TIME

Big Soda Sues San Francisco Over Beverage Warnings

<> on June 10, 2015 in San Francisco, California.
Justin Sullivan—2015 Getty Images Bottles of soda are displayed in a cooler at a convenience store on June 10, 2015 in San Francisco, California.

The soda industry’s largest trade body is suing the city of San Francisco over rules that would require mandatory warning labels on soda advertisements and ban their display on city property.

The lawsuit, filed by the American Beverage Association on Friday, claims the regulations due to come into force July 2016 are unconstitutional. The city, the complaint said, “is trying to ensure that there is no free marketplace of ideas, but instead only a government-imposed, one-sided public ‘dialogue’ on the topic—in violation of the First Amendment.”

The legislation was passed unanimously by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in June and stands among the strongest laws in the country relating to sugary beverages. The label, which must be affixed to all soda advertisements, would read: “WARNING: Drinking beverages with added sugar(s) contributes to obesity, diabetes and tooth decay.”

The plaintiffs in the complaint say forcing signs to carry that label “violates core First Amendment principles.”

Other parties to the suit also include the California Retailers Association and the California State Outdoor Advertising Association.

TIME Economy

Here’s Every City in America Getting a $15 Minimum Wage

As New York is set to raise fast food workers' pay

When dozens of New York fast food workers walked off the job in 2013 demanding minimum pay of $15 per hour, their campaign seemed like a longshot. But two years, several nationwide strikes and new rules laws later, a $15 minimum wage is becoming a reality for millions of workers across the United States.

The workers’ campaign, known as Fast Food Forward and backed by the Service Employees International Union, has slowly gained momentum through a series of increasingly large one-day strikes targeting fast food chains like McDonald’s, Wendy’s and Burger King. At first, the effects of the strikes seemed small, with individual restaurant owners conceding to minuscule wage increases for some of their workers. But even as businesspeople were doing their best to ignore the movement, politicians were paying close attention.

Over the last two years, several cities and now the entire state of New York either have or are in the process of enacting a $15 minimum wage for various workers. Here’s a look at the cities that have enacted huge pay increases, and the ones that could still be to come.

New York

How it Happened: A wage board appointed by Gov. Andrew Cuomo presented a recommendation Wednesday to increase the minimum wage for fast food workers to $15 per hour across the state, up from the current $8.75. Cuomo has enthusiastically backed the initiative.

The Plan: In New York City, the minimum wage will increase to $10.50 by the end of this year, then increase incrementally each year to reach $15 by 2018. In the rest of the state, the increments will be smaller and $15 will be reached by 2021. The wage increases apply only to fast food chains with at least 30 locations in the U.S.

The Effect: None yet, since the measure still must be approved by the state’s labor commissioner. Experts predict other types of businesses that employ low-wage workers, like retailers or landscapers, will have to increase wages to compete with fast food restaurants.

Seattle

How it Happened: Mayor Ed Murray made increasing the minimum wage one of his first priorities when taking office at the start of 2014. In May of that year, he put forth a proposal to increase the city’s minimum wage from Washington state’s rate of $9.32 to to $15 over several years. The city council approved the measure a month later.

The Plan: Workers at large businesses with 500 or more U.S. employees will see their wages hit $15 per her hour by 2017. Workers at businesses with fewer than 500 U.S. employees will reach that rate by 2021. After the hikes, large businesses will have to keep increasing wages to keep pace with inflation.

The Effects So Far: The first stage of Seattle’s plan went into effect in April 2015, with large businesses raising their minimum wage to $11 per hour and small businesses’ wages rising to $10. So far, the effects are largely anecdotal. Some local restaurants have raised prices from 4 to 21%. In nearby SeaTac, where the minimum wage for some workers jumped to $15 per hour last year, there hasn’t been any measurable economic fallout.

San Francisco

How it Happened: City residents voted by a large majority to raise the city’s minimum wage from $10.74 to $15 last November.

The Plan: Wages have already jumped to $12.25, and will increase to $15 by 2018. After that, the minimum wage will increase every year at a rate tied to the consumer price index.

The Effects So Far: This year’s wage increase boosted the pay for as many as 86,000 workers, most of whom were women and minorities, according to one estimate. However, at least one local bookstore said it would close due to the increased costs.

Los Angeles

How it Happened: The Los Angeles city council voted in May to increase the local minimum wage to $15 by 2020, up from the current $9. This week the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors also voted to increase the minimum wage to $15 for people working in unincorporated parts of the county.

The Plan: Workers will earn $10.50 per hour starting next year, with incremental increases until they make $15 in 2020. The hikes are delayed by a year for workers at businesses with 25 or fewer employees. After reaching $15, annual minimum wage increases will be tied to the consumer price index.

The Effects So Far: Because many cities in L.A. County, like Pasadena and Long Beach, haven’t yet committed to matching the county’s wage increase, prices for goods and services at stores very close to one another could become highly skewed.

Washington, D.C.

How it Might Happen: Residents of the nation’s capital will vote next year on whether to increase the minimum wage to $15 from the current $10.50.

The Plan: The minimum wage would increase to $15 per hour by 2020 and would afterward be tied to increases in the consumer price index.

TIME Crime

San Francisco Cop Defends Release of Undocumented Immigrant in Shooting Case

San Francisco Sheriff Ross Mirkarimi fields questions during a news conference in San Francisco on July 10, 2015, in San Francisco. Mirkarimi provided information regarding the April 2015 release of Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez, who is now accused in the shooting death of a woman at a popular tourist site. (AP Photo/Tony Avelar)
Tony Avelar—AP San Francisco Sheriff Ross Mirkarimi fields questions during a news conference in San Francisco on July 10, 2015.

Local sheriff decries “finger-pointing” and “distortion” after deadly shooting

A top San Francisco cop denied Friday that his department had been negligent in releasing an undocumented immigrant who was later charged in a deadly shooting.

At issue is the fatal July 1 pier shooting of 32-year-old Kathryn Steinle. Juan Francisco Lopez-Sanchez, an undocumented immigrant with numerous drug felonies on his record, has been charged with the crime. Revelations that federal authorities had planned to deport Lopez-Sanchez before San Francisco authorities released him have brought scrutiny to the city’s status as a so-called “sanctuary city” that doesn’t comply with federal orders to hold immigration violators.

San Francisco Sheriff Ross Mirkarimi said Friday that local law allows him to turn suspects over to federal investigators only when there are active warrants out for the suspect’s arrest, the local NBC affiliate reports. Speaking at a news conference, he said there has been “finger-pointing” and “distortion” since the incident. And decrying that the shooting has become an issue in the 2016 presidential campaign, he called it “incredibly sad … that this tragedy is being used as a platform for political gain.”

Steinle was struck in the head by gunfire as she walked along Pier 14 in San Francisco, in the company her father and a friend.

 

TIME internet cable cuts

Somebody Is Cutting Internet Cables, Causing Massive Outages

530073665
Westend61—Getty Images/Westend61 San Francisco.

At least 11 attacks have happened over the last year

The FBI is investigating a mysterious string of attacks on fiber optic cables in the San Francisco Bay area, including one that severely disrupted Internet service at numerous businesses and residential buildings Tuesday morning.

At least 11 physical attacks on these cables have occurred in at least 10 Bay area cities — such as Fremont, Berkeley, San Jose, and Walnut Creek — over the last year, dating back to at least July 6, 2014, FBI Special Agent Greg Wuthrich told USA Today. “When it affects multiple companies and cities, it does become disturbing,” Wuthrich said. “We definitely need the public’s assistance.”

The latest attack, which happened at 4.20 a.m. PT on Tuesday, was particularly alarming as it appeared to have been a concerted strike on three Internet cables belonging to wholesalers Level 3 and Zayo. The result was a huge outage for those living in and around Sacramento for a good part of the day. According to Wave Broadband, an Internet provider to the area, service was restored by 11.40 p.m. on Tuesday evening.

The vandalism brings up concerns about the security of the country’s existing Internet infrastructure. Cutting these lines requires tools that penetrate a tough outer layer. According to Wuthrich, the acts happened in remote areas unmonitored by cameras, and perhaps by vandals dressed as utility workers who have accessed the underground vaults containing the cables. “Different companies have thousands of these vaults,” Wuthrich said in a separate LA Times report.

The area has been a hotbed for such attacks over recent years. Fiber-optic cables at four California locations were clipped on April 9, 2009, affecting more than 50,000 people in Santa Clara, Santa Cruz and San Benito counties, according to The San Francisco Chronicle. On April 16, 2013, suspects cut cables and opened fire on electrical transformers outside San Jose, causing more than $15 million in damage.

TIME Autos

Check Out the World’s First 3-D Printed Supercar

Divergent Microfactories

It has a chassis about 90% lighter than the average car

The “Blade” is light, sleek and — at an acceleration of 0-60 m.p.h. in 2.2 seconds — incredibly fast, just like you’d want any supercar to be. But a few things set this wondrous machine apart from others of its kind, foremost among them its method of manufacture.

The car, made by San Francisco–based startup Divergent Microfactories, has a chassis created entirely using a 3-D printer, Engadget reports. The 3-D printing reduces the overall weight of the car by 90%, the manufacturer claims, coupled with the use of carbon fiber for most of the car’s body rather than steel or aluminum. As a result, the whole vehicle weighs just under 1,400 lb.

“How we make things is much more important than how we fuel them and whether they have a tailpipe or not,” Kevin Czinger, CEO of Divergent, said in an interview with Forbes.

Czinger has also put some thought into how the car is fueled, however, with Blade carrying a 700HP engine that can run on compressed natural gas — thereby also making it one of the most environment-friendly automobiles around.

The company will produce a certain number of cars initially, but eventually plans to sell its technology to smaller manufacturers to make their own vehicles.

“We have got to rethink how we manufacture, because — when we go from 2 billion cars today to 6 billion cars in a couple of decades — if we don’t do that, we’re going to destroy the planet,” Czinger adds.

MONEY Autos

Ford to Test a Car-Sharing Service

Ford is joining the likes of Zipcar and other car-sharing services.

The 112-year-old automotive company is partnering with car-sharing companies Getaround (in America) and easyCar Club (in the U.K.) to test an all-Ford, peer-to-peer car-sharing service for drivers. The test will run through November in six cities: San Francisco; Berkeley; Oakland; Portland, Ore.; Washington, D.C.; and Chicago. Ford will directly invite around 14,000 American and 12,000 British customers to try out the service. GM launched a similar car-sharing program in 2012, but ended it not long after.

Read next: 3 Ways to Avoid Costly Rental Car Insurance

MONEY Workplace

The Best Places for Millennials to Work

For FORTUNE's 100 Best Workplaces for Millennials in 2015, go to California. Or Texas.

As you might imagine, with tech winning for millennial workers, California is the place to be. FORTUNE has released its list of 100 Best Workplaces for Millennials in 2015, and 20 of the top 100 are in technology, like Google, Twitter and Yelp. Some are smaller companies though, like #3 AlliedWallet.com, based in Los Angeles. Nineteen of the top 100 are in California, 17 are in Texas, while only 7 are in New York. Financial services and insurance is the second-best industry for millennials with companies like Edward Jones and Pinnacle Financial Partners.

Read next: The Best Youngest Places to Live

TIME food&drink

San Francisco Approves Warning Label for Sugary Drink Ads

US-FOOD-BEVERAGE-HEALTH
Frederic J. Brown—AFP/Getty Images A woman shops for frozen foods on an aisle across from sodas and other sugary drinks for sale at a superrmarket in Monterey Park, California on June 18, 2014.

Measure is aimed at curtailing locals' consumption of high-calorie drinks

San Francisco lawmakers unanimously voted on Tuesday to put warning labels on all advertisements for sugary beverages in the City by the Bay. This first-in-the-nation law is set to go into effect this summer, which means billboards or taxi-cab ads for Coke or Gatorade will soon bear this message:

WARNING: Drinking beverages with added sugar(s) contributes to obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay. This is a message from the City and County of San Francisco.

The new law, which the mayor has 10 days to sign or veto before it automatically goes into effect, was passed as part of a package aimed at curtailing locals’ consumption of high-calorie drinks linked to health problems such as weight gain and diabetes. The city’s board of supervisors also voted to ban advertisements for sugary drinks on publicly owned property—such as bus stops—and to prohibit the use of city funds for purchasing sugary drinks.

“Today, San Francisco has sent a clear message that we need to do more to protect our community’s health,” Supervisor Scott Wiener, who proposed the warning label, said in a statement. “These health warnings will help provide people information they need to make informed decisions about what beverages they consume. Requiring health warnings on soda ads also makes clear that these drinks aren’t harmless — indeed, quite the opposite — and that the puppies, unicorns, and rainbows depicted in soda ads aren’t reality.”

This victory for Wiener and his allies comes on the heels of a defeat for lawmakers last year, when they tried and failed to pass a tax on sugary drinks through a ballot initiative. (Berkeley, the liberal bastion across the Bay, succeeded in becoming the first city to pass such a tax.) This year and last year, a state lawmaker tried unsuccessfully to pass a California law that would have required sugary drinks or their location of purchase to bear a health warning label, much like packages of cigarettes.

When TIME asked Wiener whether advocates planned to try again for a soda tax, he said there was momentum for more of the same but no firm commitments yet. “There are discussions happening,” he said. “But it’s too soon to say.”

TIME cities

Airbnb Uses Data in San Francisco to Fight Back Against Critics

airbnb
Chris Weeks—Getty Images/Airbnb A general view of atmosphere is seen at Airbnb's Hello LA event at The Grove on September 30, 2013 in Los Angeles, Calif.

The company is releasing its own assessment of how Airbnb affects the city, which paints a rosier view than previous reports

Lawmakers in San Francisco are set to vote on two proposals Tuesday that could restrict locals’ ability to use home-sharing company Airbnb. But before they do, the firm is releasing its own report assessing its impact on the city.

Airbnb’s report, obtained by TIME (and viewable through the link above), is adding to a pile of reports that have already attempted to assess the company’s economic benefits and costs to the city. The company’s data team used proprietary information about Airbnb users that government agencies do not have access to; although that means no one can double-check Airbnb’s figures, the company says it is the most realistic picture of how the service is affecting the City by the Bay. Their take: assertions that Airbnb is cannibalizing much-needed housing stock are overblown.

A central question in months of heated hearings over Airbnb has been whether it creates an economic incentive for landlords to take units off the market in order to rent them out full-time to tourists on home-sharing platforms. With housing in short supply, rents have skyrocketed and lower-income residents have been forced to leave the city. That has made some residents aggressively wary of anything that might be squeezing out the middle class. Meanwhile, other San Franciscans have testified that income earned from using Airbnb has helped keep them in their homes.

Perhaps the most important number in these reports is the estimate of how many nights per year a host would have to rent a unit out before they’d be making more money doing the Airbnb thing than if they housed a traditional, long-term tenant. There is no way to know how many landlords are, in fact, hoarding their units from locals to rent them out to tourists, but this number provides a picture of when it would make economic sense to do so.

The San Francisco Planning Department estimated this breaking point is 257 nights; a report from the city’s independent budget and legislative analyst’s office estimated 59 nights. Airbnb arrived in between the two, at 211. The company’s data researchers calculated the figure by comparing the average nightly earnings of Airbnb hosts in San Francisco to market-rate rental prices.

The share of Airbnb listings in San Francisco that are rented out more than 211 nights per year, according to the company’s report, is 6.1%, representing less than 1% of total housing units in the city and just over 1% of vacant housing. The most damaging estimate from previous reports, which was calculated using assumptions Airbnb disagrees with, suggested that Airbnb could be responsible for nearly one fourth of vacant housing units being taken off the market.

While those numbers, based on different approaches to the U.S. Census Bureau’s statistics on vacant housing, will continue to be debated, there are some general points about home-sharing’s benefits that are generally agreed upon. All stays at Airbnbs are being taxed like hotels, so the city gets a 14% cut of that revenue. These additional housing options, which may offer a more immersed-in-the-city experience than traditional hotels, likely attract more tourists to the city. Those tourists then spend money that helps fuel the local economy.

Hosting via Airbnb was technically illegal until 2014. All rentals for 30 days or fewer were prohibited by law. The board of supervisors, the city’s lawmaking body, legalized short-term rentals with a landmark piece of legislation, which compromised by setting certain caps. Under that law, residents can list their homes 90 days per year when they’re not present and an unlimited amount of days when they are. One proposal being considered Tuesday, penned by progressive Supervisor David Campos, would restrict all users to just 60 nights per year. Another proposal from Supervisor Mark Farrell and Mayor Ed Lee would set caps on both at 120 days.

The average number of nights a user is renting out a listing is 90 per year, according to Airbnb, and 80% of San Francisco hosts actually live in the place they’re listing; more than 70% use the income to help pay their rent or mortgage. “This report makes clear that the vast majority of Airbnb hosts are regular San Franciscans sharing the home in which they live and using the money they earn to pay the bills and make ends meet,” says Airbnb spokesperson Christopher Nulty.

What remains murky is exactly what’s happening with the remaining 20% — and how many of those 1,000 or more listings are second homes or apartments that could be easing the housing strain.

MONEY Travel

10 Amazing Airport Amenities

Killing time at the airport doesn't have to be a drag.

Who likes being bored during layovers? Luckily, you don’t have to spend your time on uncomfortable gate seats or in mediocre restaurants — just check out this list of the 10 coolest airports amenities in the world!

As travel delays become more and more common, airports are amping up their amenities to entertain travelers on their long layovers. Need to catch up on your workout routine between flights? San Francisco’s free yoga studio or Zurich’s bike and inline-skates rental program allow that with ease. For those looking to spend their time imbibing, Nashville’s airport allows you to do that anywhere with its drinks-on-the-go program, while Munich’s airport features a beer garden and brewery tour. Although it’s hard to believe that loitering at an airport could actually be fun, Hopper found 10 airport amenities that may just change your mind.

 

  • 10. Rooftop pool at Changi Airport, Singapore

    The feeling is first class... Jet-setting travellers in Singapore's Changi Airport can take the easy way to the end of the terminal with these delightful slides. The airport also boasts a luxury powder room, movie theatre, children's play areas, rest areas and even a rooftop pool! Changi is the world's most awarded airport, garnering more than 370 accolades since it opened in 1981.
    Wenn Ltd.—Alamy Travelers to Singapore's Changi Airport can enjoy this rooftop pool.

    Have a couple of hours to relax? Unwind in Terminal 1 at Changi Airport’s Balinese-themed rooftop pool and Jacuzzi. Travelers staying at the Ambassador Transit Hotel can access the pool and Jacuzzi for free. Otherwise, entry fees cost about $13, but that includes a complimentary non-alcoholic drink in addition to access to the pool and shower facilities. The pool area operates from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily, so you could stay all day. Don’t forget sunscreen!

  • 9. Drinks on the go at Nashville International Airport

    Thanks to getting an airport-wide beer-and-liquor license, Nashville International Airport made drinking and flying much easier for travelers last year. The airport introduced drinks on the go, allowing passengers to carry their beverages away from the bar and throughout the secure side of the terminal. Travelers can carry their drinks to participate in other amenities at the airport, including massage and manicure services, live music, local art exhibits, or free Wi-Fi at the gate.

  • 8. 30,000-gallon aquarium at Vancouver International Airport

    Vancouver international airport
    Don Mackinnon—Bloomberg via Getty Images Vancouver international airport

    Vancouver’s airport was designed to bring the city’s outdoor-enthusiast spirit inside to passengers. One example of this is the Vancouver Aquarium’s major exhibit in the airport’s domestic terminal. The exhibit includes a 30,000-gallon tank featuring 5,000 ocean creatures (wolf eels, starfish, sea urchins and 10 species of rockfish), as well as another tank dedicated to jellyfish. The aquarium area features plenty of seating for single travelers or families for admiring the animals as well as the greenery and nearby creek that also runs through the terminal.

  • 7. Sports equipment rentals at Zurich Airport

    Who said traveling meant you had to give up your workout routine? Zurich Airport in Switzerland wrapped up an extensive renovation in 2011 and continues ongoing reconstruction of Terminal 2. Part of the airport’s new amenities include sports equipment rentals such as bicycles, inline skates and adjustable Nordic walking poles. Equipment comes in a variety of sizes for men, women and children, includes helmets, and can be rented for anywhere between four and eight hours from the airport’s service center. There is a small fee for equipment but the green areas surrounding the airport are free to explore on foot!

  • 6. Yoga studio at San Francisco International Airport

    In this Friday, Jan. 27, 2012 photo, travelers Maria Poole, right, and Lindsey Shepard, practice yoga at San Francisco International Airport's new Yoga Room, in San Francisco. The quiet, dimly lit studio officially opened last week in a former storage room just past the security checkpoint at SFO's Terminal 2. Airport officials believe the 150-square-foot room with mirrored walls is the world's first airport yoga studio, said spokesman Mike McCarron.
    Paul Sakuma—AP Travelers practice yoga at San Francisco International Airport's Yoga Room.

    To accommodate the more than 40 million passengers traveling through San Francisco each year, San Francisco International Airport has created ways for travelers to relax. Yogis, for instance, will travel easier knowing that a 150-square-foot yoga room is now available in the airport’s Terminal 2. In addition to the 24-hour complimentary yoga room, passengers can also take advantage of the airport’s reflection room dedicated to meditation. Massage, facial, manicure and pedicure services are also available at XpresSpa.

  • 5. The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport

    A man looks at a 'relievo', a three-dimensional reproduction of the of Vincent van Gogh's The Sunflowers on December 12, 2013 in Schiphol Amsterdam Airport.
    AFP/Getty Images A man looks at a 'relievo', a three-dimensional reproduction of the of Vincent van Gogh's The Sunflowers on December 12, 2013 in Schiphol Amsterdam Airport.

    Art lovers will enjoy their layover at Amsterdam Schipol Airport in the Netherlands. The airport’s Rijksmuseum Amsterdam is the world’s only museum to be annexed to an airport. Visitors get free entry into the museum to see paintings by Dutch artists such as Jan Steen and Ferdinand Bol. Rotating exhibits at the museum usually feature eight to 10 masterpiece paintings, depending on the exhibition theme. The museum is located in the Schiphol terminal and is open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.

  • 4. Beer garden at Munich International Airport

    Munich Airport Centre, Munich, Germany
    Alamy Munich Airport Centre, Munich, Germany

    Passengers hoping to taste delicious German beer won’t need to leave the airport. Munich International Airport’s Airbräu serves up samples of some of the country’s best brews. The traditional tavern also features a beer garden (open October to May) shaded by chestnut trees, as well as an onsite brewery and occasional live music and cabaret shows. Travelers can tour the brewery for a small fee and ask the brewmaster questions about the beer-brewing process. Airbräu is open daily from 8 a.m. to 1 a.m.

  • 3. The cultural center at Incheon International Airport in Seoul

    Incheon International Airport in Seoul, South Korea, wants its visitors to get a taste of Korean culture. As such, it operates the Traditional Korean Cultural Experience Zone, offering visitors a chance to experience craftwork, clothing and music from Seoul. Travelers can make traditional crafts such as Hanji, traditional Korean paper, or Dancheong, multicolored paintwork on wooden buildings. Visitors can also try on traditional Korean clothes and accessories and pose for a photo before watching musical performances.

  • 2. Nine-hole golf course at Hong Kong International Airport

    Golf pros and beginners alike have the opportunity to practice their golf game at Hong Kong International Airport. SkyCity Nine Eagles Golf Course is an outdoor, nine-hole regulation golf course just outside the airport’s Terminal 2. The course offers equipment rental, and the staff will even store luggage for travelers with enough time to play some rounds. Nine Eagles’ signature hole, Island Green, is inspired by the famous 17th hole at the Tournament Players Club in Sawgrass, Florida. There are fees to play but it’s free to spectate (a great way to waste time on a layover!)

  • 1. Brachiosaurus dinosaur skeleton at Chicago O’Hare International Airport

    Moulded dinosaur skeleton in United Airlines Chicago OHare Airport terminal promoting airline partner the Chicago Field Museum
    Andrew Woodley—Alamy Moulded dinosaur skeleton in United Airlines Chicago OHare Airport terminal promoting airline partner the Chicago Field Museum

    Chicago O’Hare International Airport is one of the biggest and busiest airports in the world, which is why it can be easy to miss some of the airport’s amenities — until you get to Terminal 1. There, natural-history buffs will be impressed by the 72-foot-long Brachiosaurus skeleton on loan from Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History. The dinosaur skeleton — one of the largest in the world — stands four stories high! Find it in Terminal 1’s Concourse B.

    This article originally appeared on Hopper.com. Hopper is a travel app that tracks and predicts airfare prices.

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