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Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin declared at Teheran:

We—the President of the U.S., the Prime Minister of Great Britain, and the Premier of the Soviet Union—have shaped and confirmed our common policy. We express our determination that our nations shall work together in the war and in the peace that will follow.

War. We have concerted our plans for the destruction of the German forces. We have reached complete agreement as to the scope and timing of operations which will be undertaken from the east, west and south. The common understanding which we have here reached guarantees that victory will be ours. No power on earth can prevent our destroying the German armies by land, their U-boats by sea and their war plants from the air. Our attacks will be relentless and increasing.

Peace. We are sure that our concord will make it an enduring peace. We recognize fully the supreme responsibility resting upon us and all the United Nations to make a peace which will command the good will of the world and banish war for many generations. We have surveyed the problems of the future. We shall seek the cooperation of all nations, large and small, whose people are dedicated to the elimination of tyranny and slavery, oppression and intolerance. We will welcome them as they may choose to come into a world family of democratic nations. We look to the day when all peoples of the world may live free lives untouched by tyranny, and according to their varying desires and their own consciences. We came here with hope and determination. We leave here friends in fact, in spirit and in purpose.

On Iran: The Governments of the U.S.A., the U.S.S.R. and the United Kingdom recognize the assistance Iran has given in the war, particularly by facilitating the transportation of supplies from overseas to the Soviet Union. The Governments are at one with the Government of Iran in their desire for the maintenance of the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iran. They count upon the participation of Iran, together with all other peace-loving nations, in the establishment of international peace, security and prosperity after the war, in accordance with the principles of the Atlantic Charter, to which all four Governments have continued to subscribe.

President Roosevelt, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and Prime Minister Churchill declared at Cairo:

The military missions have agreed on future operations against Japan.

The three great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain and have no thought of territorial expansion.

It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since 1914, and that all territories stolen from China shall be restored. Japan will be expelled from all other territories taken by violence and greed. In due course Korea shall become free and independent.

With these objects in view, the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan.

These are the components of Japan’s Empire, including conquered, occupied or “dominated” territories, all of which (except the home islands themselves) are to be stripped away when the Cairo Declarations are fulfilled:

TERRITORY AREA (sq. mi.) POPULATION ACQUIRED Japan homeland 148,000 75,000,000

Formosa & Pescadores 13,900 7,000,000 After Sino-Japanese War, 1895

Kwantung (including Port Arthur & Dairen) 1,400 1,657,000 “Leased” from China, 1898

Karafuto (southern part of Sakhalin Island) 14,000 332,000 After Russo-Jap War, 1905

Korea 85,000 24,500,000 By treaty between Japan and Korea, 1910

Pacific Islands (including Marshalls, Carolines, Marianas) 830 120,000 Mandates under Versailles Treaty, 1919

Manchukuo (Manchuria) 503,000 39,500,000 Invasion, 1931-32

Occupied China (uncertain) 100,000,000 (estimated) Invasions since 1937

French Indo-China 286,000 24,000,000 “Protected” since 1940-41

Thailand (formerly Siam) 200,000 16,000,000 Military occupation, 1942

Malaya 53,000 5,300,000 Taken from Britain, 1942

Netherlands Indies 730,000 60,000,000 Taken from The Netherlands, 1942

Philippines 116,000 17,000,000 Taken from U.S., 1942

Burma 262,000 14,700,000 Taken from Britain, 1942

TOTALS 2,413,130+ 385,109,000

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