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2 Men Charged After Five Migrants Die Attempting to Cross the English Channel

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Two men have been charged after five migrants including a 7-year-old child died while attempting to cross the English channel earlier this week.

Per the U.K.’s National Crime Agency, Yien Both, a 22-year-old from South Sudan, was charged with assisting unlawful immigration and attempting to arrive in the U.K. without valid entry clearance. A second man, Tajdeen Abdulaziz Juma, a 22-year-old Sudanese national, was charged with attempting to arrive in the U.K. without valid entry clearance. A third individual—an 18-year-old male from Sudan—was arrested in relation to the incident, but has been bailed pending further enquiries.

News of the migrants’ deaths was confirmed by French authorities on Tuesday, hours after the U.K. passed a controversial bill that would allow the government to deport some migrants who enter the country illegally to Rwanda.

The deaths took place after an overcrowded boat carrying around 110 people set out to cross the busy shipping lane from France to England. French rescue ships arrived quickly and picked up 47 people and “another 57 people stayed on board,” local prefect Jacques Billant said. “They did not want to be rescued, they managed to restart the engine and headed towards Britain.”

The boat had left from Wimereux, southwest of France's Calais. The French coastguard is searching for any survivors.

The passage of the Rwanda migrant bill comes nearly two years after the plan was first introduced by Conservative Prime Minister Boris Johnson in April 2022, and has been a priority of Rishi Sunak’s government. Sunak has pledged the first flights will take off to Rwanda “in 10 to 12 weeks.”

In 2022, 46,000 migrants crossed into the U.K. via dangerous small boats from mainland Europe, compared to just 299 boat crossings in 2018. Since 2014, over 240 migrants have either died or gone missing while attempting to cross the English channel, according to the International Organization for Migration.

Human rights groups have warned that deportations to Rwanda could pose grave danger to asylum seekers because, “Once enacted, it will restrict the U.K. courts from properly scrutinizing removal decisions, leaving asylum-seekers with limited room to appeal even if they face significant risks,” wrote the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, in a statement.

Read More: U.K. Leader Rishi Sunak’s Favorability Rating Slips to New Low Amid Rwanda Bill Backlash

The British government has insisted that Rwanda is a safe country for migrants, and that the legislation is needed in order to deter migrants from making dangerous channel crossings.

“Under the Treaty, Rwanda has also introduced a strengthened end-to-end asylum system, including a new, specialist asylum appeals tribunal to consider individual appeals against any refused claims,” says the Home Office’s press release about the law

As part of the agreement, the Rwandan government received approximately $300 million from the U.K. in 2023, and is expecting the total to reach at least $450 million over the course of five years. The U.K. will also pay an additional $150 million if more than 300 people are sent to Rwanda, and an additional $25,000 for each individual deported to the country.

Rights groups insist that the only way to deter crossings is to open more safe passages. “Instead of hostile, headline-grabbing legislation, we need to see safe routes for those fleeing conflict and persecution, including more options for family reunion, refugee visas, and cooperation with our European neighbors,” Enver Solomon, chief executive of Refugee Council, told the Guardian.

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