebet Roberts—Redferns/Getty Images Photo of Public Enemy Jan. 1, 1991

Forget the British Invasion of the 1960s or the synth-pop of the 1980s

The explosion of the hip-hop onto the music scene in the 1990s was the biggest musical revolution in American pop history.

That’s according to a team of scientists who, for the first time, have analyzed the evolution of western pop music, spanning from 1960 to 2010, and published their findings in the Royal Society Open Journal.

The team, from Queen Mary University London and Imperial College London, looked at 30-second snippets from about 17,000 songs from the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 over a 50-year period. The researchers studied trends in style and diversity as well as how harmony, chord changes and tonal quality changed over time.

“We can actually go beyond what music experts tell us, or what we know ourselves about them, by looking directly into the songs, measuring their makeup, and understanding how they have changed,” said lead author of the study Matthias Mauch.

Mauch’s team found that were three distinct music revolutions: 1964, 1983 and 1991.

1964 was the start of “British invasion” when bands like the Beatles and the Rolling Stones flooded the American charts. But contrary to popular belief, these bands didn’t initiate the rock revolution, they were merely following existing trends.

The rise of new technologies — such as synthesizers, samplers and drum machines — in the 1980s ushered in a new style of music, personified in bands like Duran Duran or the Eurythmics.

But then hip-hop exploded into the mainstream in the 1990s, sparking the biggest music revolution in 50 years.

“The rise of rap and related genres appears, then, to be the single most important event that has shaped the musical structure of the American charts in the period that we studied,” Mauch said.

TIME viral

Watch Soccer Megastar Cristiano Ronaldo Stand Up for the Little Guy

Haters are going to struggle after watching this

It is true, multimillionaire footballer Cristiano Ronaldo just rubs some people the wrong way, but this video of the Real Madrid superstar defending a young Japanese boy attempting to speak Portuguese demonstrates his kinder side.

The video emerged Monday from a promotional event in Japan last year. In it, the boy opens with some basic greetings but begins to stumble over more complicated sentences.

When the audience laughs, Ronaldo, referring to the crowd, asks his translator off camera, “”Why they smile? Why? He speaks good Portuguese. Very good. They should be happy because he tries very hard.”

The audience was shamed into a bashful applause and Ronaldo earned some serious respect.

TIME technology

You Can Now Fill Your Texts With Taylor Swift Lyrics

Taylor Swift performs during The 1989 World Tour in Tokyo, Japan on May 6, 2015.
Jun Sato—LP5/Getty Images Taylor Swift performs during The 1989 World Tour in Tokyo, Japan on May 6, 2015.

Finally, you can communicate exclusively in "TayText"

If you’d like to extend Taylor Swift’s dominance to not only your eardrums and heartstrings but also to the electronic communications that make up a huge part of your daily life, boy do we have some news for you.

TayText is an app that lets you fill your texts with Swift’s lyrics via keyboard, much like you would with emojis or your phone’s predictive text function. It was inspired by the Drizzy Keyboard, which does the same thing, just with Drake lyrics.

TayText includes over 300 lyrics from 60-plus songs, allowing you to craft exchanges like the one pictured below. Thanks, Harvard Business School! (The app was created by five HBS students, according to Billboard.)

Obviously, it works with Tinder, which is probably (translation: definitely) the best possible use one could have for this thing.

Update: The app is currently not available.

This article originally appeared on People.com.

TIME viral

See Broad City Reimagined as a Friends Episode

Abbi and Ilana are there for each other

Broad City‘s Abbi and Ilana are the best friends on television, but are they good Friends? A YouTube video seeks to find out, pairing footage of Broad City with the Friends theme song. Turns out Abbi and Ilana’s dance moves are pretty compatible with The Rembrandts, even if their version does have a little more blood and weed.

But the video, despite being only 49 seconds long, does not stop there. It actually starts an episode of a Friends-ified Broad City—laugh track and all.

TIME Food & Drink

The Internet Can’t Decide if the New McDonald’s Hamburglar Is Hot or Creepy

He will make you feel funny—one way or another

There’s a new Hamburglar in town and he’s either surprisingly attractive or totally unnerving depending on who you talk to.

According to a spokesperson for McDonald’s, the Hamburglar’s return, tied to the Sirloin Third Pound Burger, comes after an extended hiatus. He was “last seen on national television in 2002.” But you may not initially recognize him—and it’s not because his disguise has gotten any better. The revitalized Hamburglar has a human form, a thin layer of scruff and some sleek duds. He also has a family, a fact McDonald’s has already teased.

McDonald’s’ Vice President of U.S. Marketing Joel Yashinsky said in a statement to Mashable that this Hamburglar has “had some time to grow up a bit and has been busy raising a family in the suburbs and his look has evolved over time.”

To some that look is: “DILF.”

To others that look is “creepy.”

To others it’s simply ripe for various jokes, some hipster-related.

TIME Bizarre

This Photo Proves Promposals Have Officially Gone Too Far

Did "Destiny" say yes? Talk about a cliffhanger

Someone has taken the promposal to new heights.

Idaho police are looking for the person who appears to have asked someone to prom by spray-painting the Black Cliffs, east of Boise.

Climbers first noticed the spray-painted message, which reads “Destiny, Prom?” on Saturday afternoon, according to a Facebook post by the Ada County Sheriff’s Office. Police described this “illegal” act as “a misdemeanor charge of injury by graffiti, punishable by up to a $1,000 fine and up to six months in jail.”

The stunt is the latest in elaborate promposals, from the student who pretended to strap bombs to himself to the one who popped the question on a Jumbotron at a college basketball game.

Ada County Sheriff's Office
Ada County Sheriff’s Office
Ada County Sheriff's Office
Ada County Sheriff’s Office
TIME Family

79-Year-Old Grandmother Graduates College—Alongside Her Grandchildren

Rosa Elisa Salgado poses for a photo at the Wolfson Campus of Miami Dade College after an interview, on May 4, 2015, in downtown Miami.
Wilfredo Lee—AP Rosa Elisa Salgado poses for a photo at the Wolfson Campus of Miami Dade College after an interview, on May 4, 2015, in downtown Miami.

She graduated with honors

Rosa Salgado fulfilled her long-held American dream this past weekend—right alongside her two grandchildren.

The 79-year-old Colombian immigrant donned a cap and gown Saturday to receive her associate of arts in education degree from Miami Dade College, the same day two of her grandchildren received their diplomas from the same institution, reports the Miami Herald.

“My grandchildren, my family, they’ve grown up watching my activity and they are going to learn and fight in life and overcome obstacles,” Salgado, who graduated with honors, told the paper.

The degree is the payoff of a journey Salgado began two decades earlier when she arrived in Miami knowing little English, but determined to create a better life for herself and her family.

According to NBC Miami, the mother of three learned English, enrolled in school and took a job at Miami Dade College’s child care center, at times taking five bus routes to get to school and work via public transportation.

She also suffered a setback 10 years ago when her youngest daughter fell into a coma after an accident, and Salgado needed to reduce her course load to care for her.

“She had some personal setbacks and she beat them all and she’s here graduating. I’m very proud of her,” Sara Bulnes, one of her former professors, told the Herald.

Her family is also proud of the almost-octogenarian.

David Salgado, who graduated with the same degree as his grandmother, told NBC Miami, “For me and my family, for her to take this one step graduating, it fills my heart.”

With degree in hand, Salgado says she plans to head to work, ideally writing children’s books.

“I’m very happy,” she beamed. “Thanks to everybody who helped me.”

This article originally appeared on People.

TIME Television

Watch Key & Peele Skewer Police Racism in This New Sketch

Come with the Comedy Central stars to a magical place

New episodes of Key & Peele don’t start until July—but at least there’s a new, incisive sketch from the comedically gifted pair.

The sketch begins with an all-too-real scenario: Keegan-Michael Key’s character is stopped by a cop for no particular reason. But when his head slams against the side of the police car, he travels to a dreamland called “Negrotown,” where Peele is his singing, pink-suited guide, introducing him to a place where black people don’t have to face racism.

So what happens in “Negrotown?” It’s more about what doesn’t happen in “Negrotown.” As Peele’s character sings: “In Negrotown you can walk the street without getting stopped, harassed, or beat.”

Alas—no spoilers!—the ending of the sketch is a bleak return to reality. It was nice while it lasted.

TIME Sports

This Is One of the Most Epic Table Tennis Rallies Ever

You'll be sitting on the edge of your seat

Ma Long, 26, and Fang Bo, 23, duked it out in a gripping rally at the Qoros 2015 World Table Tennis Championships earlier this week. The world number one Long, ended up walking away with his first men’s singles title at the event in Suzhou, a city in the southeast of the country’s Jiangsu Province. Long even jumped on the ping pong table to celebrate the victory, which makes him the 11th world men’s singles champion from China, according to the South China Morning Post.


TIME Family & Relationships

This Guy Had the Police Pull Him Over So He Could Pop the Question

Watch how a prank ends in a proposal

A man who got pulled over by a police officer on April 17, 2013, while on a first date asked the police department to pull him over again exactly two years later so he could propose to the same woman.

In a clip uploaded by the YouTube channel for the police department in Royal Oak, Mich., an officer tells the couple to get out of the car and asks the woman named Ashley, “Can you explain what this is?” She starts laughing hysterically, then says yes.

Police in Galveston, Texas, participated in a similar stunt, helping a fellow cop pull over his girlfriend for a broken taillight and outstanding warrants. (She also said yes.)

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