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Why Schools Should Teach More Than Basic Coding

Students Attend Coding Class At The First Code Academy
Bloomberg—Bloomberg via Getty Images Students type on Apple Inc. laptop computers during a coding class at the First Code Academy in Hong Kong, China, on Friday, Nov. 13, 2015. About 2,500 students have taken courses at the First Code Academy.

That's a good start, but it's not enough

Years ago, I wrote a piece suggesting that computer coding should be a basic requirement in junior high schools. I compared it to a required class I myself took in grade school: Typing, a skill that helped throughout my life.

I brought up the idea again last week while moderating a panel at the South by Southwest festival in Austin, Texas. One of the panelists, MIT Media Lab Senior Research Scientist Kipp Bradford, challenged me on the idea.

Bradford acknowledged the importance of coding classes. But he argued that given today’s complex programming landscape (there are well over 100 languages in use), basic coding isn’t the right course to prepare students for the job market of the future. He suggested teaching “computational thinking” skills instead.

Google for Education describes computational thinking this way:

Computational thinking (CT) is a problem-solving process that includes some characteristics, such as logically ordering and analyzing data and creating solutions using a series of ordered steps (or algorithms), and dispositions, such as the ability to confidently deal with complexity and open-ended problems. CT is essential to the development of computer applications, but it can also be used to support problem-solving across all disciplines, including math, science, and the humanities. Students who learn CT across the curriculum can begin to see a relationship between subjects as well as between school and life outside of the classroom.

I still think that for younger students, teaching basic coding would ground them in computational skills — as well as in all-important critical thinking abilities. However, coding classes should be the first step in a two-stage process that begins in junior high school. Later in high school, students could be taught more advanced computational thinking, preparing them for a 21st century job.

I admit my grade school years are well behind me, and educational programs have become more advanced in the interim. Today’s youth, too, are naturally tech-savvy, given the world in which they’re growing up. But watching my granddaughters make their way through the educational system, I can’t help but wonder if they would get a boost from computational thinking classes.


We live in a complex world, one in which technology plays a major role and more jobs require computer skills. Both coding and computational skills classes need to be a mandatory part of our youth’s education if they are to be prepared to compete for the jobs of the future and live successfully in a world where technology will be integrated into every part of their personal and professional lives.

Tim Bajarin is recognized as one of the leading industry consultants, analysts and futurists, covering the field of personal computers and consumer technology. Bajarin is the President of Creative Strategies, Inc. and has been with the company since 1981 where he has served as a consultant providing analysis to most of the leading hardware and software vendors in the industry.

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