Choosing a face for Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Choosing a face for Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.Alfred Eisenstaedt—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
Choosing a face for Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Lester Gaba, Cynthia the mannequin's creator, 1937.
Cynthia, the mannequin who became a superstar, gets a makeover in 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Lester Gaba with his creation, Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin at a bar, New York, 1937.
Sunday brunch at novelist Thyra Samter Winslow's Park Avenue home in 1937. Cynthia the mannequin sits to the right of mural painter Franklin Hughes.
Cynthia the mannequin on a New York City tour bus, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin's closet, 1937.
Lester Gaba takes Cynthia the mannequin to the Broadhurst Theater in New York in 1939.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin relaxes at Lester Gaba's apartment in New York in 1937. One of Gaba's paintings is behind her on the wall.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Cynthia the mannequin, wrapped for shipping, 1937.
Lester Gaba and his creation, Cynthia the mannequin, New York, 1937.
Choosing a face for Cynthia the mannequin, 1937.
Alfred Eisenstaedt—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
1 of 19

Cynthia the Mannequin: A Curious Star Is Born

Aug 04, 2013

In 1937, LIFE magazine launched the career of an up-and-coming starlet in a multiple-page photo spread that, overnight, made "Cynthia" a household name. In very short order she became an A-list celebrity; was given her own television talk show and starred on the silver screen; was sent jewels and dresses by top fashion houses; was briefly engaged to one of radio's biggest stars; and became one of the most recognizable faces in the fashion world.

There was just one minor catch: Cynthia was a mannequin. Not a mannequin in the way a runway model is a mannequin. But a mannequin mannequin. A made-of-plaster mannequin.

Cynthia's story begins in a small Midwestern town in the early part of the 20th century. Her creator, Lester Gaba, was a Hannibal, Missouri, shopkeeper's son with dreams of a grand life in the big city. He achieved it through his uncanny skill at one of the Great Depression's quirkier national crazes — soap sculpting. Buoyed by the fame he earned as a soap sculptor, Gaba moved first to Chicago, then to New York City in 1932, where he went into fashion and retail and pioneered the design of department-store windows. (One story has it that moved to New York to be close to his reputed lover, the stage and film director Vincent Minnelli.)

Only years before Gaba came on the scene, mannequins were often still ponderously heavy, relatively unrealistic creations of wax. They melted in the summer heat, and even sometimes bore frightening rictus grins of real human teeth. Upper-class women preferred to see how their clothes looked by having them modeled on young, human women. Gaba was one of a wave of pioneers making modern mannequins that combined style with realism — his so-called "Gaba Girls."

Gaba boasted that his mannequins were nearly indistinguishable from well-dressed human women, and pointed out that his creations had charming imperfections just as real women did, such as freckles and different-sized feet.

But the undisputed magnum opus of Gaba's career came in the form of a 5' 6", 100-pound doll he dubbed Cynthia. He brought her with him to nightclubs and social events. She became something of a New York nightlife fixture. Meanwhile, the country's finest stores lavished Cynthia with attention — and free gifts of dresses, shoes, furs and jewelry. Saks Fifth Avenue even issued her a credit card.

Once she achieved a certain level of fame, gossip columnists began writing about Cynthia as if she were a living, breathing socialite. When partygoers tried to engage the mannequin in conversation, Gaba begged off by claiming she was suffering from a touch of laryngitis.

But, as with the fame that sometimes descends on flesh-and-blood humans, Cynthia's was not to last. Her time in the spotlight proved fleeting, and the next decade saw her begin to fade from public view. In 1942, Gaba was inducted into the army. He sent Cynthia to stay with his mother in Missouri. Though the rest of the nation had moved on to other fads, Gaba insisted that Cynthia be treated like a celebrity, and instructed his mother to take the mannequin to the beauty parlor regularly.

Cynthia's current whereabouts, if she's still in one piece (or multiple pieces) are today a mystery. Ultimately, she even remained an enigma to the man who had lavished so much of his talent and his time on her. Years later Gaba admitted to the New York Times' Gay Talese that, in the end, "Cynthia never made any sense." To this day, there's no satisfactory answer to the question of why a plaster, unsmiling mannequin once thoroughly seized the American popular imagination. Maybe, just maybe, we're all dummies.

TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.