"For centuries, Cuba's greatest resource has been its people," writes Pico Iyer in an extended essay on the Caribbean nation in this week's magazine. In the twilight of the Castro era, Cubans are finding that change brings both hope and anxiety.
To pair with Iyer's tome, TIME called upon Danish photographer Joakim Eskildsen. Eskildsen, who previously photographed a large portfolio for TIME on the state of poverty in America, traveled to Cuba for ten days, photographing urban housing projects in Havana and rural settlements across the countryside. With the help of local journalist Abel Gonzalez Alayon, Eskildsen photographed tobacco plantations, roadside fruit vendors, migrant workers and beachfront resorts — capturing all in the vibrant saturation of medium-format color film.
"I immediately fell in awe with the complexity of this country," says Eskildsen. "The more you learn about the situation and how people are living, the more difficult it becomes to understand. It was like learning to view the world form a Cuban angle that kept surprising and inspiring me."
Abel Gonzalez Alayon is a journalist based in Cuba. Follow him on Twitter @abelcuba.