The country made verbal sexual harassment illegal in August 2015. Offenders who make a sexual proposal on the street can be fined around $120, ordered to do community service or–if the victim is under the age of 14–jailed for up to three years.
In 2014 it became a crime to insult a person based on gender or make intimidating sexual remarks in public. The government reportedly acted after a viral film by student Sofie Peeters showed her being sexually harassed as she walked through Brussels.
Nearly 90% of women in the capital city of Lima have reported street harassment, and in 2015 a law against the behavior was strengthened to allow jail sentences of up to 12 years for men who target women in public.
This appears in the December 26, 2016 issue of TIME.