TIME natural disaster

See the Devastation of Washington State’s Wildfire From Above

The worst fire of the season devastated entire neighborhoods, as the state struggles with an ongoing drought

TIME Civil Rights

See the Civil Rights Movement in Photographs

A new Smithsonian book tells the story through pictures

As the National Museum of African American History and Culture prepares to open, its staff is preparing a vast collection of artifacts and documents for display—but, though the museum won’t officially open until next year, a new series of books offers a sneak peek at its photography collection. The second book in the Double Exposure series, Civil Rights and the Promise of Equality, will be available July 7. (The first came out earlier this year.)

Some of the images of the civil rights movement—the fire hoses, the marches—are likely to be familiar to readers. But as other photos in the collection make clear, those weren’t the whole story. The movement was also captured in photographs of a new voter’s happiness and a new father’s insistence on a better future for his child.

“Civil rights, certainly, is something where people expect a story to be told but we want people to look at it in a different way—not just the photos of Martin Luther King,” says Michèle Gates Moresi, the museum’s supervisory curator of collections. “Those are in there, of course, but I think when people actually look at the book they can be introduced to new stories.”

TIME public health

Here’s Where You’re Most Likely to Own a Gun in the U.S.

U.S. citizens own more than 270 million guns

Americans love their guns. U.S. citizens own more than 270 million of them, nearly 9 for every 10 Americans. No other country even comes close to matching that rate.

Now, a new study in the journal Injury Prevention shows just how much gun culture varies within the U.S. In Alaska, the state with the highest rate of gun ownership, more than 60% of residents own a gun. In Delaware, the state with the lowest rate, 5% of residents own a gun. Overall, one-third of American adults own a gun. Public health researchers say this information could help inform how to reduce gun violence.

“When you look at different states, you see a wide variation in these rates, and it mirrors the gun death rate,” said Bindu Balesan, an assistant professor at Columbia University’s public health school.

Idaho, West Virginia, Wyoming and Montana round out the list of states with top gun ownership, following Alaska. Delaware, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey and New Hampshire are the only states where fewer than 15% of residents own guns, according to the research.

Read More: Gun Fatality Rates Vary Wildly By State, Study Finds

The study also found a strong correlation between gun ownership and living in a so-called social gun culture. In such gun cultures, friends and family tend to own firearms and community members may attend gun-themed social events. Nearly 8% of respondents even said that their social life with family members involves guns. The correlation may suggest a way to reduce gun deaths and injuries outside of federal government lawmaking, which has proven ineffective, Balesan says. Instead of focusing on big policy changes, public health advocates may want to focus on changing gun culture.

“We need to think about strategies for social change like we did with tobacco,” she said.

Gun violence remains a leading cause of death and injury in the U.S. More than 30,000 people are killed in a firearm-related incident each year, according to the CDC. And while a third of those deaths are the result of homicide, many more are a result of suicide and accidents. More than 200,000 people are injured each year.

But treating gun violence as a public health issue is going to be an uphill battle, even without relying on the federal government for new laws. Research dollars, for instance, are nearly impossible to come by, Balesan said. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a huge source of money for health research, hasn’t given out funding for gun violence studies and others are similarly reluctant to touch such a controversial issue.

TIME faith

Inside Pope Francis’ U.S. Trip Schedule

Vatican Pope Francis'
Massimo Valicchia—NurPhoto/AP Pope Francis during his weekly general audience in St. Peter's Square at Vatican City, on June 24, 2015.

The schedule says a lot about Pope Francis' focus

Pope Francis’ schedule is almost always a political document. Everyone wants a piece of it, especially when it comes to his upcoming September trip to the U.S. The White House and Congress, not to mention outside groups, have been lobbying for months to try to influence his agenda. On Tuesday morning, the Vatican and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops released the official schedule for the trip. Predictably, it is packed. Pope Francis will visit Cuba and the U.S. from Sept. 19-28—four days in Cuba, five in the U.S—and give a total of 26 addresses, 18 of them in the U.S.

The world has known the big-ticket items for months—a meeting with President Obama, an address to the U.S. Congress, a talk at the United Nations, and a mass in Philadelphia for the World Meeting of Families. But the other events hold just as powerful a message. The logistics are often the key to understanding the entire agenda—where Pope Francis is, who he is with, where he is coming from and where he is going next say as much about his message as his words themselves.

This schedule shows the Pope’s diplomatic acumen from the start. Pope Francis comes to Washington only after giving first dibs to Cuba, an island that the U.S. had blackballed economically until he intervened in December. And, Pope Francis will fly directly from there to Joint Base Andrews outside Washington DC, symbolizing the new link he helped to forge between the two nations.

Once he has arrived in the U.S., Pope Francis establishes a pattern—he links political events with pastoral ones. His first full day in Washington, the Pope will meet with Obama at the White House, and then leave to hold midday prayer with the U.S. bishops at St. Matthew’s Cathedral. It is tradition for the pope to gather the bishops when he visits, and leaving the White House for a church shows the value Francis places on the work of the church and its leaders.

The next day, immediately after speaking to the U.S. Congress, he will visit Catholic Charities, the social outreach ministry of the Archdiocese of Washington, which does extensive work to serve the area’s poor, homeless and immigrant communities. The juxtaposition is a not-so-subtle hint about who Pope Francis hopes political leaders will be—politicians who serve the poor, instead of staying isolated in the halls of power.

The pattern continues in New York, where Pope Francis will begin his time with an evening prayer service at St. Patrick’s Cathedral before addressing the U.N. the next morning. From there, he will—again—go directly to an interfaith service at the 9/11 Memorial at the World Trade Center. It is another statement about the importance of solidarity, especially between Christians and Muslims in the face of global extremism. Pope Benedict visited Ground Zero to pray in 2008, but Francis is taking it to another level with an interfaith focus. He will then visit a Catholic elementary school in East Harlem, and celebrate mass in Madison Square Garden.

When Pope Francis goes to Philadelphia, the pattern shifts, but only slightly. The World Meeting of Families, a Catholic gathering of families every three years hosted this time in Philadelphia, was from the start the reason for his trip to the U.S. Here, Francis adds specifically political moments to a primarily pastoral visit. In addition to celebrating mass at the Cathedral Basilica, visiting the Festival of Families, and meeting the bishops at St. Charles Borromeo Seminary, Pope Francis will visit Philadelphia’s largest prison, the Curran-Fromhold Correctional Facility. What Pope Francis will do there remains to be seen, but his mere presence will both highlight high incarceration rates in the U.S. and make it hard to ignore the Catholic Church’s opposition to the death penalty.

The whole trip concludes with an outdoor mass on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, where Pope John Paul II celebrated mass in 1979.

Francis’ schedule is like a liturgy. It is a roadmap to guide the desired focus of, and communal participation in, his message. And the places he has chosen—Catholic Charities in Washington, a school in Harlem, an interfaith service at Ground Zero, a prison in Philadelphia—will likely end up saying as much about what Francis’ focus is as anything else.

TIME faith

This Is Pope Francis’ Schedule for His Upcoming Trip to the U.S.

Includes trips to Washington, New York and Philadelphia

The Vatican has released the full schedule for Pope Francis’ September Apostolic Journey to the U.S., which includes meeting with President Obama at the White House, an address at the U.N. General Assembly in New York and a “multi-religious service” at the 9/11 Memorial and Museum.

The trip marks the Pope’s first visit to the U.S. since becoming pontiff and will also include a stop in Philadelphia for the “World Meeting of Families,” a church-sponsored gathering that takes place once every three years. The six-day trip will take place between Sept. 22 and Sept 27, and was first announced in November 2014.

See the full schedule of the Pope’s trip here.

TIME cities

New York City Just Froze Rent on One-Year Leases for the First Time Ever

Move comes after report shows renters struggling while landlord incomes grow

For the first time in its 46-year history, New York City’s Rent Guidelines Board voted on June 29 to freeze rent on one-year leases and to limit two-year lease increases to a comparatively low 2%. The freeze applies to leases on rent-stabilized apartments beginning in October.

The vote came after the board, which regulates rent for more than 1 million such apartments, released a report in April showing that while landlords’ incomes have grown for nine consecutive years, renters in stabilized housing have experienced both unchanged income and rising housing costs, the New York Times reports.

However, Joseph Strasburg, president of the Rent Stabilization Association, an organization for landlords, said the outcome is ultimately negative and that “landlords will now have to forgo repairing, maintaining and preserving their apartments, which will trigger the deterioration of quality, affordable housing.”

A 2014 housing survey conducted by the city showed that the median rent-to-income ratio was nearly 34% and that a third of rental households paid more than half of their income in rent.

New York’s move comes as San Francisco grapples with imposing a construction moratorium in its Mission neighborhood to give the city a chance to purchase property for affordable housing. New York placed third behind San Francisco and Atlanta in speed of rising rents for 2014, and the city has periodically fielded calls for stricter rent control during this decade’s tech boom.



Americans Are Using a U.S. Flag Photo Filter to Protest the Gay Marriage Ruling

The posts come in direct response to Facebook's "Celebrate Pride" rainbow filter

Some Americans are using a web service by Rightwingnews.com to add an American flag filter to their Facebook profile photos as part of the backlash against the legalization of gay marriage in the U.S.

The move is a direct response to Facebook’s “Celebrate Pride” rainbow filter, which allows users to show their support of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to legalize gay marriage on June 26. Over 26 million people implemented Facebook’s filter in the days after the ruling.

However, one Twitter user, featured in the Independent, pointed out that the Rainbow flag and the American flag are not mutually exclusive symbols.

TIME Washington

Washington State Wildfire Victims Return to Burnt Homes

APTOPIX Washington Wildfire
Elaine Thompson—AP Julie Smith, right, embraces her neighbor Renee Monson as they stand near the remains of Smith's home, destroyed in a wildfire the night before, June 29, 2015, in Wenatchee, Wash.

The season's worst wildfire struck as the state is struggling with a severe drought

(WENATCHEE, Wash.) — Tom Bryant watched the central Washington state wildfire advance up a hillside toward his home, then turned to tell his wife it was time to evacuate.

That’s when the front door burst open and a firefighter rushed in.

“He doesn’t knock,” Bryant recalled Monday. “He ran in the door and said to get out.”

Bryant and his wife and pets jumped into their vehicle and evacuated safely. But their home was one of two dozen destroyed in a fast-moving wildfire Sunday night in this city about 120 miles east of Seattle. A handful of businesses were also destroyed in the downtown core when flames spread there.

Firefighters on Monday kept a close eye on the wildfire, which has burned more than 4 square miles. It was considered sufficiently corralled that evacuees were allowed to go back to their homes. The Red Cross closed a shelter that housed 155 people Sunday night at a local high school.

The season’s worst wildfire struck as the state is struggling with a severe drought. Mountain snowpack is at extremely low levels, and about one-fifth of the state’s rivers and streams are at record low levels.

Rainfall on Monday provided some relief, but hot, dry conditions were expected to persist throughout the week as crews deal with this and other wild land fires.

Last week Washington Gov. Jay Inslee issued an emergency proclamation that allowed state resources to quickly be brought in to respond to wildfires.

At his home, Bryant found the burned remains of his vintage Shelby Mustang GT 500 sports car, buried in ash amid the devastation.

“It hurts, but it’s just stuff,” Bryant said.

Meanwhile, his wife searched for a missing cat.

Down the road, neighbor Vern Smith was in San Jose, California, on Sunday evening attending a 50th reunion concert of The Grateful Dead.

“I was getting horrifying text messages from my family,” Smith said Monday afternoon, as smoke continued to rise from the ashes of his home.

His wife Julie got the kids and pets out, but the contents were destroyed in a blaze that left only brick work standing.

“You can’t tell from here, but that’s a brand new pickup,” Smith said, pointing to the charred remains of a truck in what was once the garage.

“Everybody’s safe and the animals are good,” Smith said. “We’ve got insurance.”

Three firefighters suffered minor injuries, but no injuries to residents were reported.

Elsewhere in central Washington, a new wildfire was reported burning late Monday south of the small town of Mansfield, about 40 miles northeast of Wenatchee. The state Emergency Management agency authorized state assistance to fight that fire, which reportedly has burned more than 3 square miles. The Washington State Patrol said three homes and a ranch were threatened.

Many of the destroyed Wenatchee houses were in an upscale neighborhood located on a hillside. Burned homes sat next to residences that were not damaged. Weeping residents drove through the streets on Monday.

“These were all really nice homes,” said Joan Mullene, whose home survived. “It’s really devastating.”

Dominick Bonny watched the neighborhood burn from just across the Wenatchee River.

“With the wind blowing away from us, it was like we were watching a natural disaster within arm’s reach,” he said, calling the speed of the blaze “just mind-blowing.”

Albert Rookard, who also lives across the Wenatchee River from the blaze, stayed up late watching the fire, and he was shocked at how fast it grew.

“From here, we could see embers just flying,” Rookard said. “There was fire in so many places.”

Officials know the fire started in brush on the edge of town, but they are still trying to determine what sparked it.

Sweltering heat above 100 degrees, tinder-dry brush and strong winds helped fuel the flames.

Last month, Inslee declared a statewide drought emergency.

Evacuations were mainly in the north end of town and included a Wal-Mart store, the Chelan County Emergency Management office said. The store did not burn, but several commercial buildings were near the blaze, State Patrol Trooper Darren Wright said.


Associated Press videographer Manuel Valdes contributed to this report. Writers Bob Seavey and Courtney Bonnell in Phoenix and Chris Grygiel and Gene Johnson in Seattle also contributed.

TIME Louisiana

Walmart Told a Customer It Wouldn’t Make Him a Confederate Cake but Accepted His Request for an ISIS One

The retailer says an employee made a mistake

A Louisiana man was unable to buy a cake with a Confederate flag on it from his local Walmart, but had no trouble getting a cake decorated with an ISIS flag instead, according to ABC News.

Walmart followed in the footsteps of many major American companies in banning sales of items bearing the Confederate flag after photos emerged of accused Charleston shooter Dylann Roof holding in the emblem. “We never want to offend anyone with the products that we offer,” Walmart said last week.

However, ABC said that when Chuck Netzhammer requested a cake with an ISIS flag at a Walmart in Slidell, La., the store complied.

In a video he posted on YouTube, Netzhammer shows the finished ISIS cake, saying, “ISIS happens to be somebody we’re fighting right now and who are killing our men and boys overseas, and are beheading Christians.”

Walmart apologized for the incident in a statement to ABC News. “An associate in a local store did not know what the design meant and made a mistake,” the statement said. “The cake should not have been made.”

[ABC News]

TIME Crime

Teen Horror Blogger Pleads Insanity in Parents’ Killing

Parents Killed Teen Accused
Oneida County Sheriff’s Office/AP Ashlee Martinson, 17, shown in this photo provided April 24, 2014

The 17-year-old is charged with two counts of first-degree intentional homicide

A Wisconsin teenager who is accused in the double murder of her mother and stepfather entered insanity pleas Monday.

Ashlee Martinson, 17, is charged with two counts of first-degree intentional homicide and three counts of false imprisonment in the fatal stabbing of 40-year-old Jennifer Ayers and the shooting death of 37-year-old Thomas Ayers. The horror blogger, who documented her dark obsession with death under the name Vampchick, is also accused of locking her three sisters, between the ages of 9 and 2, in a room before fleeing to Boone County, Indiana.

Martinson pleaded not guilty by reason of mental disease or defect during a brief appearance in Oneida County Circuit Court, WFXS reports. A hearing date is set for Sept. 28.

The March 8 killings at her family’s Rhinelander home allegedly occurred the same day the teen got into a heated argument with her stepfather over her relationship with her 22-year-old boyfriend. Police say Martinson shot her stepfather in the head first and then stabbed her mother to death. Police found a rifle in the kitchen and a bloody folding knife on the counter next to the bathroom sink, according to the Stevens Point Journal.

According to a search warrant filed in the case, police also looked at the teen’s blog and found one entry, titled “Unworthy,” which depicted a scene in a cabin in the woods where the main character had tied a person to a table. The character then tortures, mutilates and ultimately kills the victim, according to the warrant, the Stevens Point Journal reported.

Police say Martinson fled to Indiana after the murders and was captured the next day with her boyfriend, Ryan Sisco. Sisco, who was not involved in the killings, told police her parents advised him over Facebook to keep away from the teen because she was a minor, the paper reported.

This article first appeared on People.com

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