June 5, 2014 12:01 AM EDT

40% of what a team does ends up as “process loss.” It’s overhead that wouldn’t exist if everything could be done by one person. Wasted effort.

Obviously, many projects require teams. But how can you create, manage or be part of a team that is more efficient?

I discussed the research behind great teams with Po Bronson, New York Times bestselling author of Top Dog: The Science of Winning and Losing.

Here are 4 things that can make a big difference in how effective your team is.

 

1) The Formula For A Great Team: The 60/30/10 Rule

Po Bronson:

 

2) Sometimes Teams Are A Very Bad Idea

Po Bronson:

 

3) The Best Teams Are Managed… Occasionally

Po Bronson:

 

4) Great Teams Need People Who Aren’t Team Players

Po Bronson:

More from Po on how you can improve your team here.

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Related posts:

10 Research-Backed Steps To Building A Great Team

5 reasons everything you know about teamwork is wrong

Creative Teams – What 7 elements do they all share?

This piece originally appeared on Barking Up the Wrong Tree.

Contact us at editors@time.com.

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