Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, located at 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Illinois. Built in 1889.
Frank Lloyd Wright's home and studio, located at 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Ill. Built circa 1889.Don Kalec/Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust—Getty Images
Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, located at 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Illinois. Built in 1889.
Unity Temple Church in Oak Park, IL. Built 1905-1908.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Avery Coonley house, Riverside, Illinois. Built in 1908.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House, Chicago, IL. Built 1909-1910.
Frank Lloyd Wright's J. Kibben Ingalls house in River Forest, Illinois. Built in 1909.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin East in Spring Green, Wisconsin. Built in 1911.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Japan, 1950s. Built circa 1919-1923.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Ennis House in Los Angeles, CA. Built circa 1924.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Falling Water house in Mill Run, PA. Built circa 1936-1939.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin West in Scottsdale, AZ. Built circa 1937.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Johnson Wax Company complex in Racine, WI. Built circa 1936-1939.
Frank Lloyd Wright's William H. Danforth Chapel at The Florida Southern College in Lakeland, FLA. Built circa 1938.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York, NY. Built circa 1959.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Marin County Civic Cente rin San Rafael, CA. Built circa 1960.
The last architectural structure designed by Frank Lloyd Wright; Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium on the campus of Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. Built circa 1964.
Frank Lloyd Wright's home and studio, located at 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Ill. Built circa 1889.
Don Kalec/Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust—Getty Images
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See 15 Iconic Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings

Renowned American architect Frank Lloyd Wright would have turned 149 on Wednesday. The monumental figure designed 1,114 architectural works — 532 of which were completed— before his death in 1959.

In honor of his birthday, the above photos represent 15 of his best-known ones, from the Guggenheim museum in New York City, which he wanted to feel like "a curving wave that never breaks" (LIFE, Nov. 2, 1959), to the office building the Wisconsin native designed for a wax-polish company in a "drab section" of Racine, which was meant to be "as inspiring a place to work in as any cathedral ever was to worship in" (May 8, 1939). As LIFE summed up his portfolio in his 1959 obituary:

His low-slung houses, with their massive chimneys and slablike walls "married to the ground," created a sensation in an era when ornate mansions were the vogue. His office buildings, with their golf-tee columns, their spiky or rounded towers, were striking phenomena amid the rectangular steel structures that came to dominate U.S. cities.

In addition to being known for sprawling oases like Taliesin West in Scottsdale, Ariz., he was also notorious for going over-budget (perhaps not surprisingly, given his taste in luxuries like velvet knickers). For instance, at one point he considered applying a gold leaf coating to the concrete surfaces of Fallingwater, the personal home of Kaufmann's Department Store owners in Bear Run, Pa. (and the subject of the Jan. 17, 1938 cover of TIME). Thus, LIFE concluded in its Aug. 12, 1946 issue that he had "one dominant trait of character; an absolute inability to endure confinement of any sort."

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