TIME Appreciation

Google Doodle Honors Pioneering Black Chemist Percy Julian

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Dr. Percy Lavon Julian SCIENCE SOURCE—Getty Images/Photo Researchers RM

Today would have been Julian's 115th birthday

Today’s Google Doodle honors what would have been the 115th birthday of Percy Lavon Julian, a pioneering chemist who overcame the obstacles of segregation to ascend to international notoriety.

Julian, who died in 1975, was born in Montgomery, Ala. and graduated from DePauw University in Indiana. Julian synthesized chemicals from plants to make medicine, which included treatment for glaucoma and other inflammatory illnesses. He’s most well known for synthesizing male and female hormones from soybean oil and later creating a synthetic substitute for cortisone. His cortisone substitute was inexpensive, yet effective, and helped make the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis more accessible.

As an African-American, Julian was denied opportunities to work for large corporations throughout his career, though he went on to hold more 100 patents and received 19 honorary doctorates. In 1990, he was entered into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, and in 1993 he was honored with a Black Heritage Commemorative Stamp by the U.S. Postal service.

 

TIME feminism

Sheryl Sandberg Leans Out of Politics

The best selling author and Facebook executive dismissed rumors that she's heading into the political arena any time soon

Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg on Thursday sought to dispel rumors that she’s considering a run for political office.

“I have no plans to run for office,” Sandberg, the Lean In author who once worked at the Treasury Department and has become known as a fierce advocate for women taking charge of their careers, told CNN. “I really love working at Facebook.” The best-selling author had made the point a day earlier in a Today show interview. “I don’t think that’s for me,” said the best-selling author.

Sandberg’s sale of over half of her Facebook shares helped fuel rumors that she was considering a move away from the social media company.

“I love my job,” Sandberg said. “I love what we do every day to connect the world and I love being able to work on Lean In in my personal time.”

Her second book, Lean In: For Graduates, was released on Tuesday.

 

TIME Television

Colbert on Replacing Letterman: ‘I Do Not Envy Whoever They Put in That Chair’

FILE: Stephen Colbert To Replace David Letterman On "Late Show" Late Show with David Letterman
Stephen Colbert and David Letterman during a taping of The Late Show in 2012. John Paul Filo—CBS/Getty Images

The satirical late-night host is due to break character to succeed David Letterman, who's retiring next year, but not before he jokes about how hard it will be. "Those are some huge shoes to fill," he said of Letterman's role, "and some really big pants"

Stephen Colbert praised David Letterman during the opening of his show Thursday, calling the man he’ll replace as Late Show host someone who “has influenced every host who came after him and even a few who came before him.”

“This man,” Colbert said. “He’s that good.

“I do not envy whoever they try to put in that chair,” Colbert added during The Colbert Report, which he’s leaving next year to succeed the retiring Letterman at CBS. “Those are some huge shoes to fill. And some really big pants.”

Colbert went on to praise Letterman’s run as a late night host, which he said spanned his “entire adult life.”

“Late night premiered my freshman year of college. I learned more from Dave than I did from going to my classes,” Colbert said. “Especially the ones I did not go to because I had stayed up until 1:30 watching Dave.”

TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: April 10

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

In the news: Presidents mark 50th anniversary of civil rights law; Russian government withheld information on Boston bomber; Pennsylvania teen charged as an adult in high school stabbing case; how the Senate is just like junior high; and this week's TIME

  • LBJ’s presidency gets another look as civil rights law marks its 50th anniversary [Washington Post]
  • Five years into his presidency, Obama will head to Austin on Thursday to remedy what some Johnson admirers have described as a “pattern of omission.” At a ceremony at the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, Obama will honor Johnson and the Civil Rights Act, signed 50 years ago this year.” [LA Times]
  • Obama is like LBJ. No wait, FDR, Reagan, JFK, Clinton…. [TIME]
  • Fed shows growing worry about low inflation [WSJ]
  • ” Two Florida doctors who received the nation’s highest Medicare reimbursements in 2012 are both major contributors to Democratic Party causes, and they have turned to the political system in recent years to defend themselves against suspicions that they may have submitted fraudulent or excessive charges to the federal government.” [NYT]
  • Science proves it: the Senate really is junior high [TIME]
  • The Russian government declined to provide American authorities with information about one of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects two years before the attack, which likely would have led to more extensive scrutiny of the suspect, according to a published report.” [Fox News]
  • Senate Republicans unanimously reject equal pay bill [Washington Post]
  • “Attorney General Eric Holder strayed from prepared remarks to slam the way he was “treated” by a House committee the day before, calling it evidence of “ugly and divisive” civil rights challenges facing him and President Barack Obama. Speaking to the Rev. Al Sharpton’s National Action Network at its annual convention in New York on Wednesday, Holder talked about the state of civil rights today and brought up a House committee hearing Tuesday that grew contentious, according to video from Mediaite and reports from outlets including Capital New York.” [Politico]
  • “The Pennsylvania teenager who is accused of stabbing and slashing schoolmates in an early morning rampage at his high school will be charged as an adult, authorities confirmed. Alex Hribal, 16, will face four counts of attempted homicide and 21 counts of aggravated assault.” [NBC News]
  • Edwin Edwards’ last stand [Politico]
  • House conservatives plot to oust Boehner, put scare into Cantor [National Journal]
  • Karl Rove: The Obamacare debate is far from over [WSJ]
  • “More than 80 percent of people in a new poll say the healthcare law will be an important factor in determining their vote in the midterm elections. A USA Today-Pew Research survey released Thursday found 54 percent call the law “very important” in determining their vote.” [The Hill]
  • Whole Foods takes over America [Fortune Magazine]

 

What’s prettier in print: This week’s TIME

 

TIME Congress

Emails Point to IRS Official’s Role in Targeting Conservative Groups

Lois Lerner
Internal Revenue Service official Lois Lerner during a hearing by the House Oversight Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, May 22, 2013. J. Scott Applewhite—AP

Republicans are urging the pursuit of criminal charges of Lois Lerner after releasing documents showing her involvement in the targeting of conservative groups for special IRS scrutiny

The former IRS official at the center of a scandal over the targeting of conservative groups was directly involved in questioning the tax-exempt status of the groups, according to documents released Wednesday.

The release of emails sent by Lois Lerner was the latest attempt by congressional Republicans to keep focus on the scandal, which briefly buffeted President Barack Obama in the early days of his second term when it was revealed the IRS had closely scrutinized conservative political groups applying for tax-exempt status. The scandal ultimately fizzled without evidence of a connection to the White House and with revelations that liberal groups were also targeted, but Republicans have sought to keep it alive and compel Lerner to testify after she invoked her Fifth Amendment right not to do so.

The tax-writing House Ways and Means Committee on Wednesday sent a formal letter to the Department of Justice detailing what it called Lerner’s wrongdoings and urging prosecutors to pursue criminal charges. Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-Mich.) said in a statement that the Department of Justice has “a responsibility to act, and Lois Lerner must be held accountable.”

“It is also important that the American people know what really occurred at the IRS, so this powerful agency cannot target American taxpayers ever again,” Camp added.

In 2013, Lerner admitted several conservative groups seeking 501(c) (4) status—which is reserved for social welfare groups that engage in political activity—got special scrutiny, but she denied she was directly involved with the decision making. She instead faulted employees in a IRS office in Cincinnati. But emails released Wednesday show Lerner acted to ensure denials for groups with conservative leanings, particularly Crossroads Grassroots Policy Strategies, a conservative group co-founded by political strategist Karl Rove.

In the emails, Lerner inquired why Crossroads had not been audited by the IRS and later detailed her plans to deny the organization tax-exempt status.“The organization at issue is Crossroads GPS, which is on the top of the list of c4 spenders in the last two elections. It is in the news regularly as an organization that is not really a c4,” one email dated Jan. 4, 2013 reads. “You should know that we are working on a denial of the application, which may solve the problem because we will probably say it isn’t exempt.”

Republicans say this proves that despite a finding by the IRS Administrative Review Board that Lerner didn’t act inappropriately, she is guilty of wrongdoing. The letter, which all Republicans on the committee voted to send, also says Lerner may have exposed taxpayer information by using her personal email to conduct business and providing “misleading statements” to questions from the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration.

The committee’s Democrats, 14 of whom voted against sending the letter, dismissed the latest Republican rhetoric as a political ploy. Ranking Democrat Sandy Levin (D-Mich.) said Republicans want to “declare this a scandal and keep it going until November.” The Department of Justice is already investigating the matter.

“I wish I could come up with some other rationale for what you are doing, but I cannot,” Levin said.

TIME celebrities

Amanda Bynes Doesn’t Have Schizophrenia, Lawyer Says

Amanda Bynes
In this July 9, 2013 file photo, Amanda Bynes, accompanied by attorney Gerald Shargel, arrives for a court appearance in New York. Bethan McKernan—AP

The bizarre behavior and incoherent tweets remain an unsolved mystery. In an exclusive interview with People, Bynes' lawyer, Tamar Arminak said that the actress has not been diagnosed with the disorder and is on "zero medication"

There has been much speculation about what led to former child star Amanda Bynes’ forced hospitalization last July, but her lawyer set the record straight on one rumor in an exclusive interview with People on Wednesday.

“For the record, Amanda does not have schizophrenia, nor has she ever been diagnosed with it,” said Tamar Arminak, Bynes’ lawyer. According to an anonymous relative quoted in the story, Bynes is “still working through the causes of her past bizarre behavior.”

Tabloids have been diagnosing Bynes with several mental disorders including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder for the pass several years while the actress publically struggled with law enforcement, acted unpredictably, and tweeted incoherently.

The 28-year-old was released from rehab in December and seems to be doing fine. She reportedly enrolled at the Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising in California and recently tweeted pictures of herself vacationing with her parents in Los Cabos, Mexico.

And according to her lawyer, medication is not to thank for her post-rehab success.

“Amanda currently is on zero medication,” Arminak told People. “She’s devoted to living her life as healthy as possible. She’s never had a history of abusing alcohol or hard drugs, and she’s proud to say she’s been marijuana-free for the past nine months.”

[People]

TIME Military

Obama Pledges Help For Troubled Soldiers At Fort Hood Memorial

President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama pay their respects during a memorial service at Fort Hood April 9, 2014 in Texas.
President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama pay their respects during a memorial service at Fort Hood April 9, 2014 in Texas. Brendan Smialowski—AFP/Getty Images

The President joined military leadership, soldiers' families and Texas lawmakers in mourning the loss of the three soldiers killed at Fort Hood on April 2. He added he would "step up efforts to reach troops and veterans that are hurting"

President Obama pledged to improve mental health services for troubled soldiers and veterans Wednesday, while paying respects at a memorial service to three soldiers who were killed at the Fort Hood Army base on April 2.

“In our open society we can never eliminate every risk, but as a nation we can do more to help counsel those with mental health issues to keep firearms out of the hands of those facing deep difficulties,” Obama said. ” As Commander-in -Chief I’m determined that we will continue to step up efforts to reach troops and veterans that are hurting.”

The memorial honored the lives of three soldiers—Staff Sgt. Carlos Lazaney-Rodriguez, Sgt. Timothy Owens, and Sgt. First Class Daniel M. Ferguson—who were killed when Army Spc. Ivan Lopez, an Iraq War veteran, allegedly opened fire on the Army base, wounding at least 16 people and killing three before turning the gun on himself.

The incident was the second mass shooting on the base since 13 people were killed by former army psychiatrist Nidal Hasan on Nov. 5, 2009. Lopez, 34, had reportedly gotten into an altercation over leave before opening fire. Military officials said Lopez had been undergoing treatment for anxiety, depression and was being analyzed for post-traumatic stress disorder.

Throughout Tuesday’s service, leaders on the base eulogized the three fallen as their families, their fellow servicemen, military leaders, and Texas lawmakers looked on. Together, the three servicemen had served in the Army for 50 years. Between them, Obama said, they had been deployed nine times. Sgt. Carlos A. Lazaney-Rodriguez, 38, had joined the military soon after he turned 18 was planning to retire.

Obama quoted several family members and friends during his speech, including a social media post Sgt. Timothy Owen’s daughter Lori published shortly after her father was killed. “Love your family because you never know when they’re going to be taken from you. I love you daddy,” she reportedly wrote.

“Like the 576 Ft Hood soldiers who have given their lives in Iraq and Afghanistan they were taken far too soon,” Obama said. “Like the 13 Americans we lost five years ago, their passing shakes our soul.”

Both U.S. Senators from Texas, Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz, also attended the service. On Tuesday, Sen. Cornyn delivered remarks on the floor of the Senate paying tribute to the victims. He took time to note not only the horror of the event, but also the “best of humanity demonstrated during this time of tragedy and crisis.”

“Last Wednesday, Sgt. Ferguson used his own body to prevent the shooter from entering a crowded room,” Cornyn said. “He gave his life so that his fellow soldiers could keep theirs. He showed the kind of heroism that few of us could even imagine, the kind of heroism that defines our men and women in uniform.”

During the service Tuesday, President Obama reiterated that sentiment.

“It was love for country that inspired these three Americans to put on the uniform and join the greatest army the world has ever known, “ Obama said. “And it was love for their comrades, for all of you, that defined their last moments.”

TIME Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton Memoir Will Be Released In June

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at the second day of the 2014 Meeting of Clinton Global Initiative University at Arizona State University in Tempe, Ariz. on March 22, 2014.
Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at the second day of the 2014 Meeting of Clinton Global Initiative University at Arizona State University in Tempe, Ariz. on March 22, 2014. Samantha Sais—Reuters

The book will cover former Secretary of State's time in the Obama administration, as well as thoughts on the challenges of the 21st century. Its contents are highly anticipated as Clinton mulls a run for president in 2016

Hillary Clinton’s upcoming memoir of her time in the Obama Administration will be released on June 10, according to a website for the book.

The book, which will be published by Simon & Shuster, will cover key moments during her time as Secretary of State, a position she held from 2009 to early 2013. Clinton also shares her thoughts on how to “navigate the challenges of the 21st century,”according to the website. It will be her second memoir after 2003’s Living History.

The publisher has not yet released a title or a design of the book’s sleeve, though its contents are highly anticipated in the period leading up to the 2016 Presidential election. Clinton is considered a front-runner for the Democratic Party’s nomination, though she has repeatedly refused to comment on whether or not she will run. According to the Associated Press, Clinton has said she’s weighing all of the demands of the position as Commander-in-Chief.

“The hard questions are not, ‘Do you want to be president?’ ‘Can you win?’ The hard questions are, ‘Why? Why would you want to do this?’ and “What? What could you offer that could make a difference?” she reportedly said during a speech in San Francisco on Tuesday.

The book’s summer release would offer Clinton an opportunity to discuss her thoughts on the Obama administration as well as the potential challenges that lie ahead, on a promotional tour that could double as a practice round for a campaign many consider to be inevitable.

TIME Morning Must Reads

Morning Must Reads: April 9

Capitol
The early morning sun rises behind the US Capitol Building in Washington, DC. Mark Wilson—Getty Images

In the News: Internet security flaw 'Heartbleed' threatens millions; Small few make millions from Medicare; Senate takes up equal pay vote and Republicans expected to block it; Vanity Fair interviews Snowden; NATO warns Russia

  • Internet security flaw puts millions at risk [Al Jazeera]
  • “A newly discovered security bug nicknamed Heartbleed has exposed millions of usernames, passwords and reportedly credit card numbers — a major problem that hackers could have exploited during the more than two years it went undetected. It’s unlike most of the breaches reported over the past few years, in which one Web site or another got hacked or let its guard down. The flaw this time is in code designed to keep servers secure — tens of thousands of servers on which data is stored for thousands of sites.” [Washington Post]
  • “A tiny sliver of doctors and other medical providers accounted for an outsize portion of Medicare’s 2012 costs, according to an analysis of federal data that lays out details of physicians’ billings. The top 1% of 825,000 individual medical providers accounted for 14% of the $77 billion in billing recorded in the data.” [WSJ]
  • “In 2012, 100 doctors received a total of $610 million, ranging from a Florida ophthalmologist who was paid $21 million by Medicare to dozens of doctors, eye and cancer specialists chief among them, who received more than $4 million each that year. While more money by far is spent for routine office visits than any other single expenditure, one of the most heavily reimbursed procedures — costing a total of $1 billion for 143,000 patients — is for a single treatment for an eye disorder common in the elderly.” [NYT]
  • Medicare millionaires totaling almost 4,000 seen in data [Bloomberg]
  • “People who signed up early for insurance through the new marketplaces were more likely to be prescribed drugs to treat pain, depression and H.I.V. and were less likely to need contraceptives, according to a new study that provides a much-anticipated look at the population that signed up for coverage under the new health care law.” [NYT]
  • Democrats say prosecuting Lois Lerner could violate your privacy [National Journal]
  • Lois Lerner’s bad week [NY Post]
  • Edward Snowden and the security industrial complex [Vanity Fair]
  • Decision Time: Will Obama make a last-ditch Middle East push? [TIME]
  • “As the government in Kiev moved to reassert control over pro-Russian protesters across eastern Ukraine, the United States and NATO issued stern warnings to Moscow about further intervention in the country’s affairs amid continuing fears of an eventual Russian incursion.” [NYT]
  • Hillary Clinton psychoanalyzes Putin [ABC News]
  • Obama equal pay actions match Senate agenda [Businessweek]
  • “Republicans working to improve their image among women aren’t worried about suffering a political backlash if they follow through with plans to block the Paycheck Fairness Act.Most Senate Republicans are expected to unite on Wednesday to block the legislation, which would allow workers to compare salaries without the threat of retaliation, force companies to explain pay disparities between men and women and allow those discriminated against to seek punitive damages.” [Politico]
  • Mozilla makes the world a better place [WSJ]

 

TIME beauty

Human Ken and Human Barbie: Destroying Our Girlhood Dreams One Interview at a Time

Justin Jedlica who lives in New York is a real life "Ken" from the other half of Barbie and Ken.
Justin Jedlica who lives in New York is a real life "Ken" from the other half of Barbie and Ken. Jae Donnelly—The Sun/NI Syndication/Redux

The 9-year-old Barbie obsessive in me just died a little.

Justin Jedlica, the so-called Human Ken doll who reportedly spent $150,000 on cosmetic surgery to look like Barbie’s plastic beau, is once again making it clear that he is no fan of Valeria Lukyanova, often referred to as “Human Barbie” because of her obsession with making herself look like the famous doll. In an interview with GQ, which recently ran a detailed (and weird) profile on the Ukrainian model, Human Ken recalls the moment he met Human Barbie.

And unfortunately for the inner Barbie-girl in us all, the two did not ride off in a hot pink convertible into the burnt orange Malibu sunset, giggling and canoodling while planning to purchase a three-story townhouse replete with photos of the two in silicone harmony. No, Human Ken was not impressed.

Though he calls Valeria a “cute girl,” he compares her to a drag queen and wonders why people care about her. (Author’s note: I’m trying to figure out why any of us care about either of them).

“I don’t really get her,” Jedlica told GQ. “I don’t get why people think she’s so interesting. She has extensions. She wears stage makeup. She’s an illusionist.”

Jedlica then went into detail about his plans for creating an “artistic muscle-augmentation-implant line” for all the little boys and girls out there who too dream of one day looking just as plastic. But hopefully, for the sake of humanity, those are few and far between.

 

 

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