TIME Iraq

ISIS Leader Injured in Air Strike, Iraqi Officials Say

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was hit Saturday during a meeting with militants, though not much is known

Iraqi authorities announced on Sunday that an air strike wounded Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the militant group the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS).

He was hit Saturday in the town of Qaim in Iraq’s Anbar province during a meeting with militant forces, anonymous Iraqi officials told the Associated Press.

The Defense and Interior Ministries of Iraq said in statements that al-Baghdadi was injured, but they did not elaborate on the injury or the air strike. The Pentagon offered no additional information.

Since al-Baghdadi, thought to be in his early 40s, took over the militants in 2010, he has grown it from a local al-Qaeda branch into a powerful, independent Islamist extremist group.

The U.S. and allied forces began launching air strikes against ISIS targets in September.

[AP]

TIME Culture

World Chess Championship Begins in Sochi

Norway's Magnus Carlsen, currently the top ranked chess player in the world makes a move as he plays against India's former World Champion Vishwanathan Anand at the FIDE World Chess Championship Match in Sochi, Russia on Nov. 9, 2014.
Artur Lebedev—AP Norway's Magnus Carlsen, currently the top ranked chess player in the world makes a move as he plays against India's former World Champion Vishwanathan Anand at the FIDE World Chess Championship Match in Sochi, Russia on Nov. 9, 2014.

The first back-to-back rematch since 1990 takes place in Sochi nine months after the Winter Olympics

Nine months after the Winter Olympic Games, a different but equally fierce competition is going down in Sochi, Russia: the World Chess Championship.

On Saturday the current champion, 23-year-old Norwegian Magnus Carlsen, will begin to defend his title against Viswanathan “Vishy” Anand, a 44-year-old, four-time world champion whom Carlsen beat last year, the Wall Street Journal reports. (The championship’s opening ceremony took place Friday.)

Their face-off will be the first back-to-back rematch for the top title since 1990, when Garry Kasparov beat Anatoly Karpov in a best-of-24 showdown.

Carlsen is the first Western-born world chess champion since Bobby Fischer took the title in 1972 after beating Boris Spassky of Russia.

[WSJ]

TIME Berlin Wall

Watch Germany Commemorate the Berlin Wall’s Fall

Live coverage of the festivities is due to begin at 10 a.m. local time (4 a.m. ET)

Twenty-five years ago, on Nov.9, the Berlin Wall fell, paving the way for the reunification of Germany and the end of the Cold War.

In Berlin, world leaders, peace activists and celebrities will mark the momentous events of a quarter-century ago Sunday, in front of a crowd of hundreds of thousands. Live video of the event is set to begin at 10 a.m. local time (4 a.m. ET)

TIME Germany

At Least 1 Million to Celebrate 25 Years Since Berlin Wall Fell

More than 1 million visitors are expected to descend upon Berlin

More than 1 million people are expected to visit Berlin this weekend as the German city celebrates the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, according to tourist organization Visit Berlin.

Some visitors from Germany and around the world on Saturday took pictures in front of the graffiti-covered remnants of the wall, Agence France-Presse reports. Others observed the 7,000 white balloons that are tethered along the wall’s path and will be released Sunday to conclude three days of festivities.

“I think you never forget how you felt that day — at least I will never forget it,” said German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who grew up in the East Germany, in one of her podcasts. “I had to wait 35 years for that feeling of liberty. It changed my life.”

The wall, which was established by East Germany in 1961 and was roughly 96 miles long, split the already divided country’s capital into West Berlin and East Berlin. After weeks of civil protests, the government of Eastern Germany opened up the partition on Nov. 9, 1989, allowing residents to travel to the west side. The chipping away of the wall followed, but its actual demolition didn’t truly begin until the following year, just a few months before Germany would officially reunite.

Former Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev, whose glasnost and perestroika reforms helped usher in the end of the Cold War and the fall of the wall, is one many former political leaders attending a Sunday celebration featuring fireworks and a rock concert at the Brandenburg Gate, one of Germany’s most famous landmarks.

[AFP]

 

TIME Mexico

Mexico Says Drug Gang Killed 43 Missing Students

Mexico Missing Students
Henry Romero—Reuters Federal police and a helicopter search for the missing 43 students of the Ayotzinapa Teacher Training College Raul Isidro Burgos are seen in Tianquizolco, near Cocula, Mexico on Nov. 7, 2014.

Bodies were burned in a pile of branches and tires

A Mexican drug gang killed the 43 missing Mexican college students and burned their bodies in a pile of branches and tires, authorities said Friday.

Attorney General Jesús Murillo Karam said members of the gang who had been arrested told investigators about their role in the students’ disappearances and guided investigators to the riverside remains, which will be tested in specialized facilities in Austria, the New York Times reports.

With 72 people arrested, Karam said the case is one of Mexico’s largest criminal investigations in history. “The statements and information that we have gotten unfortunately points to the murder of a large number of people,” he said a press conference.

While searching for the students, who are believed to have been turned over to criminals following an attack by corrupt police in September, investigators discovered other mass graves around the city of Iguala.

The case has led to many protests and heaps of criticism aimed at President Enrique Peña Nieto, who has tried to reform Mexico’s reputation for violence.

[NYT]

TIME Vatican

Pope Francis Demotes Outspoken Conservative Cardinal

Raymond Burke Pope Francis
Franco Origlia—Getty Images Archbishop of St. Louis cardinal Raymond Leo Burke attends Palm Sunday Mass celebrated by Pope Francis at St. Peter's Square in Vatican City on April 13, 2014.

Cardinal Raymond Burke was the Vatican's highest ranking American

Pope Francis has demoted a conservative American cardinal who has criticized his leadership of the Catholic Church.

The pontiff removed Cardinal Raymond Burke as the leader of the Vatican’s highest court and appointed him to a ceremonial position as chaplain of the Knights of Malta, a charity group, according to a press bulletin issued Saturday.

That is a significant demotion, according to the National Catholic Reporter. “The position of Patron of the the Order of Malta is usually given to a retired cardinal, or as a second task to an active cardinal,” Michael Sean Winters writes. “It has almost no responsibilities.”

The move was not a surprise, as Burke, the Vatican’s highest ranking American, had said last month that he was going to have a new post.

The outspoken, conservative bishop — who pushed for the Vatican to revise and water-down its recent, tentative step toward greater acceptance of LGBT people — has butted heads with the pope since the Argentine was elected last year. Last month, he compared Pope Francis’ leadership to “a ship without a rudder” during an interview with a Spanish magazine.

TIME North Korea

North Korea Releases 2 Detained Americans

Kenneth Bae and Matthew Todd Miller were held for two years and seven months, respectively

U.S. citizens Kenneth Bae and Matthew Todd Miller have been released from North Korea, where they were detained for two years and seven months, respectively, the U.S. State Department announced Saturday.

“The safety and welfare of U.S. citizens abroad is the Department of State’s highest priority, and the United States has long called on [the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea] authorities to release these individuals on humanitarian grounds,” spokesperson Jen Psaki said in a statement.

James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, took part in discussions with North Korea about Bae’s and Miller’s release. Accompanied by Clapper, the two were en route back to the U.S. to be reunited with their families Saturday.

“We welcome the DPRK’s decision to release both Mr. Bae and Mr. Miller,” said Brian P. Hale, the director of public affairs for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, in a statement.

President Obama welcomed the news Saturday morning. “It’s a wonderful day for them and their families,” he said. “Obviously we are very grateful for their safe return and I appreciate director Clapper doing a great job on what was obviously a challenging mission.”

Another hostage, Jeffrey Fowle, was released from detainment on Oct. 21.

TIME Barack Obama

Obama Says He Will ‘Never Forget’ Berlin Wall Fall

While commending the reunification of Germany, the President criticized Russia's actions in Ukraine for unsettling Europe

As people around the world celebrated the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, President Barack Obama said in a tweet that he will “never forget” the scenes of people reuniting with their families and entering “the free world.”

“It was a reminder that walls of concrete and barbed wire are ultimately no match for the will of ordinary men and women who are determined to live free,” he said in the statement.

He also used the occasion to take a jab at Russian President Vladimir Putin, who he said has held back progress in Europe: “But as Russia’s actions against Ukraine remind us, we have more work to do to fully realize our shared vision of a Europe that is whole, free and at peace.”

TIME national secrurity

Obama Authorizes Deployment of 1,500 Troops to Iraq

The move will nearly double the number of U.S. troops on the ground in Iraq. The administration is also requesting an additional $5.6 billion to fight ISIS

President Barack Obama authorized the deployment of as many as 1,500 additional troops to Iraq as a part of his effort to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS), the White House announced Friday afternoon.

The Obama administration is also requesting $5.6 billion in funding for the current fiscal year to fund operations against ISIS, the White House announced, of which $3.4 billion will go directly into the U.S. air campaign against the militant group in Iraq and Syria. The balance of the funding would be used to equip Iraqi and Kurdish forces, as fund State Department efforts against ISIS.

The new U.S. troop deployment reflects a doubling of the American troop commitment to the country. Roughly 1,400 American troops are currently in Iraq training and advising Iraqi and Kurdish forces as well as protecting American diplomatic facilities in the country.

White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said the U.S. forces would expand the American military’s training and advisory mission in Iraq outside of Baghdad and Erbil. The U.S. troops, while armed for self-defense, would not be involved in direct combat, the White House said.

The additional troop request follows an official request from the government of Iraq, the administration said.

“The United States and its coalition partners will continue to confront the threat of ISIL with strength and resolve as we seek to degrade and ultimately defeat [ISIS] through a comprehensive and sustained counterterrorism campaign,” said Earnest in a statement.

A senior administration official told reporters that the additional troop deployment follows a U.S. review of its efforts to assist Iraqi forces, which determined that there should be more flexibility in training Iraqi forces. “Now we are matching resources against that analysis,” the official said. “We think this gives us a very solid foundation within the country to provide support to the Iraqis as they take the fight to [ISIS].”

The official rejected the notion that the additional troops reflected “mission creep,” saying the mission remains the same. “We are keeping the limiting factor on the mission,” the official said, referencing the no-combat provisions. “We are adding personnel to better carry out the mission.”

Pentagon Press Secretary Rear Admiral John Kirby said in a statement that U.S. Central Command would stand up two “expeditionary advise and assist operations centers” outside of Baghdad and Erbil. “These centers will be supported by an appropriate array of force protection capabilities,” he said.

“U.S. Central Command will establish several sites across Iraq that will accommodate the training of 12 Iraqi brigades, specifically nine Iraqi army and three Peshmerga brigades,” he added. “These sites will be located in northern, western, and southern Iraq. Coalition partners will join U.S. personnel at these locations to help build Iraqi capacity and capability. The training will be funded through the request for an Iraq Train and Equip Fund that the administration will submit to Congress as well as from the Government of Iraq.”

TIME vintage color photos

Moulin Rouge: Vintage Color Photos of a Legendary Cabaret’s Dancers

Color pictures made in the late 1950s -- none of them published in LIFE magazine -- featuring the cabaret's celebrated dancers

In the world of show business, few addresses carry the cachet of 82 Boulevard de Clichy in Paris’ Quartier Pigalle. It is there, after all, that the Moulin Rouge — the model for a certain type of frolicsome, sophisticated nightlife the world over — has held sway for 125 years. It is there that countless men and women down through the decades have enjoyed extravagant (and cheerfully risqué) song-and-dance numbers while soaking in the atmosphere of an entertainment mecca. It is there that the energetic and, for many, scandalous cancan dance found its highest and most popular form of expression.

It is there that, for generations, so much of what is appealing about the Parisian way of life — the stylish melding of the practical and the sensual, for example — has been on never-ending, exuberant display.

Here, LIFE presents a series of color pictures made by Loomis Dean in the late 1950s — none of them published in LIFE magazine — featuring the cabaret’s rightfully celebrated dancers.

Can we enthusiastically recommend taking the time to look at every single picture in the gallery? Yes, we cancan.

Liz Ronk, who edited this gallery, is the Photo Editor for LIFE.com. Follow her on Twitter at @LizabethRonk.

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