TIME gender

Study Says Men Are More Narcissistic Than Women

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Tim Robberts—Getty Images

The study confirms just about every gender stereotype about male entitlement

Men on average are more self-absorbed than women are, according to a new study published in the March edition of Psychological Bulletin.

Researchers at the University at Buffalo School of Management analyzed data from more than 475,000 participants taken over the course of 31 years and found that men consistently scored higher in tests for narcissism, regardless of age.

The scientists studied gender differences in three features of narcissism: leadership and authority, exhibitionism and entitlement. They looked at how people responded to statements like, “If I ruled the world, it would be a much better place.” Researchers found a large gap between the genders in the categories of leadership and entitlement, suggesting that men are more likely than women to believe they deserve privileges and pursue opportunities. But men and women were equally as exhibitionist.

“Compared with women, men exhibit more assertiveness and desire for power,” lead author Emily Grijalva said on the University of Buffalo website. “But there was no difference in the exhibitionism aspect, meaning both genders are equally likely to display vanity or self-absorption.”

The researchers said that the narcissism gap between genders likely stems from ingrained societal gender stereotypes. Women who are taught they are not as worthy of leadership roles as men are less likely to believe they deserve them or are entitled to them.

“Individuals tend to observe and learn gender roles from a young age, and may face backlash for deviating from society’s expectations,” Grijalva says. “In particular, women often receive harsh criticism for being aggressive or authoritative, which creates pressure for women, more so than for men, to suppress displays of narcissistic behavior.”

Take TIME’s quiz to determine if you are a narcissist

TIME Iraq

ISIS Set Fire to Oil Fields Near Tikrit

Shi'ite fighters fire a rocket during clashes with Islamic State militants in Salahuddin province, March 1, 2015.
Ahmed Al-Hussaini—Reuters Shi'ite fighters fire a rocket during clashes with ISIS militants in Salahuddin province, March 1, 2015.

Iraqi soldiers and Shia militia have surrounded the ISIS-held city

Fighters from the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS) set fire to the Ajil oil wells in east of the city of Tikrit in hopes of stopping aerial attacks that would drive them out of the oilfield, witnesses tell Reuters.

The oil field used to produce about 25,000 barrels per day of crude oil before ISIS took it over in June.

Shi’ite militia and Iraqi soldiers began moving through Ajil Monday in an assault on ISIS-held Tikrit. Security sources told BBC that the forces surrounding the city from the east, south and north have captured villages and oil fields east of the city, but that ISIS was fighting back with suicide bombers and snipers.

[Reuters]

TIME Music

Pharrell Says He Did Not Copy Marvin Gaye with ‘Blurred Lines’

"Blurred Lines" Musicians Robin Thicke And Pharrell Williams Lawsuit By Children Of R&B Legend Marvin Gaye Trial - Departures
David Buchan—Getty Images Musician Pharrell Williams is seen outside the Roybal Federal Building on March 4, 2015 in Los Angeles, California. Williams and co-writers of the song "Blurred Lines" are being sued by the children of singer Marvin Gaye for using elements of Gaye's song "Got to Give it Up" in "Blurred Lines."

The producer said he did not consciously copy Marvin Gaye's "Got to Give It Up"

Pharrell Williams testified on Wednesday that his hit song “Blurred Lines” and the influential Marvin Gaye 70s track “Got to Give It Up” share the same “feel,” but that he didn’t infringe upon Gaye’s work.

Marvin Gaye’s children, Frankie and Nona Gaye, are suing the Grammy-winning producer over the song, claiming that it steals beats and chords from their late father’s song.

Pharrell spent over an hour describing his musical process to the court, according to the Hollywood Reporter. He said that he saw similarities between “Blurred Lines” and “Got to Give It Up” when interviewers pointed it out after the song was released but that borrowing Gaye’s work wasn’t a conscious decision.

“I must’ve been channeling that feeling, that late-’70s feeling,” Pharrell testified. “Sometimes when you look back on your past work, you see echoes of people. But that doesn’t mean that’s what you were doing.”

The “Happy” singer’s testimony will play a crucial role in the jury’s decision. Though Robin Thicke and T.I. share writing credits on the song, which has earned $16 million, both admit that Pharrell wrote the music and almost all of the lyrics. Thicke testified in an earlier deposition that he was drunk and high on Vicodin in the studio.

“The reality is, is that Pharrell had the beat and he wrote almost every single part of the song,” Thicke said, even though he had once taken credit for the song in interviews. “I felt it was a little white lie that didn’t hurt his career but boosted mine,” Thicke added in court on Feb. 25.

Pharrell told the jury that Gaye was one of his idols growing up and that he would never intentionally steal from him. “He’s one of the ones we look up to so much. This [court] is the last place I want to be right now,” he testified. “The last thing you want to do as a creator is take something of someone else’s when you love him.”

The trial has included an analysis of chords and notes from each track. Here is one of the many mashes of the two songs on YouTube:

[THR]

TIME Internet

George Takei and Others Give the Ring Finger After Alabama Halts Gay Marriage

AARP 14th Annual "Movies For Grownups" Awards Gala
Michael Tran—FilmMagic George Takei and Brad Takei arrive at the AARP 14th Annual "Movies For Grownups" Awards Gala held at the Beverly Wilshire Four Seasons Hotel on February 2, 2015 in Beverly Hills, California.

The 'Star Trek' alum starts a hashtag protesting the court's decision

Star Trek actor and beloved social media personality George Takei took out his frustrations online Wednesday, one day after Alabama halted gay marriage licenses.

He and his husband flipped off the state’s Supreme Court—with their ring fingers—after a ruling Tuesday ordered probate judges to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, even though a federal court found the state’s gay marriage ban unconstitutional.

“I’m going to say it,” Takei wrote on Facebook. “Alabama is really starting to p**s me off.” Two hours later, he posted a photo of he and his husband, Brad Takei, giving Alabama the (ring) finger.

“Alabama just gave SCOTUS the finger by halting marriage equality there despite federal orders,” Takei posted. “Couples, let’s respond! Whether gay or straight, post a photo on FB or Twitter giving AL the ‘wedding finger’ and tagging #‎LuvUAlabama‬.”

The hashtag quickly spread on Facebook and Twitter, with couples and advocates posting their own pictures.

TIME movies

Dan Stevens Will Star Opposite Emma Watson in Beauty and the Beast

"Night At The Museum: Secret Of The Tomb" - UK Premiere - Red Carpet Arrivals
Karwai Tang—WireImage Dan Stevens attends the UK Premiere of "Night At The Museum: Secret Of The Tomb" at Empire Leicester Square on December 15, 2014 in London, England.

Disney looks to be bringing together an all-British cast for the film

Attention, Anglophiles: Downton Abbey’s Dan Stevens will star opposite Harry Potter alum Emma Watson in Disney’s live-action Beauty and the Beast.

Since Stevens requested that the Downton writers dispatch Matthew Crawley from the popular BBC show, he has flexed his acting muscles, starring as a drug trafficker in Walk Among the Tombstones, a potential murderer in The Guest and a cross-dresser who dabbles in smoking pot in the online show High Maintenance. Now it seems Stevens will return to a more debonair character, as a prince cursed to be a beast, according to the Hollywood Reporter. It will be his most high-profile role to date.

Watson, too, will re-enter the spotlight with Beauty and the Beast. After retiring Hermione Granger in 2011, she has starred in smaller films like The Perks of Being a Wallflower and The Bling Ring and made the occasional brief appearance in summer blockbusters like This Is the End.

Disney looks to be bringing together an all-British cast for the film, plucking stars from the most popular English franchises. Welsh-born Luke Evans, who starred in The Hobbit and the last Fast & Furious movie, is in talks to play the villain, Gaston. The studio similarly chose British leads for the live-action Cinderella movie, which opens March 13 and stars Game of Thrones’ Richard Madden and another Downton Abbey actor, Lily James.

The company set in motion a plan to remake several of its classic animated films as live-action movies after the Sleeping Beauty-inspired Maleficent, starring Angelina Jolie, grossed $758.4 million worldwide last year.

Read more: 10 Things Beauty and the Beast’s Belle and Harry Potter’s Hermione Have in Common

[THR]

TIME Infectious Disease

Superbug Found at Second L.A. Hospital

General View Of Cedars-Sinai Hospital Where Kim Kardashian Gave Birth To A Baby Girl
Frederick M. Brown—Getty Images General View of Cedars-Sinai Hospital on June 17, 2013 in Los Angeles, California.

An additional 64 may have been exposed at Cedars-Sinai

Four patients have been infected with a deadly superbug at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, the hospital said Wednesday, and an additional 64 may have been exposed.

Cedars-Sinai began investigating a possible link between CRE infections and one Olympus Corp. duodenoscope used from August to February of 2014 in a procedure called endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), according to the Los Angeles Times. That involves putting a scope down a patient’s throat to diagnose and treat problems in the digestive tract, like gallstones and cancer; about 500,000 people undergo ERCP every year.

MORE: What You Need to Know About the California ‘Superbug’

A similar outbreak occurred at UCLA’s Ronald Reagan Medical Center in mid-February. There, five people were infected by medical scopes with CRE bacteria, and two of them died.

CRE, or carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, kills up to half of those infected. One of the four patients at Cedars-Sinai has died, but the hospital said it was for an unrelated reason.

[Los Angeles Times]

TIME Civil Rights

Ferguson Police Official Fired Over Racist Emails, 2 Others on Leave

Ferguson Mayor James Knowles speaks at a news conference on the just-released Department of Justice report investigating the city police department on March 4, 2015 in Ferguson.
Michael B. Thomas—Getty Images Ferguson Mayor James Knowles speaks at a news conference on the just-released Department of Justice report investigating the city police department on March 4, 2015 in Ferguson.

"This type of behavior will not be tolerated," mayor says

Ferguson Mayor James Knowles said Wednesday that one police official had been fired and two others were on administrative leave over racist emails that were cited in the Justice Department’s scathing new report on the city’s police department.

The emails, one of which compared President Barack Obama to a chimpanzee, were released by the Justice Department in a report that found patterns of racism by law enforcement officials in the St. Louis suburb. It was one of two reports that followed the August shooting death of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown by white police officer Darren Wilson.

“This type of behavior will not be tolerated in the Ferguson Police Department,” Knowles said in an evening news conference, without taking questions from reporters.

His statement came hours after Attorney General Eric Holder commented on the report, which made note of unjustified arrests and excessive use of force, and concluded that the department had frequently violated several constitutional provisions. He labeled it “searing.” A separate report released at the same time cleared Wilson of civil rights violations.

Read more: Attorney General Says Report on Ferguson Police Is ‘Searing’

TIME Nutrition

More Kids Are Eating Fruit at School, Study Finds

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JGI/Jamie Grill—Getty Images/Blend Images School girl holding lunch on a tray

And they're throwing away less food too

The government’s effort to encourage children to eat more fruit is working, a new study finds, and they’re throwing less food away too.

The study published Wednesday in Childhood Obesity concludes that since updated government-subsidized lunchroom guidelines aimed at getting kids to eat more nutritional meals went into effect in 2012, the percentage of students choosing fruit in the cafeteria increased from 54% to 66%. Children are also throwing away less food, with researchers noting that students ate 84% of their (healthier) entrees, up from 74% in 2012.

The results of the study, by researchers at the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut, are based on 12 middle schools in an urban school district. The researchers followed students beginning in spring 2012, when the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act was implemented, to spring 2014.

Critics of the regulations have long claimed that students were throwing away the healthy food forced upon them in school, increasing both wastes and costs.

The School Nutrition Association, an advocacy group backed in part by major food companies, told the New York Times that the study was too narrow to prove anything conclusive. “We have lots of concerns about this study because, among other things, it only collected data on one day each year at these schools,” said Diane Pratt-Heavner, a spokeswoman for the association.

But researchers argue that while this was a limitation of the study, the fact that 17 different entree options were offered across 36 days negates the concern that an extremely popular entree day, like Pizza Day, could skew the findings. The researchers concluded: “The new requirement for students to select a fruit or vegetable with each lunch is an effective strategy to improve the nutritional quality of school meals.”

Read Next: The 50 Healthiest Foods of All Time (With Recipes)

TIME justice

Attorney General Says Report on Ferguson Police Is ‘Searing’

Attorney General Eric Holder delivers remarks about the Justice DepartmentÕs findings related to two investigations in Ferguson, Missouri, at the Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building March 4, 2015 in Washington, DC. Holder delivered the remarks for an audience of department employees who worked on the investigations after a white police officer shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, sparking weeks of demonstrations and violent clashes.
Chip Somodevilla—2015 Getty Images Attorney General Eric Holder delivers remarks about the Justice Department's findings related to two investigations in Ferguson, Missouri, at the Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building March 4, 2015 in Washington, DC.

"Some of those protesters were right"

Attorney General Eric Holder said Wednesday that even though the Justice Department will not charge a Ferguson, Mo., police officer with civil rights violations in last year’s shooting death of Michael Brown, it will guarantee the city takes “immediate, wholesale and structural corrective action” after a report found a pattern of racial bias.

Earlier in the day, the Justice Department released a report Holder described as “searing” that detailed that bias, noting instances of bigoted emails, unjustified arrests and excessive force. In a separate report, investigators found officer Darren Wilson was not at fault for Brown’s death, which set off sometimes violent protests in Ferguson and across the country.

“Michael Brown’s death though tragic did not involve prosecutable conduct by Officer Wilson,” Holder said. “These findings may not be consistent with some people’s expectations.”

Holder cited several damning statistics about how the police routinely discriminated against black residents: almost 90% of unnecessary force was directed at African Americans; the use of police dogs was exclusively reserved for African Americans; and 90% of stops and arrests for “manner of walking in roadway” involved African Americans.

“Members of the community may not have been responding to a single isolated confrontation but also to a pervasive, coercive and deep lack of trust,” he said. “Some of those protesters were right.”

Holder recommended several concrete changes and said the Justice Department reserves the right to “force compliance and implement basic change.”

Among the recommendations, Holder continued, are the implementation of a “robust system of true community policing”; a review and analysis of the Ferguson police department’s stop, search, ticketing and arrest practices; more civilian involvement in law-enforcement’s decisionmaking; as well as new ways to more effectively respond to claims of officer misconduct.

The report also suggests changes to the municipal court system, which include modifying bond amounts and procedures for detention, an end to the practice of using arrest warrants to collect owed dues, among others.

Read more: U.S. Faults Ferguson Police for Racial Bias

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