TIME brazil

Watch this Hilarious Reply to a Brazilian Politician’s Calls for ‘Heterosexual Pride’

“In a country like Brazil, with so many beautiful guys, it must be really hard to keep straight!”

Activists in Brazil have made a poignant parody video after a senior politician announced that there should be a day to celebrate heterosexual rights.

Eduardo Cunha, the president of Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies, asked the government to consider making Dec. 3 “heterosexual pride” day, reports the BBC.

Cunha’s remarks, not surprisingly, caused offense and inspired a group of filmmakers called Põe Na Roda to make a parody video exploring the fictional problems that straight people face.

Problems like, “Yesterday I was arrested because I was straight.”

The video has gone viral in the South American country, clocking more than 100,000 YouTube views in just a few days.

But the tongue-in-cheek video has a serious message.

“There’s no reason for straight people to have their own day,” Pedro Henrique Mendes Castilho, who made the film, told the BBC. “They have all the rights, they are not a minority group. I made the video in an ironic way to criticize [Cunha].”

[BBC]

TIME brazil

These Photos Show Just How Bad Brazil’s Drought Really Is

These photographs show the Cantareira reservoir in Sao Paulo, Brazil as the country experiences its worst drought in 80 years. The water levels in the reservoir, which is the region's main source of water, are currently at 6% of total capacity.

TIME brazil

5 Reasons Brazil Is Getting Close to the Brink

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff reacts during a breakfast meeting with the media at the Planalto Palace in Brasilia
Joedson Alves—Reuters Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff reacts during a breakfast meeting with the media at the Planalto Palace in Brasilia, Dec. 22, 2014.

The country is facing a perfect storm of negatives

Brazil is grappling with a lingering corruption scandal, colossal drought, and an unpopular president who is suffering the consequences. Here are five reasons the country’s prospects look increasingly grim:

Bleak economic outlook
The world’s seventh largest economy is off to a rough start in 2015. Within the first 10 days of February, Brazil’s Real lost a tenth of its value against the dollar. January saw the country’s inflation rate increase to 1.24% from 0.78% the previous month, the highest rate since February 2003. Brazil’s economy is hardly expected to grow this year: the IMF forecasts just a 0.3% increase in GDP for this major emerging market.

Water shortages
Brazil is suffering through a historic drought, making it likely that the government implements water and power rationing. In 2014, Sao Paulo suffered the worst drought in over 80 years; with peak rainy season now over, its main reservoir sits at 6% of capacity. Since hydropower accounts for some 70% of Brazil’s electricity, water shortages directly threaten the power sector too. A federal decision to withdraw fiscal subsidies from the power sector could raise utility prices by 40% this year.

Ominous hikes in poverty and public transportation
Brazil’s middle class has grown dramatically since the turn of the century, now accounting for about half of the population. As it grew, extreme poverty fell; the number of people unable to afford enough calories to avoid malnutrition has declined by more than two-thirds since 2003, when the center left Worker’s Party took office. But in November, Brazil’s government announced the first annual rise in extreme poverty on its watch, with the ranks of the indigent growing by 371,000 between 2012 and 2013. Meanwhile, that bigger middle class has put bigger demands on public services. In 2013, hundreds of thousands turned out to protest bus fare increases and expenses surrounding the World Cup that took place the following year. Last month, the government announced bus and train fire hikes that are even higher than those from 2013—16.6% in Sao Paulo and 13.3% in Rio. And Brazil will host the Olympics next year.

Corruption isn’t going away
Campaigning for her re-election last year, President Dilma Rousseff touted the state-run oil company Petrobras for creating 74,000 new jobs. Yet, an ever-deepening corruption scandal has engulfed the company and the government. Prosecutors report at least $730 million in “suspicious payments” on Petrobras contracts; the former purchasing chief indicated that 3% of his division’s contracts were provided to Rousseff’s Worker’s Party and allies for personal use or campaign finance. According to federal prosecutors, there are 232 companies currently under investigation. In Brazil, endemic corruption is commonplace: bribery is an ingrained practice for those seeking licenses or currying favor with regulators. More than 20,000 government jobs are by appointment—compared to 5,500 in the United States—providing politicians with ammunition to reward allies or business partners.

President Rousseff takes the hit
Add up all these painful developments, and it’s no wonder that the tide has turned against Dilma Rousseff. Since narrowly winning reelection four months ago with 51.6% of the vote, her approval ratings have nearly halved. A recent poll revealed that the percentage of people who rated her performance as “excellent or good” declined from 42% to 23% in just three months; those who rated her presidential performance as “bad or terrible” spiked from 24% to 44%. Brazilians are losing faith in Dilma: 60% believe Rousseff lied more than she told the truth during her campaign, and 77% think Rousseff knew about the corruption at Petrobras, a company she used to run.

TIME Diet/Nutrition

How People Around the World Eat Their Yogurt

Americans may be largely alone in their Greek obsession, a new report shows

Any trip down the yogurt aisle makes it all too clear—yogurt is having a moment. Greek yogurt alone soared from 4% of the U.S. yogurt market in 2008 to 52% in 2014. But Greek isn’t the only yogurt game globally. A new report reveals that how (and when) people like their yogurt varies greatly from country to country.

MORE: QUIZ: Should You Eat This or That?

To assess yogurt preferences, DSM Food Specialties, a global manufacturer of food enzymes and ingredients, surveyed 6,000 men and women in six major markets: Brazil, China, France, Poland, Turkey and the United States. More than 53% of people surveyed report eating more yogurt than they did three years ago, even in countries with a robust history of yogurt consumption.

Here’s how people around the world like their yogurt:

  • United States

    Chobani Yogurt
    John Minchillo—AP Images for Chobani

    36% of Americans surveyed preferred Greek yogurt, and the U.S. was the only country whose citizens named it as the favorite variety. Americans were also more likely to eat yogurt for breakfast and the most likely to pair yogurt with fruit.

  • China

    103122353
    Getty Images

    In China, people prefer to drink their yogurt; only 11% eat it by spoon. 54% prefer a probiotic variety, much more than the other markets. A full 83% of surveyed Chinese reported actively looking for probiotics in yogurt, compared to 50% or less in other countries—most choose it for its gastrointestinal benefits. (Not all yogurts contain added probiotics, but it’s a growing trend.) The growth of yogurt popularity in China is somewhat surprising, given the high rate of lactose intolerance in the population—though the survey does show that 60% of Chinese men and women believe lactose-free yogurt is healthier than other yogurt.

  • Brazil

    Muesli with berries and yoghurt
    Getty Images

    Brazilians also like to eat their yogurt at breakfast, and they’re most likely to eat it with cereal, with 55% of the surveyed population doing so. Flavored yogurt is the yogurt of choice for 45%.

  • France

    93330485
    Getty Images

    The French typically eat their yogurt as a dessert (83% do so), and 73% like to eat it on its own, the survey shows. They also prefer the flavored variety.

  • Turkey

    Plain yogurt
    Getty Images

    In Turkey, 77% of yogurt lovers prefer eating it as part of a warm meal, and plain yogurt is the most common kind. Even though yogurt was a staple in Turkey before the recent fad, 60% of Turkish men and women surveyed say they are eating more yogurt now than three years ago.

  • Poland

    Opened cartons of fruit yoghurts, close-up
    Getty Images

    The Polish also love flavored yogurt—51% prefer it—and most eat it as a snack.

    Read next: Hungry Planet: What The World Eats

    Listen to the most important stories of the day.

TIME Food & Drink

Global Coffee Consumption Projected to Soar Over Next Five Years

MakiEni—Flickr/Getty Images
MakiEni—Flickr/Getty Images

Populous nations like India and China are increasingly becoming fans of coffee

As more of the world turns to coffee, demand for the beverage will increase by nearly 25% over the coming five years, according to the International Coffee Organization (ICO).

“Consumption is increasing as societies in India, China and Latin America continue to be Westernized,” the ICO’s executive director Roberio Silva told the Wall Street Journal.

Currently, consumer intake of coffee stands at 141.6 million bags of beans; but by 2020, coffee demand is slated to rise to 175.8 million bags (each weighs approximately 132 lb.).

The high demand coincides with a period of tight coffee supplies globally and currency fluctuations in Brazil. Last year’s high prices were partly precipitated by a drought in the South American nation, currently the world’s largest coffee grower.

Global coffee production has been cut by 5.7 million bags this crop year because of the Brazilian drought, bad weather and a Central American plant fungus.

Other coffee growers like Vietnam, India and Indonesia are not expected to produce enough coffee to ensure a market stabilization next year.

[WSJ]

TIME energy

New Petrobras CEO Facing Widespread Disapproval

Aldemir Bendine, former chief executive officer of Banco do Brasil SA, speaks at a news conference in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Feb. 17, 2011.
Bloomberg via Getty Images Aldemir Bendine, former chief executive officer of Banco do Brasil SA, speaks at a news conference in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Feb. 17, 2011.

Many believe that the former banker's success doesn’t translate into an ability to run an oil company

The choice of banker Aldemir Bendine, a confidant of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, to take over as CEO of Petroleo Brasileiro (Petrobras) disappointed many who would have preferred a more independent leader of the government-owned company as it fights to emerge from a corruption scandal.

No one actually accused Rousseff of cronyism because Bendine’s new job is largely political, as the nation’s president has always named the majority of Petrobras’ board members, who choose their CEO.

Yet observers said it was time not for a banker, but for a CEO with deep roots in the energy sector to steady the company.

Nevertheless, on Feb. 6 Rousseff chose Bendine, the CEO of the government-owned Banco do Brasil, who has no experience in the oil business, to replace Maria Silva Foster, who resigned Feb. 4 as Petrobras CEO along with five other senior executives in the face of a broad investigation of graft that has cost Petrobras about $100 billion since September.

Read more: Oil Majors’ Profits Take A Beating

Investors’ outrage came on Feb. 6 hours before Bendine’s appointment was formally announced when the company’s stock plunged 8 percent at the opening of trading. Later that day the company’s board members confirmed him despite objections of fellow board members whom Rousseff hadn’t appointed.

Bendine is far from incompetent, having led Banco do Brazil to ever higher profits and an increase in its stock value of about 90 percent. He promoted the Rousseff government’s leftist economic policies, yet simultaneously pleased private shareholders by managing the bank deftly.

But many believe that doesn’t mean he can run an oil company, particularly one that is both privately and publicly managed, one that must emerge from a deep corruption scandal, and one that has suffered from the country’s sluggish economy.

Reaction was virtually unanimous from energy industry observers. One, Auro Rozenbaum of Bradesco BBI analysts, wrote in a note to a client, “We see no managerial improvement compared to the previous administration.”

Adriano Pires, an energy specialist at the Brazilian Center of Infrastructure in Rio de Janeiro, agreed. “Bendine’s appointment shows that Dilma will be the one at the helm of Petrobras,” he said. “The market wanted change and autonomy. The message she sent was it is more of the same.”

And Silvio Sinedino, a board member who represents Petrobras’ employees, posted on Facebook that he had voted against Bendine because “political appointments … end up costing a high price in corruption and wrongdoing.”

Read more: Drought Forcing Brazil To Turn To Gas

Forbes magazine sought to emphasize the inappropriateness of Bendine’s appointment by listing the credentials of men and women it called his “peers” in the global energy industry. For example, it said, Eulogio del Pino, the president of Petroleos de Venezuela, is a geophysicist with a master’s degree in oil exploration from Stanford University. He is a 36-year veteran of the oil and gas industry.

It also cited Miguel Galuccio, the CEO of Argentina’s state-owned YPF. He’s an oil engineer and a 19-year veteran of the industry. In China, there’s Zhou Jiping, the president of Petrochina. Zhou is a petrochemical engineer with 40 years’ experience. Igor Sechin, the president of Russia’s oil giant Rosneft, may have formal credentials only as a politician, but his 11 years in the energy industry has given him a strong grasp of oil.

As for Bendine, he has an MBA from the Catholic University of Sao Paulo and has spent his entire career at Banco do Brasil, where he’s excelled. But Forbes asks whether he can abruptly switch to an entirely different industry, especially at a $42 billion oil company struggling with a corruption scandal.

This article originally appeared on Oilprice.com.

More from Oilprice.com:

TIME Follow Friday

Deconstructing Brazil’s Largest City on Instagram

Photographer Décio Araújo uses his cellphone to create captivating cityscapes of his native Sao Paulo

Decio Araujo Sao Paulo
Décio Araújos u p e r p o p u l a ç ã o • V

TIME Lightbox Follow Friday isa series featuring the work of photographers using Instagram in new, interesting and engaging ways.

This week on #LightBoxFF, TIME speaks to Brazilian architect and photographer Décio Araújo (@dearaujo). Inspired by his formal training as an architect, Araújo uses mobile apps to create fascinating images that illuminate issues of urban expansion in one of the world’s largest cities.


Lightbox: Tell us about yourself and how you became interested in photography?

Décio Araújo: I am an architect and I really love the relations between city, people and nature. Perhaps because of my passion for architecture, I like to photograph urban spaces and buildings. I try to capture a different point of view of the city and different perspectives on daily urban life.

 

o s c i l a ç ã o u r b a n a • VII

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

 

Lightbox: Does photography offer creative freedom you might not have in your daily work as an architect?

Décio Araújo: My photography involves architectural elements, but it also involves other issues about the architecture – such as urban aspects of the city, social issues, and the relationship between built spaces, people and nature. I see relationships that go beyond architectural projects, problems that large cities have like chaos, sprawl and lack of planning, which influence the population of the city. Photography is a way to express elements that are not part of my daily work.

 

c l a u s t r o f o b i a u r b a n a • VI

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

 

Lightbox: Has your understanding of the Instagram platform changed since you first started using it?

Décio Araújo: I started using Instagram four years ago. At the time, I did not have an idea of the size of the app and what could be [achieved] through it. Until then, my photos were more day-to-day [snaps] and did not follow any project. I realized the possibility of sharing my point of view about the city I live in with others, from [different] countries and Brazil itself. I had never published any of my photographs before Instagram.

o s c i l a ç ã o u r b a n a • IV

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

 

Lightbox: Tell us about your creative and technical process. How do you make these images?

Décio Araújo: Sao Paulo is the largest city in Brazil and is often judged by its uncontrolled growth and lack of planning—which are problems any city can [face]. I believe we can see beauty in many places where people think it does not exist—and it is through photography that I express this. All of my photos are made 100% on the phone, from the picture to the final treatment and sharing. I have a list of smartphone apps that I use to make collages (including UnionApp, FragmentApp, and Filterstorm) of mostly urban spaces and buildings in the city. I use different or identical photographs to develop the “deconstructed” image. After this, I take care of aesthetic elements such as symmetry, balance and proportion.

 

p u x a d i n h o

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

 

Lightbox: What do you hope viewers will see in your photographs?

Décio Araújo: I want to make people more critical of the space they live in, encourage them to look, to go to areas that are not attractive, to be more poetic and analytical.

 

c l a u s t r o f o b i a u r b a n a • V fotografia é a possibilidade de transmitir um segundo ponto de vista. entrada para o #SextaTarefa tema: Fotografia é…

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

g a i o l a d e c o n c r e t o • VII

A photo posted by ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀décio araújo (@dearaujo) on

 

Décio Araújo is an architect based in Sao Paulo. Follow him on Instagram @dearaujo.

Marisa Schwartz is an Associate Photo Editor at TIME.com. Follow her on twitter and Instagram.

TIME brazil

TV Star’s Plastic-Surgery Disaster Tests Brazil

Andressa Urach
Nelson Antoine—AP Andressa Urach competes in the Miss Bumbum Brazil contest in São Paulo on Nov. 30, 2012

Brazil's most outspoken plastic-surgery advocate was put on life support after a botched operation. She now regrets "that I put that poison in my body, mostly because of having too much vanity."

(SAO PAULO) — Andressa Urach went from being a single teenage mom nicknamed “Beanpole” to a reality TV bombshell in Brazil thanks to silicone implants, anabolic steroids, a nose job, and gel and botox injections, a fact she wasn’t ashamed to share with fans.

“There are plenty of ugly women,” she said last year. “If you have the money, you can be beautiful. This pretty face you see here, my dear, it costs some.”

More, it turns out, than she bargained for.

The 27-year-old Urach, arguably Brazil’s most outspoken advocate of advancement through cosmetic surgery, recently went into septic shock and was placed on life support after a botched operation to augment her thighs, sparking a debate about the risks Brazilian women will take for beauty at a moment when the nation has surpassed the U.S. as the world’s plastic surgery capital.

It led the runner-up in Brazil’s “Miss Bum Bum” contest to express regret “that I put that poison in my body, mostly because of having too much vanity.”

Urach appeared on television this week for the first time since falling ill two months ago, her wounds still so fresh that blood could be seen soaking through her skirt.

Urach told Rede TV that she blamed “society, which unfortunately holds a standard of beauty in which you have to be perfect.”

“I hope that these wounds at least serve as a warning to other women,” Urach added.

Since Urach’s ordeal, several celebrities have come forward to disclose that similar procedures had sent them to the hospital. In October, a 39-year-old woman died from a pulmonary embolism hours after hydrogel was injected in her buttocks in the city of Goiana.

Experts and activists worry that Brazil’s culture of beauty has numbed women to the dangers and encouraged them to experiment with riskier, untested materials and methods and even unlicensed practitioners.

“They are selling us these plastic surgeries, these synthetic injections like it was any other product,” said Sara Winter, a women’s rights activist who protested on Copacabana beach in December with a large needle made of cardboard and signs sending good wishes for Urach’s recovery.

While Brazil has around 5,500 certified plastic surgeons, another 12,000 doctors without specialized training are performing cosmetic procedures, according to the country’s Federal Council of Medicine, which is in charge of medical licenses. And some women turn to paramedics, or even people with no medical training at all.

Brazil’s Plastic Surgery Society said Urach was given a dose of silicone gel 200 times what the government allows and used a hydrogel that isn’t approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. It’s not clear where or even who carried out the procedure on Urach; she hasn’t disclosed the information.

Despite the debate there is no sign of flagging demand to fight sagging flesh.

Brazil recently surpassed the United States in plastic surgeries, with 1.5 million procedures in 2013, according to the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

One of Urach’s closest friends, Jessica Lopes, a reality TV star she met in the Miss BumBum contest, told the celebrity news site EGO that the two used to schedule visits to the plastic surgeon together as if it were “a trip to the mall.”

Many young women visit doctors asking to look like models such as Urach, or at least to improve their self-esteem.

Brazil’s Dr. Ivo Pitanguy, one of the world’s top plastic surgeons, has urged doctors to think of themselves as “a psychologist with a scalpel in his hand.”

“Women’s lives changed,” said Dr. Fernando de Almeida, president of the Sao Paulo chapter of the Society of Plastic Surgery. “Plastic surgery helps women who thought their life was over just because their breasts sagged and their belly got ugly.”

“Plastic surgery is so tied to this dream of becoming somebody,” said Alvaro Jarrin, a College of the Holy Cross professor who has researched the expansion of plastic surgery among low-income patients in Brazil. “For the growing middle class with more purchasing power, plastic surgery is a means for upward mobility.”

Urach once said that she had her nose job “to have the face of a rich girl,” and after placing runner-up in the a 2012 beauty pageant that crowned Brazil’s best bottom, Urach was invited to a reality show where she stripped naked and became a TV host known for incidents like pouring water on her breasts while interviewing politicians about a drought hitting southeast Brazil.

For Vania Prisco, a 31-year-old Rio de Janeiro lawyer, Urach’s problems were a reminder of her own botched operation.

Prisco is still recovering from a 2013 surgery carried out by a woman she later discovered didn’t have a medical degree. The procedure was to put a type of acrylic glass filler in her bottom to add more shape, but it resulted in an infection that spread throughout her body and left her hospitalized for six months. Prisco filed a police report, but authorities have yet to locate the woman who carried out the procedure.

“I was misled. I only heard the good things. No one tells you about all the problems it will cause you,” said Prisco. “I did something stupid. I didn’t even need this because I looked good. In the end I forgot that the most important thing is to be healthy and happy.”

TIME Markets

This is Why Trees Come Down When the Gold Price Goes Up

141339701
Getty Images

A new study establishes a connection between demand for gold and deforestation

The steep rise in the price of gold is a factor in the heightened rate of deforestation in South America, a new study has found.

The study, conducted by researchers from the University of Puerto Rico, says small-scale miners now find it profitable to try and extract the metal from low-grade seams underneath the region’s rain forests.

With the price of gold rising five times between 2001 and 2013, satellite data shows an area of 1,680 sq km cleared across forests in Brazil, Peru and the Guianas. Much of this was in protected areas, the Guardian reports.

During the second half of the period, deforestation doubled in speed as financial crises around the world caused the price of gold to shoot up.

Agriculture and logging are responsible for clearing more forest, but, researchers say, miners are more harmful to the soil and to water sources because of their use of mercury, cyanide and arsenic.

TIME Transportation

Brazilian Airlines Want to Charge Parents Who Fly With Babies in Their Laps

baby airplane
Getty Images

Airlines are pushing for deregulation in Brazil

Call it the baby tax.

Brazilian airlines want to charge parents for bringing babies on planes, Bloomberg reports. Most carriers don’t impose full ticket prices for fliers under age 2, thanks to a cap on charges at 10% of the full adult fare. Only one—Avianca Brasil—charges a nominal fee for infants.

The Brazilian airlines’ new proposal, which will be decided on by the end of 2016, would require waiving the local cap on fees for children under 2 who sit in their parent’s lap.

In the United States, aviation regulators and airlines decided not to impose charges on infants a decade ago, arguing it would be better to encourage parents to fly with their infants rather than drive. Flying has a far lower accident rate than driving.

If U.S. airlines charged for lap babies, “it would be perceived as a money-hungry concept that jeopardizes children because certain people would be forced to drive,” said Alan Bender, professor of aeronautics, airline management and economics at Daytona Beach’s Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Read more at Bloomberg.

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