When Yom Kippur begins at Sundown on Tuesday, Jewish people around the world will begin to observe the holiest day of the year in their religion. For 25 hours — until sundown on Wednesday, Oct. 9 — they will refrain from any food and drink, including water. They will spend the majority of the day in synagogue, praying to God and repenting for their sins.
Unlike Rosh Hashanah, which comes just a few days before Yom Kippur, the day is not necessarily joyous and festive, but solemn and reflective. Consequently, it is not customary to greet those observing with “Happy Yom Kippur,” although there are not necessarily repercussions if you do that. The best greeting to give to someone observing Yom Kippur in English is “have an easy fast.” For those who are not fasting, but are observing the Yom Kippur, you can wish them a “Good Yuntif,” or “Yom Tov,” which are Yiddish and Hebrew, respectively, for “Have a good holy day.”
A more traditional greeting, and one specific to Yom Kippur, is “Gmar hatimah tovah,” or “Gmar tov,” which roughly translates to “a good seal.” Those observing the holiday believe that the book of life, which determines an individual’s fate for the coming year, opens on Rosh Hashanah, and is sealed at the end of Yom Kippur following the period of repentance.
Since Yom Kippur comes so close after Rosh Hashanah, you can say “Shana Tova,” or “Happy New Year.”
More Must-Reads From TIME
- Inside the White House Program to Share America's Secrets
- Meet the 2024 Women of the Year
- East Palestine, One Year After Train Derailment
- The Closers: 18 People Working to End the Racial Wealth Gap
- Long COVID Doesn’t Always Look Like You Think It Does
- Column: The New Antisemitism
- The 13 Best New Books to Read in March
- Want Weekly Recs on What to Watch, Read, and More? Sign Up for Worth Your Time
Write to Alana Abramson at Alana.Abramson@time.com