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1996: Dr. David Ho TIME

Until 2014, This Man Was TIME's Only Medical Person of the Year

Dec 10, 2014

"Some ages are defined by their epidemics," wrote Philip Elmer-De Witt in TIME's 1996 Man of the Year issue. The 14th century was the time of the bubonic plague. The 16th brought smallpox to the new world. In the early 20th century, influenza rampaged. "Today," he wrote back then, "we live in the shadow of AIDS--the terrifyingly modern epidemic that travels by jet and zeros in on the body's own disease-fighting immune system."

The idea that a virus or bacterium can change the world — and that the men and women who fight them can too — is no less true now than it was then. On Wednesday, TIME announced that the Ebola Fighters have been named the Person of the Year for 2014.

As TIME's Editor Nancy Gibbs notes, this year's Ebola outbreak has brought forward heroes while raising the question of how the world can turn their personal sacrifices into new ways to fight the virus, to respond to epidemics and to care for those who need it most.

And though AIDS and Ebola remain two of the most frightening diseases on earth, looking back at 1996's Man of the Year cover story can bring at least a little hope that those questions stand a chance of being answered. (There were theoretical medical researchers included in the 1960 Men of the Year issue, honoring U.S. scientists, but their work as doctors was not the focus of the story; Dr. Ho is the only Man of the Year prior to 2014 selected specifically for his work with a disease.) At the time, AIDS was a death sentence — but Ho, by successfully lowering the virus count in patients who received a combination of new and powerful drugs when they'd only just been infected, helped change the way the medical community looked at HIV and AIDS.

Nearly two decades later, though an AIDS vaccine is still not a reality, progress has been substantial. AIDS researchers have found their answers to many of the questions Ebola fighters face today. Treatment protocols are well established (if not applied equally all over the world). Survival is no longer miraculous. It's possible to prevent transmission. And, just this winter, TIME took a look at the state of AIDS in San Francisco and found that, against what would have once seemed impossible odds, the city has the elimination of the disease in its sights.

Dr. Ho continues to direct the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center; in 2010, TIME profiled him again and found that he was still pioneering new ways of treating the disease. That tireless work by Ho and his colleagues is one of the reasons AIDS is no longer a defining disease of our time — and if he demonstrates that devotion and dedication can make a difference, that's just one more reason to honor the Ebola fighters.

Read the full story about Dr. David Ho, here in the TIME Vault: Man of the Year, Dr. David Ho

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2013: Pope Francis
2012: Barack Obama
2011: The Protester
2010: Mark Zuckerberg
2008: Barack Obama
2007: Vladimir Putin
2005: The Good Samaritans: Bill Gates, Bono, Melinda Gates
2004: President George W. Bush
2003: The American Soldier
2002: The Whistleblowers
2001: Rudy Giuliani
2000: President George W. Bush
1999: Jeff Bezos
1998: Kenneth Starr ad Bill Clinton
1997: Andrew Grove
1994: Pope John Paul II
TIME COVERS - THE 90'S
1991: Ted Turner
1989: Mikhail Gorbachev
1987: Mikhail Gorbachev
1986: Corazon Aquino
1985: Deng Xiaoping
1984: Peter Ueberroth
1983: President Ronald Reagan and Yuri Andropov
1981: Lech Wałęsa
1980: President Ronald Reagan
1979: Ayatollah Khomeini
1978: Deng Xiaoping
1977: Anwar Sadat
1975: American Women
1973: John Sirica
1972: President Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger
1971: President Richard Nixon
1970: Willy Brandt
1969: The Middle Americans
1968: The Apollo 8 astronauts
1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson
1965: William Westmoreland
1964: Lyndon B. Johnson
1963: Martin Luther King, Jr.
1962: Pope John XXIII
1961: President John F. Kennedy
1960: U.S. Scientists
1959: President Dwight D. Eisenhower
1958: Charles de Gaulle
1957: Nikita Khrushchev
1955: Harlow Curtice
1954: John Foster Dulles
1953: Konrad Adenauer
1952: Queen Elizabeth II
1951: Mohammad Mossadegh
1950: The American Fighting Man
1949: Winston Churchill
1948: President Harry S. Truman
1946: James F. Byrnes
1945: President Harry S. Truman
1944: Dwight D. Eisenhower
1943: George Marshall
1942: Joseph Stalin
1941: President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1940: Winston Churchill
1939: Joseph Stalin
1938: Adolf Hitler
1937: Chiang Kai-shek and Soong May-ling
1936: Wallis Simpson
1935: Haile Selassie
1934: President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933: Hugh S. Johnson
1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt
1931: Pierre Laval
1930: Mahatma Gandhi
1929: Owen D. Young
1928: Walter Chrysler
1927: Charles Lindbergh
2016: Donald Trump
Photograph by Nadav Kander for TIME
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