TIME space

See What Astronauts Eat for Thanksgiving Dinner in Space

Smoked turkey with all the freeze-dried fixings

They may be in orbit 260 miles above Earth, but that doesn’t mean the astronauts aboard the International Space Station won’t enjoy some traditional Thanksgiving fare to celebrate on Thursday. Though their meal may look a little different than what your family has planned.

The smoked turkey, corn-bread dressing, green beans, and candied yams that these space explorers will eat have been irradiated, thermostabilized, or freeze-dried. Regardless, the six astronauts on board—Americans Commander Barry “Butch” Wilmore and Flight Engineer Terry Virts, Flight Engineers Anton Shkaplerov, Alexander Samokutyaev and Elena Serova of Russia’s Roscosmos and Italian Flight Engineer Samantha Cristoforetti of the European Space Agency— are looking forward to their holiday feast. In a video message, Commander Butch Wilmore also shared what he’s most thankful for this holiday: our troops.

“People around the globe that are doing things day in and day out that make a difference for freedom,” Wilmore said. “I’m thankful for those people. I’m thankful for their families.”

TIME Health Care

Over 450,000 Have Signed Up for Health Insurance

Health Overhaul Version 2
This image shows the website for updated HealthCare,gov, a federal government website managed by the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Service. The Obama administration has unveiled an updated version of HealthCare.gov. It’s got some improvements and some challenges. There’s also at least one early mistake. (AP Photo) Associated Press

Compared to 125 last year this time

Over 450,000 people signed up for health insurance via the healthcare.gov website during the first week of open enrollment, the Obama administration said Wednesday.

The Department of Health and Human Services says 462, 125 people signed up for insurance between Nov. 15 and Nov. 21. Nearly half of those enrollees were new customers, Vox reports.

Last year during the first month of the rocky rollout of Obama’s signature health care law, only about 106,000 people signed up for insurance.

Enrollment via the Spanish-language version of healthcare.gov, however, lags. The site has had about 95,000 users since the second enrollment period began.

The release of figures after the first week is a part of an Obama Administration effort to be more transparent about how many people are signing up for insurance via the health care marketplace.

[Vox]

TIME Supreme Court

Ruth Bader Ginsburg Undergoes Heart Surgery

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, celebrating her 20th anniversary on the bench, is photographed in the West conference room at the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, D.C., on Friday, August 30, 2013. (Photo by Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post via Getty Images) The Washington Post—The Washington Post/Getty Images

After experiencing discomfort, the 81-year-old justice was taken to the hospital where a blockage was discovered

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg underwent heart surgery on Wednesday. The 81-year-old justice is said to be “resting comfortably” and will likely be released within the next 48 hours, according to a Supreme Court release.

Ginsburg had a stent — a small mesh tube that supports narrow or weak arteries — implanted in her right coronary artery. She reportedly felt discomfort during exercise on Tuesday and was taken to MedStar Washington Hospital Center where a blockage was discovered.

This is the latest health issue for Ginsburg, who was treated for cancer in 1999 and 2009. The justice has been called on to retire by many on the left who want her to give up her seat so President Obama can appoint a left-leaning successor, though with the Senate soon in Republican hands many think it’s likely too late.

At any rate, Ginsburg isn’t planning on going anywhere soon. In an interview with Elle in September, Ginsburg quashed rumors that she had plans to step down.

“As long as I can do the job full steam…. I think I’ll recognize when the time comes that I can’t any longer. But now I can,” Ginsburg said.

TIME cities

Marion Barry and the Legacy of America’s Black Mayors

DC Councilman Marion Barry may be facing censure after a council vote today.
Marion Barry at a DC Council Meeting, March 2, 2010. Linda Davidson—The Washington Post/Getty Images

"Within 15 years you went from having racially segregated water fountains to African-American mayors."

As a person and a politician, former Washington, D.C., mayor Marion Barry Jr. left a conflicted legacy: a charismatic voice for the voiceless whose legacy was scarred by a 1990 arrest for cocaine possession among a collection of other scandals.

As a black mayor who held office in the nation’s capital in the wake of the civil rights movement, Barry was part of an unmatched era in our nation’s political history.

“The importance of the moment cannot be overstated,” says Jeffrey Adler, a history professor at the University of Florida. “In some cities, within 15 years you went from having racially segregated water fountains to African-American mayors.”

Between 1967 — when Cleveland’s Carl Stokes became the first black person elected as mayor of a major U.S. city — and 1995 around 400 African Americans had been elected to lead American cities both large and small, according to Adler. By the late ’80s, Washington, Atlanta, Chicago, Philadelphia, Los Angeles and even Birmingham, Ala., had all had elected black mayors. Adler calls it a stunning transformation given the nation was barely two decades removed from Jim Crow.

“There was a joke around the time the first black man was elected mayor of Newark, that went something like ‘But, who would want to be mayor of Newark?’” recalls David Dinkins, who was elected as the first and only black mayor of New York City in 1990. “It was a tough time, but it was also a moment of significance that some of us were able to ascend and to reach high offices.”

The impact of that achievement meant a lot to people beyond just the political realm, Dinkins says, calling mayors the “ Jackie Robinsons and Althea Gibsons of their era.” Yet, black mayors, including Barry who was first elected in 1978, came to power at a time when the urban areas they led were rife with issues. Blacks had ascended in the wake of Jim Crow-era policies, but the cities they often occupied were in decline. Unemployment and crime rates were high. And as more blacks migrated to urban centers, more whites migrated out.

“It was summed up well by first President Bush,” says Kurt Schmoke, the first black person elected mayor of Baltimore. “There was more will than wallet. You had an electorate that hoped you could achieve a great deal, but resources were limited.”

Among the high-profile group of black mayors, Barry had some of the greatest impact on marginalized communities—the Washington Post calls him a”national symbol of self-governance for urban blacks”— but he has also had some of the most visible shortcomings. In the eyes of his critics and detractors, the work he did to provide jobs for youth and bring business to blighted areas was overshadowed by a fateful night at the Vista Hotel, where an FBI sting birthed the phrase “bitch set me up” and led to a circus-like trial, a stint in federal prison and, eventually, to a political redemption with another term as mayor and a city council seat he held until his death.

Barry, who long ago earned the moniker “mayor for life,” was long past his political prime when he died, and to many, he remained an imperfect figure. But still, his years as mayor were inspiration to some.

He was a transitional figure whose roots in the civil rights movement were a major factor in his governing, says Kurt Schmoke, the first black person elected mayor of Baltimore. Schmoke, who served as mayor from 1987 to 1999, credits Barry with helping him to “mold his approach to office” in his early years.

“Mayor Barry’s career certainly was tainted, but I hope people will remember the full context of a long career,” Schmoke says.” There was a time when he was a real contributing member not only to the African-American community, but to society as a whole.”

TIME Television

Watch John Oliver’s Bloody Idea for the Presidential Thanksgiving Turkey Pardon

All of these birds are guilty and should be punished

John Oliver says the President should take a different approach to his annual turkey pardon this year: Either pardon all turkeys or put them all on trial.

Every Thanksgiving for the past two decades, the President of the United States has spared the life of at least one turkey on the holiday when many of their bird brethren are smothered in gravy and devoured. The tradition, Oliver says, is weird—mainly given the fact that all turkeys are guilty of being delicious.

“I issue this challenge to President Obama and all future presidents,” the Last Week Tonight host says in a new YouTube video with his show on holiday hiatus. “If you want the world’s respect, just once, show up at a White House turkey pardoning with a cleaver and administer the justice these birds so clearly deserve.”

See the full clip below.

Read next: Unfortunately, John Oliver, You Are a Journalist

TIME movies

The Original Cowardly Lion Costume from The Wizard of Oz Is Up for Auction

Bert Lahr In 'The Wizard Of Oz' as the Cowardly Lion
Bert Lahr as the Cowardly Lion in a scene from the film 'The Wizard Of Oz', 1939. MGM Studios/Getty Images

Could fetch more than $1 million

The iconic Cowardly Lion costume donned by Bert Lahr in the Wizard of Oz is up for auction in New York.

The costume is one of many rare film relics being sold at the Bonhams auction house on Monday. The costume is fashioned from actual lion hide and was worn in over a dozen scenes in the 1939 film, Bonhams said. The costume is sure to go for a pretty penny, the Associated Press reports: A secondary version recently sold for almost $1 million.

The costume will appear alongside other film memorabilia including props from the Wizard of Oz and costumes from Gone with the Wind, Pretty Woman and Rosemary’s Baby as a part of “TCM Presents: There’s No Place like Hollywood.

TIME Foreign Policy

Rand Paul Wants to Declare War Against ISIS

“War cannot be initiated without Congress”

Kentucky Republican Sen. Rand Paul said in a new interview that Congress should formally declare war against the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) as a way to limit the engagement against the militant group and take war powers back from President Barack Obama.

“War cannot be initiated without Congress,” Paul told the New York Times in advocating for the first formal declaration of war since World War II. Paul is circulating a resolution to do just that.

A likely 2016 presidential candidate whose libertarian-leaning foreign policy is viewed skeptically by many conservatives and mainstream Republicans, Paul is likely to face backlash from members of his own party who don’t want to limit the President’s authority when it comes to fighting ISIS.

“Conservatives are mad at him about immigration. And they’re mad about him using executive authority on Obamacare,” Paul said. “But this is another example where he doesn’t have much respect for Congress, and some conservatives don’t quite get that.”

MORE: The reinventions of Rand Paul

Paul told TIME earlier this year that his support for fighting ISIS, which has taken control of large swaths of Iraq and Syria, “doesn’t mean you give up your principles of thinking war is the last resort.”

[NYT]

TIME weather

Amazing Overhead Photos Offer New View of Buffalo Snow

Record snow around Buffalo this week

Winter has come early in Buffalo, New York. Between four and six feet of snow have fallen on the area since Monday, leaving over 100 people trapped and killing at least six. And unfortunately for residents, more is on the way. Photos of the weather event have been pretty spectacular from the ground, but Derek Gee chief photographer at The Buffalo News has taken amazing aerial shots of the wintry weather’s impact on the area.

TIME celebrities

Bill Cosby on Rape Allegations: ‘I Don’t Talk About It’

This previously unaired footage marks the first time Cosby has had any response other than remaining completely silent

Bill Cosby said “I don’t talk about it” when asked to comment on the numerous sexual assault allegations he has faced over the years, in a video segment released Wednesday night.

The previously unreleased Associated Press footage marks the first time Cosby has had any response other than remaining completely silent on the matter, as he did recently on NPR’s Morning Edition.

Since 2005, more than a dozen women, two of whom came forward recently, have accused Cosby of drugging and raping or molesting them. These charges, for which Cosby has never been criminally charged, began to garner more attention last month after footage went viral of comedian Hannibal Buress calling Cosby “a rapist” during a standup routine.

While giving a joint interview with his wife, Camille, on Nov. 6, Cosby was asked to comment on the Buress segment. Cosby refused to answer.

“There’s no response,” Cosby said. “There is no comment about that. And I’ll tell you why. I don’t want to compromise your integrity, but I don’t talk about it.”

MORE: Here’s Everything We Know (and Don’t Know) About the Bill Cosby Rape Allegations

TIME Books

These Are the Winners of the 2014 National Book Awards

Ursula K. Le Guin attends 2014 National Book Awards on Nov.19, 2014 in New York City.
Ursula K. Le Guin attends 2014 National Book Awards on Nov.19, 2014 in New York City. Robin Marchant—Getty Images

Honoring the year's best work in literature

The 65th annual National Book Awards were held on Wednesday, rewarding the greatest literary works of the past year. The National Book Foundation hosted the award ceremony, presenting high literary nods to authors in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and young people’s literature. Novelist and children’s author Daniel Handler hosted the ceremony.

Early in the night, the National Book Foundation presented Kyle Zimmer, the founder of the Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit First Book, with the Literarian Award, awarded to those who seek to expand access to book and literature. According to the Foundation, First Book has provided 120 million books to low-income kids and families in Canada and the U.S.

Renowned science fiction and fantasy author Ursula K. Le Guin was presented with the foundation’s Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters for her “exceptional impact on this country’s literary heritage.” During her remarks, Le Guin called for authors and writers to remember the value of their art.

“‘I have had a long career,” Le Guin said. “I really don’t want to watch American Literature get sold down the river.”

 

Nonfiction Winner: Evan Osnos, Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China (Farrar, Straus and Giroux)

Fiction Winner: Phil Klay, Redeployment (The Penguin Press/ Penguin Group (USA))

Poetry Winner: Louise Glück, Faithful and Virtuous Night (Farrar, Straus and Giroux)

Young People’s Literature: Jacqueline Woodson, Brown Girl Dreaming (Nancy Paulsen Books/ Penguin Group (USA))

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