• U.S.

A GUIDE TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RACES: VIRGINIA

22 minute read
TIME

VIRGINIA

Population (1994): 6,552,000 (up 5.9% from 1990); 2.5% of U.S. total

Voting-age population: 4,967,000; 1994 turnout, 41%

Median age: 32.6 years

Median household income: $37,647 ($5,383 above U.S. median)

Unemployment: 3.9% (1.7% less than U.S average, March 1996)

Last presidential election: Clinton (D): 41% Bush (R): 45% Perot (I): 14%

Congressional delegation: Seven Democrats, six Republicans

The home of Thomas Jefferson and George Washington, Virginia can make a legitimate claim to be the birthplace of the American Revolution. But with 10 of 11 House incumbents expected to win reelection, a political revolution at the polls seems unlikely in 1996. The big issues are similar to ones being debated throughout the country: gun control, tobacco, abortion and traditional cultural values. But as they have always done, Virginians, close as they are to the nation’s capital, will find a way to represent their local interests while contributing to the nation’s welfare.

JOHN WARNER (R) SENIOR SENATOR

BORN: Feb. 18, 1927, Washington EDUCATION: Washington and Lee U, B.S., 1949; U of Virginia, LL.B., 1953 FAMILY: Divorced; three children RELIGION: Episcopalian MILITARY: Navy, 1944-46; Marines, 1950-52 OCCUPATION: Lawyer; Secretary of the Navy POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. Senate, 1978- ADDRESS: 2111 Eisenhower Avenue, Suite 402, Alexandria 22314. Tel.: 703-549-9696

Warner gained national celebrity when he married Elizabeth Taylor, but he has won more statewide elections than any Virginian this century. He faced his loudest opposition in the primary from conservatives who accused him of backstabbing the party when he didn’t support its 1994 senatorial candidate, Oliver North. Warner said he put “principle before politics” and went on to wollop the challenger.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare NO* National Service NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The root challenge to traditional family values in America … stems from the economic squeeze people feel as they attempt to provide … for their children while saving for their own retirement.”

MARK WARNER (D) SENATE CHALLENGER

BORN: Dec. 15, 1954; Indianapolis, Ind. EDUCATION: George Washington U, B.A., 1977; Harvard U, J.D., 1980 FAMILY: Wife, Lisa; three children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Technology executive; lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia Democratic Party chair, 1993-1995 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1996, Richmond 23218. Tel.: 804-342-1996

The “other” Warner, Mark (no relation to the Senator), will not have to struggle with name recognition–but just hope, perhaps, that it doesn’t work against him. He supports a strong defense and wants an education system that’s the envy of the world. To achieve this, he believes, U.S. schools need continued federal funding.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion NR Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO National Service YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It’s time for Americans to take back our streets and communities. We need more cops on the beat, tough sentences for drug dealers and violent criminals, a new focus on juvenile offenders, and a renewed effort to improve our nation’s moral climate.”

HERBERT BATEMAN (R) District 1 (East–parts of Newport News, Hampton; Fredericksburg)

BORN: Aug. 7, 1928, Elizabeth City, N.C. EDUCATION: College of William and Mary, B.A., 1949; Georgetown U, J.D., 1956 FAMILY: Wife, Laura; two children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: Air Force, 1951-53 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia Senate, 1968-82; U.S. House, 1982- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1668, Yorktown 23692. Tel.: 804-898-1990

Bateman has one of the easiest races in his 14 years running for Congress–he’s unopposed. The popularity of the pro-defense incumbent is not surprising in this district of military installations.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “No matter how much we disagree about weapons systems and about strategies and about budget numbers, we all agree on one thing…[E]very time we have a conflict, when we move out to project American power, we carry that power, whether it is marines or soldiers or ammunition or aircraft and all the logistics that you have to take to a foreign place to fight a war…”

OWEN PICKETT (D) District 2 (Parts of Norfolk and Virginia Beach)

BORN: Aug. 31, 1930, Richmond EDUCATION: Virginia Tech, B.S., 1952; U of Richmond, L.L.B., 1955 FAMILY: Wife, Sybil; three children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; accountant POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia House, 1972-86; U.S. House, 1986- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2127, Virginia Beach 23452. Tel.: 804-486-7674

With the 1992 redistricting depleting his traditional support, Pickett, a moderate, has become more vulnerable during the past several years, but he has shifted to the right to accommodate his new conservative base. In 1993 he was one of only five Democrats to twice oppose Clinton’s deficit-reduction plan.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NO Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO* Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I remind my colleagues that the most important component of readiness is people…The military personnel that we put in harm’s way deserve a full and continuing commitment from this Congress.”

JOHN TATE (R) District 2

BORN: July 25, 1962, Oxford, Miss. EDUCATION: U of Virginia, B.A., 1987 FAMILY: Wife, Kathleen; three children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: Marine Corps Reserve, 1980-82 OCCUPATION: Telecommunications director; congressional aide; political activist POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 372 South Independence Boulevard, Suite 110, Virginia Beach 23452. Tel.: 804-474-4960

Perhaps because he is a “political activist,” candidate Tate is reluctant to be pinned down on any issue, especially, according to his campaign manager Dmitri Kesari, “the old stuff.” Kesari says “the budget is old news,” and his candidate won’t talk about it. Tate will take a stand on one issue, however: “He’s for full defense funding,” says Kesari. “He’s a big supporter of the military.”

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “No comment.”

ELSIE HOLLAND (R) District 3 (Southeast–parts of Richmond and Tidewater)

BORN: July 18, 1935, McKenney EDUCATION: Virginia State U, B.S. 1955, M.S., 1969; U of Virginia, Ed.D., 1975 FAMILY: Husband, Kenneth RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Educator POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia Republican State Central Committee, 1993- ADDRESS: 1609 Westwood Avenue, Richmond 23227. Tel.: 804-353-4923

Grade school vice principal Holland believes African-American women are poorly represented in Congress; if elected, she could become the only black Republican Congresswoman. The seat is in a black-majority district, but Holland gains no racial advantage against Representative Robert Scott, also black and ideologically more in line with a constituency that gave Clinton a 40-point victory over Bush in 1992.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I am offering the citizens of the Third…a choice to choose the course that we take in protecting the economic future of today’s and tomorrow’s generations of Americans.”

ROBERT C. SCOTT (D) District 3

BORN: April 30, 1947, Washington EDUCATION: Harvard U, A.B., 1969; Boston College, J.D., 1973 FAMILY: Divorced RELIGION: Episcopalian MILITARY: Army Reserve, 1970-74; National Guard, 1974-76 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia House, 1979-83; Virginia Senate, 1983-92; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1986; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 251, Newport News 23607. Tel.: 804-245-2000

In 1992 Scott became the first African American from Virginia to serve in the House since 1891. He usually votes a liberal Democratic line–he opposes capital punishment and punitive crime bills, promotes education and crime prevention–but he fought hard to fund the U.S.S. Ronald Reagan, saying he was protecting “tens of thousands of jobs,” 6,000 of them in his district, the most Democratic in Virginia.

THE ISSUES Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Not only does teen pregnancy affect the teen, but it also affects the entire community.”

NORMAN SISISKY (D) District 4 (Southeast–Chesapeake; part of Portsmouth)

BORN: June 9, 1927, Baltimore, Md. EDUCATION: Virginia Commonwealth U, B.S., 1949 FAMILY: Wife, Rhoda; four children RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: Navy, 1945-46 OCCUPATION: Beverage distributor POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia House, 1974-82; U.S. House, 1982- ADDRESS: 4012 Raintree Road, Suite 120A, Chesapeake 23321. Tel.: 804-488-2200.

The sales skills that made seven-term incumbent Sisisky a millionaire in the beverage industry have also helped him in Congress. And a booming voice and bluff personality make him the archetype of the Southern politician. Still, he is a moderate who aims to please conservative whites as well as the more liberal blacks who make up a third of his district.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Yes, it is sad to lay off people, but it is also sad for a plant to go into bankruptcy and lay off people. We just do not have enough business for all the defense contractors.”

ANTHONY ZEVGOLIS (R) District 4

BORN: Dec. 14, 1936, Hopewell EDUCATION: U.S. Army Infantry Officer Candidate School, Fort Benning, Ga., 1962-63; Lacaze Institute of Drafting and Engineering, Washington, 1975; Nationwide Insurance Agent and Marketing Development School, Columbus, Ohio, 1978 FAMILY: Wife, Vicky Lynn Davis RELIGION: Greek Orthodox MILITARY: Marines, Marine Corps Reserve, 1954-62; Army, Army Reserve, 1962-64 OCCUPATION: Insurance agent POLITICAL CAREER: Hopewell city council 1990-; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1992 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 827, Hopewell 23860. Tel.: 804-458-5685

Zevgolis, one of 13 children of immigrant parents, has lived in Hopewell for 55 years. Though he has been active in local politics, Zevgolis, a proponent of a flat tax, has much less name recognition than his opponent, the seven-term incumbent who defeated him four years ago.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Why tax the money that has enabled us to become the greatest country in the world?”

VIRGIL GOODE JR. (D) District 5 (South–Danville; Charlottesville)

BORN: Oct. 17, 1946, Richmond EDUCATION: U of Richmond, B.A., 1969; U of Virginia, J.D., 1973 FAMILY: Wife, Lucy; one child RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: Virginia National Guard, 1969-75 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia Senate, 1973-; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate, 1982, 1994 ADDRESS: 24 Orchard Avenue, Rocky Mount 24151. Tel.: 540-484-1996

Hoping to inherit the mantle of retiring four-term Representative Lewis Payne, Goode is both a Democrat and a conservative populist: he is pro-gun, pro-life and pro-tobacco–and has fund-raising barbecues for a modest $5-a-plate fee.

THE ISSUES Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It is the people in the stores and farms, on the sidewalks and in the cafes, in the factories and in the homes…These are the citizens whose vote, help and support I am asking for.”

GEORGE LANDRITH III (R) District 5

BORN: Oct. 27, 1960, Alexandria EDUCATION: Brigham Young U, B.A., 1985; U of Virginia, J.D., 1988 FAMILY: Wife, Laura; five children RELIGION: Mormon MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Albemarle County School Board, 1992-95; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 400, Evington 24550. Tel.: 804-237-1996

After a narrow loss–by just six points–to retiring Representative Lewis Payne in 1994, Landrith hopes to do better against Virginia state Senator Virgil Goode. The conservative Landrith, who wants to cut the deficit by cutting social programs like the National Endowment for the Arts rather than by raising taxes, is getting his message out with the help of Steve Forbes and Newt Gingrich, who have made appearances on his behalf.

THE ISSUES Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I’m running for a simple reason. I want to take our values and our common sense to Washington, rather than have them impose their values and their version of common sense.”

ROBERT GOODLATTE (R) District 6 (West–Roanoke; Lynchburg)

BORN: Sept. 22, 1952, Holyoke, Mass. EDUCATION: Bates College, B.A., 1974; Washington and Lee U, J.D., 1977 FAMILY: Wife, Maryellen; two children RELIGION: Christian Scientist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; congressional aide POLITICAL CAREER: Roanoke City Republican Committee chair, 1980-83; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 292, Roanoke 24002. Tel.: 540-389-1170

Goodlatte encourages dialogue with the dairy farmers and cattle ranchers of his largely Republican district in “open-door meetings” about problems constituents are having with the Federal Government. He brought the district to the G.O.P. in 1992, after a decade in Democratic hands, easily held it during the Republican revolution of 1994 and is a favorite to repeat this year.

THE ISSUES Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “With over 30 million uninsured Americans, the need for privately sponsored free clinics and health services has never been more acute.”

JEFFREY GREY (D) District 6

BORN: Feb. 11, 1965, Louisville, Ky. EDUCATION: Harry Doss High School, graduated, 1983 FAMILY: Wife, Debbie; two children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: Navy, 1983-87 OCCUPATION: Telecommunications repairman POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 33, Roanoke 24002. Tel.: 540-464-5167

Presenting himself as someone who knows how tough times are for working families, Grey wants the focus of popular dissatisfaction to be on the G.O.P. Congress. He stresses work over welfare, and the need for more jobs and better wages, but doesn’t think gutting programs is the way to balance the budget. Though he may benefit from union and minority support in the Roanoke area, Grey, a political novice, has his work cut out for him against a two-term incumbent.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We can all agree that we need a balanced budget. But we don’t need to cut the lifeblood from our families and communities.”

THOMAS BLILEY JR. (R) District 7 (Central–part of Richmond and suburbs)

BORN: Jan. 28, 1932, Chesterfield County EDUCATION: Georgetown U, B.A., 1952 FAMILY: Wife, Mary Kelley; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Navy, 1952-55 OCCUPATION: Funeral director POLITICAL CAREER: Richmond city council, 1968-77, vice mayor, 1968-70, mayor, 1970-77; U.S. House, 1980- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 17095, Richmond 23226. Tel.: 804-343-7494

A Democrat in Richmond politics until 1980, when he ran for the House as a Republican, Bliley is now chair of the Commerce Committee. He wants to reduce the committee’s legislative power in favor of freer markets and blasted his opponent’s proposal to hike tobacco taxes, which he says will cost the district jobs.

THE ISSUES Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Poor people and their families have enough on their minds without having to worry that if they change jobs, or move, or get laid off, they’ll lose coverage for those conditions because of a ‘pre-existing condition’ clause.”

RODERIC SLAYTON (D) District 7 BORN: May 14, 1960, Charlottesville EDUCATION: Mary Washington College, B.A., 1982; U of Richmond, J.D., 1985 FAMILY: Wife, Rita; two children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Orange town council, 1989-93, mayor, 1989-93 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1282, Orange 22960. Tel.: 540-672-5053

Slayton wants government to help improve education, take care of the sick and elderly and protect reproductive rights. But tobacco has been the burning issue in this race: Slayton wants to hike the price of a pack of cigarettes 25%, using $4 of every $5 raised to offset the medical cost of tobacco-related diseases and the rest to fund anti-smoking education for kids. Philip Morris isn’t located here, but many of its employees are.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave yes (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The educational system is the key to maintaining a democracy…an educated citizen is more likely to achieve economic security.”

JAMES MORAN (D) District 8 (Washington suburbs–part of Fairfax County; Arlington; Alexandria)

BORN: May 16, 1945, Buffalo, N.Y. EDUCATION: College of the Holy Cross, B.A., 1967; U of Pittsburgh, M.A., 1970 FAMILY: Wife, Mary; four children, one stepchild RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Investment banker POLITICAL CAREER: Alexandria city council, 1979-84, vice mayor, 1982-84; mayor, 1985-91; U.S. House, 1990- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2518, Alexandria 22301. Tel.: 703-549-3367

Moran is an energetic liberal who, having survived the Republican revolution of 1994, should be able to secure a fourth term this year. His constituency is largely white-collar, service-industry and federal workers, so his status as ranking member of the Civil Service Subcommittee of the Government Reform and Oversight Committee is an advantage.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We celebrate the progress we have made in cleaning our air and our water. We recognize, however, that we still have much more to do for future generations.”

JOHN OTEY (R) District 8

BORN: May 18, 1958, Kansas City, Mo. EDUCATION: Kansas State U, B.S., 1980 FAMILY: Divorced RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: Marines, 1982-89 OCCUPATION: Computer-logistics manager; capital-program manager POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 405 South Glebe Road, Arlington 22204. Tel.: 703-979-9600

Otey claims he’s bringing “Main Street” common sense to the Eighth District race, with a conservative message of less government and more community responsibility. He argues that this will help the overlooked middle class, but in this district of middle-class federal employees and middle-class workers dependent on federal largesse, even endorsements from former Congressmen Stan Parris and Joel Broyhill may not do the trick.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Jim Moran and the liberal Congress bleed the middle class like an atm machine, and I’m taking my pin number away.”

RICK BOUCHER (D) District 9 (Southwest–Blacksburg; Bristol)

BORN: Aug. 1, 1946, Abingdon EDUCATION: Roanoke College, B.A., 1968; U of Virginia, J.D., 1971 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Virginia Senate, 1974-82; U.S. House, 1982- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2000, Abingdon 24210. Tel.: 703-628-7197

Since his election, Boucher has defeated three G.O.P. challengers with ease. In 1994, when Republicans stormed the rest of the House, he still won with an impressive 59% of the vote. Boucher supports Head Start, Medicare and Medicaid, but–and this could explain his ability to defeat Republicans–opposes gun control and punitive tobacco legislation. Not considered “one of the boys” in his rural district, he nevertheless has his Hill colleagues’ respect for his expertise on–and connections to–the telecommunications industry.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NO Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave yes (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[W]e are aggressively defending the role of the Federal Government in support of the American public’s core values.”

PATRICK MULDOON (R) District 9

BORN: April 4, 1965, Moscow, Idaho EDUCATION: Embry Riddle Aeronautical U, B.S., 1991; Catholic U, M.S., 1994; College of William and Mary, 1995- FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Engineer; carpenter; farmer POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 749, Pembroke 24136. Tel.: 540-626-3337

Ultraconservative Muldoon emphasizes the need to revive religion and stop the “moral decay” of the country. He captured primary voters with his spirited speeches, ridiculing Rick Boucher’s high-tech expertise, saying, “the information superhighway is a great thing, but you can’t drive on it.” Instead, he wants to build roads and infrastructure to lead business into southwest Virginia. His energy seems potent, but Muldoon faces a formidable opponent.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NR Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Unless government has a…compelling interest, it should stay out of people’s lives.”

ROBERT WEINBERG (D) District 10 (North–part of Fairfax County; Manassas)

BORN: May 23, 1931, New York City EDUCATION: Yale U, B.A., 1953, LL.B., 1960; London School of Economics, Ph.D., 1960 FAMILY: Wife, Patricia; three children RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: Army, 1957-59 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1988 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 510, Sperryville 22740. Tel.: 703-534-3919

In his second bid to unseat Frank Wolf, Weinberg says he offers voters a choice–but he refuses to answer the TIME/CQ questionnaire because it focuses on “what a candidate would have done in the past,” which he considers too hypothetical. Not abstractly, the newly retired lawyer must convince voters to turn out an incumbent famous for constituent services and put in his place a precinct committeeman who has never won an elective office.

THE ISSUES Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “America must return to legislative sanity…Voters don’t want Gingrich to be a heartbeat away from the presidency.”

FRANK WOLF (R) District 10

BORN: Jan. 30, 1939, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Pennsylvania State U, B.A., 1961; Georgetown U, L.L.B., 1965 FAMILY: Wife, Carolyn; five children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: Army, 1962-63; Army Reserve, 1963-67 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1978; U.S. House, 1980- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 6596, McLean 22106. Tel.: 703-620-4115

Wolf is known as a “pothole politician” for his success at fulfilling basic constituent needs–like easing the grind of their daily commute by revamping Washington’s subway system and roads. Now an eight-term incumbent, Wolf will be hard to beat.

THE ISSUES Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We can do a good job. We can put in real rehabilitation [for prisoners], not teach [them] how to farm and to milk cows, and so on, which might have been appropriate generations ago…We need to teach them the most modern skills in construction, electronics and the like.”

THOMAS DAVIS III (R) District 11 (Washington suburbs; parts of Fairfax and Prince William counties)

BORN: Jan. 5, 1949, Minot, N. Dak. EDUCATION: Amherst College, B.A., 1971; U of Virginia, J.D., 1975 FAMILY: Wife, Margaret; three children RELIGION: Christian Scientist MILITARY: Army, 1971-72, Army Reserve, 1979-83; National Guard, 1972-79 OCCUPATION: Corporate lawyer political career: Fairfax County board of supervisors, 1991-94; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: 9001 Braddock Road, Suite 200, Fairfax 22151. Tel.: 703-250-0096

Davis is a new Congressman in a district created after the 1990 census. Like his constituents, he is moderate: pro-choice and for a semiautomatic-weapons ban. And like his Republican brethren, he opposes raising taxes to balance the budget. He is also one of only a few freshmen to be made chairman of a subcommittee, one overseeing the District of Columbia.

THE ISSUES Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NO NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We spend too much time pointing fingers at each other and too little time…working these issues out.”

TOM HORTON (D) District 11

BORN: May 9, 1955, New York City EDUCATION: Harvard U, B.A., 1977; Case Western Reserve U, J.D., 1981 FAMILY: Wife, Karen; three children RELIGION: Unitarian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; teacher POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 7245 Arlington Boulevard, Suite 218, Falls Church 22042. Tel.: 703-698-8683

To win the moderate 11th, Horton, a member of the 1992 Clinton-Gore steering committee, is taking on the Contract with America. He calls the 1994 G.O.P. document a shortsighted approach to deficit cutting that does not expand opportunities for the average Northern Virginia family. Horton has never held public office, but his work on the Council for Excellence in Government may shore him up against a freshman incumbent.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave yes (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Our government must set a consistent, mainstream course into the 21st century…I have the courage to face the tough issues head-on, to make the hard choices and to stand by my decisions.”

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