TIME

Morning Must Reads: April 21

Capitol
Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

The Third Amigo

Senator Lindsey Graham has watched two of his closest friends run unsuccessfully for President. Now, as he gears up for his own bid in 2016, the South Carolina Republican is hoping to use the lessons learned from their experiences to win

Pope OKs Bishop’s Resignation

Pope Francis on Tuesday accepted the resignation of a U.S. bishop who pleaded guilty to failing to report a suspected child abuser

Clinton Continues Listening Tour

Hillary Clinton told voters in N.H. on Monday that “I want people to know that I’m listening” as she kicked off week two of her 2016 campaign

A Migrant’s Harrowing Journey From Senegal to Italy

With at least 1,000 migrants dead in the Mediterranean this past week, E.U. officials are scrambling to devise ways to halt the armada of smugglers’ boats crossing from Africa. Here’s the story of Mahmoud, a 28-year-old who survived the journey to Europe in mid-April

Full House Revival Is Coming to Netflix

Netflix has ordered a 13-episode revival of Full House, titled Fuller House. The sequel will focus on original cast members Candace Cameron-Bure, Jodie Sweetin and Andrea Barber. John Stamos will be the producer and a guest star

Ousted Egyptian President Gets 20 Years in Prison

An Egyptian criminal court has sentenced ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi to 20 years in prison over the killing of protesters in 2012, the first verdict to be issued against the country’s first elected leader. Morsi faces several other trials

Blue Bell Creameries Issues Recall of All Products

Texas-based Blue Bell Creameries is recalling all of its products on the market after two samplings of chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream tested positive for listeriosis. The foodborne illness was tracked to a production line in Brenham, Texas

Here’s the Universe’s Biggest Structure

Scientists researching a mysteriously cold region in space have found what they say is the largest known structure in the universe — a gigantic hole. The expanse is being called the “supervoid” and measures 1.8 billion light years across

Washington Post Reporter in Iran Faces Charges

A Washington Post reporter jailed for nearly nine months in Iran faces charges of espionage and three other crimes, his lawyer revealed on Monday. Rezaian also faces charges of “conducting propaganda against the establishment”

Jon Stewart’s Daily Show Exit Has a Firm Date

Fans of Jon Stewart have a little over three months to get their fill of the comedian andDaily Show host, with Stewart announcing the date of his departure. The 52-year-old said in February that he would be retiring from the satirical newscast after 16 years

AC/DC Drummer Phil Rudd Pleads Guilty

AC/DC drummer Phil Rudd has pleaded guilty to charges of threatening to kill a former employee and possession of methamphetamine and marijuana, according to various news reports. Rudd had originally pleaded not guilty to those charges last year

Kraft Mac & Cheese Plans to Go for a More Natural Look

Kraft Foods Group will no longer use synthetic coloring or artificial preservatives in its original Macaroni & Cheese in the U.S., the company announced Monday, and will instead turn to natural color alternatives derived from sources like turmeric, paprika and annatto

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TIME

Morning Must Reads: April 20

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Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

Bombing Survivors Make Strides

A group of Boston Marathon bombing survivors who were injured while watching the race two years ago are returning to the marathon this year as runners, “to heal, to build resiliency, to reach new levels,” one runner said

E.U. Refugee Crisis Worsens

Thousands of asylum seekers have now died trying to reach Europe from Africa, putting the E.U.’s refugee policies under scrutiny

Video Said to Show ISIS Atrocity

Militants in Libya were reported to have shot and beheaded groups of captive Ethiopian Christians, widening the circle of nations affected by ISIS

WHO Acknowledges Failings of Ebola Response

Top leaders at the World Health Organization have admitted to being “ill prepared” to handle the Ebola outbreak and released a comprehensive list of agency failings as well as suggested reforms they and global policymakers must realize moving forward

Longtime Rubio-Bush Alliance Fades in GOP Contest

Ties between Florida Senator Marco Rubio and former Florida governor Jeb Bush, political allies for more than a decade, are fraying as the Republican presidential campaign picks up. “Sparks are going to fly,” said one Bush adviser

Luke Bryan Snags Top Honor at ACM Awards

Luke Bryan was voted entertainer of the year at the 50th Academy of Country Music Awards. “Thank you to my wife, my kids… my fans, country radio,” Bryan said as he accepted the award in front of a record-breaking audience

Envoy Apologizes to Poland Over FBI Chief’s Holocaust Article

U.S. Ambassador to Poland Stephen Mull has apologized for remarks made by FBI Director James Comey, who penned a Washington Post op-ed last week in which he accused Poland of being an accomplice to the Holocaust

Jim Furyk Tops Kevin Kisner in RBC Heritage Playoff

Jim Furyk had gone 100 starts without winning, a stretch that gnawed at his psyche and challenged his confidence. That all disappeared on Sunday when he won his first PGA Tour title in five years, outlasting Kevin Kisner at the RBC Heritage

Ohio Gov. Flirts With Presidential Run in New Hampshire

Ohio Governor John Kasich took his presidential flirtations to a new level on Saturday, asking New Hampshire Republicans to keep their powder dry as he decides whether to run. “Think about me, would ya,” he said

Jon Stewart Explains Why He’s Leaving The Daily Show

Stewart admitted that it wasn’t that his show wasn’t working anymore, but rather he just didn’t see an election that would be “wildly different” from any of the previous ones he had covered

Bobby Brown Says Bobbi Kristina Brown ‘Is Awake’

Bobby Brown told a crowd at a concert on Saturday that daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown is “awake” nearly three months after she was found unresponsive in her Georgia home. But a Brown family source tells PEOPLE that she has yet to wake up

Furious 7 Drives Weekend Box Office for Third Week

Furious 7 is still on top of the box office in its third week in theaters, with the flick starring Vin Diesel and the late Paul Walker taking in $29.1 million over the weekend. The weekend numbers bring the film’s domestic total earnings to about $300 million

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TIME

Morning Must Reads: April 17

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Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

Georgia OKs Medical Marijuana

Governor Nathan Deal signed legislation legalizing the use of marijuana in Georgia for medical conditions, including epilepsy, Lou Gehrig’s Disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, mitochondrial disease, Parkinson’s disease and sickle-cell anemia

Support for Death Penalty Drops

Public backing for capital punishment in the U.S. has dropped to its lowest in 40 years, although a small majority of Americans still believe in it

O’Malley Calls Out Hillary Clinton

Maryland’s former governor had sharp words for Clinton, who’s taken a more liberal stance on gay marriage and immigration as her campaign starts

U.S. Bird Flu Outbreak May Last a ‘Few Years’

A leading agriculture official has forecast that North America’s bird-flu outbreak could persist for some time. “It’s something in North America that we may have to live with for a few years,” the USDA’s chief veterinary officer John Clifford told lawmakers in Minnesota

Jeb Bush Says Senate Should Confirm Loretta Lynch

Answering questions at a town hall with New Hampshire primary voters at the Snowshoe Club, Bush, an all-but-announced Republican presidential candidate, stopped short of explicitly calling for Lynch’s confirmation as Attorney General

Instagram Now Allows Photos of Women Breast-Feeding

An updated set of guidelines clarifies that photos of “women actively breast-feeding” are 100% permitted. Photos of post-mastectomy scars are fair game too. (Images of “sexual intercourse, genitals and close-ups of fully nude buttocks” are banned)

Less Than Half of American Troops Are ‘Satisfied With Work’

Most of America’s 770,000 troops are unhappy at work and report pessimistic feelings. That’s according to mandatory online questionnaires soldiers fill out each year seen by USA Today, which show 48% of service personnel not feeling committed or satisfied with work

Relatives of Boston Marathon Bomber Break Their Silence

Members of the Boston bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev’s family tell TIME they tried in vain to dismiss his defense lawyers. They believe the charges against him stem from an American conspiracy and they want him to appeal the guilty verdict

E-Cig Use Triples Among Middle and High Schoolers

E-cigarette use among middle school and high school students tripled in one year, U.S. officials say. The new data shows that e-cigarette use has surpassed the use of all tobacco products, including regular cigarettes, among young people

NBA Will Begin Testing Players for HGH Next Season

The league announced Thursday that testing will begin next season and players will be subject to three random, unannounced tests each year, in addition to “reasonable cause testing.” Two of the three tests will be administered during the season

J. Lo Will Pay Tribute to Selena at Latin Music Awards

Jennifer Lopez honored the late singer Selena Quintanilla by portraying her on the silver screen almost two decades ago, and this year she will pay tribute to her again, this time at the Billboard Latin Music Awards

Veteran Chinese Journalist Gao Yu Sentenced to 7 Years

A Beijing court sentenced a veteran Chinese journalist to seven years in prison on Friday after convicting her of leaking a document detailing the Communist Party leadership’s resolve to aggressively target civil society and press freedom as a threat to its monopoly on power

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TIME

Morning Must Reads: April 16

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Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

Meet the 2015 TIME 100

Here are the most influential people in the world: the titans, pioneers, artists, icons and leaders who are shaping the future. “We tell 100 stories of individual influence,” managing editor Nancy Gibbs writes. “But taken together, these stories are an anthem to interaction, the convergence that occurs when you harmonize a good idea”

Tsarnaev’s Family Speaks

Members of the Boston bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev’s family tell TIME they tried in vain to dismiss his defense lawyers

ISIS Launches New Offensive

ISIS launched an offensive Wednesday in Iraq’s western Anbar province, capturing three villages near the provincial capital of Ramadi

Here’s Why Wi-Fi on Planes Could Lead to Disaster

The U.S. Government Accountability Office says new aircraft may be susceptible to having inflight computer systems hacked by terrorists through onboard wi-fi networks or remotely. Passenger wi-fi, it said, was “a direct link between the aircraft and the outside world”

Pakistan Could Charge CIA Officials With Murder Over Drones

A judge in Pakistan has ordered police to formally investigate former CIA agents for allegedly authorizing a 2009 drone strike. It may mark the first time that U.S. citizens have been charged with murder, under Pakistan’s penal code, for covert drone strikes

U.N. Envoy to Yemen Resigns

The U.N. envoy to Yemen has resigned, citing an interest in “another assignment.” Jamal Benomar, who has served as the U.N. Secretary-General’s special envoy to the Middle Eastern country since 2012, reportedly quit due to lack of support from Gulf countries

Morris Scores in 1st U.S. Start in 2-0 Win Over Mexico

Jordan Morris made a loud statement in his first start for the U.S. national team against his country’s biggest and most bitter rival. The 20-year-old Stanford sophomore scored his first international goal early in the second half

Netflix Membership Soars Past 60 Million

The online-video-streaming company’s growth continued last quarter as revenue jumped 24% and membership surpassed 60 million global users. Netflix reported $1.57 billion in quarterly revenue, in line with analyst predictions

Aaron Hernandez Gets Life in Prison

Former NFL star Aaron Hernandez was convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison Wednesday in a deadly late-night shooting, sealing the downfall of an athlete who once had a $40 million contract and a standout career ahead of him

Chris Christie Pins Hopes for Comeback on Straight Talk

Dogged by lower approval ratings at home and overshadowed by Republican rivals, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie is pinning his still unannounced campaign’s prospects on straight talk, hoping his unscripted moments will help revive his presidential ambitions

Gisele Retires After 20 Years on the Runway

The supermodel, who has two children with NFL-quarterback husband Tom Brady, says she is leaving to spend more time with her family but plans to continue to work in the fashion industry, likely as a designer. She already has her own line of flip-flops and lingerie

Michael Phelps Will Aim for 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio

The gold medalist swimmer said Wednesday that he will try to compete at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, marking the the first time Phelps has publicly committed to trying for the Games

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TIME South Korea

Victims of South Korea’s Sewol Ferry Disaster Remembered One Year On

A relative of a victim of the Sewol ferry disaster holds a flower as he stands on the deck of a boat during a visit to the site of the sunken ferry, off the coast of South Korea's southern island of Jindo
Ed Jones—Reuters A relative of a victim of the Sewol ferry disaster holds a flower as he stands on the deck of a boat during a visit to the site of the sunken ferry, off the coast of South Korea's southern island of Jindo April 15, 2015

Nine bodies remain unaccounted for, and the disaster’s anniversary is again heating up as a political issue

Thursday marks one year since the Sewol ferry sank off the southwest coast of South Korea. But for Lee Keum-hui, it feels like only a day or two since she lost her daughter Eun-hwa, who was one of 476 passengers setting out from Incheon for Jeju, a resort island.

“Some people say it’s time to move on, but how can we do that when our daughter’s body is still out there somewhere?” said Lee, 46, sweeping at the placid waters off Paengmok Harbor, the nearest point on land to the tragedy.

Eun-hwa is one of nine passengers who were never recovered. Lee and her husband still make the nearly five-hour trip from Ansan, a southern suburb of the capital, Seoul, down to Paengmok two or three times a week. There, they sit and hope that somehow their daughter’s remains will be returned to them.

South Korea was overwhelmed with grief when the Sewol sank. People struggled to fathom how a routine ferry ride could lead to 304 deaths, many of them students on a high school field trip. As the ordeal dragged on, the initial sadness segued into fury as the public accused the government of an inept rescue effort.

South Korea engineered a quick rise from poverty after the 1950–53 Korean War and is today one of the world’s wealthier, and more technologically advanced, countries. The shock of the Sewol sinking was compounded by disbelief over how, in a country that had come so far, a simple ferry ride could go so terribly wrong.

In ramshackle Paengmok Harbor, the farthest point on mainland South Korea one can get from the shine of the capital, normal life has mostly returned, with the rescue mission having been called off last autumn. Before last year it was little known beyond the locals who rely on it as a port for fishing boats and traveling to nearby islets.

However, with the sunken hulk still off the coast and nine bodies unaccounted for, Paengmok remains the site of grieving by families and their supporters.

The long, narrow pier is strewn with tokens of the tragedy. Banners with messages of support hang from the railings, imploring, “We won’t forget” and “Kids, come back. It must be so cold out there.” There are flags with the names of the nine passengers who were never recovered. One of them, frayed by the sharp wind that constantly blows in off the water, carries the name Cho Eun-hwa, Lee’s 16-year-old daughter.

The disaster’s anniversary is again heating up as a political issue. Bereaved families have staged large protests in Seoul, calling for the government to carry out a thorough investigation.

In the emotional aftermath of the sinking, the nation’s Prime Minister Chung Hong-won resigned, in what he said was a gesture of responsibility amid a culture of neglecting safety measures. In addition, President Park Geun-hye’s approval ratings plummeted from about 60% to less than 40% in the wake of the tragedy.

Cheonghaejin Marine, the company that operated the Sewol, was also pilloried for failing to follow basic safety protocol and having, a couple of years before, carried out a dangerous refurbishment of the ship that allowed it to carry more passengers but also made it more vulnerable to tipping over.

The firm’s CEO was sentenced to 10 years in prison last November for having violated maritime safety laws. The ferry’s captain, Lee Joon-seok, received 36 years for professional negligence causing death, while the ship’s engineer was sentenced to 30 and other crew members between five and 20 years.

At the time of the ruling, some bereaved families argued that the captain was getting off too easy and should have been sentenced to death. Lee was reportedly not at the helm at the time the Sewol began listing and, along with other crew members, fled the ship while most passengers languished aboard.

Kang Min-kyu, the vice principal of Danwon High School, where many of the young victims studied, committed suicide two days after the disaster. The 52-year-old was among the 172 passengers rescued but couldn’t live with the fact that so many of his young charges were less fortunate.

Late last year, South Korea’s National Assembly passed a law that mandated the formation of a special committee to look into the sinking. However, the investigation hasn’t gotten off the ground because of disagreements between the families and government over the body’s composure and the limits of its authority.

In addition to her hopes for an official probe, Lee says she won’t be able to move on from losing Eun-hwa until her daughter’s remains have been recovered. “We’ve been here for the past year, and our goal is still the same: to find our beloved child,” Lee said.

In Korea’s Confucian culture, great importance is placed on holding a ceremony to mark the end of a person’s life. And experts say moving on is especially difficult for parents who could only watch on TV as their children perished.

“The parents’ grief has been exacerbated by their inability to have intervened, to have assumed the role of their child’s protector,” said Ansuk Jeong, a Ph.D. in community psychology and research professor at Yonsei University in Seoul.

Kwon Oh-bok, a 61-year-old who lost his brother, nephew and sister-in-law, has spent the past year living in a small housing unit at Paengmok provided by the local government.

When the Sewol sank, Kwon’s brother’s family of four was on their way to start a new life in Jeju, having purchased a tangerine farm. Kwon’s 6-year-old niece was the family’s only survivor and now lives with an aunt.

Kwon says he’s still waiting for some kind of closure and would like the government to raise the prone hull from the seabed, a process that could take more than a year, and cost $110 million, according to a study commissioned by South Korea’s Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.

“Once they raise the ferry I’ll be ready to leave, but not until then,” Kwon said.

Lee wears Eun-hwa’s student ID card around her neck, with a headshot of the young girl with a slight smile and dark, horn-rimmed glasses. Lee says her expectations have dropped precipitously since she first came to Paengmok. Having arrived last April hoping Eun-hwa would be rescued alive, this faded into the simple desire to see her only daughter’s face one last time.

Now, facing the reality of Eun-hwa having spent one year in the briny depths, Lee says, “I just want to hug her bones.”

TIME

Morning Must Reads: April 15

Capitol
Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

Hillary’s Brand of Campaigning

The Hillary Clinton who began her presidential campaign in Iowa on Tuesday and listened carefully to a handful of people talk about the wonders of the local college system is a familiar, uncynical and entirely credible character, TIME columnist Joe Klein writes

White House Won’t Veto Iran Bill

The White House says Obama would be willing to sign a compromise bill giving Congress a say on the emerging nuclear deal with Iran

Policeman’s Car Rams Suspect

Video footage from an Arizona police cruiser’s dash camera shows the vehicle slamming into an allegedly armed suspect on Feb. 19

Next Up in the Cuba Fight

President Obama formally moved on Tuesday to remove Cuba from the list of states supporting terrorism. Congress has 45 days to pass a joint resolution blocking the change, a challenge that anti-Castro lawmakers and Republican critics indicated they would take up

India’s Growth Set to Overtake That of China

India’s economic growth may surpass China’s much sooner than initially expected, with the International Monetary Fund forecasting the former’s growth rate will rise to 7.5% this year, while the latter’s is expected to drop to 6.8%

Chicago Mayor Backs Reparations for Police Torture Victims

Chicago will pay $5.5 million in reparations to victims who claimed they were tortured decades ago under a former police commander, Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said on Tuesday. The measure is expected to be introduced on Wednesday

Alzheimer’s May Be Caused by Misfiring Immune System

A breakthrough study out of Duke University suggests that deprivation of an amino acid called arginine may contribute to Alzheimer’s disease, a finding that could help usher in new treatment strategies for patients suffering from the debilitating illness

Pentagon to Identify Pearl Harbor’s ‘Unknown’ Troops

The Pentagon said on Tuesday that the bodies of troops killed during the Pearl Harbor attacks, who are buried in “unknown” graves in Hawaii, will be disinterred and identified through DNA. All identified remains will receive military funeral honors upon return to families

Game of Thrones Season 5 Premiere Draws 8 Million Viewers

The highly anticipated April 12 Season 5 premiere reached 8 million live and same-day viewers, according to Nielsen, despite a leak of the season’s first four episodes. The number reflects the show’s status as HBO’s most-watched original series ever

NBA Player Blames Police for Season-Ending Injury

Atlanta Hawks forward Thabo Sefolosha was injured after being arrested with a teammate outside a New York club last week. They were charged with obstructing governmental administration for refusing to clear a crime scene regarding the stabbing of a Pacers player

Survivors Say 400 Migrants Drowned Off Libya

Survivors of a capsized migrant boat off Libya have told the aid group Save the Children that an estimated 400 people are believed to have drowned. Italy’s Coast Guard said it assumed that there were many dead given the size of the ship

U.N. Chief Gives James Bond a New Mission

Daniel Craig, who won international acclaim playing James Bond, received a special mission on Tuesday when U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed the actor as the first U.N. Global Advocate for the Elimination of Mines and Explosive Hazards

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Morning Must Reads: April 14

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Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

Rubio Enters the Race

Florida Senator Marco Rubio had his moment in the sun before but saw it clouded by immigration reform. Now that he announced his presidential campaign, in Miami on Monday evening, Republicans may remember why they dubbed him presidential material

Nigeria Remembers Abducted Girls

President-elect Muhammadu Buhari pledged Tuesday to rescue the 276 Nigerian girls kidnapped by Boko Haram, one year after their disappearance

Deputy Charged in Man’s Death

Oklahoma prosecutors charged a reserve sheriff’s deputy with manslaughter Monday in the death of a man fatally shot as he lay at the officer’s feet

Gay Marriage Divides GOP

The Supreme Court’s expected decision that gay couples have a constitutional right to marry will for most mark the end of a culture war. But a small circle of Christian activists aren’t giving up yet — and they are already winning over some Republican presidential candidates

Ex-Blackwater Guards Get Prison

Four guards were sentenced to at least 30 years for their roles in a deadly 2007 shooting that caused a global uproar over the use of private security in war. “Based on the seriousness of the crimes, I find the penalty is not excessive,” said Judge Royce Lamberth

Indiana Hires PR Firm to Repair Reputation

Indiana’s economic- and tourism-development agencies hired a public relations firm on Monday to repair the damage to the state’s reputation from a religious-objections law that raised the specter of discrimination against the LGBT community

Obama Signs Disaster Declaration for January Blizzard

Governor Charlie Baker says the federal disaster aid that Massachusetts has been granted for a late January blizzard — Obama signed the declaration on Monday — could bring between $80 million and $90 million, but he’s disappointed a broader request wasn’t approved

Tyler, the Creator Dropped a New Album

Tyler, the Creator just dropped his new album, and it’s a big one. The 13-track album, Cherry Bomb, became available on iTunes and streaming services on Monday and features some of the biggest names in the business, including Kanye West and Pharrell

S.C. Officer Won’t Face Death Penalty

Michael Slager, charged in the videotaped shooting death of an unarmed black man on April 4, will not face the death penalty, the chief prosecutor in Charleston County said Monday. He faces 30 years to life in prison if convicted

Ex-NFL Player Suspected in Murder of Prison Cellmate

Lawrence Phillips’s cellmate, Damion Soward, was found unresponsive in their cell at Kern Valley State Prison shortly after midnight Saturday. Phillips is serving a 31-year, four-month sentence after being charged in 2005 with assaulting his then girlfriend

Orphans Seek Answers 40 Years After Fleeing Khmer Rouge

By the time the Khmer Rouge took control of Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975, scores of children had been safely shuttled out. In subsequent years, Pol Pot’s brutal regime set about dismantling all existing systems, severing connections with their former lives

China Releases Women’s Activists After Month’s Detention

Chinese authorities have released five women’s-rights campaigners whose detention sparked an outcry and underscored the government’s restrictions on independent social activism, lawyers said. As of late Monday night, all had either returned or were on their way home

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TIME Cambodia

Cambodian Orphans Yearn for Answers 40 Years After Fleeing the Khmer Rouge

Young Cambodian child at a hospital in Phnom Penh, in March 1975.
Francoise Demulder—AFP/Getty Images Young Cambodian child at a hospital in Phnom Penh, in March 1975.

A daring orphan lift spared scores from the savage communist clique, but left children with no ties home

Here are the things Miika Thoeun Gove knows about her Cambodian origins: a woman claiming to be her grandmother said she couldn’t take care of her. An orphanage took her in. The U.S. embassy arranged for an airlift to California.

By the time the Khmer Rouge took control of Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975, Miika had been safely shuttled out, but her identity remained trapped inside. In Cambodia, Pol Pot’s brutal regime set about systematically dismantling all existing systems — killing an estimated 1.7 million people in pursuit of a harebrained “year zero” agrarian utopia. In the process families, institutions and records were obliterated amid one of the worst genocides of the 20th century. In the U.S., doctors estimated Miika’s age by looking at her teeth; new parents assigned a birth date, they gave her a name.

“I don’t know how it worked, there’s virtually no details other than [me] arriving,” she tells TIME. “I don’t even know if that’s the true story.”

Forty years ago this and last month, a series of planes flew into Phnom Penh’s besieged Pochentong airport on a special sortie. The Fighting Tigers at the controls dove down into the tarmac to avoid Khmer Rouge gunfire and — barely cutting the engines — pulled up alongside cargo trucks. With little ceremony, those in the truck began to load the plane with box after box of babies.

“As this telegram is being dispatched,” read a U.S. embassy cable sent just hours after a March 17 airlift, “the orphans are not the only ones heaving a king size sigh of relief.”

At the time of the evacuations, the U.S.-backed Khmer Republic had all but crumbled under the weight of incompetence and corruption, while large-scale American bombing of the countryside sent hundreds of thousands fleeing to Phnom Penh for safety. Desperate parents — starving and fearing for their lives — overwhelmed the state-run orphanage; the babies would not stop coming.

Canadian sisters Eloise and Anna Charet arrived in the country just months before the fall to open a private orphanage, called Canada House. Eloise recalled taking babies and toddlers from a room in the state orphanage, “where the children were just left on mats and were left to die. The ants were crawling on them, the flies all around their eyes and mouth … the only thing you could see was the flickering of their eyes once in a while and this room was just packed with children left to die, they didn’t know what to do.”

On March 17, the sisters successfully evacuated all 43 of their charges — an unlikely feat that allowed for scores more to be pulled out in the following weeks by various private agencies and individuals. Most of the Cambodian children were initially sent to war-torn Saigon where they were thrown in with more than 3,000 Vietnamese children to be airlifted out to the U.S., Europe and Australia in the audacious and controversial “Operation Babylift.”

As the situation in Cambodia deteriorated, its envoys in Washington, D.C., begged the U.S. for assistance and arranged for a final group of 220 orphans to be pulled out and adopted. In Phnom Penh, the Minister for Refugees scrambled to process the children. On April 9, 28 flew out. They were to be the last.

“I messaged [Refugee Minister] Kong Orn … about the orphans’ situation. I also messaged other officials. But there was no answer from anyone. Clearly the subject of orphans was not on anyone’s mind at the time,” says Gaffar Peang-Meth, a diplomat based at the Cambodian embassy.

The chaos surrounding those final flights ensured that many orphans arrived with only the scantest of documentation. In a July 1975 internal report, the U.S. Agency for International Development recorded that half of the 108 orphans airlifted out of Phnom Penh “are experiencing legal problems regarding their adoptability and/or placements.”

CAMBODIA-US-WAR-KHMER ROUGE
Sjoberg / AFP / Getty ImagesThe young Khmer Rouge guerrilla soldiers enter Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975

“The placement of the orphans … in adoptive homes has been held up because of questions raised regarding their adoptability and/or prospective placement. Due to the emergency situation which existed at the time, the sponsoring agencies and the government did not obtain the proper releases or process other required documentation,” the report continued.

In California and elsewhere, lawsuits proliferated over whether the children were in fact orphans. Miika and scores of other children spent upwards of a year in foster homes while officials debated their status. Four decades later, some have yet to be naturalized.

“The children’s arrival was not all smooth and happy,” recalls Gaffar Peang-Meth, who became the point man for verifying many of their legal status. Some news media reports suggested that the children were not all orphans and openly questioned why they had been brought to the U.S. Gaffar Peang-Meth responded that there was no authority in Phnom Penh to answer such allegations.

Amid the mounting concern, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ordered a temporary halt to the babylifts on April 16, just one day before the Khmer Rouge seized Phnom Penh. Then deputy commissioner of the INS, James Green, told the Washington Post that the agency would “launch a full investigation to determine what these children’s backgrounds are and how they got into the United States.”

By then, of course, the lines of communication had already been severed. With it went any hope of tracking down family ties.

Adoptees grew up oblivious to their roots, yet haunted by them.

“No matter how you grow up childhood always challenging, but not really having a mental foundation of how it started, that’s really challenging,” says Miika Thoeun Gove. “I can’t even reach out to anyone in the group that I flew out with, I have no information.”

A handful of the orphans have returned to Cambodia in search of more information, though such quests tend to be fruitless.

Kim Routhier-Filion, one of the Canada House babies, traveled to Cambodia in 2012 accompanied by Eloise and Anna Charet, and a film crew from the French-Canadian news station RDI. While there, the filmmakers captured Routhier-Filion looking through records and speaking with archivists, but he confessed scant faith in reconciliation.

“For me, my adoptive parents are my real parents,” he said. “I didn’t have any expectations of finding my biological parents in Cambodia. I assume they got killed. I don’t even know my biological mom’s name. I didn’t have any hope or expectations of that.”

Gove, whose documents carry neither the name of her parents nor birthplace, has similarly little anticipation of closure. It is something, however, she has come to accept.

“Imagine the children who didn’t get out of there,” she points out calmly. “I figure I’m doing O.K.”

TIME Australia

Australia to Cut Benefits for Parents Who Don’t Vaccinate Kids

"The choice made by families not to immunize their children is not supported by public policy or medical research," Prime Minister Tony Abbott said

Australia is set to cut thousands of dollars of welfare benefits for parents who don’t vaccinate their children, top officials said Sunday, ending a “conscientious objector” exemption to vaccination requirements.

“Parents who vaccinate their children should have confidence that they can take their children to child care without the fear that their children will be at risk of contracting a serious or potentially life-threatening illness because of the conscientious objections of others,” Prime Minister Tony Abbott said in a statement.

The change in policy, which will take effect Jan. 1, 2016, will keep in place medical exemptions and some religious exemptions, Abbott said. It could ultimately cost parents who don’t vaccinate their children up to $11,000 a year in welfare benefits, CNN reports.

The move comes after a measles outbreak in the U.S. briefly reignited the debate over vaccinations, which persists in the U.S. despite scientific consensus that vaccinations are safe and that wide use is needed to establish the so-called “herd immunity” that protects entire populations.

“Australia now has childhood vaccination rates over 90 percent… but more needs to be done to ensure we protect our children and our community from preventable diseases,” Abbott said. “The choice made by families not to immunize their children is not supported by public policy or medical research nor should such action be supported by taxpayers in the form of child care payments.”

TIME

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