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A GUIDE TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RACES: TENNESSEE

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TIME

TENNESSEE

Population (1994): 5,175,000 (up 6.1% from 1990), 2% of U.S. total

Voting-age population: 3,913,000; 1994 turnout, 38%

Median age: 33.6

Median household income: $28,639 ($3,625 below U.S. median)

Unemployment: 5% (0.6% below U.S. average, March 1996)

Last presidential election: Clinton (D): 47% Bush (R): 42% Perot (I): 10%

Congressional delegation: Four Democrats, seven Republicans

Tennessee was one of the plum prizes of the Republican revolution–in 1994 the Volunteer State, with a Democratic tradition dating back to Reconstruction, elected two Republican Senators and shifted its House delegation from 6-to-3 Democratic to 5-to-4 Republican. Two retirees, Jamie Quillen (R) and Harold Ford (D) will probably not affect the balance this year. But Democrats are hoping tradition will reassert itself–especially in the Vice President’s state–and allow them to take the state of the Grand Ole Opry away from the Grand Old Party.

J. HOUSTON GORDON (D) SENATE CHALLENGER

BORN: Sept. 16, 1946, Camden EDUCATION: U of Tennessee at Martin, B.S. 1968; U of Tennessee, Knoxville, J.D., 1970; George Washington U, L.L.M., 1973 FAMILY: Wife, Deborah; three children RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: Army, 1970-74 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 198853, Nashville 37219. Tel.: 615-244-6446

Gordon, deriding his high-profile opponent’s campaign strategy of stumping in a leased red truck and chewing tobacco, calls himself a fiscal conservative. But he remains a Democrat at heart, supporting a minimum-wage hike and opposing the G.O.P. budget’s cuts in education, police, Medicaid and Social Security.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES National Service YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Prisons must separate the nonviolent criminal who commits a property crime from the violent criminal who has harmed a human being. Currently, our prisons are simply teaching the nonviolent how to be violent.”

FRED THOMPSON (R) JUNIOR SENATOR

BORN: Aug. 19, 1942, Sheffield, Ala. EDUCATION: Memphis State U, B.S., 1964; Vanderbilt U, J.D., 1967 FAMILY: Divorced; three children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; actor POLITICAL CAREER: Assistant U.S. attorney, 1969-72; U.S. Senate, 1994- ADDRESS: 1808 West End Avenue, Suite 401, Nashville 37203. Tel.: 615-327-3733

In the two years since being elected to fill Al Gore’s vacant Senate seat, Thompson’s star has risen quickly. He sees himself as a “citizen Senator” and has tremendous populist appeal, both because of his acting background and because his legislative priorities reflect such sensibility: term limits, campaign-finance and juvenile-court reforms, and biannual budgets for Congress. With this style, Thompson is one Senate incumbent who can run as an outsider.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion N0 Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare NR National Service NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The idea is that you come up here and you stay as long as you can and then at the end of the day, you are in a position to get more pork for your state than anyone else.”

WILLIAM JENKINS (R) District 1 (Northeast–Tri-Cities)

BORN: Nov. 29, 1936, Detroit EDUCATION: Tennessee Technological U, B.S., 1958; U of Tennessee, L.L.B., J.D., 1961 FAMILY: Wife, Kathryn; four children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: Army, 1959-60; Army Reserve 1960-69 OCCUPATION: Lawyer; farmer POLITICAL CAREER: Tennessee House, 1962-70; state circuit-court judge, 1990-1996 ADDRESS: 106 East Main Street, Rogersville 37857. Tel.: 423-272-6584

James Quillen’s retirement this year robbed the First of a wealth of congressional experience, and Jenkins is counting on precisely that factor to place him in the empty seat. The only Republican Speaker of the Tennessee House this century, Jenkins has been a state Representative, the state Commissioner of Conservation, a member of the Tennessee Valley Authority board of directors and a circuit-court judge–an impressive political track record.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We really have too much government, state and federal.”

KAY SMITH (D) District 1

BORN: Sept. 8, 1948, Kingsport EDUCATION: East Tennessee State U, 1966-67 FAMILY: Divorced; five children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Real estate agent; gift-store owner POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 1028 Center Street, Kingsport 37660. Tel.: 423-245-4024

Smith, the first woman ever to win the Democratic nomination in this district, thinks most foreign aid should be frozen until the federal budget is balanced, and that noncitizens who have not made Social Security contributions should not be allowed benefits. She is equally tough on crime, and advocates offering only educational entertainment in prison to prepare convicts to return to society.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “So many people have said, ‘Why do you want to get in that mess [politics]? It can’t be fixed. America’s already gone to pot.’ And I say…’For heaven’s sake, if everybody thought like you, we might as well zip it up and go home.'”

JOHN DUNCAN JR. (R) District 2 (East–Knoxville)

BORN: July 21, 1947, Lebanon EDUCATION: U of Tennessee, B.S., 1969; George Washington U, J.D., 1973 FAMILY: Wife, Lynn; four children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: National Guard and Army Reserve, 1970-87 OCCUPATION: Judge; lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Knox County criminal-court judge, 1981-88; U.S. House, 1988- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2646, Knoxville 37901. Tel.: 423-584-9492

Duncan has new clout as chair of the Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Aviation. But his favorite activity is budget cutting: he supported bills to slash $65 million from a planned FDA complex and end tax-funded foreign travel by outgoing members of Congress. He can, however, obtain money for his district and was among those who requested $500,000 to repair a flood-damaged road in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We should do away with parole and blast all over TV and radio: ‘Criminals beware. If you do the crime, you’ll do the time.'”

STEPHEN SMITH (D) District 2

BORN: March 9, 1962, Boston EDUCATION: Kentucky Wesleyan College, B.A., 1988; U of Tennessee, D.V.M., 1992 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Veterinarian; environmental activist POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1027, Knoxville 38901. Tel.: 423-546-7191

Smith is up against a political dynasty–Jimmy Duncan Jr. and his father have served the district for more than 30 years combined. But he is used to monolithic opponents, having successfully fought to get the Department of Energy to clean up nuclear waste at its Oak Ridge facility. Smith wants more environmental protection and believes there should be better links between federal agencies and universities. But to end the Duncan dynasty, he must convince voters that saving the environment is in their best interest.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “There’s nothing else I could think of that’s more important than turning back the radical right and gaining some sense of sanity in Washington.”

CHUCK JOLLY (D) District 3 (Southeast–Chattanooga; Oak Ridge)

BORN: Aug. 14, 1942, New Brunswick, N.J. EDUCATION: College of the Holy Cross, B.S., 1964; George Washington U, L.L.B., 1967 FAMILY: Wife, Lorie; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 25366, Chattanooga 37422. Tel.: 423-266-1996

Jolly just missed a chance to take on Zach Wamp in 1994, losing the Democratic primary by only 800 votes. Now he hopes to convince voters that Wamp, like Republican leaders, misread the mandate of 1994; he has been attacking his opponent’s support of Republican budget cuts and his vote against the minimum-wage increase. If Jolly can persuade moderates that Wamp is too far right for them, he could make this a tight race.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The minimum wage is not an entitlement. It is there to protect the hard-working and their families.”

ZACH WAMP (R) District 3

BORN: Oct. 28, 1957, Fort Benning, Ga. EDUCATION: U of North Carolina, 1977-78, 1979-80; U of Tennessee, 1978-79 FAMILY: Wife, Kim; two children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Real estate broker POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1992; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 4331, Chattanooga 37403. Tel.: 423-855-1996

Wamp is not running from Newt Gingrich in this campaign, but is trying to shed a zealous image to protect his narrow 1994 victory. Tennessee’s Third District ranks fifth in the country in federal funding, and Wamp has juggled protection of that money with balancing the budget, a goal he says is worth losing his seat over. But the Department of Energy–a department on the G.O.P. hit list–spends $2 billion a year in the district.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I think the freshman class is the most principled body of people in [the 104th Congress].”

VAN HILLEARY (R) District 4 (Northeast and south central)

BORN: June 20, 1959, Dayton EDUCATION: U of Tennessee, B.S., 1987; Samford U, J.D., 1990 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: Air Force, 1982; Air Force Reserve, 1982-94 OCCUPATION: Textile-industry executive POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for Tennessee Senate, 1992; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 492, Crossville 38557. Tel.: 615-456-4980

Though many Republican freshmen are vulnerable, Hilleary appears not to be one of them. No ideologue, he supports the Contract with America but voted for the minimum-wage hike, spurred by the district’s many low-wage textile jobs. His bill on term limits, the first constitutional-amendment proposal by a freshman to make it to the House floor since 1897, illustrates his commitment to the G.O.P. ideal.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I think it is safe to say the new Congress has done its part, and will continue to do its part, in advancing the common-sense reform legislation of the Contract with America.”

MARK STEWART (D) District 4

BORN: Oct. 21, 1959, Winchester EDUCATION: U of the South, B.A., 1981; Samford U, J.D., 1984 FAMILY: Wife, Marian; two children RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 830, Winchester 37398. Tel.: 615-967-4351

Stewart uses opponent Van Hilleary’s membership in the G.O.P. class of 1994 against him, but also criticizes him for what is usually a bread-and-butter Republican issue: crime. Stewart, a former prosecutor, advocates more police, longer sentences for violent criminals, and the death penalty. He also supports tax cuts for small businesses and a constitutional amendment on term limits. Hilleary is running on the Republicans’ record, and Stewart will gladly hold him to it; if the G.O.P. freshmen take a fall this year, Hilleary might be among them.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The best way to fight crime is to arrest criminals and put them in jail. It isn’t glamorous, it isn’t made for bumper stickers, but as a former prosecutor, I can tell you that nothing works better.”

BOB CLEMENT (D) District 5 (Nashville)

BORN: Sept. 23, 1943, Nashville EDUCATION: U of Tennessee, B.S., 1967; Memphis State U, M.B.A., 1968 FAMILY: Wife, Mary; two children, two stepchildren RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: Army, 1969-71; National Guard, 1971- OCCUPATION: College president; management and real estate executive POLITICAL CAREER: Tennessee Public Service Commission, 1973-79; U.S. House, 1988- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 290483, Nashville 37229. Tel.: 615-902-0520

Clement is a conservative–he backed acts to streamline the Federal Railroad Administration and the FAA and cut the capital-gains tax–but he also supported Democratic budget-balancing measures and Clinton’s veto of a $16.4 billion spending cut. He is one of the strongest Democrats in the state.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “In a sincere attempt to separate church and state, some politicians and judges have separated faith from politics. That is a misunderstanding of the Founding Fathers’ intent, and a serious disservice to our nation.”

STEVEN EDMONDSON (R) District 5

BORN: Sept. 13, 1962, Nashville EDUCATION: Belmont College, B.S., 1985 FAMILY: Wife, Melissa; two children RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Independent candidate for U.S. House, 1992 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 146, Antioch 37011. Tel.: 615-355-9378 When Edmondson ran against Bob Clement in 1992, he was an Independent. Now he has the Republican nomination, but is still a considerable underdog. His campaign has four themes: reducing the Federal Government, promoting traditional biblical values, tax reform, and congressional reform, including a 10% congressional pay cut, a 25% reduction of personal staff and eliminating congressional pensions and unsolicited mass mailings.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It is my belief that the best standard of moral direction that can be found for our nation is in the teaching of the Bible, and it is from that standard that I will base my decisions on issues and policy if I am elected.”

STEVE GILL (R) District 6 (North central–Murfreesboro)

BORN: Nov. 15, 1955, Knoxville EDUCATION: U of Tennessee, B.A., 1979, J.D., 1982 FAMILY: Wife, Kathy; two children RELIGION: United Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer, professor POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: 1730 General George Patton Drive, Suite 212, Brentwood 37027. Tel.: 615-661-4455

After losing to Bart Gordon by a scant 2,174 votes in 1994, Gill takes another swing this fall. The two share some key stands–both are pro-life and support capital-gains tax cuts–but Gill argues he would be a more effective reformer. The only Tennesseean ever selected as a White House fellow, Gill served President Bush as director of intergovernmental affairs, helping to develop international-trade policy, which he teaches at Belmont University in Nashville.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[A minimum-wage increase] is going to pass, and people are going to pat themselves on the back for it. What’s lost in this debate on how we really raise wages. This is a short-term political ploy.”

BART GORDON (D) District 6

BORN: Jan. 24, 1949, Murfreesboro EDUCATION: Middle Tennessee State U, B.S., 1971; U of Tennessee, J.D., 1973 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Tennessee Democratic Party chairman, 1981-83; U.S. House, 1984- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2008, Murfreesboro 37133. Tel.: 615-898-1992

Six-term incumbent Gordon narrowly avoided becoming a casualty of the G.O.P. takeover in 1994; this year he faces Steve Gill again. Gordon, a fiscal conservative who twice voted for a balanced-budget amendment, emphasizes his popular fight against the sale of local lakes to hydroelectric interests and his support for the minimum-wage hike.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We must make welfare a hand up to a job, not a handout and a way of life. My goal has been…a welfare system that strengthens families and moves people from poverty to work and a productive life-style, without hurting the children.”

ED BRYANT (R) District 7 (West Central–Clarksville; part of Shelby County)

BORN: Sept. 7, 1948, Jackson EDUCATION: U of Mississippi, B.A., 1970, J.D., 1972 FAMILY: Wife, Cyndi; three children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: Army, 1973-78. OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. Attorney, 1991-93; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1961, Cordova 38088. Tel.: 901-753-6348

A loyal partisan, freshman Ed Bryant lives up to his reputation as a strict conservative: he sponsored a bill that would have forced emergency-room doctors to turn in adult illegal immigrants who get compensation from the public purse. By his own admission, however, most of his time and his Judiciary Committee seat have been devoted to clearing the way for the Houston Oilers’ proposed move to Nashville.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “My votes mirror the Seventh District, not Newt Gingrich. If people study the issues, they would be satisfied with my record.”

DON TROTTER (D) District 7

BORN: Sept. 2, 1948, Nashville EDUCATION: Austin Peay State U, B.A., 1970, M.A., 1973 FAMILY: Wife, Patsy; two children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: Army, 1970-72 OCCUPATION: Insurance agent; teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for Tennessee House, 1980; mayor of Clarksville, 1987-; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 3069, Clarksville 37043. Tel.: 615-920-3400

Nine years without a tax increase. A balanced budget every year. A 60% increase in the police force. It’s a record any G.O.P. mayor might be proud of, but it belongs to Clarksville’s “middle-of-the-road” Democrat, Don Trotter. And though Entrepreneur magazine rated Clarksville one of America’s two best cities for small business, Trotter has a fight trying to unseat popular G.O.P. incumbent Ed Bryant.

THE ISSUES Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I listen to the people, then I set an agenda to get things done to improve our community. I will fight for the values of the hard-working people of this district.”

JOHN TANNER (D) District 8 (West–Jackson; part of Shelby County)

BORN: Sept. 22, 1944, Halls EDUCATION: U of Tennessee, B.S., 1966, J.D., 1968 FAMILY: Wife, Betty Ann; two children RELIGION: Disciples of Christ MILITARY: Navy, 1968-72; National Guard, 1974- OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Tennessee House, 1977-89; U.S. House, 1988- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1996, Union City 38281. Tel.: 901-885-1696

Tanner is a conservative blue-dog Democrat and founder of the Coalition, a group of 22 conservative House Democrats dedicated to fiscal and social reform. In 1995 they put forth their own welfare plan, which helped lay the groundwork for this year’s bill. He joins G.O.P. conservatives in voting against gun control and federal funding of abortion, and was an early supporter of the line-item veto and a balanced-budget amendment. His opponent will have a hard time being more Republican than Tanner sometimes seems to be.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “For welfare reform to be successful, we must demand work and personal responsibility.”

TOM WATSON (R) District 8

BORN: Jan. 15, 1942, Memphis EDUCATION: Christian Brothers College, B.A., 1975 FAMILY: Divorced; one child RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: Navy 1959-62, Navy Reserve, 1962-65 OCCUPATION: Fire fighter POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for Public Service Commission, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 293, Brunswick 38014. Tel.: 901-829-2067

Running to unseat four-term incumbent John Tanner, Watson is a busy man. This firefighter, the fourth of 12 sons from a rural Shelby County family, thinks Tanner is “rich and a nice fellow,” but not a good representative for the Eighth. He especially disagrees with Tanner’s lack of support for constitutional amendments limiting congressional terms and banning desecration of the U.S. flag.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I do agree that we should not be messing with the Constitution unless it’s the last avenue, but if that’s what it takes to do what’s right, then that’s the reason the Constitution was designed the way it was–so you can amend it.”

ROD DEBERRY (R) District 9 (Memphis)

BORN: Sept. 16, 1963, Chicago EDUCATION: State Technical Institute at Memphis, A.A., 1991; LeMoyne-Owen College, B.A., 1996 FAMILY: Wife, Lela; two children RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Computer-operations supervisor POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: 574 South Cooper, Memphis 38104. Tel.: 901-452-8384

DeBerry lost to Harold Ford Sr. in 1994 and gets a rematch of sorts, running against Ford’s son. The conservative DeBerry advocates term limits, a “zero-tolerance stance” on violent crime and a $500-per-child tax credit. This is good conservatism for the Ninth, but in a district where per-capita income is only $11,296, bootstraps capitalism may be a hard sell.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The Department of Education…has allowed the American student to fall behind…I intend to send my children to Memphis schools, and you can count on me to make decisions that you would make for your own children.”

HAROLD FORD JR. (D) District 9 BORN: May 11, 1970, Memphis EDUCATION: U of Pennsylvania, B.A., 1992; U of Michigan, J.D., 1996 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Law clerk POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 1470 Monroe Avenue, Memphis 38104. Tel.: 901-725-1996

“Junior” is bidding to take the seat left open by his father, who is retiring this year. But he wants to pick up with a difference in image: Ford Sr. was indicted in 1987 on charges of bank, mail and tax fraud, though he was later acquitted. Ford Jr. defends the earned-income tax credit, abortion rights, Medicare, Medicaid, environmental regulation and gun control, and aims to put a fresh face on his father’s political legacy.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Pro-choice does not mean pro-abortion. Pro-choice means entrusting women and families with the right to choose…Our goal must be to make abortion less necessary, not more dangerous.”

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