TIME royals

Here Are 8 Other Famous Charlottes

Authors, revolutionaries, assassins and spies have all carried the name

Kensington Palace announced that the newest member of the royal family will be called Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, a decision that delighted many and disappointed just a few. The baby’s name pays clear tribute to her great-grandmother, grandmother and other family members, but will also likely cause the name to skyrocket in popularity. Here, meet the other Charlottes who came before the new princess.

  • Charlotte Brontë

    Charlotte Bronte
    Getty Images Charlotte Bronte

    The eldest of the three literary Brontë sisters is best known for writing the classic novel, Jane Eyre.

  • Charlotte York Goldenblatt

    Kristin Davis as Charlotte York Goldenblatt in "Sex and the City."
    New Line Cinema Kristin Davis as Charlotte York Goldenblatt in "Sex and the City."

    The character of Charlotte, played by Kristen Davis, was considered the most traditional and romantic of the Sex and the City foursome.

  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman

    Portrait of Charlotte Perkins Gilman, circa 1896.
    Getty Images Charlotte Perkins Gilman, circa 1896.

    Gilman was a utopian feminist who agitated for social reform. She’s best known as the author of the short story The Yellow Wallpaper, about postpartum depression.

  • Charlotte Corday

    Charlotte Corday
    Getty Images Charlotte Corday

    A moderate French revolutionary, Corday assassinated Jean-Paul Marat, who led the more radical wing of the revolution. She stabbed him in the bathtub, an incident that was later depicted in a famous Jacques-Louis David painting. Corday was later beheaded.

  • Charlotte Church

    Charlotte Church sings during the Tsunami Relief Concert at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, south Wales, on Jan. 22, 2005.
    Reuters Charlotte Church sings during the Tsunami Relief Concert at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, south Wales, on Jan. 22, 2005.

    Charlotte Church is a Welsh soprano who has sold over $10 million records worldwide.

  • Charlotte d’Ambroise

    Actress Charlotte d'Amboise attends an after party marking the 7,486th performance of 'Chicago.'
    Noam Galai— Getty Images Charlotte d'Amboise attends an after party marking the 7,486th performance of 'Chicago.'

    Charlotte d’Ambroise is a Broadway actress who has frequently starred as Roxie Hart in Chicago. She’s also starred in Sweet Charity and A Chorus Line.

  • Charlotte Hawkins Brown

    Charlotte Hawkins Brown, founder of the Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute in Sedalia, N.C., in 1902
    The Charlotte Observer/MCT/Getty Images Charlotte Hawkins Brown, founder of the Alice Freeman Palmer Memorial Institute in Sedalia, N.C., in 1902

    Brown was a prominent African-American educator in the early 20th century who started a school, the Palmer Institute, to educate black students in the south.

  • Charlotte de Suave

    The Marquise of Noirmoutier, Charlotte de Beaune Semblancay seeking to dissuade Henry I of Lorraine, Duke of Guise, called the Scarred, to go to the meeting of the States of Blois before his assassination at the Chateau de Blois.
    Leemage/Corbis The Marquise of Noirmoutier, Charlotte de Beaune Semblancay seeking to dissuade Henry I of Lorraine, Duke of Guise, called the Scarred, to go to the meeting of the States of Blois before his assassination at the Chateau de Blois.

    Charlotte de Suave was a French noblewoman who became mistress of King Henry of Navarre in order to spy on him for Catherine de’Medici. She was a member of Catherine’s ‘Flying Squadron,’ a group of courtesans who seduced men in order to get valuable information from them for the Queen.

TIME royal baby

What to Expect When Your Name is Charlotte

of Cambridge and Prince William, Duke of Cambridge leave the Lindo Wing at St. Mary's Hospital with their new born baby daughter. (R) Chelsea Clinton leaves Lenox Hill Hospital with her baby, Charlotte, husband Marc and parents, Bill and Hillary Clinton.
(L) Anwar Hussein—Getty Images; (R) A. Ariani—Corbis (L) Catherine Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William, Duke of Cambridge leave the Lindo Wing at St. Mary's Hospital with their new born baby daughter. (R) Chelsea Clinton leaves Lenox Hill Hospital with her baby, Charlotte, husband Marc and parents, Bill and Hillary Clinton.

What's in a name?

Dear Baby Princess Charlotte,

Congratulations, you’re the most powerful infant in the world! Even better news: the second most powerful baby in the world, the newest member of the Clinton family, is also named Charlotte. (Your brother is a toddler, he doesn’t count.)

On behalf of the small but growing cohort of non-royal Charlottes, thank you for teaching the world how to spell our name. We may soon be free of the scourge of “good guesses” like Charlot, Sharlet, and Sherlit. It’s one small step for a baby, one giant leap for Charlotte-kind, and one big lesson for Starbucks baristas.

But that’s why ‘Charlotte’ is a special name; it’s simultaneously famous and rare. Until the birth of your slightly older future BFF Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky, there were relatively few examples of notable Charlottes. But the few were mighty. Charlotte Brontë wrote Jane Eyre, a book you will love in high school. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was a famous American feminist and sociologist who wrote the short story The Yellow Wallpaper, which will make you question your own sanity. Charlotte Hawkins-Brown was an educator and activist who started a school for black students in the South. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was married to King George III, who was King of England during the American Revolution. That’s something for you and American Charlotte to hash out later.

In fiction, the name has fared slightly better. The best Charlotte is definitely the spider in Charlotte’s Web, a book that is undoubtedly being shipped to your parents at this very instant, from all different parts of the globe. Because of this Charlotte, you may not have the aversion to spiders so common in other little girls. In darker fiction, Charlotte is the love interest in Goethe’s The Sorrows of Young Werther, and Lolita’s mother in Nabokov’s Lolita, which your parents will explain to you later. The most popular Charlotte in recent memory is probably Kristin Davis’s character from Sex and the City, which might have contributed to the resurgence of the name’s popularity.

And yet, there has never been a definitive Charlotte, a woman so important to cultural history that her identity is forever imprinted on the name. There has been a definitive Eleanor (Roosevelt), Nancy (Drew), Marilyn (Monroe) and Victoria (the queen.) But the spot for the definitive Charlotte is up for grabs. All I ask is that you do the name justice.

Until the last few years, Charlotte has not been a hot choice for baby girl names, never having the wildfire spread of Jennifer or Emily. In 2000, Charlotte was the 289th most popular baby name in the US, but in 2013, it was #11. Back in my day, you could not find tiny motorcycle license plates with “Charlotte” on them. Not even in Times Square.

Because of its relative rareness, many Charlottes are not accustomed to sharing their name. Unlike Emilys and Emmas, Sarahs and Sofias, most Charlottes have not yet come to the point where they need to call themselves by their full name or last initial in order to distinguish themselves from their classmates. But as a growing cohort of now-baby Charlottes prepare themselves for kindergarten, that time is coming to a close. As a result, Charlottes may soon be grasping for nicknames, and they may find slim pickings.

Unlike Elizabeth, Margaret and Alexandra, the nicknames for Charlotte are few and peculiar. Charlotte is long on the page but short on the tongue, which gives the impression that the name should be shortened. Charlie, Lotte, and Lottie are nice options, but they don’t suit everyone. Your name will inevitably be shortened to Char, which evokes images of fish entrees or blackened meat. Ultimately, I cannot guide you here. Each Charlotte must find her own path.

A final word of advice, young Charlotte: the best true rhymes for Charlotte are ‘scarlet’ and ‘harlot.’ With that in mind, try to avoid games or songs where a rhyme must be found for your name. You’ll thank me later.

Love,

Charlotte

TIME royals

Will and Kate Name Daughter in Honor of Princess Diana

She's named for her late grandmother, Princess Diana, and Queen Elizabeth

Will and Kate announced Monday that their baby daughter’s name is Charlotte Elizabeth Diana.

The royal baby girl, who was born early in the morning of May 2, is named for her grandmother and great-grandmother, Will’s late mother Princess Diana and Queen Elizabeth II.

British bookies betting on the royal baby’s name tapped Charlotte as a favorite, narrowly beating names like Alice and Coral. Some betters could be facing a seven-figure payout for guessing the right name.

TIME Diet/Nutrition

Kids Overeat When They’re Stressed, Study Says

Especially if their parents use food as a reward

Next time you watch Bambi with your kids, you may want to hide the ice cream: A new study shows that 5-to-7-year-old children tend to eat more when they’re sad.

According to a new study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, kids are more likely to overeat when they are upset, especially if their parents have used food as a reward in the past. The study notes that stress eating is a learned and unnatural behavior, since stress and emotional turmoil usually reduce appetite, rather than increasing it. The fact that children were found to have stress eating tendencies at this age suggests that emotional overeating is something children learn in early childhood, perhaps because of the way their parents feed them.

The researchers divided the kids into two groups, asked them to color a picture, and then told them they would get a toy once the coloring was done. With one group of kids, the researchers withheld a crayon that was needed to complete the drawing, which meant the kids couldn’t get their prize. This was a “stressful situation” for the children. While the researchers pretended to look for the crayon so the kids could complete the drawing, kids snacked on a few different items around the room. Afterwards, the researchers found that the kids in the “stressful” situation ate more than the kids who were able to finish their drawing and get the toy, especially if their parents said they had used food as a reward in the past.

The study found that children were much more likely to stress eat if their parents over-controlled their eating, by doing things like using food as a reward or withholding food for health reasons. According to the researchers, these practices can override children’s natural hunger instincts, instead making food into a reward or an emotional comfort.

But because the sample size is relatively small (41 parent-child duos) more research is needed before we’ll get a clearer picture of how exactly parents’ feeding practices affect the way kids think about stress eating.

 

 

TIME World

U.S. Ambassador to Turkey Goes Blonde in Solidarity With Spokeswoman Called ‘Dumb Blonde’

Posted photo of himself with blonde hair with the caption "we're all blonde"

The U.S. Ambassador to Turkey went blonde on Instagram Thursday after the mayor of Ankara ridiculed American spokeswoman Marie Harf as a “dumb blonde.”

Ambassador John Bass posted this photo to Instagram Thursday, apparently using Photoshop to color his dark hair blonde (it doesn’t appear to be hair dye, but it’s not immediately clear) along with the caption “we’re all blonde.”

#ABD'li diplomatlar: hepimiz #sarışınız. #American diplomats: we're all blonde.

A photo posted by John Bass (@amerikanbuyukelcisi) on

It was an apparent retort to now-deleted tweets posted Wednesday by Ankara Mayor Melih Gokcek, who referred to Harf as a “blonde girl” as he called her out for previous criticism of Turkish police crackdowns on public protests in 2013. He said that criticism is now hypocritical in light of the American police response to the protests in Baltimore. Gokcek tweeted a picture of Harf’s face next to a headline that said, “Where are you, dumb blonde, who said Turkish police used disproportionate force?” and added a comment in English that said, “come on blonde, answer now.”

Harf declined to comment on the Twitter insults, telling reporters she wouldn’t “dignify them with a response.”

TIME Crime

Baltimore Cops to Face Charges in Freddie Gray Case

Police called "grossly negligent" to leave Gray unsecured in the back of wagon

Baltimore protesters took to the streets in huge numbers Friday afternoon after an announcement by state’s attorney Marilyn J. Mosby that six police officers would face charges including second degree murder, manslaughter and assault in the death of Freddie Gray in police custody.

Protest leaders, some lawmakers and family members of the 25-year-old, who died a week after sustaining spinal injuries during his arrest, welcomed the news. Richard Shipley, Gray’s stepfather, called the charges “an important step in getting justice for Freddie.”

But Baltimore’s police union condemned the charges announced by Mosby, who was elected the city’s chief prosecutor in November. “I have never seen such a hurried rush to file criminal charges which I believe are driven by forces which are separate and apart from the application of law,” said Michael Davey, lawyer for Baltimore’s Fraternal Order of Police. “We believe that the actions taken today by the state’s attorney are an egregious rush to judgement.”

Gray’s death on April 19 has sparked sometimes violent protests in Baltimore and across the country against what demonstrators say was an excessive use of force by police, and reignited a national conversation about race and policing.

Speaking on Friday morning, Mosby called the officers who arrested Gray and left him handcuffed and unsecured in the back of a police wagon “grossly negligent” for refusing to put a seatbelt on him, despite having at least five opportunities to do so. Gray had asked for medical assistance on at least one occasion, she said, but “no medical assistance was rendered or secured for Mr. Gray from any officer.”

By the time Gray was finally removed from the van, he was “in cardiac arrest and seriously injured,” Mosby noted, adding that multiple officers had “observed Mr. Gray unresponsive on the floor of the wagon.”

All six officers now face charges of second degree assault, which carries up to 10 years in prison. In addition, Officers Caesar Goodson Jr., William Porter, Brian Rice, and Alicia White are being charged with involuntary manslaughter which could mean an additional 10 years in prison.

On top of that, Officer Goodson, who was driving the police wagon, is also facing two charges of manslaughter by vehicle (one gross negligence, one criminal negligence) and one charge of second degree murder that could carry a 30-year prison sentence. Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake said that five of the six officers are now in custody, and that “there will be justice” for Gray and his family.

Baltimore’s police union also demanded that a special prosecutor be appointed to handle the case against the officers. In an open letter to Mosby released Friday, Fraternal Order of Police president Gene Ryan voiced concern at her “many conflicts of interest” in the case, noting the prosecutor’s “close relationship” with the Gray family attorney, who donated $5,000 to her 2014 campaign. Ryan also charged that the political future of Mosby’s husband Nick, a Baltimore city councilman, would be “directly impacted” by the case.

Freddie Gray’s fatal encounter with police began just before 9 a.m. on April 12, when he was arrested after he made eye contact with a police officer and ran. He was caught 40 seconds later and arrested after police found a knife in his pocket. The officers cuffed him, allegedly denying his request for an inhaler, and put him in the back of a police wagon where he was later shackled.

Mosby said that Gray was “at no point secured by a seatbelt,” and was lying on his stomach head first on the floor of the wagon. After four stops and at least one request for medical assistance, Gray was removed from the van and taken to the hospital with severe injuries that nearly severed his spine. He succumbed his injuries a week later.

Mosby announced Friday that her team found that the officers had “failed to establish probable cause for Mr. Gray’s arrest, as no crime had been committed.” She also noted that the knife found in Gray’s pocket was not a switchblade, “and is lawful” under Maryland law.

Mosby emphasized on Friday that she was the daughter of two police officers and comes from a long line of law enforcement. “These accusations of these six officers are not an indictment on the entire force,” she said. “The actions of these officers will not and should not damage in any way the important working relationships of police and prosecutors. Thank you for your courage, commitment and sacrifice for the betterment of our communities.”

In the days before and after Gray’s funeral on Monday, Baltimore residents flooded the streets demanding justice for Gray, a demonstration that is as much about the systematic injustices facing Baltimore’s black youth as it is about Gray’s death. The protests turned violent at times, as people burned cars, looted a CVS and threw rocks and bricks at police officers earlier this week, injuring at least 15 of them. Meanwhile other protestors marched peacefully in the streets, holding signs. The Governor declared a state of emergency, and the National Guard was deployed to enforce a curfew and help keep the peace.

Gray’s death has also led to an increased scrutiny of the Baltimore police department’s history of using force. Between 2011 and 2014, the city has paid almost $6 million in settlements to more than 100 victims of police brutality, according to an extensive report by the Baltimore Sun, with victims including a pregnant woman and a grandmother. And Baltimore police have long been accused of taking suspects for “rough rides,” where they get banged around in the back of a police vehicle. At least two victims have won multi-million-dollar lawsuits against the Baltimore police for “rough rides” that left them paralyzed, according to The Atlantic.

Maryland Congressman Elijah Cummings (D-MD) praised the decision to prosecute the officers, calling it a “new day in our city.” “So often these things happen, and nothing happens,” he said. “Our children went out there and protested, for the most part peacefully…. they had to protest to get here.” President Obama also spoke out Friday, saying it was “absolutely vital” that the truth comes out.

Mosby too had a message on Friday for the hundreds of Baltimore youths and young people around the country who are protesting in the streets in the days following Gray’s death. “I will seek justice on your behalf. This is a moment. This is your moment.”

“You’re at the forefront of this cause, and as young people, our time is now,” she said.

TIME Television

Amy Schumer’s One Direction Parody Perfectly Skewers Pop Songs About ‘Natural Beauty’

Fans everywhere are tweeting barefaced selfies with the hashtag #GirlYouDontNeedMakeup

Amy Schumer parodied One Direction on Inside Amy Schumer Tuesday night with a song about the cruel paradoxes of “natural beauty” in music, inspiring women to tweet selfies of their makeup-free faces.

The catchy spoof, called “Girl, You Don’t Need Makeup,” skewers pop culture’s mixed messages about makeup and natural beauty — first, the members of a One Direction-inspired boy band tell Schumer to take off her makeup because she’s “got that inner natural glow.” But as soon as she does, they tell her to put some “natural-looking makeup” back on, and “don’t go outside like that.”

Schumer also asked fans to tweet natural pictures of themselves, using #girlyoudontneedmakeup. The Internet responded quickly, with women — and even some men — sending thousands of tweets using the hashtag.

Schumer retweeted many of the selfies, and added a message to her fans on Twitter:

 

TIME Nigeria

200 Girls Rescued From Boko Haram Camps Are Not the Chibok Schoolgirls

Former French first lady Valerie Trierweiler (3rdL) attends a gathering "Bring Back Our Girls" near the Eiffel Tower in Paris on April 14, 2015 to mark one year since more than 200 schoolgirls were kidnapped in Chibok, north-eastern Nigeria, by Nigerian Islamist rebel group Boko Haram.
Gonzalo Fuentes—Reuters Former French first lady Valerie Trierweiler attends a gathering "Bring Back Our Girls" near the Eiffel Tower in Paris on April 14, 2015 to mark one year since more than 200 schoolgirls were kidnapped in Chibok, north-eastern Nigeria, by Nigerian Islamist rebel group Boko Haram.

Many had hoped the rescued girls were the same ones kidnapped a year ago from a Chibok school

—The Nigerian army said that the hundreds of women and girls rescued from camps run by Islamist group Boko Haram Tuesday are not the same ones who were kidnapped from a Chibok school last April.

After Nigerian forces rescued 200 girls and 93 women from the Boko-Haram occupied Sambisa forest, many hoped missing Chibok schoolgirls whose abduction inspired the global campaign to ‘Bring Back Our Girls’ would be among them. The campaign’s founder, Obiageli Ezekwesili, said it was “heartbreaking” that the Chibok girls were not found, but added that any rescue is good news. “That these girls and women who were also captives of those savages (for God knows how long) can now breathe the air of freedom is certainly victory,” she told TIME. “We can seize on their rescue to add more pressure on our Government to spare no effort in finding our #ChibokGirls and all other abductees.”

Shortly after the rescue, an army spokesman announced that the rescued girls were other captives of Boko Haram, not the Chibok schoolgirls. Approximately 2,000 women and girls have been kidnapped by Boko Haram since the beginning of the year, according to Amnesty International.

According to testimony from escaped captives, girls and women abducted by Boko Haram are often raped, forced into marriage, or sold into sexual slavery. Sometimes they’re forced to become soldiers and attack their own villages. Some have despaired of finding the Chibok girls together, since Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau promised to “sell them on the market” shortly after they were abducted last year.

Ezekwesili gave a speech at last week’s TIME 100 gala urging the world not to forget the plight of the Chibok girls:

TIME celebrities

David Lynch Tweets Support for Dr. Oz

Says he supports embattled doctor 100%

Director David Lynch tweeted Tuesday that he supports Dr. Oz, who is defending himself against a group of doctors who want to see him ousted from Columbia University.

Dr. Mehmet Oz, a physician and TV personality, has been embroiled in conflict since a group of doctors asked Columbia University to fire him earlier this month, saying he has an “egregious lack of integrity” and accusing him of promoting “quack treatments and cures in the interest of personal financial gain.” He was also scolded by senators last year for promoting bogus diet products on his show.

Dr. Oz wrote an op-ed for TIME.com defending himself against the allegations. “My exploration of alternative medicine has never been intended to take the place of conventional medicine, but rather as additive,” he wrote. “Critics often imply that any exploration of alternative methods means abandoning conventional approaches. It does not.”

Lynch is himself an advocate of alternative medicine, and his organization, the David Lynch Foundation for Consciousness-Based Education and World Peace, encourages transcendental meditation as treatment for stress-related disorders.

TIME work

U.N. Report: Women May Need ‘Different Treatment’ to Achieve Economic Equality

2015 International Women's Day March
Mark Sagliocco—Getty Images Assistant Secretary General Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka attends the 2015 International Women's Day March at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza in New York City on March 8, 2015.

It's just like Sheryl Sandberg said: paid leave and affordable child care would help achieve gender equality on a global level

Equal opportunity is not enough to ensure gender equality, according to a groundbreaking new report from U.N. Women. Instead, governments must commit to social policies that treat women differently in order to help them achieve economic parity with men.

“We must go beyond creating equal opportunities to ensure equal outcomes,” the report says. “‘Different treatment’ may be required to achieve real equality in practice.” This report, called Progress of the World’s Women 2015–2016, is one of the first major international reports to acknowledge that legal equality for women does not translate into actual equality, and that governments must make substantial social-policy changes that enable the redistribution of domestic duties in order for women to play a truly equal role in society.

It’s the global version of what Sheryl Sandberg has been saying all along with Lean In — women will never be equal unless workplace policies adjust to fit their needs, and men need to step up to help at home. The report highlights the gap between the laws that protect equal rights for women and the realities of inequality in most of the world. The way to close that gap, according to the report, is by implementing social policies that provide paid work opportunities for women, protect domestic workers, provide affordable child care and establish paid leave for working mothers. Removing legal barriers to female employment is not enough, the report says, noting that “we also need measures that free up women’s time.”

“Governments should take actionable steps to reduce the burden of unpaid care work — which is carried by women — and create an industry of jobs and employment for services,” U.N. Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka tells TIME. “Child care is an issue in every country, but more often than not borne by mothers. Government policy should work to professionalize this industry as much as possible, and make it affordable and accessible to all.”

Lack of resources like these may explain why 77% of working-age men are in the global workforce, compared with only half of working-age women. Globally, women earn 24% less than men, yet do 2.5 times as much child care and domestic labor as men. In developing regions, 75% of women’s employment is insecure, unprotected and poorly paid, if they’re employed at all. Only 5% of women in South Asia have formal work, and only 11% in sub-Saharan Africa.

The U.N. is calling for more “decent work” for women, which they define as a job that is well paid, secure and “compatible with women’s and men’s shared responsibility” for children and housework. The report also says redistributing household duties is “critical” for achieving substantive equality worldwide.

Child care is the thorny problem that’s hampering women’s economic advancement, both at the individual level and on a global scale. Forty-four percent of mothers in poor countries raise their young children almost entirely on their own, compared with only 29% of mothers in rich countries. In poor countries, 18% of mothers entrust child care to a female child, while in rich countries, 15% of moms have hired help and 10% have access to organized child care or a nursery. The study found that in every country, women were less likely to work when they had small children, which helps contribute to the global pay gap.

And the income women lose can have repercussions throughout their lifetimes. Lack of money often translates into lack of control over their own health decisions: 69% of women in Senegal, 48% in Pakistan and 27% in Haiti say they do not make the final decisions about their own health care. And in most countries, women are less likely to receive pensions — in Egypt, 62% of men get pensions, compared with 8% of women. That’s partly because of legal constraints, but also because women have different labor patterns then men (i.e., they’re more likely to work in informal settings), they contribute less (because they’re paid less) and they live longer. That means women make up the majority of the 73% of the world’s population with little or no social protection in old age.

And all that income women are losing to child care or domestic work adds up to a lot of money. The time women spend on unpaid work amounts to 39% of India’s GDP, 31% of Nicaragua’s GDP and 10% of Argentina’s GDP. Gender equality and economic growth are like squares and rectangles: gender equality leads to economic growth, but growth doesn’t always lead to equality.

The need for paid leave and affordable child care is well-trod ground in North America and Europe, leading to charges that those kinds of social policies are more for rich women than for poor ones. But this report is one of the first to link female-friendly workplace policies like those to gender equality in the developing world. Rich or poor, policies that help working mothers help elevate all women.

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