TIME Capital Punishment

Another Missouri Inmate Scrambles to Halt Execution

Convicted killer Michael Taylor is shown in this Missouri Department of Corrections photo
Convicted killer Michael Taylor is shown in this Missouri Department of Corrections photo released on Feb. 25, 2014. Missouri Department of Corrections/Reuters

Death row inmate Michael Taylor is set to be executed on Wednesday with secretive lethal injection drugs

Missouri will execute death row inmate Michael Taylor early Wednesday morning using controversial lethal injection drugs, barring a last-minute decision by a federal appeals court to stay the execution.

Lawyers for Taylor, who pleaded guilty in 1991 to the rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in Kansas City, Mo., have filed numerous lawsuits in the last few weeks in an attempt to halt his execution, in part over claims that the planned lethal injection would be unconstitutional. A federal judge denied four motions for a stay on Monday, one of which involved the origins of the execution drugs the state plans to use.

(MORE: Missouri Denied Execution Drugs by Pharmacy)

“These are cop meth labs where they’re getting this poison from,” said John Simon, one of Taylor’s lawyers. “They don’t adhere to the same requirements of professional accuracy and reliability that the medications that you and I rely on have to meet.”

Like other states, Missouri has turned to largely unregulated compounding pharmacies to obtain execution drugs after pharmaceutical companies refused to sell them to departments of corrections.

A few weeks ago, Taylor’s lawyers sued The Apothecary Shoppe, a compounding pharmacy in Tulsa, Okla., after they discovered it planned to sell pentobarbital, a drug often used in lethal injections, to the Missouri Department of Corrections. Last week, the pharmacy agreed not to manufacture drugs for the state. Missouri officials, however, said they have back-up drugs available and can carry out the execution—but will not disclose from where the drugs were obtained.

(MORE: Ohio’s Lethal-Injection Experiment)

This is not Taylor’s first time facing imminent death by lethal injection. In 2006, Taylor was hours from being executed before a stay was issue by a federal court and upheld by the Supreme Court over questions about the state’s lethal injection protocol. The courts ordered that all Missouri executions be put on hold until the state could explain its procedures. Taylor’s execution date was eventually rescheduled. His lawyers are hoping for a similar outcome before his planned 12:01 a.m. execution on Wednesday.

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