TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: October 30

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

Giants Tower Over Royals

Madison Bumgarner pitched five innings of near-perfect relief on short rest and the San Francisco Giants held off the Kansas City Royals 3-2 Wednesday night in Game 7 of the World Series for their third championship in five seasons

How Press Gets the Pope Wrong

The “Pope Francis supports evolution” story is just the latest example of the press getting the Catholic Church completely wrong

Cheating Fears Rock SAT

All students in China and South Korea who took the SAT on Oct. 11 will have their test scores reviewed due to allegations of cheating

Ebola Brings Another Fear: Xenophobia

The arrival of Ebola in the U.S. has sparked backlash against some Africans in the country, from violence to subtler forms of discrimination. Among the recent instances is the bullying in the Bronx of two school boys from Senegal, which is Ebola-free

U.S. Conceals Afghan Military Capabilities

The American-led military command in Afghanistan has suddenly made information about the country’s military capabilities a secret, according to a congressional watchdog, just as the U.S. prepares to withdraw most of its 34,000 troops still there

Terminally Ill Woman May Not End Her Life, After All

A terminally ill 29-year-old woman who has said she plans to commit physician-assisted suicide on Nov. 1 implies in a heart-wrenching new video that she may not go through with it in the end

Lava Flows Near Hawaii Main Road

A breakout of the lava flow was about 100 ft. from a Pahoa residence — about the length of a basketball court — said Hawaii County civil-defense director Darryl Oliveira. Dozens of homes, business and other structures are within the area

Jennifer Lopez ‘Felt Abused’ in Past Relationships

The singer and actress says in her upcoming book True Love that she has “felt abused” in past relationships, even if she’s never been physically harmed like other women. “I’ve never gotten a black eye or a busted lip,” she writes

Uber Allowed to Roll on in Las Vegas

Ride-sharing app Uber received a minor breakthrough in Nevada on Wednesday when a Clark County judge ruled that the company will be able to continue operating in the Las Vegas area. The service launched on Friday in the gambling hub despite state opposition

Dissident Says He Was Tortured for Challenging Putin

From London to Berlin, exiled opponents of Russia are increasingly fearing for their safety. Not since the Cold War have Russian operatives been accused of such violence and intimidation abroad. The story of one man who says he was tortured for challenging Putin

Sweden Says It Recognizes Palestinian State

The Swedish government became the first E.U. member to officially recognize a Palestinian state on Thursday. Newly elected Prime Minister Stefan Lofven first announced the move at his swearing-in ceremony on Oct. 3, but he was not expected to follow through so soon

IBM, Twitter Sign Pact to Turn Tweets Into Business Decisions

Computing goliath IBM has signed a deal with Twitter to use tweets to make smarter business decisions. The agreement will let IBM’s 10,000 consultants access the some 500 million tweets the social-media company sees each day

We will hold an #AskTIME subscriber Q&A this Friday, October 31, at 1 p.m., with TIME political columnist, Joe Klein. This week he has written about 5 things to watch for in the midterm elections.

You can submit your questions beforehand on Twitter using the #AskTIME hashtag or in the comments of this post. We depend on smart, interesting questions from readers.

You will need to be a TIME subscriber to read the Q & A. ($30 a year or 8 cents a day for the magazine and all digital content.) Once you’re signed up, you can log in to the site with a username and password.

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TIME ebola

LIVE: Obama Makes a Statement on Ebola Response

President Barack Obama is scheduled to make a statement on the government’s Ebola response at 3:30 p.m. E.T. on Wednesday.

TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: October 29

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

Perks and Recreation

Vice President Joe Biden, his family and top Obama Administration officials have been enjoying discounted vacations at a lakeside log cabin in a national park, TIME has learned, leading the Interior Department to launch an investigation into the cabin’s use

Obama: Ebola ‘Will Be Defeated’

President Obama on Tuesday rebuked states imposing strict Ebola quarantines, warning they could undermine efforts to counteract the virus

Royals Rout Giants, Force Game 7

The Kansas City Royals battered the San Francisco Giants 10-0 on Tuesday night to force a winner-takes-all Game 7 in the World Series

Predict Who Will Win the Senate in 2014

Forget Nate Silver: anyone can be a political handicapper. We’ve provided each candidate’s political strength and liabilities, and left out party affiliation to make you think harder about individual candidates. So place your bets on who shall be victorious on Election Day

Cause Sought After Rocket Explodes During Take-Off

The unmanned rocket exploded unexpectedly on Tuesday, seconds after it took off to deliver 5,000 pounds of experiments and equipment for NASA to the International Space Station, in an accident that could draw scrutiny to the agency’s growing reliance on private companies in the post-shuttle era

Facebook Beats Expectations as Twitter Stumbles

The social-media titan reported 1.35 billion monthly active users, $3.2 billion in revenue and more than $800 million in profit in its third quarter. Facebook’s woes trying adapt to mobile now seem like a distant memory, as it now makes up two-thirds of the company’s ad revenue

U.S. Boosts National Security After Ottawa Shooting

The Department of Homeland Security said the presence of the Federal Protective Service, which oversees security for more than 9,500 federal buildings visited daily by some 1.4 million people, will be boosted following last week’s violence in Canada

Google Is Working on a Pill That Can Catch Diseases

The pill would contain tiny magnetic particles that would travel through a patient’s bloodstream and register the presence of chemicals or cells associated with diseases like cancer. The goal is to catch a potential illness before it’s even diagnosable

Jose Canseco Accidentally Shoots His Own Hand

Former baseball star Jose Canseco was reportedly rushed into surgery late on Tuesday after accidentally shooting himself in the finger at his Las Vegas home. The former Oakland Athletics outfielder was cleaning his handgun when it went off

1989 Expected to Hit 1 Million Sales in Debut Week

Taylor Swift’s latest album, released Monday, is on track to hit 1 million in sales during its first week, according to Billboard. That would make the 24-year-old the only singer ever to have three albums achieve the one-million-in-one-week feat

Giant Tortoises Are Back From Near Extinction

The Espanola giant tortoises, a species that is endemic to the Galapagos Islands and can live for over 100 years, had numbered in the thousands but dropped to 15 by 1960 due to human exploitation. More than 1,500 of their offspring have since been released

Phil Collins Brings Alamo Artifact Collection Back to Texas

The singer recently brought his Alamo artifact collection back to its original San Antonio home, a site the 63-year-old has been fascinated by since he was young. “This completes the journey for me,” he said. “These artifacts are coming home”

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TIME Disaster

Before and After: How East Coast Bounced Back After Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy made landfall on Oct. 29, 2012 near Brigantine, N.J., cutting a swath through one of the most densely populated areas in the U.S.  Two years after the storm, a look back at how Sandy-ravaged areas fared in the 12 months afterwards.

TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: October 28

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

Feds Tighten Ebola Response

Travelers coming to the U.S. from Ebola-affected countries who do not require mandatory quarantines upon arrival will undergo voluntary at-home isolation and could be placed on “do not board” lists, according to new guidelines released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Gluten Still Stumps Scientists

Two new studies have rocked the world of celiac research, showing that scientists have a long way to go in their understanding of celiac disease

Twitter Stock Takes a Tumble

The company reported a drop in user engagement and projected lower-than-expected revenue, sending its stock price plummeting in after-hours trading

Lava Flow Inches Closer to Hawaiian Town

Lava inched closer to homes in Pahoa, Hawaii, on Monday evening, spurring the evacuation of residents living in the path of the molten mass gushing from Kilauea, the Big Island’s most active volcano. Other residents have been packing their trailers in case they need to flee

School Shooter Invited Victims to Lunch, Says Sheriff

Jaylen Fryberg, a 15-year-old student who police labeled responsible for a shooting at a Washington State high school Friday, invited his victims to lunch by text message, then shot them at their table before committing suicide, investigators said on Monday

Bike Deaths Spiked 16% in 2 Years, Study Finds

The majority of bikers killed in motor-vehicle crashes were adults over the age of 20, a dramatic shift from 1975, when the majority of bikers killed were younger than 20. Roughly a quarter of bikers over age 16 who were killed in 2012 had been drinking

Walmart Apologizes for ‘Fat Girl Costumes’ Online

The retail chain apologized for advertising plus-size Halloween outfits on its website on Monday under the heading “Fat Girl Costumes.” The heading has now been changed to “Women’s Plus-Size Halloween Costumes”

Taylor Kitsch Says You’ll See Him in True Detective Season 2

The star of the 2006 drama series Friday Night Lights, who has been largely absent from the screen in the past year, confirmed that he has jumped on board for True Detective‘s second season. “I’m itching, man. I’m overdue,” he said

Ukraine’s Elections Mark a Historic Break With Russia

With more than half the votes counted in the parliamentary ballot, an unprecedented national consensus has emerged in support of a lasting break with Moscow and a turn toward European integration. It’s now stronger than at any point in Ukraine’s post-Soviet history

Complete Mammoth Skeleton Possibly Found in Idaho

A portion of a Columbian mammoth skull and tusks have been uncovered in southeastern Idaho, and experts say a rare entire skeleton could be buried there. The mammoth is believed to have been about 16 years old and lived about 70,000 to 120,000 years ago

Jesse Eisenberg to Reprise Lex Luthor in Suicide Squad

Word in Metropolis is that Jesse Eisenberg’s Lex Luthor might also scare up the screen in Warner Bros.’ upcoming supervillain blockbuster, Suicide Squad. Eisenberg is set to debut his version of Luthor in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, set for 2016

Marine Asks for Lesser Charge in Filipina Death

The U.S. Marine accused of killing a transgender Filipina has asked prosecutors to reduce the murder charge to homicide. Lawyers for Joseph Scott Pemberton presented the motion at a hearing in the Philippine city of Olongapo on Monday

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TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: October 27

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

N.Y. Eases Ebola Quarantine Rules

Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced Sunday that New York is loosening its quarantine guidelines for health care workers who return from treating Ebola patients in West Africa, following pushback from public-health groups and the White House

 

The Science Behind Good Looks

A new study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences challenges the notion that women necessarily prefer masculine-looking men

Wash. School-Shooting Victim Dies

A 14-year-old girl who was wounded Friday when a student opened fire inside a Washington State high school has died, raising the death toll to three

RiteAid and CVS Block Apple Pay

Apple’s attempt to revolutionize the way people pay for things hit a roadblock over the weekend, with retail chains CVS and RiteAid disabling Apple Pay across their stores. The move is reportedly part of an effort by companies to develop their own pay system

Giants Beat Royals 5-0, Lead World Series 3-2

Madison Bumgarner put the San Francisco Giants just one win away from yet another championship, throwing a four-hitter to beat the Kansas City Royals 5-0 on Sunday night for a 3-2 World Series edge. The Series now heads to Kansas City

Find the Perfect Taylor Swift Lyric for Your Mood

To honor her new album, 1989 — which encompasses joy, regret, lust, nostalgia and everything in between — TIME created this interactive lyric generator that spans her entire catalog. Select the adjective that best describes your current mood, and then let Taylor’s words help you really feel it

Chocolate May Help With Memory Loss

A new study finds that flavanols, a component of cocoa, can reverse at least one aspect of memory loss associated with normal aging. Studies have shown that cocoa flavanols help keep blood vessels supple over time, and researchers think this happens in the brain

Cardinals Outfielder Oscar Taveras Dies in Crash

The 22-year-old baseball player lost control of his Chevrolet Camaro on a highway about 215 miles from Santo Domingo, the capital of his native Dominican Republic. Taveras’ girlfriend, named as 18-year-old Edilia Arvelo, also died

Death Toll in Syrian Town Passes 800, Activists Say

A Syrian activist group said on Sunday the death toll in 40 days of fighting in and around the northern Syrian border town of Kobani has reached 815, as Kurdish fighters battled militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria for a hill west of the town

Lake Bell Welcomes First Child

Actress Lake Bell, of In A World…, has given birth to a daughter. She and her artist husband Scott Campbell have neither released a name, nor any other details. Bell announced she was expecting in April, after attending the Tribeca Film Festival with a baby bump

Gunman in Canada Attack Prepared Video of Himself

A gunman who shot and killed a soldier at Canada’s national war memorial in Ottawa and then stormed Parliament before he was gunned down had prepared a video recording of himself, which police say shows he was driven by ideological and political motives

U.S. Loses First Soldier in ISIS Fight

The Pentagon announced on Friday that Marine Lance Corporal Sean Neal, 19, died in Baghdad during a noncombat incident on Thursday. Neal is the first U.S. soldier to die in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria

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TIME celebrity

Find the Perfect Taylor Swift Lyric for Your Mood

Feeling flirty? Scorned? Empowered? There's a song for that

Nobody knows the full range of human emotion quite like Miss Taylor Swift. Sometimes she’s on top of the world, and other times she’s down in the dumps — but either way, when Taylor feels, she really feels. And so, to honor her new album, 1989 — which encompasses joy, regret, lust, nostalgia and everything in between — we’ve created this handy interactive lyric generator which spans her entire catalog. (Of course, she’s not the only pop diva who understands emotion. Someone even created a similar tool called “Please Help Me Beyoncé.”)

Simply select the adjective that best describes your current mood — and then let Tay’s words help you really feel it.

TIME

Were You There When the Berlin Wall Came Down? TIME Wants Your Photos

Fall of the Wall 1989
Citizens of West Berlin hand a pot of coffee to GDR border forces on the Berlin Wall on Nov. 11, 1989. dpa / picture-alliance/ AP Images

TIME is preparing a gallery of Berlin on and around Nov. 9, 1989

Photographs of the fall of the Berlin Wall have become iconic since that night 25 years ago. Full of sledgehammers and smiles, the pictures have shaped our collective memory of how the wall came down.

On the historic night of Nov. 9, 1989, immense crowds gathered to celebrate — and that moment is recent enough that many of the people who were there probably had cameras. That’s why we’re asking TIME readers to give their old photos another look.

If you find anything good, we’d love to see it: TIME is preparing a gallery to mark the anniversary and we want to include the potentially historic images that may still be languishing in family albums and shoe boxes — of Berlin in the days directly before and after the wall fell, or better yet on the night that the freedom to pass from East to West was first announced.

To have your photos considered, just post them on Instagram or Twitter with the hashtag #TIMEBerlinWall. Please also include a caption with your name and a little information about where and when the picture was taken.

Please note: When you tag your photos #TIMEBerlinWall, you are giving us and our partners permission to use them. (The photo you submit must be taken by you. By submitting it, you acknowledge that use of the photo will not violate anyone’s rights.)

TIME

#AskTIME Subcriber Q and A: Haley Sweetland Edwards

Welcome to TIME Subscriber Q&A, with TIME political correspondent, Haley Sweetland Edwards, who has written this week’s cover story on David Welch, the tech titan who has taken on public school reform.

MrObvious asks, I don’t know if there’s a serious reflection among journalists in the current Ebola scare and other issues, but do any of you feel the slightest responsibility for fomenting this panic through wall to wall coverage of PANIC NOW? I ask because this week alone we’ve had several written articles on both how scary terrible Ebola is and how unlikely it will be to catch it. We’ve also had an article about polling likely voters and the ignorance displayed of the basic political climate. And that voters feel a deep mistrust for the government in their handling of various crisis and the events – displaying what I feel is a sense of fear and panic over events that seems to stem from the type of chaotic and hyperbolic coverage from Media. Not to mention a lack of proportionate view or rational understanding of what can possible be a government response and that of Media ratcheting up the alarm and then complaining of the lack of sirens from the government in response. Have any of you reflected on the irony of first seeing Medias panic train fly over the cliff and then dryly write about the polling showing the effect of it?

We do have long discussions in the newsroom about how to cover the panic surrounding Ebola, as well as other political potent issues that stoke unfounded fears. When politicians recently began calling for the Federal Aviation Administration to cancel all flights to and from West Africa, we tried to make sure our coverage looked unflinchingly at the politics motivating those calls, while simultaneously explaining why a ban on flights would not, in fact, make Americans any safer.

PaulDirks asks, I had a bad teacher once. She disliked me personally and encouraged other classmates to pick on me. She did NOT prevent me from learning. The number one factor for success in school is a home environment that encourages curiosity. The number two factor is a peer group that doesn’t treat learning and intelligence as a stigma. Number three is access to materials. Teacher quality IMHO comes in at number four at best.

You’re right to say that all of those factor matter. Certainly, a child’s home environment matters immensely. But there have also been at least a half dozen studies indicating that a teacher is the most important component to a child’s in-class learning experience. For example, as Nancy Gibbs writes in her editor’s note, “one Texas study found that cutting class size by 10 students was not as beneficial as even modest improvement in the teacher. A McKinsey survey of the world’s best schools…found that they consistently draw 100% of their teachers from the top third of graduates…” I think it’s safe to say that teachers matter, too!

Nflfoghorn asks, Stated as a question “What do people think qualifies as a bad teacher and what should they be doing differently?” I personally think that if we’re not addressing the problem at home then we are not addressing the problem.

That’s a great question and one that’s very, very hard to answer. How do you “rate” a teacher? What qualifies as “bad” as opposed to just “average”? And what if a teacher is really good at inspiring her students or instilling in them a lifelong love of reading, but those qualities are not reflected in those students’ test scores? I try to explore this question a little bit in this week’s cover story, but the truth is, no one has the whole answer, full stop. Many education reformers argue that we need to look at test scores – at “student outputs” – to measure how well a teacher is doing. Others advocate for a more subjective approach that includes peer-to-peer evaluations, in-class observations, student evaluations, and test scores. Still others say that the quality of a teacher cannot be measured at all.

nflfoghorn asks, Dear Haley – why can’t we progress from textbooks to laptops in order for kids to catch up in learning with the rest of the world?

A lot of school districts are trying to move toward using iPads and laptops in the classroom, but there are a lot of obstacles between here and there. I recommend reading Michael Scherer’s story from Oct. 9 (http://time.com/3483905/the-paperless-classroom-is-coming/) that addresses some of those issues.

Sue_N asks,, Haley, re: your Sept. 4 story on the FCC chairman and his statement that America’s lack of broadband competition is “intolerable,” given the crucial importance that the internet plays in American life, commerce and education today, are we anywhere near coming to regard access to the internet as another utility like water, electric and gas? Something that is basic and necessary to every American home and business? Or is it still “that thing kids do on their phones”? And is that leap in thinking something will have to happen before we get true competition in broadband access, or will we need competition to make that leap?

It seems to me that we still tend to think of the internet, ubiquitous as it is, as something that’s nice to have, rather than as something that we need (and I speak as a parent whose daughters, one college and one high school, would be utterly unable to complete classwork or homework without it, and whose job pretty much depends on it). And I’m constantly amazed that the very politicians whose job it is to legislate and regulate the ‘net seem to have so little understanding of it.

Where do you see, especially our politics, in terms of making that mental shift?

There’s a robust discussion raging in Washington, DC right now about the pros and cons of regulating the internet “like a utility.” I won’t get into all that here, but the truth is that regulating the Internet like a utility is politically unfeasible, at least right now. I think you’re right to say that the Internet is becoming an increasingly vital tool in all of our lives. Many of us—including your daughters, you, and me—could not do our jobs (or our school work) without it, and in the next decade, I think most Americans will begin using the Internet as their primary means of watching TV, talking on the phone, communicating with their health care providers, and even attending school/college. Asking how we, as a nation, can ensure that all Americans have access to those digital “pipes” in the future is one of the most important questions facing Congress and the FCC today.

sacredh asks, it’s not even to the midterms yet, but can you see any GOP candidate having coat tails in 2016? Assume that Hillary would be the democrats nominee.

This is the big “cocktail party question,” so to speak, in Washington, DC right now, but I don’t think anyone—and that includes the Republican leadership!—is sure who the nominee will be quite yet. I think I’ll save my rampant speculation for 2015.

deconstructive asks, Haley, thanks for your 9/9 post about regulating Big Banks. Two issues here –

  1. After your research into banking issues for your report, what do YOU think should be done to keep another banking collapse from happening? I think restoring the Glass-Steagall separation of traditional banking and investment / gambling should be part of the solution.
  2. Do you agree with the proposals’ idea to exempt small local banks from new regulations over the Big Banks? I disagree – all banks need equal scrutiny. But size matters, no? How can a small local bank inflict much damage? Look back to the savings and loan crisis during the Reagan 80’s. Some of the guiltiest players that caused massive damage were tiny savings and loans like Vernon Savings from Vernon, TX. and others (like Keating’s). They grew too fast making sloppy loans, engaged in back-scratching deals that made money off themselves, and eventually collapsed the whole system …all with minimal Fed oversight and overwhelmed Fed resources. Thoughts, Haley? Thanks.

 

  1. I don’t think there’s any political appetite at the moment for reinstating Glass-Steagall, but that said, I do firmly believe that we need safeguards to ensure that American taxpayers are not and cannot be held responsible for risky bets made by institutions that are not behaving like a traditional bank. (It says something about the current financial landscape that the word “bank” no longer means what it used to!)
  2. I have not reported on this particular issue – how to regulate big banks vs. small banks – so I can’t give you a thoughtful answer either way, although I do think we ought to regulate certain banking activities differently. The truth is, most small, community banks simply aren’t engaging in the kind of risky, speculative investments that got us into trouble in 2007 and 2008. That doesn’t mean they should go without oversight entirely, but I’m not convinced that family-owned community outfits should be required to jump through the same hoops as the JPMorganChases of the world.

deconstructive asks, Haley, thanks for writing about net neutrality, including polls showing people don’t like the idea of fast lanes, and also mentioning in one of your posts that Big Cable is “poised to benefit from Americans’ increasing demand for online streaming, a service that requires super-fast Internet connections.” (9/16, about HBO streaming proposal) Why have the cable companies fought net neutrality? Is it simple greed from trying to grab the high speed streaming trade? Do they see Netflix as an enemy or an ally in the streaming game? Do they fear the Netflix model? Or is it simple laziness and inertia of NOT wanting to change the status quo (and having to spend money on technical upgrades for high-speed streaming, let alone competitng with Netflix for customers)?

One of the more frustrating parts of covering the net neutrality issue is that there is no single definition of “net neutrality.” The big cable companies say that they are in favor of it, but their definition is often diametrically different than that offered by most Americans. But to answer your second question: no. I don’t think the big cable companies fear the Netflix model, at least in the short term. At this particular point in time, the biggest cable companies in the country—Comcast, Time Warner Cable, etc.—actually benefit from a growing interest in watching TV and movies online. After all, watching high-definition video online, in the form of YouTube or Skype or Netflix or Hulu or HBO Go or anything else, requires an enormous amount of bandwidth. Most Americans looking to upgrade their bandwidth only have one choice: their cable company. So, at least at this point in time, Americans’ hunger for Netflix, and therefore for more bandwidth, is actually driving cable companies’ bottom line.

deconstructive asks, Haley, why do the cable companies oppose ala carte programming? Maybe that could help fight back the wave of online streaming (Netflix, soon HBO) by making customers happy through customization and NOT put with awkward bundling packages – customers like to customize their products all the time, so why fight the tide and alienate them? Besides the cable cabal moaning, “it costs too much,” I’m guessing there are other factors at work, which are _______? (Of course, I wouldn’t be surprised to see the cable companies charge more for the ala carte privilege, thus defeating the purpose just to squeeze more money out of customers, but I digress.)

The short answer to this question is that we’re starting to see the beginning of a move toward a la carte programming. HBO Go’s promise recently to begin offering an online-only service is a major bellwether. But it’s true that the current economy undergirding the television and cable industries remains largely symbiotic. TV producers still stand to make much more money by licensing their content (charging “retrans fees”) to cable companies, rather than relying on a smaller population of loyal viewers to purchase it a la carte online. We may begin to see those economics change in the near future.

RichardAB asks, H.S.E., we keep hearing the word education, while we virtually never hear the word culture. The two should always go hand-in-hand. An educated person is not necessarily a cultured person, but we absolutely need more of the second. What would you suggest could be done to improve the situation?

I agree that an educated person is not necessarily a cultured person, but I’m afraid you’ve stumped me on we, as a society, begin to teach people to be cultured. I suppose “culture” is best taught through communities, families, friends, parents, churches and through engaging in civil service. Some folks have suggested that we ought to require every American between the ages of, say, 18 and 25, to participate in some form of service, whether that’s through their church or in the Armed Services or through a community center or a formal organization, like the Peace Corp or Teach for America. I have no idea how that would work but it’s an interesting suggestion.

yogi asks, HSE, recent studies have shown that students can lose 2 months of grade level skills due to long summer vacations. So why aren’t school reformers more focused on trying to switch districts to year around schedules? The idea that students need a long summer is based on the archaic belief that our nation still primarily an agricultural nation, but I’ve decon-gressed. Doesn’t this seem like an easier task to be able to change than tenure?

That’s a great question and one that I’ve heard asked from others as well. I don’t know what the contours of that debate are, but I imagine it’s more complicated than we think. After all, there’s a robust economy—summer camps and vacations and amusement parks and day care centers—that rely on the fact that kids are not in school during the summer. I imagine there might be some serious pushback from that crowd if it were to change. I also wonder how much more expensive year-round school would be for taxpayers. Presumably, we would have to pay more to keep our schools open for an additional 3 months every year, and we’d have to pay teachers more too. Would taxpayers be willing to shoulder that extra cost?

yogi asks, HSE, why have so many conservative state governments rejected common core when many of the standards its proposing could apply to teacher performance and the lessening of teacher’s unions clout? Is it simply because it was proposed by Obama?

The politics of education today are complicated, but in general: the fact that the Obama administration chose to support the Common Core State Standards definitely helped those who were opposed to it by giving them the ability to dismiss the whole shooting match as “Obama’s standards.” But I’m not convinced that Obama’s support for CCSS is entirely responsible for the backlash. In many states, the rollout was executed poorly, the idea behind the new standards was badly communicated to teachers and parents, and students were tested on ideas they had never learned. Even in the best of times, that’s not an environment that tends to foster trust.

TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: October 24

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

How Ready Is NYC for Ebola?

A doctor in New York City who recently returned from treating Ebola patients in one of the hardest-hit countries in the West Africa outbreak tested positive on Thursday for the virus. Can the Big Apple handle its first case better than Dallas? Its leaders certainly think so

Amazon’s 3rd Quarter Slouch

Big spending and a lower-than-expected forecast for the holiday season put a cloud over the tech giant’s share price, which was down 10% after hours

Ottawa Gunman Wanted Passport for Mideast

A portrait of Michael Zehaf-Bibeau, the 32-year-old who police said launched a deadly attack on Canada’s seat of government, is beginning to emerge

Queen Elizabeth II Sends Her First Tweet

While opening the Information Age exhibit at London’s Science Museum, Queen Elizabeth II sent her first tweet from the official account of Buckingham Palace. She was invited to mark the occasion with a tweet by the museum’s director

NYPD Officers Shoot, Kill Man Who Attacked With a Hatchet

An unidentified man was shot and killed in Queens on Thursday after he attacked four NYPD officers with a hatchet. The assailant was seen taking the weapon out of a backpack before assaulting the rookie officers at around 2 p.m.

Boko Haram Said to Abduct More Women, Girls in Nigeria

The militant Islamist group is accused of abducting dozens more women and girls from two villages in Nigeria’s northeastern Adamawa state. Residents said the alleged kidnappings took place a day after a reported truce between the militants and Nigerian government

Football Player Accused of Rape Texted Alleged Victim

Accused quarterback at University of Florida Treon Harris reportedly texted his accuser “don’t tell nobody ’bout nothing” shortly after the encounter. Harris was suspended from the team on Oct. 6, but was reinstated after the accuser withdrew her complaint on Oct. 9

Former Boston Mayor Thomas Menino Stops Chemo

Menino’s announcement saddened Bostonians who knew him as their leader for five terms over two decades. “While I continue to fight this terrible disease, I feel it is time for me to spend more time with my family, grandkids and friends,” he said in a statement

Leaks Reveal New Details About Ferguson Shooting

As a grand jury weighs whether to indict police officer Darren Wilson in the August shooting death of unarmed teen Michael Brown, a sequence of leaks in recent days have fanned the flames in Ferguson and raised questions about the investigation

Sweden Calls Off Search for Suspected Submarine

Swedish authorities said they called off their search for a suspected submarine in the Stockholm archipelago. Officials haven’t blamed any country for the supposed intrusion, though most Swedish defense analysts said Russia would be a likely culprit

Filipina Transgender’s Murder Sparks LGBT Outrage

The burial of Jennifer Laude has sparked a “National Day of Outrage” in the Philippines, with LGBT groups staging vigils on Friday. The groups say her killing — for which a U.S. Marine has been accused — highlights the vulnerable position of trans people in the Philippines

Halle Berry to Relaunch French Lingerie Line at Target

The Academy Award-winning actress is relaunching French lingerie line Scandale and teaming up with Target to sell in the states. Berry discovered the 80-year-old luxury lingerie label while shopping in Paris and wanted to revive the brand globally

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