Jack Ma, founder of Alibaba Group, at the company's headquarters in Hangzhou, China, in March 2017.
Tony Law—Redux

Alibaba is China’s biggest e-commerce company, with $1 trillion in gross merchandise sales and $72 billion in revenue in 2020. But forays into mobile payments—its service touts 1.3 billion global users—catapulted this Goliath into a major political stakeholder, unnerving China’s top leaders. Friction between Alibaba’s charismatic founder, Jack Ma, and the Chinese government resulted in regulators suddenly nixing the record-breaking $37 billion IPO of Alibaba’s fintech arm, Ant Group, which was subsequently ordered to restructure. In April, Alibaba agreed to pay a fine of $2.8 billion, imposed for breaching antimonopoly rules—a sign, according to some analysts, that both sides are looking to the future.

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Write to Charlie Campbell at charlie.campbell@time.com.