TIME People

An Aluminum ‘Window’ May Solve Mystery of Amelia Earhart’s Disappearance

Researchers believe a fragment they found in 1991 likely was attached to Earhart's long-missing plane

Researchers are confident that an aluminum fragment found off a remote island in the Pacific Ocean came from Amelia Earhart’s long-missing plane.

The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery said Monday that the fragment was a custom window added to Earhart’s Lockheed Electra plane while she took a rest-stop in Miami during her infamous final expedition in 1937. Researchers say the piece “ was as unique to her particular aircraft as a fingerprint is to an individual,” and the patch “matches that fingerprint in many respects.”

The aluminum piece was discovered in 1991 and researchers say it could help lead to a definitive answer Earhart’s final resting place. Earhart is believed to have landed on a reef at Nikumaroro, sending out radio distress calls for as many as five nights before the aircraft was swept out to sea. The researchers are returning to Nikumaroro in July 2015 to search for more clues that support this theory.

TIME movies

Watch the New Trailer for The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1

Tickets to the upcoming film went on sale Wednesday, Oct. 29

Hunger Games fans counting down until the premiere of Mockingjay Part 1 got a glimpse at what the upcoming film has in store on Wednesday.

The latest trailer for the third film in the series, which hits theaters Nov. 21, was released showing more of the destruction that heroine Katniss Everdeen, played by Academy Award-winning actress Jennifer Lawrence, will face as she leads a revolution against the leadership in the Capitol.

“I have a message for President Snow,” Lawrence’s Everdeen says, “if we burn, you burn with us.”

Though fans still have about a month until the highly-anticipated movie hits theaters, tickets for the latest installment went on sale Wednesday. The film is based on the last book in the dystopian young adult series, which has been split into two films in the same vein as the Harry Potter and Twilight movies.

TIME 2014 Election

Want to Avoid Another Political Argument? Talk About Taylor Swift

Taylor Swift performs during her 1989 Secret Session with iHeartRadio on Oct. 27, 2014 in New York City.
Taylor Swift performs during her 1989 Secret Session with iHeartRadio on Oct. 27, 2014 in New York City. Kevin Mazur/—Getty Images for TAS

Haters are gonna hate hate hate, but everyone likes Taylor Swift

It can be pretty exhausting to go on Facebook these days. Your Republican friends are arguing about Ebola, while your Democratic friends are posting angry comments about voter ID. And there’s still another week of gaffes, controversies and debates until Election Day.

Here’s the solution: Talk about Taylor Swift.

According to data released by Facebook on Tuesday, the pop phenom is almost equally liked by supporters of both Republican and Democratic candidates. To do the study, Facebook looked at the favorite books, landmarks, bands, TV shows and authors of people who liked specific political candidates.

Courtesy of Facebook

The results weren’t surprising for hardened partisans. Democrats like The Color Purple, the Empire State Building, the Beatles, The Daily Show and Maya Angelou. Republicans like Atlas Shrugged, George Washington’s Mount Vernon plantation, George Strait, Duck Dynasty and Dr. Ben Carson.

But it was surprising which cultural interests managed to hit the sweet spot right in the middle. Supporters of Republican and Democratic candidates both tended to like the Old Farmer’s Almanac, the Jersey Shore, AC/DC, The Big Bang Theory and mystery novelist James Patterson.

TV was the great equalizer. Pretty much everyone equally liked shows as diverse as House, Sons of Anarchy and Grey’s Anatomy.

So if you want to change the subject from politics as the days tick down to the midterm elections, just talk about television or Taylor Swift instead and you’ll be fine.

TIME

U.S. Is Slowly Closing Gender Gap, But Still Lags Behind Europe

A new report by the World Economic Forum finds Nordic countries are leading the way in global gender equality

The U.S. still lags behind many other Western countries on gender equality but it’s rising in the ranks, a new report finds.

The World Economic Forum’s 9th Global Gender Gap report finds that the U.S. is now at 20th place, up three spots from the previous report. Increases in women’s economic participation and opportunity, including participation in the labor force, earned income and political empowerment helped boost the U.S.’s standing on the annual list. The country is ranked fourth in economic opportunity and participation out of the 142 countries surveyed.

Europe holds 12 of the 20 top positions in the rankings, which are rated by economic participation, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment. France leaped from 45th place to 16th, largely due to the number of female politicians appointed to government positions there. A record 49% of French ministers are female.

All five Nordic countries lead the way in closing the gender gap, as they have in previous years. The report finds Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden have closed the overall gender gap in their country to 80% or more, meaning women now have at least four-fifths the level of opportunity enjoyed by men.

The World Economic Forum surveyed data on 142 participating countries using information gathered by groups including the Central Intelligence Agency, the International Labour Organisation, UNESCO, and the World Health Organization.

In all some 25 countries have fully closed the educational attainment gap between men and women and 35 have done the same in health and survival. Eight countries, including the Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, France, Guyana, Latvia, Nambia, and the Philippines have closed the gap completely in both health and education. No countries have closed gaps in economic participation or political empowerment, but many have come close. Some 14 have closed more than 80% of the economic participation and opportunity gap, including the United States.

There are some important things to note when considering the data, however. The report does not take into account the level of resources available in the surveyed countries—for example, the report reads, “the Index penalizes or rewards countries based on the size of the gap between male and female enrollment rates, but not for the overall levels of education in the country.” The report also does not take into account whether or not women outperform men—the focus, the authors say, is on gender equality rather than women’s empowerment.

 

TIME viral

Watch LeVar Burton Read ‘Go the F–k to Sleep’

The spoof book gets the Reading Rainbow treatment

Samuel Jackson did it for the audiobook, but Reading Rainbow’s LeVar Burton’s reading of the book “Go the F–k to Sleep” might just be the best.

During a recent Rooster Teeth 24-hour livestream to raise money for the Children’s Miracle Network, Burton read the hilarious spoof bedtime story with all the flair one would expect from the children’s television star. The reading is pretty f–king great, and the fact that the livestream raised about $240,000 is pretty cool, too.

Hat-tip to Kotaku.com

TIME Cold War

U.S. Had 1,000 Nazi Spies During Cold War

“Information was readily available that these were compromised men”

The U.S. government used about 1,000 Nazis as spies during the Cold War, according to a new report, including one who was among the highest-ranking members of the Hitler’s Third Reich.

The New York Times, citing interviews and declassified records, reports that the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation not only actively recruited Nazis, but also refused to share information they had on Nazis living in the U.S. with other government officials.

“U.S. agencies directly or indirectly hired numerous ex-Nazi police officials and East European collaborators who were manifestly guilty of war crimes,” said Norman Goda, a University of Florida historian. “Information was readily available that these were compromised men.”

Read more at the Times

TIME Love and Dating

Taylor Swift Is Over ‘Boys’

Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift performs on stage at CBS Radio's second annual We Can Survive concert at the Hollywood Bowl on Friday, Oct. 24, 2014, in Los Angeles. Todd Williamson—Invision/Associated Press

According to her, "boys only want love if it's torture and a constant chase"

Taylor Swift, infamous for engaging in whirlwind romances that later inspire chart-topping hits, says she’s through with looking for love from “boys.”

The 24-year-old shared in a recent interview with The Sun that she’s perfectly fine being perfectly lonely, waiting for a “man” to come along, rather than settling on a “boy.” In the past, Swift has been attached to industry-types like singer John Mayer, One Direction’s Harry Styles and Twilight star Taylor Lautner.

Swift delves into the psychology of boys versus men in the interview, explaining a lyric from her latest album 1989 in which she coos, “Boys only want love if it’s torture.”

“I was thinking about this — boys only want love if it’s torture and a constant chase. Men want love if it’s real, right, healthy and consistent,” Swift admits. Instead of being a creature of the chase, she has opted out of the dating scene for the past 18 months to focus instead of her career and friendship.

“’I have so much love in my life without having a love affair in my life,” the ‘Shake it Off‘ singer adds. “I think it’s important to find romance and magic in your life without there being a relationship that constitutes that.”

[Daily Mail]

Read next: Find the Perfect Taylor Swift Lyric for Your Mood

TIME National Security

Nobel Peace Prize Winners Push Obama for Release of Torture Report

US-POLITICS-OBAMA
President Barack Obama pauses while speaking during a rally at Chicago State University Oct. 19, 2014 in Chicago. Brendan Smialowski—AFP/Getty Images

Say American leaders have “eroded the very freedoms and rights that generations of their young gave their lives to defend”

Twelve winners of the Nobel Peace Prize asked President Barack Obama late Sunday to make sure that a Senate report on the Central Intelligence Agency’s use of harsh interrogation tactics is released so the U.S. can put an end to a practice condemned by many as torture.

The release of the report, which is the most detailed account of the CIA’s interrogation practices in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, would be an opportunity for the U.S. and the world to come to terms with interrogation techniques that went too far, the laureates said in an open letter and petition. The release of the report by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence has stalled as the Obama Administration the CIA, and lawmakers clashed over how much of it should be redacted.

American leaders have “eroded the very freedoms and rights that generations of their young gave their lives to defend” by engaging in and justifying torture, the peace prize winners said. The letter was published on TheCommunity.com, a project spearheaded by Peace Prize winner and international peacemaker José Ramos-Horta.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa is among the laureates behind the letter, which also calls for the closure of the military prison at Guantanamo Bay.

Read next: The Tragic Nobel Peace Prize Story You’ve Probably Never Heard

TIME Foreign Policy

Treasury Department’s Anti-Terrorism Chief Says Cutting Off ISIS Funds Of High Importance

Treasury Undersecretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David Cohen speaks at the CSIS in Washington
Treasury Undersecretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David Cohen speaks at Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, June 2, 2014. © Yuri Gripas / Reuters—REUTERS

Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen said Thursday ISIS is probably the “best-funded terrorist organization we have confronted."

The Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) is the “best-funded” terrorist organization the U.S. has ever confronted, the Treasury Department’s top official for combating terrorist financing said Thursday.

Speaking at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace on Thursday David Cohen, the under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence at Treasury, outlined a multi-pronged strategy for cutting off ISIS’s access to resources — including as much as $1 million per day in oil sales.

Touching on a topic of heated international debate, Cohen also called on foreign governments to refuse ransom payments to free their kidnapped citizens from terrorist groups.

Because ISIS “poses a different terrorist financing strategy,” than other terror groups, the strategy against it has to look different, Cohen said. Unlike other major terrorist organizations such as al-Qaeda, which are primarily reliant on wealthy donors, ISIS gets most of its funding not from the illegal market sale of oil, as well as from ransoms and extortion.

Although ISIS conducts most of its business on the black market, Cohen said the Treasury Department can disrupt the group’s finances by identifying and targeting people who operate within the legitimate economy but who also trade illegally with ISIS.

“The middlemen, traders, refiners, transport companies, and anyone else that handles [ISIS]’s oil should know that we are hard at work identifying them, and that we have tools at hand to stop them,” Cohen said during prepared remarks.

The U.S. government is prepared to impose financial sanctions on both ISIS’s leadership and its financial donors. Cohen said Thursday that two individuals were sanctioned in late September, including a military commander and a person who arranged a $2 million donation to the organization. But the effort will take time, Cohen noted, and will require “cooperation and collaboration with partners in the region,” including private sector banks in Iraq and Syria that might be used to store ISIS cash.

He also urged more countries to refuse ransom payments when their citizens are kidnapped. “If we are to protect our citizens and avoid bankrolling our adversary, every country must adopt and implement a no-ransoms policy,” Cohen said. The U.S. does not pay ransoms for kidnapped citizens, even in cases of threatened execution. Some European governments have reportedly paid millions to free hostages from ISIS and al Qaeda.

“[ISIS] has a fair amount of money today, but what’s important is that we do everything we can to make sure it’s not recurring revenue,” Cohen said. He added that, although ISIS generates an estimated $1 million per day from illegal oil sales, even that figure isn’t enough to meet the needs of the people living in the vast territory the group controls. In areas where ISIS now operates, he said, the Iraqi government’s budget surpassed $2 billion this year.

But he counseled patience as the financial prong of the war on ISIS unfolds in tandem with U.S.-led air strikes against the Sunni radical group.

“This is not going to be an exercise where we can at the end of every month produce a balance sheet,” Cohen said. “This is going to be a steady effort to degrade financing over time.”

TIME Mexico

Mayor, Wife Tied to Disappearance of 43 Students in Mexico

People hold a Mexican flag during a demonstration to demand information for the 43 missing students of the Ayotzinapa teachers' training college, in Iguala, the southern Mexican state of Guerrero on Oct. 22, 2014.
People hold a Mexican flag during a demonstration to demand information for the 43 missing students of the Ayotzinapa teachers' training college, in Iguala, the southern Mexican state of Guerrero on Oct. 22, 2014. Jorge Dan Lopez—Reuters

The attorney general believes they are “probable masterminds" in the case

The police chief and mayor of a Mexican town where 43 students went missing in September has been served with an arrest warrant, in connection to the disappearance.

Mexican Attorney General Jesus Murillo said Wednesday that Iguala Mayor Jose Luis Abarca and wife Maria de los Angeles Pineda are accused of targeting the group of student teachers, who went head-to-head with authorities during a political event on Sept. 26 and have not been seen since. A warrant was also issued for police chief Felipe Flores Velazquez, Reuters reports, and Murillo has pegged all three as “probable masterminds” in the disappearances.

At least six students and bystanders were killed during the Sept. 26 clash, the New York Times reports. Others were held by police before being released to a notorious gang called Guerreros Unidos. Murillo says he believes the students were mistaken for members of a rival gang known as Los Rojos.

According to gang leader Sidronio Casarrubias, whom authorities have detained, the Mayor and his wife instructed the police to keep the students from causing a disturbance during the political event. The New York Times reports the police department in Iguala had been infiltrated by members of the Guerreros Unidos—the mayor’s wife, who reportedly has ties to a drug cartel, is the gang’s highest ranking member in government.

The case has rattled Mexico and the country’s leader Enrique Pena Nieto, who has been working to stem criminal activity in the country.

[Reuters]

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