TIME Nobel Peace Prize

How the World Reacted to Malala and Kailash Satyarthi Winning the Nobel Peace Prize

Jointly awarded the prize "for their struggle against the suppression of children and for the right of all children to education"

The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education,” the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced on Friday.

Both Satyarthi, a 60-year-old Hindu from India, and Yousafzai, a 17-year-old Muslim from Pakistan, are renowned children’s rights activists. Malala became a household name around the globe when, in October 2012, she was shot in the head by a Taliban assassin while on her way to school. The young girl had been an outspoken advocate of girls’ education before the shooting. Afterward, she became an international beacon for the cause and was chosen as TIME’s runner-up for Person of the Year in 2012. She was later named one of the world’s 100 Most Influential People. Now, at age 17, she is the youngest-ever Nobel Laureate.

Satyarthi has long been a dedicated campaigner for youth rights in India, focusing particularly on child labor issues. His New Delhi-based organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan — or Save The Children — describes itself as a grassroots movement against child labor, trafficking and slavery. In an interview with CNN, Satyarthi said winning the award is “an honor to all those children who are still suffering in slavery, bonded labor and trafficking.”

The committee’s announcement went on to note:

The Nobel Committee regards it as an important point for a Hindu and a Muslim, an Indian and a Pakistani, to join in a common struggle for education and against extremism. Many other individuals and institutions in the international community have also contributed. It has been calculated that there are 168 million child labourers around the world today. In 2000 the figure was 78 million higher. The world has come closer to the goal of eliminating child labour.

The news exploded on social media — particularly Twitter — where everyone from politicians to global organizations to celebrities shared their appreciation, including:

Norway’s Prime Minister Erna Solberg

Britain’s Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg

CNN’s Chief International Correspondent Christiane Amanpour

The United Nations

Indian actor Anupam Kher

Academy Awarding-wining Pakistani documentary maker Sharmeen Obaid

Billionaire entrepreneur Richard Branson

Meanwhile, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif, said of Yousafzai’s win in a statement to AFP: “She is (the) pride of Pakistan. She has made her countrymen proud. Her achievement is unparallelled and unequalled. Girls and boys of the world should take the lead from her struggle and commitment.”

In a statement released early Friday, former U.K. Prime Minister Gordon Brown said of the prize, “They are two of my best friends and two of the greatest global campaigners who deserve the Nobel Peace Prize for their courage, determination and for their vision that no child should ever be left behind and that every child should have the best of chances.”

Brown, along with his wife, Sarah, have long been supporters of Yousafzai, who now lives in the U.K. The former Prime Minister, who, in 2012, declared Nov. 10 as ‘Malala Day’ in honor of her and the more than 50 million girls around the world who are unable to get an education, is now the U.N.’s special envoy for global education.

TIME Books

Why You Haven’t Heard of Patrick Modiano, Winner of the Nobel in Literature

A French novelist just won the most prestigious literary prize in the world, but many English-speaking book lovers haven't read him

Once again, the Swedish Academy has awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature and left many Americans scratching their heads. French novelist Patrick Modiano won this year’s prestigious award, which is not only a serious literary feat, but also a lucrative one, as it comes with a $1.1 million prize.

According to the academy’s Permanent Secretary Peter Englund, Modiano was selected “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies.” The 69-year-old writer made his debut in 1968 with the novel La Place de l’Etoile. Since then, he has gone on to write dozens of books, frequently touching on the Nazi occupation of France, and has drawn comparisons to renowned countryman Marcel Proust.

So why does it seem that so few in the English-speaking world have actually read his work? Though the Swedish Academy has always seemed to swing between wildly popular writers (William Golding, Gabriel García Márquez and Toni Morrison) and those who are more niche (Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson), this year’s choice seemed to have confused even the most well-read. Soon after Modiano’s name was announced, much of the literary world — including critics — took to social media in order to ask, essentially, “Who?”

The puzzlement could have to do with the fact that despite Modiano’s prolific output — with more than 30 books and screenplays to his name — less than a dozen of his works have been translated into English, and even several of those are now out of print. Even Englund noted that many people outside of France would likely be unfamiliar with Modiano and his work. “He is well-known in France, but not anywhere else,” he said in an interview on Thursday, before recommending that newcomers should start with the English-translated novel Missing Person.

This is not the first time that the Swedish Academy has left scores of readers in the English-speaking world puzzling over the winner or, perhaps, even privately worrying about their own literary credentials. In 2009, when the Romanian-born German novelist and essayist Herta Müller was awarded the prize, many people were unfamiliar with both her work and her name. Literary critic and Yale professor Harold Bloom told the Washington Post, “[I have] nothing to talk about because I have never heard of this writer” when he was asked to comment on Müller’s win. And, like Modiano, only a fraction of her work had been translated into English, though the New York Times also noted at the time, that “[e]ven in Germany, Ms. Müller is not well known.”

The scene was something of an echo of 2004, when Austrian novelist and playwright Elfriede Jelinek was named the Nobel winner in recognition for her “musical flow of voices and countervoices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society’s clichés and their subjugating power.” Yet many state-side announcements of her win made sure to note her low-profile outside the German-speaking world.

Of course, the Swedish Academy — currently made up of 16 men and women who pick the winner each year — has long been criticised of Eurocentrism in its selection. In 2009, shortly after being named Permanent Secretary, Englund admitted that there was some truth to the accusations, telling the Associated Press, “I think that is a problem. We tend to relate more easily to literature written in Europe and in the European tradition.” He did, however, go on to acknowledge that there were many writers outside of Europe who deserved the award and, since then, winners have included Peruvian-born writer Mario Vargas Llosa (2010), Chinese novelist Mo Yan (2012) and Canadian short-story writer Alice Munro (2013).

But it’s important to keep in mind that while foreign translations from most literary writers can be hard to come by, there really isn’t reason to complain about Nobel winners being inaccessible. After all, the vast majority of winners since the prize’s debut in 1901 had written in English.

What’s more, awarding the honor to little-known writers — at least, from an English-reader’s perspective — can help introduce authors to a wider audience. Shortly after Jelinek won the prize in 2004, the American distributor of her book The Piano Teacher ran out of copies because demand was so unusually high. That was famously one of the goals of the Swedish Academy’s previous Permanent Secretary, Horace Engdahl, who once responded to criticism saying, “The purpose of the prize is to make them famous, not to tap them when they are famous.”

That prospect has already excited fans of Modiano’s in France. Anne Ghisoli, the director of the Parisian bookstore Librairie Gallimard, told the Times she had long been a Modiano fan, “but this prize will help raise the global profile of one of our consummate writers.”

TIME Books

The Baby-Sitters Club Author Reveals the Name of Her Favorite Baby-Sitter

summer book club-Washington DC
The Baby-Sitters Club-The Summer Before " by Ann M. Martin on June 09, 2010 in Washington DC. Mark Gail—The Washington Post/Getty Images

Shockingly, it's not Stacey

Long before women were deciding whether they were a Carrie, Miranda, Samantha or Charlotte, they were young girls deciding whether they were a Kristy, Claudia, Mary Anne or Stacey. (Or, later on, a Dawn, Mallory or Jessi.) For many women of a certain age, the best-selling YA series The Baby-Sitters Club was their first introduction to an iconic group of tight-knit girlfriends in pop-culture.

The series, about a diverse group of 13 year-old girls who start their own babysitting business, was created and partially written by, Ann M. Martin, a major YA force throughout the 1980s and ’90s, inspiring several spin-off series, a TV series and a movie. In an interview with Jenn Doll for ELLE about her new book, Rain Reign, Martin reminisced about the famous series, saying, “[M]y favorite thing to hear about are people who grew up reading them, and have gone on to go into writing, become librarians, teachers, authors, editors. I just love hearing about that..”

And, in the true spirit of BSC fandom, Martin even revealed which character she felt was closest to her own personality — and who was her favorite: “My favorite is Kristy, mostly because I created her first. I feel she set the series in motion. Also, she is my alter ego. I’m much more like Mary Anne. Kristy is so unlike me that it was a lot of fun to write her.”

The best part of the interview for nostalgic fans is Martin’s answer to the question of whether she’d ever write a Baby-Sitters Club reunion book: “Who knows? Never say never.”

TIME Books

Sinead O’Connor Will Reveal All in a Memoir

The controversial singer will document her career as well as dishing the "sexual dirt" on former lovers

Irish singer and known rabble-rouser Sinead O’Connor is penning a memoir, her publisher announced on Wednesday.

According to a press release about the still-untitled project, the memoir will cover O’Connor’s early life in Ireland, her breakout and rise to fame, as well as her current career.

The autobiography will presumably include notorious incidents such as the time O’Connor tore up a photograph of Pope John Paul II during a Saturday Night Live appearance in 1992, her subsequent booing in Madison Square Garden during a Bob Dylan tribute concert just days later, and perhaps even her open letter to Miley Cyrus. No matter what, the “Nothing Compares 2 U” singer has already promised that the book will include a lot of juicy details about her personal life.

“I’ve never stopped expressing myself in my music, and now, with a book,” the 47-year-old singer said in a statement. “And I look forward to dishing the sexual dirt on everyone I’ve ever slept with.”

The book, which will be published in the U.S. by Blue Rider Press, is slated for a March 2016 release.



TIME movies

Casey Affleck to Star in Movie About the Boston Marathon Bombing

The Apple Store Soho Presents Meet The Filmmakers: Scott Cooper And Casey Affleck,"Out Of The Furnace"
Actor Casey Affleck attends Meet the Filmmakers at the Apple Store Soho on November 19, 2013 in New York City. Jim Spellman--WireImage

The actor has reportedly signed on to star in and produce Boston Strong

Out of the Furnace star and Massachusetts native Casey Affleck has reportedly signed on to star in a film about the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing.

According to The Hollywood Reporter, the actor is also set to produce the movie, Boston Strong, which is based on the non-fiction book by journalists Casey Sherman and Dave Wedge. Boston Strong: A City’s Triumph Over Tragedy, which traces the aftermath of the April 15, 2013, attack near the finish line that killed three people and injured many more, was adapted by The Fighter scribes Eric Johnson and Paul Tamasy.

Just like his older brother, Ben, Affleck has maintained strong ties with Boston and has made his name on films set in the city, including Good Will Hunting and Gone Baby Gone. The Afflecks even attended the same high school as Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the brothers who allegedly carried out the attack, THR adds.

There’s neither any word yet on what sort of role Affleck would play, nor a slated release date. Affleck and co-producers John Ridley and Dorothy Aufiero are thought to be getting ready to shop the project to studios and financiers soon.


TIME Theater

Lindsay Lohan Doesn’t Make or Break the London Production of Speed-The-Plow

Lindsay Lohan and Richard Schiff in the London Playhouse production of "Speed-The-Plow" Simon Annand

The movie-turned-tabloid star takes a crack at the stage in a revival of David Mamet's showbiz satire

“I know what it is to be bad.”

The line, from David Mamet’s play Speed-The-Plow, belongs to the earnest secretary Karen, who is desperate to convince her Hollywood boss that she understands him. It’s not ordinarily a punchline. But when uttered by Lindsay Lohan, who has taken on the role in London’s West End in her stage debut, the line draws big laughs from the audience. While Karen initially seems as wholesome as can be, LiLo has long made headlines for being “bad.”

The 28-year-old star — rumored to be uninsurable on most film sets these days due to her extracurricular exploits that have included not only rehab, but jail time — has taken numerous cracks at a comeback over the last few years. From a racy role in Paul Schrader’s The Canyons to her portrayal of Elizabeth Taylor in Lifetime’s Liz & Dick to her OWN reality series, it’s clear that Lohan wants to keep working despite her troubled personal life. Yet none of her recent efforts have managed to pull her career out of the tabloid circus its become. So it’s not surprising that the theater was packed on Thursday night with people eager to see whether Lohan would pull off a comeback — or instead make a train wreck of the production.

Speed-The-Plow, which was first staged on Broadway in 1988 with Madonna in the role of Karen, satirizes the greediness and emptiness of Hollywood, a theme that seems even more timely today thanks to the mounting ubiquity of sequels and brainless blockbusters. The action revolves around Bobby Gould (played by Richard Schiff, of The West Wing fame), a newly promoted head of production at a big studio, and his longtime associate, Charlie Fox (played by British actor Nigel Lindsay), who brings Gould a potentially career-making deal: an iffy-sounding script with a major actor willing to star. Yet Karen, Gould’s temp assistant and the object of a sleazy bet between the two men, becomes invested in a highfalutin novel about radiation that she’s been asked to give a “courtesy read.” She passionately tries to convince Gould to pitch the radiation movie to the studio head, rather than the iffy-sounding blockbuster, playing on his sense of morality and his attraction to her in the process.

Lohan was no train wreck, though there was one point where she flubbed her lines and needed an off-stage line prompt. Yet the snafu didn’t lead her to break character, which — in spite of her seasoned, raspy voice and unavoidable real-life reputation — she stepped into rather well. Though it might be hard to imagine Lohan playing innocent in 2014, her wide-eyed interactions with the bitter Hollywood execs brought to mind shades of Cady Heron, her naive Mean Girls character.

It wasn’t a polished performance, by any means, and she rushed a good number of her lines. Still, she didn’t hold the production back. Though Schiff is also a star in his own right, his performance was too tired and down-trodden. Of the three, Lindsay — Nigel Lindsay, that is — brought the most to the play, managing to maintain the intensity and speed that the snappy dialogue needs to land right. His rage over the news that Gould is passing on his big-break deal and the two men’s subsequent fight provides the most powerful energy in the play.

On the whole, the production was underwhelmed, with just a few stand-out moments. Everyone involved — cast, crew and audience — seemed to know the real attraction was Lohan herself, but no one will be calling it a comeback. In the end, Lohan’s fans and detractors are likely both relieved and disappointed: she didn’t make the production, but she didn’t break it, either.

TIME Sexual Assault

Good2Go: You Can’t Solve Sexual Assault With an App

While the newest rape-prevention device encourages partners to start a conversation about consent, it still misses the mark

The latest product in a growing catalog of rape-prevention devices is Good2Go, a sexual consent app that aims to prevent sexual assault among college-aged kids.

The app, which can be downloaded for free from iTunes, requires that a user, upon instigating a hook-up, asks his or her partner to fill out a digital “sobriety questionnaire.” The partner is first asked “Are We Good2Go?” If the answer is, “I’m Good2Go,” the app then asks the partner to asses her or his own level of intoxication (ranging from “sober” to “pretty wasted”). Good2Go does not grant consent for the hook-up to proceed if the partner indicates that she or he is too drunk to consent. The app, however, doesn’t seem to acknowledge that “pretty wasted” people might not be able to operate the app in the first place. But, according to Good2Go’s official description, the app is designed to prevent or reduce assault by “facilitating communication and creating a pause before sexual activity so that both parties can ask and gain affirmative consent.”

Good2Go is the brainchild of Lee Ann Allman, who told Slate‘s Amanda Hess that she came up with the idea for the app after discussing sexual assault on campus with her college-aged children. Creating an app to address the issue of consent made sense because “kids are so used to having technology that helps them with issues in their lives,” she said.

While anything that encourages people to think about consent sounds like a great idea on paper, in practice it’s hard to imagine college kids actually using Good2Go–not only because it seems unromantic and overly formal, but also because, according to Hess at Slate, who tried out the app with a partner, “the process is deliberately time-consuming.” Slowing down on the action could be the point, but it also makes it unlikely that it will be pulled out in the heat of the moment.

Beyond the issue of whether college kids will actually use the app is the issue of whether they should be using any device that claims to prevent rape in the first place.

From the date rape drug detecting nail polish to anti-rape underwear to barbed female condoms designed to “bite” into a rapist’s penis, rape-prevention products are nothing new. While these devices seem to be designed with the best intentions, they raise questions about how rape-prevention should be tackled. And, unfortunately, all of these devices miss the mark by not addressing the real issue.

One major problem with many of these anti-rape products is that they put the onus on women to prevent their own assaults. For years women have been adapting their behavior in order to address the threat of rape: by altering the way they dress or refusing to walk alone after dark or keeping a vigilant watch on their drinks. But guess what? Rapes still occur at alarming rates. The idea that a special product will provide a safety net is faulty and dangerous.

These products have come under fire from feminists and activists before. The drug-detecting nail polish introduced this summer prompted to write in TIME, “Every time we focus on making girls and women individually responsible for avoiding rape, we lose the opportunity to address the systemic root problem that our mainstream culture grows rapists like weeds.”

In its defense, Good2Go does stand apart from many other rape-prevention devices in that it doesn’t shift the responsibility of preventing sexual assault onto individual women. The app is actually designed to be used by the person initiating a sexual encounter and looking to confirm consent. But what kind of rapist actually asks for consent?

While there are instances where the issue of consent may seem murky, statistics show the majority of college rapes aren’t the result of crossed wires or mixed signals. Instead, the vast majority of rapes are perpetuated by men who know that what they’re doing is wrong. A 2002 study of college-aged men found that, while only a small minority of men were rapists, the majority of those rapists were repeat offenders, raping an average of six women each. Let’s face it: that small minority of men–who are repeatedly and knowingly raping women–won’t be downloading Good2Go.

Where the app does have the right idea, however, is in its focus on unambiguous consent. Though it’s hard to imagine anyone actually using the app consistently, the idea of discussing consent is important, particularly on college campuses. In fact, the more light that’s shed on the issue of sexual consent, the better–not just to prevent the murky, crossed-signals sexual encounters or the instances in which there’s coercion, but also to enlighten bystanders, university administrators and those who engage in victim-blaming and struggle to grasp the nuances of consent.

But the fact that many U.S. colleges are right now grappling with defining consent–and how, exactly, to determine when it’s been given–while universities in the U.K. are introducing mandatory workshops about consent for students, demonstrates just how complicated rape-prevention actually is. Unfortunately, there’s no app for that.

TIME Television

Big Remake Heading to the Small Screen

Fox is planning a half-hour comedy series based on the 1988 Tom Hanks movie

Fox has Big news: The broadcaster is developing a television series based on the 1988 Tom Hanks film about a boy who wants to be “big.”

Kevin Biegel and Mike Royce, the pair behind short-lived sitcom Enlisted, have signed on to write and executive produce the half-hour comedy series, which The Hollywood Reporter describes “as an event series based on the movie that explores what it means to be an adult and what it means to be a kid — and how in today’s world, those two things are more confused than ever.”

The original movie, which was directed by Penny Marshall, featured Hanks as a 12-year-old boy who offhandedly wishes he was an adult and then is horrified (and later delighted) to discover his wish come true. The movie was nominated for two Oscars.

There’s no word on whether the TV version will include a giant piano, but here’s hoping.

[Hollywood Reporter]

TIME Style

Chanel Closes Fashion Show with Faux-Feminist Protest

Chanel : Runway - Paris Fashion Week Womenswear Spring/Summer 2015
Models walk the show finale during the Chanel show as part of the Paris Fashion Week Womenswear Spring/Summer 2015 on September 30, 2014 in Paris, France. Dominique Charriau--WireImage

Models marched in the fashion house's Spring/Summer show at Paris Fashion Week carrying placards and chanting

Feminism was apparently en vogue at the Chanel Spring/Summer fashion show in Paris on Tuesday, which ended with a mock feminist protest.

Led by a megaphone-toting Cara Delevingne and top-model Gisele Bündchen, the Chanel models marched down the catwalk together carrying placards that screamed slogans such as “Ladies First,” “Women’s Rights Are More Than Alright” and “History Is Her Story.” Joan Smalls, Kendall Jenner and Georgia May Jagger were also among the crowd.

For the show, creative director Karl Lagerfield transformed the the Grand Palais into a street-like catwalk, complete with puddles. The setting was designed to heighten the show’s street protest feel, especially when combined with the ready-to-wear collection.

So has fashion fully embraced feminism? Well, not quite.

While Lagerfield insisted to Elle UK, “I’m very much into [feminism], and my mother was also a great admirer of a certain feminist of the 19th century,” it’s highly unlikely that Chanel’s brand of revolution will be taken seriously as a call to arms for equality. Lagerfield is also the man who has been quoted as saying, “Everything I say is a joke,” and surely Tuesday’s show is included.

Among the placards were slogans that ranged from the tongue-in-cheek (“Votez Coco”) to downright ridiculous (“Boys Should Get Pregnant Too”). And the chant being led over the megaphone was a call-and-response that asked, “What do we want?” The answer: “Tweed!”

While the actual collection has been widely applauded and many seemed to enjoy the spectacle, not everyone appreciated the joke. According to The Independent‘s Alexander Fury, “a few of the models had the good grace to look embarrassed.”

TIME Television

Jon Hamm to Appear in Dystopian British Drama Black Mirror

Celebrities Visit SiriusXM Studios - May 9, 2014
Jon Hamm visits the SiriusXM Studios on May 9, 2014 in New York City. Taylor Hill--Getty Images

The Mad Men star has signed on to appear in a Christmas edition of the critically acclaimed anthology series

Jon Hamm is leaving retro behind for the time being and delving into the dystopian. The Mad Men star has signed on to appear in the upcoming feature-length special of Black Mirror.

If you’re unfamiliar with the British anthology series, which takes a dark, satirical look at society and where it’s headed, now is the time to catch up. The upcoming holiday special, which is slated to begin filming in the UK this week, will show three inter-woven stories of “Yuletide techno-paranoia,” according to a release about the episode. Though details are still sparse, Hamm’s character will appear in all three stories.

Also appearing in the special will be Oona Chaplin of Game of Thrones fame and Rafe Spall, who appeared in One Day.

The series was created by writer and broadcaster Charlie Brooker, who said in a statement, “I’m revoltingly happy that Jon, Rafe and Oona are participating in the horrible pageant that is Black Mirror. As far as I’m concerned their presence is a huge Christmas present that’s arrived early.”

For his part, Hamm said that he’s long been a fan of the series, which premiered in 2011, noting that “[i]ts dark humor and intelligent observation of our society and values hooked me deeply as a viewer and I’m honored that Charlie and the rest of the creative team have asked me to participate in wishing everyone a very Merry Christmas.”

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