TIME medicine

Boy Who Received Double Hand Transplant Says He Can’t Wait to Hold His Little Sister

Zion Harvey had the world's first bilateral hand transplant

Eight-year-old Zion Harvey could hardly be more thankful for the incredible double-hand transplant he recently received.

In an interview with Today, the boy said he is eager to do one thing: hold his little sister.

“My favorite thing [will be to] wait for her to run into my hands as I pick her up and spin her around,” he said.

After losing his hands and feet to a life-threatening bacterial infection as a toddler, Harvey, who is from Baltimore, recently became the first kid in the world to receive a double hand transplant.

Doctors at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia disclosed the nearly 11-hour operation this week. Harvey said it is a dream come true.

“I hoped and I hoped for somebody to ask me, ‘do I want a hand transplant?’ and it came true,” he said.

It was a 40-member team led by Dr. L. Scott Levin that helped the boy to realize his dream. Levin told NBC News that in the face of such a risky operation, Harvey never shed a tear.

“I’ve never seen a tear, never an untoward face, never a complaint,” he said. “He’s always positive. And that, in and of itself, is remarkable.”

Harvey’s mother, Pattie Ray, said she was happy and overcome with emotion when she saw her son leaving the operating room.

“When I saw Zion’s hands for the first time after the operation, I just felt like he was being reborn,” she told the Today. “I see my son in the light I haven’t seen him in five years.

“It was like having a newborn. It was a very joyous moment for me.”

Through the years, Harvey adapted to life without his hands, mastering writing, eating and playing video games. He said he hopes to add swinging from monkey bars to the list.

He unveiled his new hands at a hospital press conference on Tuesday where he thanked his family.

“I want to say to you guys thank you for helping me do this,” he said.

The 8-year-old will spend the next several weeks going through hand therapy at an inpatient rehabilitation center at Children’s Hospital.

This article first appeared on People.com

TIME Aviation

Debris Found in Indian Ocean Could Match Missing Malaysian Jet

The part washed ashore on Wednesday off the coast of Reunion Island

American officials have a “high degree of confidence” that airline debris found on a French Island in the Indian Ocean appears to belong a Boeing 777, the same kind of aircraft as the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

A U.S. official told the Associated Press that air safety investigators identified the part based on a photo of the wreckage. The plane parts were found on Reunion Island, about 380 nautical miles off the coast of Madagascar and about 3,500 miles from where the plane disappeared over the Andaman Sea.

The official told the AP that a team of investigators, which include a Boeing air safety expert, have identified the debris as a “flaperon,” which is typically responsible for controlling the roll or bank of an aircraft. On a Boeing 777, the flaperon would be found along the trailing edge of a 777 wing.

Malaysian Transport Minister Liow Tiong Lai said that his country had sent a team to the island to confirm the identity of the debris.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQ_8LkzIdCA&feature=youtu.be

“Whatever wreckage found needs to be further verified before we can ever confirm that it is belonged to MH370,” he said.

A French official confirmed that French law enforcement is on the island for the investigation.

The ongoing search of the seabed is unlikely to change, according to Australian Transport Safety Bureau Chief Commissioner Martin Dolan, whose agency is heading up the location effort. If the part is from the plane, it would line up with the theory that it crashed within a roughly 46,000 mile area.

Paul R. Bergman, a spokesman for Boeing, referred questions to authorities investigating the incident.

“Our goal, along with the entire global aviation industry, continues to be not only to find the airplane, but also to determine what happened – and why,” he said in a statement.

Flight 370 mysteriously disappeared on March 8, 2014 with 239 people on board and a multinational effort has been searching for it ever since.

TIME Video Games

There’s a Ridiculous Hidden Fee Inside Windows 10

It's tucked in an old stand-by that'll cost you now

Long before we had Angry Birds and Twitter to distract us at work, there was Solitaire on Windows. The card game has been a staple of Microsoft’s opearting system for decades, but getting the full Solitaire experience on the newest OS may cost you.

The newly released Windows 10 features the Solitaire Collection, which includes several variants of the classic card game. However, unlike the version of the game you played at your grandma’s house in the ‘90s, Windows 10 Solitaire comes packed with advertisements. To get rid of the ads and earn some in-game currency (yes, this centuries-old game is borrowing from Candy Crush), users can pay $1.49 per month or $9.99 per year.

Read more: Windows 10 Reviews Are In—And People Love It

This actually isn’t the first time Microsoft has tried to get users to pay for Solitaire. A premium version of the game was also released for Windows 8, but the title wasn’t pre-installed in the operating system as it is in Windows 10.

It’s not that surprising that Microsoft is charging for Solitaire, considering that Windows 10 is free and the company is increasingly seeking revenue via ongoing subscription services instead of one-off software purchases.

TIME Uber

StubHub’s App Now Lets You Request an Uber To Your Event

They want to make sure you get to the show on time

StubHub isn’t content to simply sell you ridiculously expensive Taylor Swift concert tickets. It wants to make sure you get to the show on time too.

On Wednesday, the event ticket marketplace announced that it’s teaming up with ride-hailing startup Uber and integrating the service into its iOS and Android mobile apps. Now, when customers purchase tickets, they can set a reminder in the app to order an Uber ride for the day of the event, or, if they purchase tickets within two hours of the event, they can immediately book a ride right from StubHub’s app.

“This integration marks another step towards StubHub’s vision to become an end-to-end live entertainment service, moving users from discovery to purchasing to planning,” StubHub’s head of mobile Parag Vaish said in a statement.

For now, the integration is only available in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, StubHub said.

Uber originally released access to its application program interface (API) in 2014, and its potential uses were quickly obvious. The service has already been integrated into apps such as the Starbucks ordering app (for a ride to pick up that cup o’ joe), Hinge (for a ride to that hot date), and OpenTable (for a ride to that overpriced fancy restaurant), among others.

TIME National Security

The Life Awaiting Jonathan Pollard After His Release

The convicted spy has a wife he's never been alone with

While it’s confirmed that Jonathan Pollard will indeed get out of prison on Nov. 20, where he will go from there is not at all clear.

He would be more than welcome in Israel, the country he was convicted of spying for in 1987. But the U.S. Parole Commission, which on Tuesday announced approval of his parole after almost three decades, requires that a parolee remain not only in the United States, but in a specific area, and check in regularly with a parole officer. The terms of Pollard’s release requires him to remain in the United States for a total of five years, and his attorneys say they have already secured him accommodation in New York City.

But Pollard’s lead attorney says he’s hopeful an exception will be made in this case. “I think the parole commission will work out what kind of travel terms are permitted,” Eliot Lauer tells TIME. “We haven’t worked that through with them.”

A hero’s welcome is not all that awaits Pollard in Jerusalem. So does the woman he married in prison, and has never seen alone. Pollard’s first wife, Anne, served three years for her role in the espionage case – he proposed with a ring his Israeli handler had offered in payment then was divorced by Pollard in 1990 after her own parole was completed. Three years later Pollard secretly exchanged vows with Esther Zeitz in Butner Federal Correctional Complex in North Carolina. A Canadian, she emigrated to Israel, where they had met during an extended student trip in 1971. She has been an activist for his release, once going on a 19-day hunger strike, but, as the website Jonathanpollard.org plaintively notes, has never been allowed a conjugal visit.

“I can hardly wait,” Esther Pollard said in front of cameras in Jerusalem on Wednesday, after meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. “I am counting the days, the hours, the minutes, the seconds until I can take him into my arms and we can close the door on the past behind us, and begin to heal and to rebuild our lives.” She asked for “a bit of privacy, and..to be able to begin to live like normal people, in a quiet and modest life.”

But the Jonathan Pollard sentenced to life in prison almost 30 years ago was not what some might describe as a normal person. The CIA in its “Damage Assessment” of his case outlined a personal history “replete with incidents of irresponsible behavior that point to significant emotional instability.” For example:

“Although Pollard earned a 3.5 grade point average as a Stanford undergraduate from 1972-76, former student acquaintances told investigators that he bragged about his role as a Mossad agent and, on one occasion, waved a pistol in the air and screamed that everyone was out to get him.”

His activity as a spy was not meager; as a civilian analyst employed by U.S. intelligence, prosecutors said he handed over to Israel enough documents to fill a room six-feet wide, by six-feet deep and 10-feet high. The Naval investigator who led the case wrote that Pollard also gave U.S. secrets to South Africa, and Australia, and made overtures to Pakistan.

But he grew religiously observant in prison, and became an Israeli citizen in 1995. Esther Pollard’s voice cracked as she thanked “this whole beloved, beautiful nation that’s stood with us all these years.” Pollard’s lawyer dismissed the notion that he had “transitioned” from American to Israeli during his three decades of incarceration.

“I wouldn’t say there’s been a ‘quote’ transition,” Lauer said. “He’s American. He’s a patriotic American. He violated American law, and he served 30 years for doing so. And obviously he’s very attached to Israel as well.”

Just how attached will become clear when Pollard walks free in the fall.

TIME Sports

First Female NFL Coach Is an Overqualified Intern

Jen Welter, the new intern coach for the Arizona Cardinals, has a Ph.D in psychology

The Arizona Cardinals introduced Dr. Jen Welter as a coach this week. The move — believed to be the first time a team in the NFL has hired a woman to coach — prompted Vice President Joe Biden to tweet:

This is clearly a historic step. But it’s important to note that Welter has only been hired as an intern, one of seven recently added, and the length of her employment is unclear. She also seems a bit overqualified: She has a master’s degree in sports psychology and a Ph.D. in psychology.

There has been some resistance to this move. Some have questioned whether a woman can lead men on a NFL team, especially since no woman has ever played in the NFL. Such a response ignores the fact that a number of male coaches, including Vince Lombardi, Bill Belichick, and Joe Gibbs, never played in the NFL either.

There is also the argument that hiring women in leadership positions is simply a matter of fairness. But there is more to the story than simply what is “fair.” Giving women access to leadership positions expands the talent pool available to organizations. And a wider talent pool improves the quality of candidates a firm can hire.

The history of sports clearly illustrates this point. For example, prior to racial integration in baseball, which began with Jackie Robinson in 1947, the sport had a competitive balance problem. It was not uncommon for a team to win (or lose) more than 65% of their games. This disparity was made possible because the league, which only employed white males from the U.S., could not find enough talent. When it expanded its talent base, the number of talented pitchers and hitters expanded, too. A team has not won more than 65% of its games since 2001.

This rule applies to any organization: The wider your search for talent, the better the talent you are ultimately likely to employ.

Coaching, though, has historically ignored this lesson. Women comprise half of the population. But Becky Hammon was only recently named the first female assistant coach in the NBA. And now Welter is believed to be first female coach in the NFL.

Of course, Welter’s stay may be short. Unlike Hammon — who is a full-time assistant with the Spurs — Welter seems to be auditioning for a full-time job. And the criteria for staying is not entirely clear. Bruce Arians, the head coach of the Arizona Cardinals, offered the following: “‘When are we going to have female coaches?’ The minute they can prove they can make a player better, they’ll be hired.”

At first glance, this seems like a reasonable requirement. After all, coaches are supposedly hired to make players better. Unfortunately, a academic study I published with Mike Leeds, Eva Leeds and Mike Mondello indicated that most NBA coaches fail to meet Arians’s criteria. In other words, most NBA coaches do not seem able to alter the productivity of individual players. A similar result was uncovered by economist JC Bradbury about the MLB.

In football, it’s likely difficult to measure the effect of individual players on the outcomes we observe. So it may be difficult for Arians to truly know that Welter is doing a great job as a coach. Of course, it’s also difficult for us to know if Arians is doing a great job, too.

What we do know is that the more people you consider for a position, the more likely you will find the best person for that job. And it probably won’t be easy in the future to get someone this educated to take an intern position in the NFL.

I suspect we’ll look back on this fact with some amazement: The first woman believed to land a coaching job in the NFL had a Ph.D. Yes, progress has been made. But the NFL would be wise to see this as only the very first step in ensuring that the very best people are considered for coaching positions in the league.

TIME animals

Researchers Have Discovered What Made T. Rex Teeth So Deadly

The jagged teeth of Theropods, a classification of mostly flesh-eating dinosaurs, were useful for grasping and tearing at prey

Though notoriously short-armed, the T. Rex had other genetic advantages: namely, its teeth.

Researchers have found that the saw-like internal tooth structure of carnivorous dinosaurs like the Tyrannosaurus Rex may have played an important role in their success as predators.

In the study published in Scientific Reports, researchers discovered that the teeth of meat-eating Theropod dinosaurs featured specially layered arrangements of dentine, a hardened tissue which helped not only strengthen the tooth, but also to enlarge the tooth’s jagged edges. This tooth structure allowed them to develop a “hypercarnivorous feeding style,” the study says, with the ability to crush bones and feed on other large animals.

When teeth were worn out or lost, these dinosaurs were able to grow new teeth to replace them. Growing new teeth could take up to two years, however, which is why these dinosaurs needed a tooth structure strong enough to last – and to keep up that meaty diet.

TIME Television

Watch the First Clip From The Unauthorized Full House Story

The 50-second clip highlights the trouble in paradise

Lifetime has released the first clip from The Unauthorized Full House Story, premiering on August 22 at 10 p.m.

The 50-second clip is supposed to show the drama behind the scenes of the sitcom. The actor playing John Stamos’s character Jesse (Justin Gaston) complains the Olsen twins are not comfortable on stage. Bob Saget (Garrett Brawith), who plays Danny Tanner, the wholesome TV anchor dad in the original show, gets yelled at off-stage for making a vulgar remark in front of the actress playing the character Stephanie (Dakota Guppy) — which is not surprising, given how raunchy his set is in real life.

Meanwhile, behind-the-scenes looks at Netflix’s upcoming 21st century Fuller House paint a much happier picture. John Stamos revealed this week that his character is still married to Becky (Lori Loughlin) in the reboot.

 

TIME animals

U.S. Government Investigating Death of Cecil the Lion

The Department of Justice hasn't said whether they've received an extradition request

The federal agency charged with enforcing wildlife protection laws in the U.S. said Wednesday that it will investigate the highly publicized death of Cecil the lion in Zimbabwe, following accusations that an American citizen killed the animal illegally.

“The Service is deeply concerned about the recent killing of Cecil the lion,”a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service spokesperson said in a statement. “We are currently gathering facts about the issue and will assist Zimbabwe officials in whatever manner requested.”

The statement follows an allegation by the government of Zimbabwe that Walter James Palmer, a 55-year-old Minnesota dentist, participated in the illegal killing of the lion earlier this month. Two Zimbabwe natives have also been implicated and appeared in court on Wednesday.

Read More: Why Big Game Hunters Believe They’re the Real Conservationists

The U.S. and Zimbabwe have an extradition treaty, but it remains unclear how the U.S. would respond to a request to extradite Palmer. In a statement, a spokesperson for the Department of Justice (DOJ) said that DOJ was “aware of the situation.” The spokesperson declined to say whether the U.S. had received an extradition request.

Palmer, who could not be reached for comment Wednesday, previously said that “everything about this trip was legal and properly handled and conducted” and promised to assist any investigations by government officials.

African lions face threats as a result of habitat loss and increased conflicts with humans, among other things. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed listing lions as an endangered species last year, which would create restrictions on lion hunting by U.S. citizens. The measure has yet to be decided.

“It is up to all of us—not just the people of Africa—to ensure that healthy, wild populations of animals continue to roam the savanna for generations to come,” a spokesperson for the agency said in a statement.

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