Illinois Election Ballot Measures
Minimum wage supporters rally outside an Illinois gubernatorial debate on Oct. 9, 2014. Seth Perlman—AP

Minimum Wages Get a Hike in Midterm Votes

Updated: Nov 05, 2014 9:59 AM ET

Voters in Alaska, Arkansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota chose to increase their states' minimum wages Tuesday, while those in San Francisco opted to start paying workers $15 per hour, matching the national high.

In Alaska, an overwhelming 68% of voters endorsed a minimum wage increase to $9.75 by 2016. In Arkansas, 65% of voters said "yes" to bumping the current minimum of $6.25 (many businesses still had to pay the federal minimum of $7.25) to $8.50 by 2017. Voters were almost as enthusiastic in Nebraska, with 59% approving a bump from $7.25 to $9 by 2016.

The vote was closer in South Dakota, with 55% of voters supporting a hike from $7.25 to $8.50 an hour by 2015.

See Where America Votes

Salvador Ponce
Salvador Ponce, 73, leaves after casting his ballot at a polling place set up in the playground of a McDonald's restaurant in Los Angeles on Nov. 4, 2014.Jae C. Hong—AP
Salvador Ponce
Election Utah
A woman votes at a polling station in a local grocery store during U.S. midterm elections, in National City
Midterms Elections Held Across The U.S.
Midterms Elections Held Across The U.S.
Larry Levatte
Deborah Brown, 60, emerges from the voting booth after casting her ballot on U.S. midterm election day morning at the West Philadelphia YMCA in Philadelphia
America Votes
America Votes
Midterms Elections Held Across The U.S.
A voter looks over her ballot for the U.S. midterm elections at a laundromat used as a polling station in Chicago, Illinois
A woman fills out her ballot at a polling place at a swimming pool on Election Day in Los Angeles
APTOPIX America Votes
Voters fill in their ballots at a polling place located in Shoaf's Wagon Wheel during the U.S. midterm elections in Salisbury
Ferguson, Missouri Residents Vote On Election Day
Voting in US Midterm Elections
Midterms Elections Held Across The U.S.
America Votes
Salvador Ponce, 73, leaves after casting his ballot at a polling place set up in the playground of a McDonald's restaura

Jae C. Hong—AP
1 of 18

The raises happened despite big losses for Democrats in all those states. Late Tuesday just a single Democratic candidate was poised to win a federal election among them, even though the party made the issue a key political priority. Such a strong consensus for raising the minimum wage shows bipartisan support for an issue that has been contentious in Washington, where Obama and many congressional Democrats have backed raising the federal minimum wage to $10.10 by 2016.

Republicans say that while raising the minimum wage would push many workers above the poverty line, it would likely cost many others their jobs. A Congressional Budget Office report found that raising the minimum wage to $10.10 could result in job losses of 500,000, while leading to higher incomes for an estimated 16.5 million workers.

The increase in San Francisco will be phased in over time, reaching $15 by 2018. Early voting counts showed more than 76% of voters opting to match Seattle for offering the highest minimum wage in the nation (though Seattle has been taken to court over its ordinance).

In Illinois, 66% of voters supported a non-binding resolution to raise the minimum wage to $10 by 2015. And on the East Coast, Massachusetts voters made their state the third in the nation to require paid sick leave for workers, after Connecticut and California.

TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.