Former Federal Minister Merkel holds up a test tube filled with water at the water-control-station of Bad Honnef on Jan. 12, 1995.
Ulrich Baumgarten—Getty Images
By Charlotte Alter
December 9, 2015

Angela Merkel is the most powerful woman in the world, the leader of the country that drives the European economy, and may help determine the fate of the greatest refugee crisis since World War II. She’s also a soccer-loving scientist who is reportedly afraid of dogs. Here are 13 things you may not know about 2015’s Person of the Year:

Her Name

Angela Kasner, at age 3, in 1957.
Ossenbrink Media Group/Sygma/Redux

Angela Merkel grew up Angela Kasner, and her father’s family is partly of Polish descent. Merkel is the name of her first husband, a fellow physics student whom she married in 1977 and divorced four years later, according to a profile in the New Yorker.

Her Childhood

Angela Merkel on the eve of her election in 2005 with parents. Herlind Kasner, Angela Merkel’s mother, from Hamburg was a Latin and English teacher. Her father, Horst Kasner, originally from Berlin, was a pastor in the Protestant Church in Germany.
Laurence Chaperon

Merkel’s father was an official in the Lutheran church. He moved the family from West Germany to Soviet-controlled East Germany shortly after Angela was born, even as thousands of others were fleeing the other way. Merkel’s disciplined and cautious approach to politics is often credited to her East German upbringing.

Her Nickname

Elderly supporters hold placards that read "Angie" an "Mutti" at a Christian Democratic Union (CDU) election campaign rally in Magdeburg, Germany on Sept. 17, 2013.
Fabrizio Bensch—Reuters

German supporters call her Mutti, which means “Mommy.”

Her Aversion to Risk

As a nine-year-old in gym class, Angela once stood paralyzed at the top of a diving board for 45 minutes before finally deciding to jump in the pool right before class ended.

Her Side Gig

Chancellor Angela Merkel drinks a beer after her speech in a beer tent in Munich on May 15, 2013.
Michaela Rehle—Reuters

Merkel worked as a bartender at disco parties in college.

Her Science Chops

Former Federal Minister Merkel holds up a test tube filled with water at the water-control-station of Bad Honnef on Jan. 12, 1995.
Ulrich Baumgarten—Getty Images

She has a degree in physics and a doctorate in quantum chemistry, and some say her success as a politician comes from her scientific, analytic approach to situations. She went on to work as a research scientist, as the only woman in the theoretical chemistry section at the East German Academy of Sciences.

Her Smart Move

Building of the Ministry for State Security in East Berlin on April 26, 1974.
Mehner/ullstein bild/Getty Images

At the end of the 1970s, Merkel applied for an assistant professor position at an engineering school and was asked to join the Stasi (East German secret police.) She says she refused, claiming that she would make a bad spy because she was too much of a blabbermouth. She didn’t get the job. Had she joined, a future career in German politics would have been impossible, according to a profile in Bloomberg BusinessWeek. For some politicians in a reunified Germany, any past association with the Stasi would soon be considered politically poisonous, and many were forced to resign when past links were discovered.

Her Quarter-Life Crisis

After Merkel divorced her first husband, she lived like a squatter in an illegal apartment near the Friedrichstrasse train station. On her 30th birthday, her father came to visit, telling her, “You haven’t gotten very far.”

Her Discipline

People celebrate on the Berlin wall on Nov. 12, 1989.
Chute Du Mur Berlin/Gamma-Rapho/Getty Images

On the night the Berlin wall fell, in November 1989, 35-year-old Merkel visited a sauna. Afterward, she wandered across the border to celebrate briefly with strangers, drank one beer, then went immediately home so she wouldn’t be tired for work the next day. Almost everyone else in Germany was out all night long.

Her Husband

Left: Angela Merkel and her husband Joachim Sauer in Bachotek, Poland in 1989; Right: German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her husband meet Polish President Lech Kaczynskiat at the presidential palace in Warsaw, on March 16, 2007.
AFP/Getty Images (2)

Her husband Joachim Sauer, a professor at Berlin University, dislikes publicity so much he didn’t even show up to Merkel’s 2005 inauguration as Chancellor. He has also been known to fly budget airlines even when he is allowed to travel with Merkel on official planes. They love seeing opera and hiking together. Thanks to his interest in opera and avoidance of the spotlight, the German media have nicknamed Sauer, “the Phantom of the Opera.”

Her Secret Talent

Merkel is reportedly a very good cook, makes a mean plum cake, and has been spotted shopping for groceries at regular supermarkets where she pays in cash. She told former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan that she makes breakfast for her husband every morning.

Her Secret Fear

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chancellor Angela Merkel are watched by Putin's dog Koni as they address journalists after their working meeting at the Bocharov Ruchei residence in Sochi on Jan. 21, 2007.
ITAR-TASS/Presidential Press Service/AFP/Getty Images

She is afraid of dogs after she was bitten by one in 1995, and Vladimir Putin has repeatedly used his pet dogs to try to intimidate Merkel, according to numerous press reports cited by Foreign Policy.

Her Love of Soccer

Head Coach Joachim Loew of Germany (right) celebrates with players and Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Germany dressing room after the 2014 FIFA World Cup Final match between Germany and Argentina at Maracana in Rio de Janeiro on July 13, 2014.
Lars Baron—FIFA/Getty Images

Merkel frequently visits the German soccer team’s locker rooms to congratulate them after a win, and once saw star player Bastian Schweinsteiger naked by accident.


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