December 12, 2017 4:22 PM EST

Facing a special election in Alabama that has been among the most bizarre in recent memory, everyone from pundits to pollsters has thrown up their hands about who will win.

Some polls have showed Democrat Doug Jones with a clear advantage over embattled Republican Roy Moore, who has been accused by 9 women of sexual misconduct in the past month. But other polls showed Moore ahead.

Election analysts such as Stuart Rothenberg to Charlie Cook have rated the race a true tossup that could go either way, while several pollsters have released multiple projections based on different models of which voters will turn out.

Chris Jackson, who works for Ipsos Public Affairs, which conducts polling, explained on Twitter that Jones could win by 4 points if turnout looked like the 2008 presidential election, when Democrats took control of the White House and both chambers of Congress, but Moore could win if turnout looked like the 2010 midterms, when Republican regained control of the House of Representatives and gained six Senate seats.

Monmouth University Polling institute had similar findings Monday, noting that if turnout is similar to the 2014 midterm elections, Moore would win by 4 points, 48 percent to 44 percent. If turnout is similar to the 2016 election, Jones would win by three points, 48 percent to 45 percent. And if turnout is similar to the 2017 gubernatorial elections, the two would tie at 46 percent.

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Write to Alana Abramson at Alana.Abramson@time.com.

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