Then total adoptions into the U.S. in 1999 15,720
Created in 1993–but not fully implemented in the U.S. until 2008–the Hague Adoption Convention sets guidelines for safe adoptions between nations. Nevertheless, the U.S. State Department doesn’t accept adoptions from some participating countries because of concerns about unscrupulous practices.
[The following text appears within a chart. Please see your hard copy for actual chart.]
SOUTH KOREA 1,994
THE REST OF THE WORLD 858 (FROM 71 COUNTRIES)
THE PHILIPPINES 194
MEXICO CAMBODIA 136
HAITI POLAND BULGARIA 96
THE REST OF THE WORLD 1,081 (FROM 76 COUNTRIES)
TAIWAN INDIA SOUTH KOREA 94
NOW TOTAL ADOPTIONS INTO THE U.S. IN 2013 7,021
Adoptions into the U.S. have dropped 55% in the past 15 years, partially because provider nations like China and South Korea have tightened rules. Russia banned adoption by American citizens in 2012 (reportedly as political retribution), while Guatemala halted international adoptions in 2008 after allegations of baby buying, resulting in overflowing orphanages.
SOURCES: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE; ADOPTION QUARTERLY; THE SCHUSTER INSTITUTE FOR INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM; CNN
This appears in the September 08, 2014 issue of TIME.