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Hillary Clinton holds a press conference regarding her UN Woman's Day speech and her email controversy at United Nations on March 10, 2015 in New York City.
Steve Sands—WireImage

During more than four and a half hours of candid and highly unusual testimony before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Thursday, FBI Director James Comey delivered what will likely remain the definitive word on Hillary Clinton’s use of a private server to send and receive e-mails when she was Secretary of State. But with multiple ongoing civil suits seeking access to those e-mails, it is unlikely to be the last.

Starting at 10 a.m. Thursday, Republicans and Democrats grilled Comey about the unanimous recommendation that he, his FBI investigators and career federal prosecutors made to Attorney General Loretta Lynch on Tuesday not to bring criminal charges against Clinton and her aides in the year-long probe. In response, Comey provided lawmakers with a surprising amount of information about the investigation into potential mishandling of classified information and what it found.

That may have accomplished Comey’s stated goal of providing unprecedented transparency into the investigation because of the “intense public interest” in the matter and brought a formal end to Clinton’s legal jeopardy. But several Freedom of Information Act suits in Washington, D.C., courts will keep the issue in the headlines through the November election. Multiple cases are already seeking access to previously undisclosed e-mails the FBI discovered during the investigation. In two of the cases, the conservative group Judicial Watch is expected to ask to depose Clinton in coming weeks.

State has released tens of thousands of Clinton’s emails in response to FOIA suits from private groups and members of the media over the last two years. Department officials say they will work to recover from the FBI any new documents that have emerged through the investigation. “As we have said for many months, we will work with the FBI to determine the appropriate disposition of potential federal records it has recovered,” said State Department Spokesperson John Kirby.

That will not be a small job. On Tuesday Comey said:

Comey said there was no evidence Clinton or others intentionally deleted those thousands of newly discovered work-related e-mails in an effort to conceal them. On Thursday, he said the FBI had concluded that Clinton set the server up for convenience. “Our best information is she set it up as a matter of convenience,” Comey told the committee members.

Clinton may also face the prospect of being deposed by Judicial Watch in two cases. The group has already deposed her close aides in one case after Judge Emmet Sullivan ruled last spring that doing so was the only way to determine whether the State department had fully complied with the group’s FOIA request. Judicial Watch may also ask to depose Clinton in another case before Judge Royce Lamberth for similar reasons.

During the House hearing Thursday, Republicans asked Comey about the testimony Clinton gave during her three and a half hour interview with the FBI last week. Normally such conversations would not be made public, but Comey said he wanted to provide the public with maximum transparency. Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio, asked Comey if Clinton knew and approved of her legal team permanently deleting the work e-mails the FBI later recovered. Comey said the FBI had asked those questions during the interview and that Clinton did not know of the deletions and hadn’t approved them.

That won’t necessarily be the end of it. Near the end of the hearing, Committee chairman Jason Chaffetz asked Comey whether the FBI had investigated whether Clinton had intentionally tried to thwart FOIA through her actions. Comey said the FBI had not investigated that question. That is likely because the FBI only investigates crimes and intentionally thwarting FOIA is not one. But it could be relevant to the charge that Clinton violated the Federal Records Act, which can be a criminal misdemeanor. The Supreme Court has set a high bar for successfully prosecuting such violations, however.

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