Morning Must Reads: August 5

Mark Wilson—Getty Images The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC.

An unforced error by former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush Tuesday opened up a new line of attack for Democrats that could substantially damage his White House chances should he become the GOP nominee. “I’m not sure we need a half a billion dollars for women’s health issues,” Bush said as a parenthetical to an answer about funding for Planned Parenthood at a conference of Southern Baptists. After about an hour, Bush’s campaign released a statement clarifying his remarks to reporters, and then another quoting the candidate saying “I misspoke,” an indicator of how damaging the remark could be. Hillary Clinton and other Democrats were quick to pounce, pointing out that $500 million works out to about $3 for every woman in the country. The remark also drew head-shaking from Republicans, who saw their establishment front-runner make an amateur mistake. Republicans have long tried to distinguish between funding for the controversial organization while supporting other organizations that provide for women’s’ health and his comments could go a ways toward undoing that—not to mention harm GOP efforts to win over women in 2016.

President Obama will deliver remarks in Washington today as he steps up his public engagement around the Iran nuclear deal. His speech comes a day after House Republicans introduced a resolution of disapproval for the agreement that they will vote on in September.

Here are your must-reads:

Must Reads

Hillary Clinton Criticizes Jeb Bush Remarks on Women’s Health
Jeb misspeaks and Democrats pounce [TIME]

Defense Contractors Spend Millions to Overturn Limits on Military Spending
But so far have little to show for it [Center for Public Integrity]

FBI Looking Into the Security of Hillary Clinton’s Private E-Mail Setup
Investigating the security of newly classified information found among her emails [Washington Post]

Friends of Joe Biden Worry a Run for President Could Bruise His Legacy
He won’t make a decision until September—at earliest [New York Times]

How the Obama White House Runs Foreign Policy
Short-circuiting agencies, the National Security Council plays an outsized role [Washington Post]

Sound Off

“I’m a Catholic, but I’ve used birth control—and not just the rhythm method, okay?” — New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie at an event in New Hampshire on Tuesday

“Jeb Bush said he is not sure we need half a billion dollars for women’s health issues. Now, he has got no problem giving billions of dollars away to super wealthy and powerful corporations, but I guess women’s health just isn’t a priority for him.” — Hillary Clinton in Colorado Tuesday evening responding to Bush’s comments

Bits and Bites

Fox News Sets Republican Debate Roster [TIME]

Republican Bosses Show Muscle at Bloodless Presidential Forum in New Hampshire [TIME]

VP Joe Biden’s Sister: ‘He’ll Decide When He Decides’ [Delaware News Journal]

How Jeb Bush Spent His Years on Wall Street [Wall Street Journal]

For Iran Vote, Obama Seeks GOP Ally [Politico]

Chelsea Clinton Steps Into the Spotlight — On Her Own Terms [Washington Post]



TIME Military

Defense Contractors Spend Millions to Overturn Limits on Military Spending

The Pentagon’s top contractors sent an army of more than 400 lobbyists to Capitol Hill this spring to press their case for increasing the nation’s spending on military hardware, in a massive effort costing tens of millions of dollars of their own funds from April to June alone, according to an analysis of public lobbying data by the Center for Public Integrity.

The contractors are upset in part because most military spending has been capped for the past few years under budget controls meant to rein in government debt. So far, the caps have forced a decline in main defense budgets from about $528.2 billion in fiscal 2011 to $496.1 billion in fiscal 2015, instead of a previously projected increase to roughly $598 billion. Mounting frustration with the caps was evident in the administration’s submission this year of a military budget that exceeded the limits by about $38 billion, followed by moves by both branches of Congress to add even more billions.

The caps remain the law of the land, however, and they won’t go away until Congress votes to lift them. The issue has so far been tangled up in a dispute between the parties over whether to also increase spending on social welfare programs. But several lobbyists said in interviews that they were optimistic that this could finally be the year that lawmakers agree to let defense contractors return to their historic pattern of ever-higher revenue from the federal treasury.

This could explain in part why total lobbying expenditures by the 53 top defense contractors that reported paying for such work in the second quarter of 2015 were more than 25 percent higher than the amount they spent in the same quarter of 2014 — $58.5 million instead of $45.7 million. But not all of the lobbying was related solely to military spending.

Boeing, a $100 billion corporation that makes military aircraft and other lethal hardware, as well as civilian aerospace goods, reported to the clerk of the House and the secretary of the Senate that it spent almost $13.2 million on lobbying in the first two quarters of this year. Its filing said some of this expenditure was related to expanding its “Commercial Aircraft Sales/Services” and supporting the Export-Import Bank, among other issues. The aerospace contractor’s commercial aircraft division receives billions in financing from the bank, and so it has a large stake in this year’s continuing congressional skirmish over renewing the bank’s charter.

Gayla Keller, a Boeing communications director, declined to comment specifically on their lobbying activities in an emailed response to questions.

Parsing the lobbying reports to sort out just the defense-related expenditures for these contractors is not easy, because the lobbying reporting requirements have some ambiguity baked into them. Lobbying expenses are only reported on an overall basis for an organization, and aren’t tied to specific issues or associated with the agencies that lobbyists target. And for some of the top defense contractors, the Pentagon is only one of many customers, albeit an outsized one.

Still, 40 of the 53 top contractors that lobbied during the last quarter reported that one target of their efforts was the National Defense Authorization Act, the main legislation authorizing defense spending each year. Some of these firms — including Boeing, General Dynamics, Northrop Grumman, and Raytheon — said that their efforts were aimed at budget controls.

General Electric — which makes washing machines and light bulbs and has a major healthcare division — lobbied on the Export-Import Bank, Medicare, passenger and freight train safety and natural gas production, according to its latest disclosure. It also lobbied on several defense weapons programs, including the B-1 Bomber, the CH-53K Super Stallion helicopter, the F-18 Fighter and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

General Electric responded to the Center’s requests for comment with an emailed statement that its “[e]mployees educate officials on our Company’s operations, emerging technologies and markets, as well as on our views on public policy issues.”

Boeing and General Electric had the largest increases in lobbying spending compared with the same period in 2014, among the 15 defense contractors that spent $1 million or more to lobby in the quarter. General Electric almost tripled its lobbying spending compared with the earlier period, from $2.8 million to almost $8.5 million. Boeing more than doubled its spending for the quarter, from almost $4.2 million in the second quarter of 2014 to $9.3 million in the most recent quarter of this year.

Industry experts the Center spoke with said that while there were probably multiple reasons for the heightened lobbying, lifting the budget caps has been the industry’s central ambition. “People are concerned about the sequester,” said retired Maj. Gen. Arnold Punaro, the chairman of the National Defense Industrial Association, the country’s main defense industry association. “For the industry as a whole, that may be the top issue,” said a veteran defense lobbyist, who asked not to be named.

Of the total 655 lobbyists employed by the contractors, 423 of them specifically lobbied on defense, in some cases along with other issues, according to the lobbying reports.

General Dynamics paid for 74 lobbyists, more than any other contractor, for example, and 70 of these lobbied on defense, part of its $2.7 million lobbying tab. Lockheed Martin Corp., the world’s largest defense contractor, spent $3.5 million and enlisted 64 lobbyists to press government officials, including 56 who lobbied on defense as well as other issues.

“The defense budget is capped at a level that neither the industry nor the Pentagon wants,” said Gordon Adams, a fellow at the Stimson Center and a senior White House budget official for national security during the Clinton administration. “The industry has been active on that, company by company, and by the industry as a whole,” Adams said. Companies “either want to raise the caps or get rid of them all together.”


TIME Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton Attacks Jeb Bush During Colorado Trip

In what could be a preview of the general election, Hillary Clinton went on the attack against potential Republican rival Jeb Bush during a trip to the swing state of Colorado designed to spur Democratic organizing.

The Democratic frontrunner ripped her attack on the former Florida governor straight from the day’s news, targeting a comment Bush had made just hours earlier across the country about women’s health spending as well as his position on immigration reform.

“Jeb Bush said he is not sure we need half a billion dollars for women’s health issues,” Clinton told nearly 300 Coloradans who had gathered in a Denver dance hall, many to organize for her. “Now, he has got no problem giving billions of dollars away to super wealthy and powerful corporations, but I guess women’s health just isn’t a priority for him.”

“This really isn’t complicated,” Clinton continued. “When you attack Planned Parenthood, you attack women’s health, and when you attack women’s health, you attack America’s health.”

Bush had already said he misspoke when he mused that the federal government might not need to spend the entire $500 million it gives to Planned Parenthood to operate health clinics, but that didn’t stop Clinton, who had already harshly criticized the remark on Twitter.

Clinton has sharpened her attacks on Republicans in recent weeks, especially on issues that could drive key groups of Democratic voters to the polls, such as ending the U.S. embargo on Cuba, making it easier to vote and promoting women’s health.

“I have been, as many of you have, fighting for women and children and families for my entire life,” Clinton told the crowd. “I am really tired of the double-speak. I am tired of women being shamed and blamed and dismissed.”

Tuesday evening marked Clinton’s first organizing event outside of the early primary states. The goal of organizing is to create a network of committed volunteers and commitments to vote.

At the event Tuesday Clinton also launched a less direct attack on Bush’s immigration plan, mentioning his super PAC “Right to Rise,” but not naming Bush directly.

“I don’t know how anyone can say they believe in a ‘Right to Rise’ and then push policies that leave behind millions of hardworking people and families, and even expose them to deportation,” Clinton said. “That is not the America we believe in and has been a home for immigrants across our history.”

Bush said Monday night in a Medium post that he would focus on securing the Mexico-U.S. by building more operating bases for border patrols and increasing surveillance. He also said he would deport more people who overstay their visas and crack down on sanctuary cities.

In the past, Bush has expressed support for a path to citizenship, but has since changed his views, proposing only going as far as “a rigorous path to earned legal status” that would require immigrants learn English, pay fines and pass criminal background checks.

Colorado is a significant state for Clinton to address immigration. It’s a Super Tuesday state, placing it among a dozen states whose contests fall in early March, a week after the Nevada primary, and its population is about one-fifth Hispanic.

And while the Clinton campaign views Colorado as part of its nominating contest strategy, the campaign is eyeing bolstering the state’s Democratic infrastructure for a general election.

Clinton has connections with many of the key Democrats in Colorado.

Michael Bennet, the state’s Democratic Senator, is the former chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, and the co-chair of the pro-Clinton super PAC, Priorities USA, is Guy Cecil, who was executive director at the DSCC the same time Bennet was there.

Gov. John Hickenlooper, a Democrat, has endorsed Clinton and was at two fundraisers for Clinton earlier in the day, an aide to the governor confirmed.

Ken Salazar, a U.S. Senator from 2005 to 2009 who served along with Clinton in the Obama was in the audience during Clinton’s event. Clinton has the support of the state’s Democratic delegation to the House of Representatives, including Rep. Diana DeGette, one of the speakers who introduced Clinton on Tuesday.

But Democrats in Colorado have been getting restless for Clinton to begin serious organizing efforts in the state, said Alan Salazar, a senior aide to Hickenlooper. The governor, the congressional delegation and other prominent Democrats are anxious for the Clinton campaign to invest time and money in the state.

“We are expecting Colorado to be one of the bellwether swing states,” Salazar said. “Hillary’s supporters in Colorado are concerned that if there isn’t an organizing effort early, it’ll be hard to catch up.”
Some Clinton-supporting Democrats in Colorado worry that Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders could gain momentum in Colorado, as he has in New Hampshire, where a poll released Tuesday showed him within 6 percentage points of Clinton. During a rally in Denver in late June, Sanders drew a crowd of 5,500 people.

Though Clinton’s campaign has long maintained the focus is on the primary contests, she has been ramping up her public events in key general election swing states. On Friday, she held two public events in Florida, and at the end of the month she will visit Ohio for an organizing event.

Obama won Colorado by substantial margins over John McCain and Mitt Romney in 2008 and 2012, but Republicans managed to defeat Democratic Sen. Mark Udall in 2014 in a hard-fought race. Assuming that Clinton wins the general election, it will be crucial for her campaign to keep the state voting blue.

The mood at the event Friday was supportive, but morale had sunk a bit by the time Clinton began her 13-minute comments: many people were standing for two-and-a-half hours waiting for her to arrive.

““I mostly just came to get a sense of her personality,” said Eva Grant, a recent graduate of Colorado College. “I wanted her to shine. She definitely had a warm, I-will-love-you-forever vibe, but she didn’t really inspire me.”

Clinton is likely to maintain a hardline on immigration and women’s health against all the Republican candidates, as its an issue that plays well with the Democratic base. “The truth is, what Jeb said, the other Republican candidates believe too,” Clinton said.

At the event, Deborah Harvey, a pre-kindergarten teacher and mother said she finds Clinton “relatable” to “average folks.” When asked about Clinton’s views on women’s health and family leave, Harvey added, “I have young girls and I would like to see all of those rights afforded to them.”

TIME 2016 Election

Fox News Sets Republican Debate Roster

Ohio Gov. John Kasich and New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie made the cut, former Texas Gov. Rick Perry did not

The final roster for the first Republican presidential debate is set.

New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and Ohio Gov. John Kasich squeaked onstage as the final members of the field of 10, Fox News announced Tuesday afternoon, while former Texas Gov. Rick Perry narrowly missed the cut and will be relegated to an undercard forum.

Businessman Donald Trump will hold center stage at the inaugural GOP 2016 debate Thursday in Cleveland, Fox said, flanked by former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker.

The network, which established the criteria for invitation, averaged the five most recent national polls of Republican primary voters to determine which 10 candidates would make the 9 p.m. main debate stage. The second tier will participate in an earlier forum at 5 p.m.

Rounding out the top 10 are former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee, Sen. Marco Rubio, retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson, Sen. Rand Paul, Sen. Ted Cruz, Chris Christie and Kasich.

Missing the cut is a blow for Perry, who has seen his support slip in recent surveys. Candidates on the bubble have spent much of the past two weeks on Fox News and other national outlets in an effort to boost their chances of making the debate.

The debate selection criteria has drawn criticism from those left off the stage, like former Sen. Rick Santorum and Sen. Lindsey Graham, as well as political scientists and pollsters who argue that averaging national polls without considering their margins of error is flawed.

Fox lowered the threshold for entrance to the first forum last week, from candidates polling at 1% in national polls to all those whose names are consistently offered on primary surveys. The change ensured that Graham, former HP CEO Carly Fiorina, and Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal would be onstage for the secondary forum.

TIME Donald Trump

How Donald Trump’s Wealth Helps Him With Republican Voters

Republican Presidential Candidate Donald Trump visits his Scottish golf course Turnberry on July 30, 2015 in Ayr, Scotland.
Jeff J Mitchell—2015 Getty Images Republican Presidential Candidate Donald Trump visits his Scottish golf course Turnberry on July 30, 2015 in Ayr, Scotland.

Donald Trump chose the right party when he decided to run for the Republican presidential nomination.

A CBS News poll released Tuesday showed that registered Republicans are more likely than their Democratic counterparts to back candidates who are spending their own money on a campaign.

According to the poll, almost one-third of registered Republican voters said they prefer a candidate who “pays for their campaign by using their own personal wealth,” while only about one-fourth of registered Democratic voters who said the same.

There was a similar gap over candidates who seek political donations, with fewer registered Republicans preferring candidates who raise money from donations. But similar majorities of Republicans, Democrats and independents said it doesn’t matter to them how candidates fund their campaigns.

Trump has played up the independence that self-funding gives his campaign.

“I don’t need anybody’s money,” he said at his campaign launch in June. “I’m using my own money. I’m not using the lobbyists. I’m not using donors. I don’t care. I’m really rich.”

According to data from the Campaign Finance Institute, a nonpartisan think tank, 49 of the 69 candidates who spent at least $1 million of their own money in races for the U.S. House and Senate between 2010 and 2012 were Republicans.

The poll showed Trump leading the Republican field with 24 percent support, followed by former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, who had 13 percent.


TIME jeb bush

Hillary Clinton Criticizes Jeb Bush Remarks on Women’s Health

Republican presidential candidate and former Florida governor Jeb Bush speaks to workers at Thumbtack on July 16, 2015 in San Francisco, California.
Justin Sullivan—Getty Images Republican presidential candidate and former Florida governor Jeb Bush speaks to workers at Thumbtack on July 16, 2015 in San Francisco, California.

He later said he misspoke

Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush was trying to defuse Democratic criticism of defunding Planned Parenthood Tuesday when he accidentally opened up a new line of attack.

During an interview at a conference of Southern Baptists, Bush called for defunding Planned Parenthood, then tried to counter the expected Democratic arguments against it by suggesting the money could be redirected to other community health organizations.

But mid-thought, he stopped to muse that the federal government might not need to spend as much as it does.

“The argument against this is … it is a war on women and you are attacking women’s health issues,” he said. “You could take dollar for dollar—although I’m not sure we need a half a billion dollars for women’s health issues—but if you took dollar for dollar, there are many extraordinarily fine organizations, community health organizations that exist.”

That parenthetical thought bounced around on Twitter, where Clinton responded.

Some conservatives also criticized Bush for giving Democrats an easy opening.

On Monday, Senate Democrats blocked a Republican proposal to defund Planned Parenthood, although some GOP senators have vowed to find other ways to strip the organization of the more than $500 million in federal funding it receives to help run around 700 health clinics. Some have even suggested a government shutdown to force the issue.

Bush did not say whether he’d back a shutdown, instead saying he prefers “regular order.”

“I don’t know how many times we have had government shutdowns and budgets not passed,” he said. “If I am president we are going to respect the Constitution and get back to regular order way where democracy works again, where you submit a budget and you work with Congress, you pass a budget, and in that budget I can promise you there will not be $500 million going to Planned Parenthood.”

The debate has come after a series of undercover videos released by a group of anti-abortion activists showed Planned Parenthood officials and others who work with the organization discussing fetal tissue donation. Republicans argue that the videos show the organization breaking federal law, while Planned Parenthood says they are deceptively edited and merely show officials discussing legally permissible reimbursements for minor costs.

The Bush campaign issued a clarification early Tuesday evening which said that he “misspoke” and that he supports fully funding the “countless community health centers, rural clinics and other women’s health organizations” that serve low-income women.

“I was referring to the hard-to-fathom $500 million in federal funding that goes to Planned Parenthood – an organization that was callously participating in the unthinkable practice of selling fetal organs,” Bush said in the statement.

TIME celebrities

Kelly Osbourne Causes Outrage After Latino Gaffe On The View

Logo's "Trailblazer Honors" 2015 - Arrivals
Santiago Felipe—Getty Images Kelly Osbourne attends Logo TV's "Trailblazers" at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine on June 25, 2015 in New York City.

"If you kick every Latino out of this country, then who is going to be cleaning your toilet, Donald Trump?"

Social media exploded in outrage after Fashion Police host Kelly Osbourne tried to defend Latinos from presidential candidate Donald Trump on Tuesday morning’s episode of The View, but ended up offending many of them instead.

“If you kick every Latino out of this country, then who is going to be cleaning your toilet, Donald Trump?” she responded when asked about what she thought about Trump’s controversial remarks on Mexican immigrants. The candidate previous said that Mexican immigrants are “bringing drugs, bringing crime,” and that “they’re rapists.”

The View co-host Rosie Perez jumped in as Osbourne stammered: “There’s more jobs than that in the country for Latinos, and Latinos are not the only people who clean toilets.”

Twitter quickly joined the conversation with a hashtag, #QueridaKellyOsbourne (Dear Kelly Osbourne).

Update: Osbourne responded to the outcry on her Facebook page:


TIME 2016 Election

Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio Face an Evangelical Test

2016 Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush addresses central Florida pastors at a meet-and-greet hosted by the Centro Internacional de la Familia church in Orlando, Fla., on Monday, July 27, 2015.
Orlando Sentinel—TNS via Getty Images 2016 Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush addresses central Florida pastors at a meet-and-greet hosted by the Centro Internacional de la Familia church in Orlando, Fla., on Monday, July 27, 2015.

Two days before the first Republican presidential debate, former Florida governor Jeb Bush and U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio face a different popularity test: 13,000 evangelicals in Nashville.

Russell Moore, president of the Southern Baptist Convention’s policy arm, will interview Bush on stage Tuesday afternoon at the Send North America conference, one of the country’s largest summer church gatherings. Moore will also show a video of an interview he pre-taped with Rubio. Other leading presidential candidates, including former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, were invited to participate, Moore’s team says, but only Bush and Rubio accepted the invite.

The Send North America Conference is not a political event. It is a missions conference, hosted by the Southern Baptist Convention’s mission boards, and a forum for evangelicals and Baptists to deepen the ways they evangelize, even if they are not pastors or professional missionaries. Most presentations have nothing to do with politics. Keynote speaker pastor J.D. Greear of The Summit Church in North Carolina, for example, gave a keynote speech exploring how his church aims to start 1,000 new churches by 2050. Only 10% of conference participants are pastors, and more than two-thirds are male.

Moore, who has been an advocate in the recent push to defund Planned Parenthood, is hosting the interview at a missions conference so evangelicals can decide how to make presidential politics part of their own personal Christian mission.

“These candidates are not coming as speakers on Christian theology or mission, but our mission as Christians includes both personal evangelism and also public justice,” Moore wrote on his blog. “We are Americans, yes, but we are not Americans first. We are citizens too of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, and we wait not for a president but for a King.”

It is a more indirect approach to evangelical engagement from both Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal’s Response Rally in January, which more overtly blended his political and spiritual goals, and from the Values Voter Conference hosted by the Family Research Council in September. Instead it echoes, on a smaller scale, evangelical megachurch pastor Rick Warren’s 2008 debate between Sen. John McCain and then-Sen. Barack Obama, hosted at his Saddleback Church.

Bush, a Catholic, has been wooing Christian conservatives behind the scenes for months. He sat down with Moore more than 15 months ago in Miami to talk about evangelical concerns. In April he spoke to Hispanic evangelicals about immigration at the invitation of pastor Samuel Rodriguez Jr., the head of the National Hispanic Christian Leadership Conference, whose board Moore recently joined. Rodriguez also called Rubio’s candidacy “a testimony of God-fearing, hard-working, family-loving, freedom-advancing Americans of Hispanic descent” when he announced his White House run, but later questioned his conviction on immigration.

Despite the candidates’ focus on reaching evangelical leaders, one group of evangelicals may less accessible, if only because there are fewer of them present for the conversation they want to have—women. Just 30% of the Send conference participants are women, and only two of the event’s 37 featured speakers are women. The day after Send, Moore is hosting a one-day conference on evangelical political engagement, and there again are only two women in the lineup of 17 keynote spots, Jennifer Marshall, a vice president at the Heritage Foundation, and Karen Sallow Prior, an English professor at the evangelical Liberty University.

Demographically, the divide makes sense, as only men can hold top pastoral positions in the Southern Baptist Convention tradition, but it could make the conversation over hot-button issues such as abortion more charged.

TIME 2016 Election

Donald Trump Just Gave Out His Own Cell Phone Number

You can't out-troll the Donald

After Gawker released Donald Trump’s cell phone number on Monday, the Republican presidential contender has countered by making his number public .

Dialing the phone at press time resulted in a busy signal, but others have recorded the number’s message which encourages listeners to follow Trump on twitter and visit his campaign website.

The candidate’s tweet is the latest in a saga of phone number disclosures involving Trump. In July, Trump released fellow Republican presidential candidate Lindsey Graham’s phone number. “I don’t know, give it a shot,” Trump told supporters during a campaign speech that was released on video.

Graham later produced a video that showed the senator destroying his cell phone in multiple different ways.

TIME White House

Bill Clinton Has a Little Fun in Birthday Tweet to Obama

"Hopefully when @FLOTUS isn't looking you can have some cake"

The 42nd President wished the 44th President a Happy Birthday on Twitter—with a wink toward the First Lady.

“Happy birthday, ! Hopefully when isn’t looking you can have some cake. ,” Bill Clinton wrote Tuesday on Twitter.

Obama turned 54 on Tuesday. Neither Obama nor First Lady Michelle Obama (@FLOTUS) had responded to Clinton’s birthday tweet as of early Tuesday afternoon.

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