Former President Donald Trump is now facing the prospect of being put on trial at least seven times in 2024, clogging up his campaign calendar with multiple court appearances that intersect with key events on the political schedule.
If the trial dates stay the same, Trump could clinch the GOP presidential nomination before voters learn whether he has been convicted on any of the charges, raising new questions about the logistical and political challenges of multiple trials unfolding against the backdrop of a presidential campaign.
Trump is currently facing 91 criminal charges in four different states. He also faces three separate civil suits.
It’s unclear if the unprecedented slew of legal activity will hurt Trump politically. In the immediate aftermath of his first two indictments, Trump raised millions of dollars and his polling soared. But it could hurt Trump simply by taking away his time and attention. Typically, criminal defendants must be present in the courtroom during their trials, meaning Trump will likely have to step away from the campaign trail to stand trial. And while he can still run for President under criminal charges, it will open a series of unresolved legal and constitutional questions if he's convicted before—or after—he retakes the Oval Office.
Here is a timeline of key dates for Trump in his legal cases and reelection campaign until Election Day 2024.
Jan. 9, 2024: Trump to appeal ruling on presidential immunity
Trump’s legal team will appeal a lower court order denying his motions to dismiss the Jan. 6 case based on presidential immunity. U.S. District Judge Tanya Chutkan previously asserted that presidents are not entitled to receive a “get-out-of-jail free card.”
Jan. 10, 2024: Republican primary debate
Trump is expected to once again skip the Republican debate, opting to instead participate in a Fox News town hall airing at the same time. Trump has declined to participate in any of the Republican debates so far, citing his commanding lead over the rest of the field.
Jan. 11, 2024: Closing arguments in New York civil fraud case
The judge overseeing Trump's New York civil fraud trial will hear closing arguments, with a ruling expected by the end of the month. Trump could face a potential $250,000 fine and a five-year ban from engaging in New York businesses or commercial real estate transactions.
Jan. 15, 2024: Iowa Republican caucuses
Republican voters in Iowa will be the first to cast their votes in support of a presidential candidate in the 2024 election, providing an early look at who voters want to see win the GOP nomination. Trump has consistently led the Iowa polls.
Jan. 16, 2024: Trial in E. Jean Carroll civil defamation suit
Start of civil trial to determine damages in writer E. Jean Carroll’s second defamation suit accusing Trump of defaming her in June 2019 when he denied having sexually abused her in a Manhattan department store in the mid-1990s, claiming she was not his "type." A judge has already found that Trump was liable for defamatory statements; this trial will determine damages.
Jan. 21, 2024: Republican primary debate
Jan. 23, 2024: New Hampshire Republican primary
Republican voters in New Hampshire will cast their votes in support of a presidential candidate in the 2024 election. Trump remains in the lead in most New Hampshire polls.
Jan. 29, 2024: Trial in pyramid scheme class-action suit
Start of trial in class-action lawsuit accusing Trump and his company of promoting a get-rich-quick scheme that conned victims into forking over money.
Feb. 6, 2024: Nevada Republican primary
Feb. 27, 2024: Michigan Republican primary
March 4, 2024: Trial in federal Jan. 6 case
Start of the criminal trial in Special Counsel Jack Smith's case related to Trump's efforts to remain in power after losing the 2020 election and his role in the events leading up to Jan. 6, 2021.
March 5, 2024: Super Tuesday primaries
March 25, 2024: Trial in New York state criminal hush-money case
Start of criminal trial in Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg’s case accusing Trump of falsifying business records to conceal hush-money payments to a porn star before the 2016 election.
May 14, 2024: Pretrial hearing in classified documents case
Start of a pretrial hearing in the classified documents case to address remaining issues about classified evidence or other matters related to the trial.
May 20, 2024: Trial in classified documents case
Start of criminal trial in Special Counsel Smith’s case accusing Trump of hoarding classified documents and obstructing the government’s efforts to retrieve them.
July 15-18, 2024: Republican National Convention
Aug. 5, 2024: Proposed start of Georgia trial
Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis has requested that Trump’s election racketeering trial start on this date, just months before the election. A final trial date has not been set.
Nov. 5, 2024: Election Day
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