TIME Music

Rolling Stones Bassist Is ‘Disgusted’ By Plaque Honoring Band

Photo of ROLLING STONES
Fiona Adams—Redferns / Getty Images The Rolling Stones (L-R: Bill Wyman, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts) in 1963

Officials are replacing a plaque heralding the origins of the Rolling Stones following objections from Bill Wyman, the band's former bassist

A blue plaque at Dartford station in southeast England marking the site of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards’ first meeting is going to be replaced, following objections from The Rolling Stones’ former bassist, Bill Wyman.

The plaque, first unveiled in February, says: “Mick Jagger and Keith Richards met on platform 2 on 17 October 1961 and went on to form The Rolling Stones – one of the most successful rock bands of all time.”

Wyman objected, saying it was actually guitarist Brian Jones who founded the band and enlisted each member one by one. “He gave the name The Rolling Stones, he chose the music and he was the leader,” Wyman told the BBC.

Jagger and Richards both attended the same elementary school and met up again on the Dartford train platform in 1961, discovering they shared a love of the blues and later becoming two of Jones’ bandmates.

Jones suffered from a drug and alcohol addiction and drowned in the swimming pool at his home in 1969.

A local official said the plaque would be reworded to make it clear that the station was where Jagger and Richards met and went on to be part of the band.

TIME Tunisia

At Least 37 Dead After Gunmen Attack Tunisia Hotel

Tunisia hotel attack
Amine Ben Aziza—Reuters Police officers control the crowd, while surrounding a man suspected to be involved in opening fire on a beachside hotel in Sousse, Tunisia, as a woman reacts, on June 26, 2015.

At least one gunman is believed to have been shot dead

At least 37 people have been killed and 36 wounded after an attack in the coastal city of Sousse in Tunisia, according to a Tunisian Health Ministry spokesman as quoted by the Associated Press. It was the deadliest such attack in the country’s history.

Tunisia’s Interior Ministry spokesman Mohammed Ali Aroui said two gunmen opened fire on a beach near two hotels.

In AP reports, Aroui is quoted saying one gunman behind “the terrorist attack was killed during an exchange of fire with security forces.” Top security official Rafik Chelli was also quoted by AP as telling Mosaique FM that the gunman shot by security forces was previously unknown to authorities. That gunman, according to Chelli, came towards the Imperial Marhaba hotel from the beach, hiding his Kalashnikov under an umbrella before he opened fire.

Aroui said police are still pursuing the other, who fled the scene; the exchange of fire is continuing.

Local radio Jawhara FM said one of the terrorists was wearing a police uniform as a disguise. Gary Pine, a British tourist close to the scene, told Sky News he was on the beach when he heard what “we thought was firecrackers going off” 100 yards away, before there was an explosion from a nearby hotel complex.

“There was a mass exodus off the beach,” he said. He added that his son said he had seen someone get shot on the beach.

He said guests at his hotel were first told to lock themselves in their rooms, and later to gather in the lobby.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, speaking from Brussels, confirmed that the Imperial Marhaba hotel is owned by a Spanish company.

Tunisia has been on high alert since March when two gunmen killed 22 people—largely foreign tourists—at the Bardo museum in Tunis.

Sousse is Tunisia’s third largest city and an important tourist destination, with more than a million tourists visiting each year.

According to Reuters, the Tunisian health ministry said that British, German and Belgian nations were among the victims of Friday’s attack.

Tunisian security official Chelli also said despite the fact that authorities had a plan to protect the hotels during Ramadan, this was an isolated operation that is difficult to counter against.

Earlier reports had indicated that 28 people had been killed.

TIME France

French President Calls for Crackdown on Uber

The French government has said UberPop must be shut down

Following violent protests against online taxi-booking service Uber, the French government has ordered a ban on UberPop, its ride-sharing app.

French President François Hollande, attending a summit of European Union leaders in Brussels, condemned the “unacceptable violence” of Thursday’s protests. Thousands of taxi drivers around the country caused chaos by blocking access to major airports and train stations and even setting fire to vehicles.

At the same time, Hollande told reporters he understood taxi drivers’ “exasperation” with UberPop, which allows ordinary drivers to offer low-cost rides without the legally-required training or insurance. It could also make it easier for those drivers to evade declaring their income for the service.

“UberPop should be dissolved and declared illegal, and the seizure of vehicles must be enforced,” Hollande told reporters. “The sooner these rulings are made, the simpler the situation will be, especially for taxis.”

The French government ruled UberPop illegal last year but the law has been difficult to enforce; Uber is currently appealing to the Constitutional Court to overturn it. The Court’s ruling is expected in October.

Germany has already been banned in Germany on similar concerns.

Read next: Courtney Love says she was attacked by Uber protestors in Paris

 

TIME

This Word in an English Exam Has Outraged French Students

student standardized test
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More than 12,000 pupils have signed a petition after they were unable to 'cope' with an English exam question

Thousands of French teenagers were stumped by a question in their English exam paper using the word ‘coping.’ The question, based on Ian McEwan’s novel Atonement, asks how the character Robbie Turner – falsely accused of rape – is “coping with the situation.”

A disgruntled 17-year-old, known only as Arthur, launched a petition describing the question as “incomprehensible” and “impossible” and called for the notorious ‘Question M’ either to be annulled when grading the exam, known in France as the baccalaureate or for bonus points to be awarded to those who managed to answer it. More than 12,000 pupils had signed it by Tuesday morning.

Arthur told a local TV station that ‘coping’ is not a word in common usage and would only be familiar to someone with “excellent” English.

Others defended the question. Fellow student Hugo Travers, 18, tweeted: “In 2015, you find a question hard and you write a petition full of errors. No, just no.”

Read next: Why You Should Write in Your Books

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TIME United Kingdom

Why Three British Sisters Took Their Children to Join Jihadists in Syria

Bradford sisters syria
Paul Ellis—AFP/Getty Images Akhtar Iqbal, husband of Sugra Dawood, left, and Mohammad Shoaib, husband of Khadija Dawood, react during a news conference to appeal for their return, in Bradford, northern England on June 16, 2015.

“Zohra told me this country was changing too much, and that she was going to take her daughters away because she didn’t see their future here anymore,” a neighbor of one sister tells TIME

The two-story sandstone house at the corner of Hope Avenue, a quiet cul-de-sac in the northern English city of Bradford has been empty for months. Last fall, Zohra Dawood, 32, left the house with her two daughters and moved into her father’s home a little over a mile away. Her husband stayed on for a few weeks before returning to his own father’s home, 4,000 miles away in Pakistan. Neighbors say Dawood changed the locks soon after, but never returned. What happened between members of the family in that house may provide clues for police and relatives who have spent more than a week trying to understand why Zohra Dawood and 11 other family members went missing and are believed to be in Syria.

Dawood, along with her two sisters, Khadija, 29, and Sugra, 34, and their nine children first left the U.K. at the end of May for a pilgrimage to the Saudi city of Medina. They reportedly boarded a flight to Istanbul, Turkey on June 9 instead of flying back to Bradford as planned on June 11. According to a smuggler working for the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) quoted in BBC reports on Friday, the family of 12 has already crossed into Syria in two separate groups.

They are not the first Bradford locals to attempt to travel to Syria. The sisters’ younger brother, Ahmed Dawood, 21, has reportedly been fighting alongside extremists there for more than a year. And on Wednesday, a court heard the case of Bradford teenager Syed Choudhury, 19, who plotted to join ISIS and pled guilty to preparing acts of terrorism.

Situated 200 miles north of London amid Yorkshire’s rolling hills and wild moorland, Bradford is home to some of England’s most deprived neighborhoods, with high unemployment and lower levels of education than the national average. Its golden era as the center of the Victorian wool trade – which helped build the towering neo-Gothic buildings at the heart of the city – is long gone. In 1995, American travel writer Bill Bryson opined that Bradford’s sole purpose “is to make every place else in the world look better in comparison.”

Bradford Britain
Phil Noble—ReutersA woman walks along a terraced road in Bradford, Britain, June 18, 2015.

Back when Bradford’s textile industry was booming, the city drew waves of immigrants from South Asia. Now, more than a fifth of Bradford’s 526, 400 people are Pakistani by origin, the Dawood family among them. The streets of the Little Horton area of Bradford where they live are dotted with sari stores, mosques and bakeries selling naan bread and South Asian sweets. It’s not hard to see why the city has earned the nickname “Bradistan.”

The siblings’ parents – Mohammad Dawood and his wife Sara Begum – have at least eight children, all born and raised in Bradford. In a statement, the members of the family still in Bradford said they were devastated by the news and that they did not “support the actions of the sisters leaving their husbands and families in the U.K. and of taking their children into a war zone where life is not safe to join any group.”

Although there are numerous cases of foreign fighters taking children with them to ISIS-controlled territory, the sisters and their children constitute the largest family group known to have left the U.K. to join the extremist group in Syria. The three women seemingly defied the wishes of their parents and husbands in following their brother to Syria. Khadija, Zohra and Sugra apparently felt stronger ties to one another and their brother in Syria than to the family members they left behind in Bradford.

“An essential aspect of extremism is that it has to have social support,” says Arie Kruglanski, a professor of psychology and co-founder of the Center of Terrorism at the University of Maryland. “It’s very important that these women left as a group, as a network of sisters supporting their brother. Groups tend to polarize around values, and as a result, they tend to be much more extreme than individuals,” he says. Because families are very close-knit, it’s especially difficult for European security agencies – who are already facing a diverse array of threats – to penetrate these networks.

John Horgan, incoming professor of Global Studies and Psychology at Georgia State University, adds that there is relatively little security officials can do to prevent entire families from traveling together. The idea that the nine Dawood children could soon become “cubs of the caliphate”, as ISIS dubs its junior recruits in internal and external propaganda, is an unsettling prospect, but Horgan believes there will be more such cases in the future. “ISIS is preparing for the future and what they’re trying to do is groom the next generation of fighters,” he says.

One aspect of the radicalization process that experts know relatively little about is timing. “There has to be some kind of push factor,” says Horgan, who has been studying terrorism for twenty years. “A family dynamic, a trigger factor in a personal relationship, something ­­ to make someone leave the sidelines and actually consider going out there.”

Whether there was a series of triggers or if the disappearance of their younger brother was enough to motivate the women to leave their Bradford homes is not yet clear. During an emotional appeal to their wives at a press conference on Tuesday, Akhtar Iqbal appealed to his wife, Sugra, and five children aged between three and 15. “I miss you, I love you, I can’t live without you,” he wept. Khadija Dawood’s husband of 11 years, Mohammad Shoaib, also broke down as he begged his wife to bring their 5-year-old son and 7-year-old daughter home. “We had a perfect relationship, we had a lovely family. I don’t know what happened,” he sobbed.

Zohra Dawood’s husband, Zubair Ahmed, was absent; he was in Pakistan. If he had been present Ahmed would have been unlikely to speak of having a perfect relationship with his wife. His marriage to Zohra Dawood had broken down several months earlier. Reached by telephone on Wednesday, he told the BBC he had moved back to Pakistan after his wife “shunned” him and that he did not know of her plans to leave for Syria.

In conversations with TIME, Zohra Dawood’s neighbors paint a portrait of a private woman who likely turned to her siblings for support once her brother left the country and her marriage broke down.

Zoota Khan, 74, who lived next door to the couple since they moved onto the street in 2009, says the trouble all began once Ahmed Dawood left for Syria. “He was her most important brother and she was very upset,” says Khan, whose own family comes from a village in the same northern district of Pakistan as Zubair Ahmed. He tells TIME that Ahmed came over directly from Pakistan for his arranged marriage to Dawood, his first cousin.

Few Hope Avenue residents say they knew Zohra Dawood well but neighbors describe her husband warmly, saying he was a kind and caring father. “The wife kept indoors. It was the dad who was around, who’d give you the time of day,” says Sharon Wood, 43, who has lived on the street for 10 years.

Alex Firth, 37, says she only ever saw the couple together if they were getting in the car to go somewhere. “For a while, I thought Zubair was a single dad. He used to play outside with the girls, help them with their schoolwork, even do their hair. He really did everything. I never really saw any sign of affection from their mother.”

Another neighbor, a 31-year-old Pakistani woman who asked to remain anonymous for fear of backlash from the community, says Dawood had confided in her last summer that she was unhappy in her marriage and that she and her husband no longer shared a bedroom. She says Dawood also mentioned that she was planning to move to Saudi Arabia. “Zohra told me this country was changing too much, and that she was going to take her daughters away because she didn’t see their future here anymore.”

It remains unclear what finally prompted Dawood to leave her husband last fall. Ahmed told his neighbor Khan it was a misunderstanding and he was praying she would come home. In November, a few weeks after his wife left, Ahmed returned to his hometown of Tajak, about 60 miles west of Islamabad, to take care of his elderly father, who suffered a stroke. “He calls from time to time to ask if I have seen the children, how they are doing,” says Khan.

The Pakistani neighbor who asked to remain anonymous, says her children regularly attended Quran classes in Dawood’s home and were upset to hear the news of Dawood’s disappearance. “Zohra had real Islamic knowledge. She knew much more than us,” she says. By all accounts, the couple were religious. But whereas Dawood usually wore a headscarf with Western clothes, once she moved back into her father’s home she was only ever spotted wearing a full veil and gloves.

Surprising as it may seem, Horgan says research on radicalization has shown that sibling bonds trump ideological bonds time and time again. Psychologists tell TIME that strained personal relationships can often strengthen sibling bonds. The fact that the Dawood sisters always lived within walking distance of one another – and both Zohra and Khadija even shared the same family house for the past seven months ­– make it more likely that they saw themselves less as part of nuclear family units with their husbands and children, but rather as part of an extended family network. Understanding these bonds may well be essential to making sense of what drew the sisters together as they made their decision to leave for Syria,

As this sprawling saga plays out, more and more questions will emerge. Many will likely never be answered. And for the husbands devastated by the disappearance of their wives and children, it’s all too clear that the ties that bind a family can quickly become the ties that destroy them.

TIME United Kingdom

Orthodox Jewish Sect Tells Women to Stop Driving

Hasidic Jews London
Rob Stothard—Getty Images Ultra-orthodox Jewish men walk along the street in the Stamford Hill area of London on Jan. 17, 2015.

Rabbis say driving brings out "aggressive tendencies" which are not appropriate for women

Leaders of the Belz Hasidic sect in north London have declared that women should not be allowed to drive and that from August, children would be barred from their schools if their mothers drove them there.

Rabbis sent the letter, which was signed by leaders from Belz educational institutions, out to parents last week according to a report in The Jewish Chronicle.

The letter said the ban is based on recommendations from Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach, the Belzer spiritual leader in Israel. It said that women who drive go against “the traditional rules of modesty in our camp” and that driving brings out immodest, “aggressive tendencies” in women.

Some within the Orthodox Jewish community disagree. Dina Brawer, U.K. Ambassador of the Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance, said the instructions within the letter had no scriptural foundation. “The instinct behind such a draconian ban is one of power and control, of men over women,” she told the JC. “In this sense it is no different from the driving ban on women in Saudi Arabia.”

A statement issued on behalf of local women in the Belz sect disagreed, saying that they felt privileged to be part of a community that respected their dignity. “We believe that driving a vehicle is a high pressured activity where our values may be compromised by exposure to selfishness, road-rage, bad language and other inappropriate behaviour,” they said.

[The Jewish Chronicle]

TIME isis

Watch This Hollywood Actor Explain Why He’s Fighting ISIS

Michael Enright swapped celebrity parties for combat gear in Syria

Actor Michael Enright, 51, left Hollywood more than two months ago to join the Kurdish troops fighting the militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS). Rather than mingling with A-list celebrities, the actor now sleeps on the floor in his uniform in northern Syria.

“ISIS need to be wiped completely off the face of this Earth…This is a call to humanity to obliterate them,” says the British actor, who moved to the U.S. at the age of 19. He has acted in films like Pirates of the Caribbean, Old Dogs, Knight And Day and the TV action series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

According to the Daily Mail, Enright first wanted to join the war against terror after 9/11, but friends talked him out of enlisting in the U.S. army back then.

But in January, after seeing the ISIS video of Jordanian pilot Muath Al-Kassasbeh being burned to death, Enright was motivated to leave for Syria. He did not tell his friends or family of his plans in case airport authorities tried to prevent him.

Enright joined the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in the Sinjar region of northern Syria. He had no military training beforehand, but received some basic training and drills with the YPG, with whom he is still fighting.

“I came to suffer, I didn’t come here for a party,” he says. “So I’m okay, I’m ready to go.”

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