Since it was established in 1985, the annual New Photography exhibition at New York City's Museum of Modern Art has sought to showcase emerging photographers who are experimenting with techniques, subject matter and presentation that challenge the very definition of the medium itself. That goal has only gotten more difficult each year, as advances in technology and social media sites such as Facebook and Instagram have bombarded viewers with a proliferation of images; the New York Times predicts that more than 380 billion photographs were taken in 2011 alone. That saturated environment serves as the backdrop of this year's show, which opens Oct. 3 and runs through Feb. 4. And while it's a reoccurring theme among this year's five featured photographers (Michele Abeles, Shirana Shahbazi, Zoe Crosher, Anne Collier and the collective Birdhead, composed of Shanghai natives Ji Weiyu and Song Tao), the artists' different approach to image saturation nods to the wide breath of work that New Photography hopes to survey each year.
"We often think about variety and diversity, so that each artist—whatever ideas they're exploring—will stand apart from one another," says associate curator Eva Respini. "It's in the mix of the artists that you can get a sense of the diversity of what's happening in contemporary photography today." Among this year's mix: Abeles (American, b. 1977), whose collage-like work juxtaposes male nudes against common objects like wine bottles; Shahbazi (German, b. Iran 1974), who disseminates her images in various creative ways, such as a photo rug with help from weavers in her native Tehran; Crosher (American, b. 1975), who re-purposes and re-photographs Michelle Dubois's existing archive of self portraits; Collier (American, b. 1970), who combines found objects in her reflection of mass media and pop culture; and Birdhead, (Ji Weiyu, Chinese, b. 1980, and Song Tao, Chinese, b. 1979), whose black-and-white snapshots of daily Shanghai life are installed in grid format, without ever identifying the author of an individual image. "The fact that they don't really distinguish who takes what pictures speaks to what their work is about," says Respini. "It's a reflection of a Facebook generation—a generation that's used to thinking about multiple images and an accumulation of images instead of discrete images that are elevated to a fine art status." Four of the five artists are women, a trend Respini says would be "great to continue."
Even the installation of the show itself reflects photography's changing nature. Visitors will see traditional modes of presentation—such as framed photographs on a wall—but also more sculptural elements, such as lithographic wallpaper from Shahbazi and a site-specific configuration from Birdhead. This, combined with the diverse output from the photographers themselves, will—as MoMa surely hopes, anyway—elevate New Photography 2012 from the mass of photography exhibitions.
New Photography opens October 3, and runs through February 4, 2013. Learn more about the show here.