When TIME’s photo team set out to create a list of the 100 most influential photographs of all time, everyone involved knew it would be a massive undertaking. But the project, which launched on Thursday, truly took on a life of its own, as an international team of experts collaborated to tell the story of how the medium of photography has not only captured our world, but also shaped our history.
Though LIFE published as a weekly for less than 40 years, its embrace of the power of photography led it to have a disproportionate impact on the history of the medium. So it should come as no surprise that several of the images in that list of 100 were either taken by LIFE staff photographers or otherwise bear a strong connection to the magazine.
Here are a few of those stories:
Fort Peck Dam (1936): The very first image to appear on the cover of LIFE, Margaret Bourke-White’s photograph of the New Deal project set the tone for what was to come. Read more here
V-J Day in Times Square (1945): Alfred Eisenstaedt’s picture of the jubilation that marked the end of World War II would go on to become one of American photography’s most recognizable—and controversial—milestones. Read more here
Gandhi and the Spinning Wheel (1946): Margaret Bourke-White visited the icon for a LIFE feature about India’s leadership. Read more here
Dalí Atomicus (1948): Philippe Halsman, who defied convention with his portraits of the artist Salvador Dalí, would end up shooting more than 100 covers for LIFE. Read more here
Country Doctor (1948): W. Eugene Smith spent nearly a month with a Colorado doctor and produced a series that defined the photo essay as a genre. Read more here
JFK Assassination, Frame 313 (1963): Still frames from Abraham Zapruder’s home movie of the killing of President Kennedy appeared in the pages of LIFE after editor Richard Stolley flew to Dallas to track down the amateur videographer. Read more here
Black Power Salute (1968): John Dominis shot Gold medalist Tommie Smith and bronze medalist John Carlos during a medal ceremony at the Mexico City Olympics. Read more here