Brigitte Bardot on set of "Vie Privée," Spoleto, Italy, 1962.
Brigitte Bardot on set of "Vie Privée," Spoleto, Italy, 1962.Henri Dauman /, all rights reserved
Brigitte Bardot on set of "Vie Privée," Spoleto, Italy, 1962.
Elvis Presley returns to Graceland, 1960.
Marilyn Monroe at The March of Dimes Fashion Show, Waldorf Astoria, NYC, 1958.
Robert Redford at home, New York, 1963.
Elizabeth Taylor watching the Ingemar Johansson and Floyd Patterson fight, Polo Grounds, New York, 1960.
Andy Warhol at his exhibition "The American Supermarket," Paul Bianchini Gallery, 1964.
Jane Fonda, Ballet Class, NYC, 1963.
Denis Hopper and Peter Fonda, New York, 1969.
Marshall McLuhan, peering through a transparent model of what he calls the “global village,” Toronto, Canada, 1974.
Bee Gees, New York, 1967.
Brigitte Bardot on set of "Vie Privée," Spoleto, Italy, 1962.
Henri Dauman /, all rights reserved
1 of 10

From Elvis to Marilyn: Henri Dauman's Classic Celebrity Portraits

Dec 16, 2015

Though the subjects in front of his lens are some of the most famous people who ever lived, LIFE photographer Henri Dauman managed to create some of the most iconic images of the 20th century without ever becoming a household name. Photographing everyone from Marilyn Monroe to Elvis Presley to Jacqueline Kennedy on the day of her husband’s funeral in 1963, Dauman filled the pages of LIFE, Newsweek and the New York Times, among other publications, with photos that play like a slideshow of some of the biggest moments in American history and popular culture.

A forthcoming documentary aims to give Dauman his due by putting him and his life story on the other side of the lens. Henri Dauman: Looking Up, which is currently in the fundraising phase, will shed light not only on the photographer’s career as a self-taught photojournalist inspired by a love of cinema, but also on the odds he beat just to arrive at the beginning of that career: escaping the Holocaust, becoming orphaned at age 13 and finally making his way from France to the U.S. to begin anew.

Dauman’s portraits of celebrities, a selection of which are featured here, reflect the work of an artist who sought not merely to capture the likenesses of, but to understand the actors, artists and entertainers who posed for him. Playing with light, shadow and reflection, his particular brand of magic existed in summoning the essence of people whose work was known to many, but whose true selves were known to few.

Henri Dauman on set with Brigitte Bardot, Spoleto, Italy, 1962. Henri Dauman /, all rights reserved 

Liz Ronk, who edited this gallery, is the Photo Editor for Follow her on Twitter @lizabethronk.

TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.