• U.S.

A GUIDE TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RACES: PENNSYLVANIA

38 minute read
TIME

PENNSYLVANIA

Population (1994): 12,052,000 (up 1.4% from 1990), 4.6% of U.S. total

Voting-age pop.: 9,212,000; 1994 turnout: 39%

Median age: 35.0 years

Median household income: $32,066 ($198 below U.S. median)

Unemployment: 5.6% (which is the U.S. average, March 1996)

Last presidential election: Clinton (D): 45% Bush (R): 36% Perot (I): 18%

Congressional delegation: 12 Republicans, 11 Democrats

Pennsylvania, once the world’s steel capital, also has one of the country’s richest histories–the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were written and signed in Philadelphia–and seems aptly named the Keystone State. With no statewide races this year, Pennsylvania’s focus is again the political grass roots, where it all began.

JAMES CELLA (R) District 1 (South–central Philadelphia; part of Chester)

BORN: Jan. 31, 1963, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Temple U, B.S., 1985; Widener U, J.D., 1990 FAMILY: Wife, Sandra Jean McCarty; one child RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; law clerk POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 2829 South Smedley Street, Philadelphia 19145. Tel.: 215-467-7194

Against a popular incumbent in a Democratic district, Cella is running uphill. He advocates a simplified tax system and promotes the nation’s “true focus”–economic growth. But he also declines to answer the Time/CQ questionnaire because, he says, such questions “often put words into the candidate’s mouth.”

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I can bring to Washington new ideas and problem-solving skills.”

THOMAS FOGLIETTA (D) District 1

BORN: Dec. 3, 1928, Philadelphia EDUCATION: St. Joseph’s College, B.A., 1949; Temple U, J.D., 1952 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Philadelphia City Council, 1955-75; U.S. House, 1980- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 40078, Philadelphia 19106. Tel.: 215-923-0415

A 16-year incumbent, Foglietta represents one of the poorest districts in America. He is also the only white Congressman for a mostly black constituency and this year was one of only 101 Representatives to vote against the G.O.P.-sponsored welfare-reform bill.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Bill Clinton sees America where our children are healthier and safer. Bob Dole sees an America where kids have a nonaddicting cigarette in one hand and a pistol in the other. Lucky for us that kids do not have three hands.”

CHAKA FATTAH (D) District 2 (West Philadelphia; Chestnut Hill; Yeadon)

BORN: Nov. 21, 1956, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Community College of Philadelphia, A.A., 1976; U. of Pennsylvania, M.A., 1986 FAMILY: Wife, Patricia Renfroe; three children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Public official POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1983-89; Pennsylvania Senate, 1989-94; U.S. House 1994- ADDRESS: 2043 Walnut Street, Philadelphia 19104. Tel.: 215-972-8067

Fattah swept the 1994 election with 84% of the vote–the widest margin of any new Congressman. In a majority African-American district, running against a Republican, he’s favored to do it again. Popular in his district, Fattah was also elected whip of the Congressional Black Caucus.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NO NAFTA NR Welfare NO Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “There is a lot of concern about the flight of white male voters out of our party, but that overlooks [the] significant African-American vote out there that is being ignored.”

LARRY MURPHY (R) District 2

BORN: June 15, 1963, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Bloomsburg U., B.A., 1985; Thomas Jefferson U., 1994- FAMILY: Wife, Kimberly; one child RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: Air Force Reserve, 1986- OCCUPATION: Scientific researcher POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: P.O. Box 25246, Philadelphia 19119. Tel.: 215-242-3644

Energetic and passionate, Murphy calls himself a moderate Republican, but in this largely poor, African-American section of West Philly, his positions are controversial: tough love, hard work and no free lunch. Murphy, who was a foster child for a time, says the only way to get out of poverty is accountability. Parents have to be accountable for their kids; cops have to be accountable for community safety.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion NO Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Giving handouts doesn’t empower people to basically act on their own. Handouts increase the dependency of our community.”

ROBERT BORSKI (D) District 3 (Northeast Philadelphia)

BORN: Oct. 20, 1948, Philadelphia EDUCATION: U. of Baltimore, B.A., 1972 FAMILY: Wife, Karen Lloyd; five children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Stockbroker POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1977-82; U.S. House, 1982- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 26846, Philadelphia 19134. Tel.: 215-335-9499

A savvy politician in this white, working-class district, Borski has been elected seven times, and this time his constituents will probably make it eight. He represents cultural conservatism–his abortion votes are in line with Catholic doctrine–popular in the Third and, as a ranking member of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, can influence job-producing federal funds for highways and mass transit.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave yes (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On international airline-safety standards:] “Congress and the FAA have the clear responsibility to ensure that the traveling public does not face unnecessary risks caused by the expansion of the globalization of air transport.”

JOSEPH MCCOLGAN (R) District 3

BORN: July 17, 1962, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Villanova U., B.A., 1984 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Navy, 1984-88 OCCUPATION: Marketing executive POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1990 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 16207, Philadelphia 19114-0207. Tel.: 215-612-1467

Joe McColgan is a young Republican trying to pull the conservative Third District into the G.O.P. fold. He first ran against incumbent Robert Borski in 1990–losing by 20 points, better than any Republican since 1982–and feels that his respectable showing in that race will generate votes in this election. The major question is whether he can convince working-class Democrats that the Republican fiscal platform is no threat to their jobs and entitlements.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It is not that we are against paying taxes, or against the existence of government. Rather, we resent the government we get for the taxes we pay.”

PAUL ADAMETZ (R) District 4 (West–Beaver County; part of Westmoreland County)

BORN: June 30, 1964, Belle Vernon EDUCATION: Art Institute of Pittsburgh, A.A., 1985 FAMILY: Wife, Katrina; one child RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Printer POLITICAL CAREER: Seven Fields Borough Council, 1995- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1852, Cranberry Township 16066. Tel.: 412-231-7440

A conservative Republican with a populist campaign, Adametz is for limited government, lower taxes, returning control of education to the states and restoring the traditional American family. He is a former printer, which helps explain his colorful campaign literature: “Three things that can always be found in my refrigerator…chocolate milk, carrots and barbecue sauce.” Them’s fightin’ words.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “For those insistent upon ‘separation of church and state,’ a phrase that doesn’t appear in my copy of the Constitution, just which commandment is so offensive that the entire list must be banned from government property?”

RON KLINK (D) District 4

BORN: Sept. 23, 1951, Canton, Ohio EDUCATION: Meyersdale High School, graduated, 1969 FAMILY: Wife, Linda Hogan; two children RELIGION: United Church of Christ MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Television journalist POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 474, Veannette 15644. Tel.: 412-527-7437

In the Fourth, where workers are still suffering from the crumbling of heavy industry in the ’80s, Klink, a former news anchor, is a staunch supporter of labor–which made him an equally die-hard opponent of NAFTA–and a proponent of legislation prohibiting employers from permanently replacing workers who strike because of wages, benefits or working conditions. So far, his blue-collar constituents have returned the favors.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Just like that four-year-old child with a sweet tooth, the Republicans are at it again, reaching back in that cookie jar, trying to grab Medicare cuts, Medicaid cuts, education cuts. Tax cuts for the wealthy is what they are going to balance it with.”

JOHN PETERSON (R) District 5 (Northwest, central–State College)

BORN: Dec. 25, 1938, Titusville EDUCATION: Titusville High School, 1956 FAMILY: Wife, Saundra; one child RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: Army Reserve, 1958-64 OCCUPATION: Supermarket owner POLITICAL CAREER: Pleasantville Borough Council, 1969-77; Pennsylvania House, 1977-85; Pennsylvania Senate, 1985- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 295, Pleasantville 16341. Tel.: 814-589-7622

Peterson runs in a traditionally Republican district for a seat being vacated by nine-term G.O.P. incumbent Bill Clinger. The son of a steel worker, Peterson opened a grocery store with his brother in 1958 and maintained it until 1984, when he decided to become a politician. He also wants lower taxes and a balanced budget. And with the endorsement of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Peterson is a solid candidate.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “While I was in business, duty called to serve on the borough council. I accepted that challenge and found out you could make a difference.”

RUTH RUDY (D) District 5

BORN: Jan. 3, 1938, Millheim EDUCATION: Carnegie Institute, 1955-56; Pennsylvania State U, 1969-73 FAMILY: Husband, Guy; three children RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Small-business owner POLITICAL CAREER: Centre County Clerk of Courts, 1976-82; Pennsylvania House, 1983- ADDRESS: 141 East High Street, Bellefonte 16823. Tel.: 814-353-0420

Rudy’s “odd jobs” campaign–she worked odd jobs all around the district to raise her name recognition–made headlines, but even her authorship of Pennsylvania’s “three-strikes” law may not win over voters who went convincingly for George Bush in 1992. Still, Rudy’s 13 years as a state legislator make her a known and popular quantity in central and northwestern Pennsylvania.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Our concern is, if we can keep people with good jobs [in the district], we can keep our own business going too.”

TIM HOLDEN (D) District 6 (Southeast–Reading)

BORN: March 5, 1957, St. Clair EDUCATION: Bloomsburg U, B.A., 1980 FAMILY: Wife, Gwen Kieres RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Sheriff POLITICAL CAREER: Schuylkill County sheriff, 1985-92; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: 302 Mahantongo Street, Pottsville 17901. Tel.: 610-396-0555

Holden was the boy next door–football hero, local sheriff–and now bills himself as a man of the people who can get along with both the rich and poor of the economically polarized Sixth. That personability got him elected twice in a conservative district, but Holden also opposes federal funding for abortions and believes parents should be notified if their child has the procedure.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I’m not an elitist. I’m not personally wealthy, and I don’t just come around when I’m running for office.”

CHRISTIAN LEINBACH (R) District 6

BORN: March 1, 1959, Phoenixville EDUCATION: Bob Jones U, B.A., 1981 FAMILY: Wife, Jennifer; three children RELIGION: NR MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Insurance salesman; congressional aide POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Republican nomination for Pennsylvania Senate, 1992; Maidencreek Township Planning Commission, 1991-95 ADDRESS: 529 Reading Avenue, Suite R-1, West Reading 19611. Tel.: 610-927-0505

According to Leinbach, the Founding Fathers envisioned fiscal and individual responsibility, the protection of individual rights and the sanctity of private property. To those ends, he supported welfare reform and condemns the tax system. He argues for laws that would recycle and upgrade old industrial sites instead of building factories on rural land, a rare commodity in this industrial district.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Not to have a balanced budget is the most immoral and unethical thing we can do to our children.”

JOHN INNELLI (D) District 7 (Suburban Philadelphia–part of Delaware County)

BORN: Oct. 18, 1954, Flushing, N.Y. EDUCATION: U of Pennsylvania, B.A., 1977; The Wharton School, B.A., 1977; Washington and Lee U, J.D., 1980 FAMILY: Wife, Hollis Baker; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1990; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1992 ADDRESS: 318 Baltimore Pike, Media 19063. Tel.: 610-566-6427

Innelli takes on Curt Weldon for the second time in a district where Republicans outnumber Democrats 2 to 1. Borrowing a page from the Clinton playbook, however, he runs with what is usually a Republican platform: family values.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Banning assault weapons does not mean Americans cannot own guns. It means police officers…will not be facing these deadly weapons on the streets of America’s cities and towns.”

CURT WELDON (R) District 7

BORN: July 22, 1947, Marcus Hook EDUCATION: West Chester State College, B.A., 1969 FAMILY: Wife, Mary Gallagher; five children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Mayor of Marcus Hook, 1977-82; Delaware County Council, 1981-86; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1984; U.S. House 1986- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1992, Media 19063. Tel.: 610-558-2736

Weldon is energetic, ambitious and creative, in Washington and his district. Since the Republican “Housecleaning,” his career has flourished. And despite the lost luster on the Contract with America, he is loyal to G.O.P. fiscal policy–balanced budget, tax and welfare reforms–and is a persistent NAFTA watchdog.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion NR Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Things this Congress has done have largely been ignored by the American media in their rush to embrace the liberal wing of the Democratic Party and this President, who talk a good game but do not seem to follow through with the deeds that match their rhetoric.”

JAMES GREENWOOD (R) District 8 (Northern Philadelphia suburbs–Bucks County)

BORN: May 4, 1951, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Dickinson College, B.A., 1973 FAMILY: Wife, Christina Paugh; four children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: State official POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1981-87; Pennsylvania Senate, 1987-92; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 2358, Doylestown 18901. Tel.: 215-230-7556

Though the Eighth District House seat has been held by Democrats for 14 of the past 20 years, the trend hasn’t hindered the two-term Greenwood. He won 66% of the vote in 1994 (against the same opponent as this year). Greenwood is a social moderate, supporting abortion rights and gun control–but a fiscal conservative, strongly opposing the Clinton Administration’s economic policies.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The people I serve want Republicans and Democrats to balance the budget together, taking the best ideas from each party.”

JOHN MURRAY (D) District 8

BORN: Nov. 23, 1939, Philadelphia EDUCATION: La Salle U, B.A., 1967; Antioch U, M.A., 1975 FAMILY: Wife, Ann Prendergast; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for Pennsylvania House, 1972; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 234, Washington Crossing 18977. Tel.: 215-547-8390

The fact that this middle-of-the-road district–voting for Bush in 1988 and Clinton in 1992–seems to prefer Democrats gives Murray reason to hope for an upset this year. Challenger Murray, who is pro-choice, has tried to turn Greenwood’s support of the Contract with America into an an antiabortion position, but Greenwood’s voting record is pro-choice.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Children in this country should not have to worry about going to bed hungry or getting shot in school or their neighborhood.”

MONTE KEMMLER (D) District 9 (South central–Altoona)

BORN: Feb. 9, 1949, Huntingdon EDUCATION: Juniata College, B.A., 1979; New York U, M.F.A., 1985 FAMILY: Wife, Orpha Grace; two children RELIGION: Lutheran MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Journalist POLITICAL CAREER: Borough City Council, 1988-96 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 333, Newton Hamilton 17075. Tel.: 814-542-4580

Contrasting his small-town roots with what he calls Bud Shuster’s big-city problems, Kemmler says he knows the people, land and needs of this district. He emphasizes economic development, education and the environment. But even with Shuster’s problems, it may be difficult to overcome the momentum of incumbency.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense YES Abortion NR Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NR NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Statistics indicate that youth and talent are leaving the area to find jobs and lives somewhere else. For the future of our children…[w]e need to grant them better opportunities and a reason to raise families here in the Ninth District.”

BUD SHUSTER (R) District 9

BORN: Jan. 23, 1932, Glassport EDUCATION: U of Pittsburgh, B.S., 1954; Duquesne U, M.B.A., 1960; American U, Ph.D., 1967 FAMILY: Wife, Patricia Rommel; five children RELIGION: United Church of Christ MILITARY: Army, 1954-56 OCCUPATION: Computer-industry executive POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1972- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 324, Altoona 16603. Tel.: 814-696-5011

Shuster’s 12-term reign–the last four terms uncontested–is a sign of his local status. If he shakes off some recent ethics problems, the man known as “Mr. Transportation” in his district–where you can drive on the Bud Shuster Highway and the Bud Shuster Byway–should be able to continue to bring infrastructure goodies to the Ninth.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “These transportation trust funds are deficit-proof. They are the keys to building for the future, for getting ready for the 21st century.”

JOE CULLEN (D) District 10 (Northeast–Scranton)

BORN: Sept. 30, 1958, Scranton EDUCATION: Yale U, B.A., 1980; Georgetown U, J.D., 1986 FAMILY: Wife, Michele; one child RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 241 Main Avenue, Suite 103, Dickson City 18519. Tel.: 717-383-8940

A controversial incumbent has the Democrats running to seize this longtime Republican seat–in fact, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee invited Cullen to Washington to meet with strategy planners, policy analysts and the President. Cullen has tried to make merit the basis of his campaign–especially dedication to family values, the environment, education and economic revival–but Joseph McDade’s legal trouble may still shadow this election.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion NR Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NR NAFTA NR Welfare NR Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “From the first grade on, what I heard at school and at home was honesty, integrity, hard work, self-reliance–that’s what it’s all about.”

JOSEPH MCDADE (R) District 10

BORN: Sept. 29, 1931, Scranton EDUCATION: U of Notre Dame, B.A., 1953; U of Pennsylvania, L.L.B., 1956 FAMILY: Wife, Sarah Scripture; five children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1962- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 962, Scranton 18501. Tel.: 717-343-1117

Though cleared of bribery and racketeering charges after a seven-week trial this summer, the 17-term McDade did not emerge unscathed from his four-year legal ordeal–he was passed over by his party for chairmanship of the House Appropriations Committee and suffered two strokes during the trial. Still, he has been so successful in taking care of his constituents over the past three decades that some believe even a conviction would not have turned voters’ heads.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NR Abortion YES Guns YES Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I have never cast a vote in my 34 years in Congress that I didn’t think was right on the merits.”

PAUL KANJORSKI (D) District 11 (Northeast–Wilkes-Barre)

BORN: April 2, 1937, Nanticoke EDUCATION: Temple U, 1957-62; Dickinson School of Law, 1962-65 FAMILY: Wife, Nancy; one child RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1960-61 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House special election, 1980; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1980; U.S. House, 1984- ADDRESS: 126 South Franklin Street, Wilkes-Barre 18701. Tel.: 717-825-6070

Kanjorski is an unusual breed of Democrat: he votes against federal funding for most abortions, supports school prayer and opposes NAFTA. In his district, he secured a project to reclaim mine-ravaged northeastern Pennsylvania; and with Carbon County’s unemployment running as high as 2% above the national average, he supports a program to offer businesses $25,000 loans for each job they create.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Regardless of what you do politically, if you don’t have local [support], there’s really not much you can do.”

STEPHEN URBAN (R) District 11

BORN: Oct. 27, 1952, Wilkes-Barre EDUCATION: Kings College, B.A., 1977; Golden Gate U, M.P.A., 1980; U.S. Naval War College, M.A. 1992 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1970-75, 1977-96 OCCUPATION: Army officer (ret.) POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 166 Willow Street, Wilkes-Barre 18702. Tel.: 717-824-4041

Urban, who left the Army in January after 24 years of service in Vietnam, Desert Shield and Desert Storm, has decided to turn his hand to politics. In the spirit of providing leadership that is responsive to the electorate, he has circulated his own nominating petitions and asked his prospective constituents to tell him what issues are important to them. Urban says that, with all his years dealing with the Pentagon and negotiating Department of Defense red tape, he is qualified for the House.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The people around here need some leadership and they want a change…I think I have enough experience and I am aware of the issues.”

BILL CHOBY (R) District 12 (Southwest–Johnstown)

BORN: April 23, 1951, Johnstown EDUCATION: U of Pittsburgh at Johnstown, B.S., 1972; U of Pittsburgh, D.M.D., 1976; Virginia Tech, M.P.A., 1988 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Dentist; health-care consultant POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1990, 1994 ADDRESS: 1905 Bates Drive, Johnstown 15905. Tel.: 814-255-7779

Choby, in his third run, is challenging John Murtha’s big-money projects as “pork barrel” and “government handouts” that have not given needed invigoration to the local economy. His solutions include a moratorium on income taxes for the poor, repeal of capital-gains taxes for the middle class, and no tax deductions for health care.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We need a Congressman who understands that an unencumbered private sector driven by individual risk takers and fueled by low interest rates will create jobs.”

JOHN MURTHA (D) District 12

BORN: June 17, 1932, New Martinsville, W. Va. EDUCATION: U of Pittsburgh, B.A., 1962 FAMILY: Wife, Joyce; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Marines, 1952-55, 1966-67; Marine Corps Reserve, 1967-90 OCCUPATION: Car wash owner POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1968; Pennsylvania House, 1969-74; U.S. House, 1974 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1091, Johnstown 15907. Tel.: 814-539-8196

Again defending his seat against Bill Choby, the 11-term Murtha could revive an old campaign slogan for this race: “John P. Murtha…the P is for Power.” A ranking member of the Appropriations Subcommittee on National Security, he has a reputation for using influence to benefit his district; to wit, when the 12th suffered major flood damage this year, Murtha helped four counties get federal disaster-relief assistance.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “As I was telling the President the other day…”

JON FOX (R) District 13 (Northwest Philadelphia suburbs–Main Line)

BORN: April 22, 1947, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Pennsylvania State U, B.A., 1969; Widener U, J.D., 1975 FAMILY: Wife, Judithanne RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: Air Force Reserve, 1969-75 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1985-91; Montgomery County Board of Commissioners, 1991-95; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1992; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: 36 W. Skippack Pike, Ambler 19002. Tel.: 215-619-0096

Fox won this seat from Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky by emphasizing her 1993 vote for the Clinton budget–a betrayal in this affluent Republican district. Now Fox faces Joe Hoeffel, who accuses him of being a Gingrich loyalist. In what is considered a bellwether race, party leaders are paying special attention to this hotly contested campaign.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “My hope is that the voter will realize I’ve worked my heart out for Montgomery County, and they’re not going to get anyone who can do it better.”

JOSEPH HOEFFEL (D) District 13

BORN: Sept. 3, 1950, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Boston U, B.S., 1972; Temple U, J.D., 1986 FAMILY: Wife, Francesca Montori; two children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: Army Reserve, 1970-76 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1977-85; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1984, 1986; Montgomery County commissioner, 1993- ADDRESS: 30 W. Airy Street, Norristown 19401. Tel.: 610-277-9696

Hoeffel says the G.O.P. agenda is too radical and that Jon Fox is one of the extremists. Casting himself as a moderate, Hoeffel advocates a balanced budget and streamlined government, but not at the expense of Medicaid, Social Security and the environment. This race hinges on whether Hoeffel can convince this G.O.P. district that Fox is not the independent-minded Republican he says he is.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I’ve heard the free marketplace compared to a shark, relentless in devouring everything in its path. The Federal Government’s role is to protect the bad swimmers.”

WILLIAM COYNE (D) District 14 (Pittsburgh and suburbs)

BORN: Aug. 24, 1936, Pittsburgh EDUCATION: Robert Morris College, B.S., 1965 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1955-57 OCCUPATION: Accountant POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1971-73; sought Democratic nomination for Pennsylvania Senate, 1972; Pittsburgh City Council, 1974-80; U.S. House, 1980- ADDRESS: 1301 Grant Building, Pittsburgh 15219. Tel.: 412-261-5910

When attacked for not being more vocal in Congress, Coyne simply reminds voters of his accomplishments, highlighting his position on the Ways and Means Committee, his support for the Economic Revitalization Act, his stand against the G.O.P.’s “Defense of Marriage Act” proposal and his Pittsburgh roots. The 14th is a solidly Democratic district that probably will support its liberal and locally focused, if quiet, Representative.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Relationships are the grease that turns wheels. That’s what counts.”

BILL RAVOTTI (R) District 14

BORN: April 16, 1966, Lower Burrell EDUCATION: Indiana U of Pennsylvania, B.S., 1989 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Insurance agent POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 3380 Babbock Boulevard, Pittsburgh 15237. Tel.: 412-369-5011

Ravotti supports a flat tax, lower taxes on savings and investments, abolishing high congressional pensions, and an “America first” foreign policy. He calls his agenda “mainstream conservatism,” but in the 14th, where Democrats dominate more than 6 to 1, mainstream may look more like minority. Ravotti admits he is the underdog but hopes an aggressive campaign and knocking on thousands of doors will win over liberal constituents.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “These treaties [NAFTA and GATT] ship our jobs overseas and have contributed to the decline in the wages of American workers. How can we walk away from our own people? These people are hurting.”

BOB KILBANKS (R) District 15 (East–Allentown; Bethlehem)

BORN: March 31, 1952, Easton EDUCATION: Lafayette College, B.A., 1974 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Real estate agent; congressional aide POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Republican nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 707, Bethlehem 18016. Tel.: 610-974-9403

In the primary, Kilbanks upset Bethlehem Mayor Ken Smith; his surprise candidacy makes next week’s outcome even more unpredictable. Kilbanks calls himself anti-Washington and has vowed to refuse a congressional pension and to step down after six terms. In an evenly divided district, which the 15th is, every election tactic is a risk–and a potential advantage.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The bottom line is that families have to live within their means. Why can’t the Federal Government, which is supposed to represent these families, do the same?”

PAUL MCHALE (D) District 15

BORN: July 26, 1950, Bethlehem EDUCATION: Lehigh U, B.A., 1972; Georgetown U, J.D., 1977 FAMILY: Wife, Katherine Pecka; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Marines, 1972-74; Marine Corps Reserve, 1974- OCCUPATION: Lawyer; adjunct professor POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1980; Pennsylvania House, 1983-91; sought Democratic nomination for Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court, 1989; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1905, Bethlehem 18016. Tel.: 610-776-7285

After his re-election in 1994, by only 471 votes, McHale is on everyone’s list of vulnerable incumbents. He is, however, better prepared this time–his last challenger outspent him by $100,000–and hopes to gain broad support from his voting record, his reputation as a deficit cutter and his incumbency.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “After four months of budget gridlock, the last thing this Congress needs is another freshman Republican.”

JAMES BLAINE (D) District 16 (Southeast–Lancaster)

BORN: April 26, 1945, Washington EDUCATION: Harvard U, B.A., 1967; U of Michigan, M.A., 1971, Ph.D., 1978 FAMILY: Wife, Joan; four children RELIGION: Episcopalian MILITARY: Army, 1967-70 OCCUPATION: Newspaper publisher POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 641 East Baltimore Pike, Kennett Square 19348. Tel.: 610-444-1830

The last Democrat Lancaster County elected to Congress was James Buchanan, in 1828. This doesn’t seem to bother Blaine, who has an eclectic political vision. He is, for example, able to find socioeconomic reasons for environmental protection and see conservation as an antidote to urban ills like crime and drugs.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NR Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I believe that government has a positive role to play in our lives–and that is to provide the essential security that makes us feel safe within our borders, in our homes and on our streets, in sickness and in old age.”

JOSEPH PITTS (R) District 16

BORN: Oct. 10, 1939, Lexington, Ky. EDUCATION: Asbury College, A.B., 1961; West Chester U, M.Ed., 1972 FAMILY: Wife, Virginia; three children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: Air Force, 1963-69 OCCUPATION: Nursery owner; teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1973- ADDRESS: 107 West Market Street, West Chester 19382. Tel.: 610-696-5564, 717-396-3881

G.O.P. legend Robert Walker’s retirement has left the 16th open, and Pitts wants to preserve its conservative legacy. This high-profile Chester County Republican emphasizes his credentials as a Vietnam veteran, former small-business owner and 24-year state legislator. In a Republican-leaning district, that adds to his edge.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We want to carry the Republican agenda, the Republican ideas, and prove to the nation that our way is the best way. “

GEORGE GEKAS (R) District 17 (South Central–Harrisburg)

BORN: April 14, 1930, Harrisburg EDUCATION: Dickinson College, B.A., 1952; Dickinson School of Law, LL.B., 1958, J.D., 1958 FAMILY: Wife, Evangeline Charas RELIGION: Greek Orthodox MILITARY: Army, 1953-55 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Pennsylvania House, 1967-75; Republican nominee for Pennsylvania House, 1974; Pennsylvania Senate, 1977-82; U.S. House 1982- ADDRESS: Suite 203, 4800 Linglestown Road, Harrisburg 17112. Tel.: 717-540-8844

The 17th District contains some of the most fertile farmland in the world. It also nurtures G.O.P. politicians–Republicans held the governorship for all but eight years between 1860 and 1934–and Gekas has not won with less than 70% of the vote since he was elected with 58% in 1982. The Democrats did not even field a candidate against him in 1988, 1990 or 1994.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The people on death row should be given one chance and one chance alone, not 11 years’ worth of chances to fight their death sentence.”

PAUL KETTL (D) District 17

BORN: July 15, 1954, Philadelphia EDUCATION: Johns Hopkins U, B.A., 1976; Temple U, M.D., 1980 FAMILY: Wife, Kathleen Fisher; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Psychiatrist POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: 434 Sunrise Boulevard, Elizabethtown 17022. Tel.: 717-367-1213

A long shot against a Republican juggernaut, Kettl has a distinctly different view of one of his opponent’s bread-and-butter issues: capital punishment. He believes that fighting crime is important and that violence is epidemic, but as a psychiatrist, Kettl thinks the focus should be prevention.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I urge parents to turn the violence off and make TV viewing an interactive opportunity for their family. Television serves as a powerful base for our culture. We should give it the respect and attention it deserves.”

MIKE DOYLE (D) District 18 (Pittsburgh suburbs; Clairton; McKeesport)

BORN: Aug. 5, 1953, Pittsburgh EDUCATION: Pennsylvania State U, B.S., 1975 FAMILY: Wife, Susan; four children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Insurance-company executive; state legislative aide POLITICAL CAREER: Swissvale Borough Council, 1977-81; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 17426, Pittsburgh 15235. Tel.: 412-244-9101

The 18th District is home to advanced medical-research facilities and world-renowned hospitals, and Doyle spent much of his freshman term safeguarding those interests. A 1992 convert to Democrat–he was chief of staff to a Republican state Senator for 14 years–he also cast an occasional nonpartisan vote, like supporting the G.O.P.-sponsored balanced-budget amendment.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “When I came to Congress I wanted to serve on the Science Committee because I recognized that, in addition to regulatory reform and balancing the budget, we needed a sound research-and-development policy to achieve economic security.”

DAVE FAWCETT (R) District 18

BORN: Aug. 5, 1958, Pittsburgh EDUCATION: Carnegie Mellon U, B.A., 1980; U of Pittsburgh, J.D., 1985 FAMILY: Wife, Susan; two children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Oakmont City Council, 1994- ADDRESS: 607 Allegheny Avenue, Oakmont 15139. Tel.: 412-828-3283

Challenging Mike Doyle in his first re-election bid, Republican Fawcett is leading with the G.O.P. strength: calling for more local control over federal expenditures. He has attacked a Department of Housing and Urban Development plan to turn some private houses in the district into subsidized living for low-income renters. He also backs a reduction in payroll taxes, an increase in personal exemption for families with children, and an income-tax deduction for the cost of college tuition.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Giving away homes just changes the venue of the problem…People know that giveaways just don’t work. Thirty years of experimentation with these programs has shown that.”

SCOTT CHRONISTER (D) District 19 (South Central–York)

BORN: Nov. 18, 1962, Hanover EDUCATION: George Washington U, B.A., 1989 FAMILY: Wife, Patricia; two children RELIGION: United Church of Christ MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Drug-policy analyst POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 266 West Market Street, York 17401. Tel.: 717-854-3711

Chronister has tried to make the best of a bad situation–a powerful opponent–by charging Bill Goodling with ignoring his district while walking in legislative lockstep with Newt Gingrich. Chronister, who resigned his policy-analyst post at the National Office on Drug Policy to run for Congress, wants to reduce government spending and balance the budget, but also wants strong labor laws and the protection of Head Start, student-loan, and the Safe and Drug-Free Schools programs.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “When you take a look at what’s actually taking place in policies that Newt Gingrich and Congress are pushing…, we’re dealing with a cold, callous and careless agenda.”

BILL GOODLING (R) District 19

BORN: Dec. 5, 1927, Loganville EDUCATION: U of Maryland, B.S., 1953; Western Maryland College, M.Ed., 1956 FAMILY: Wife, Hilda; two children RELIGION: Methodist MILITARY: Army, 1946-48 OCCUPATION: Public-school superintendent POLITICAL CAREER: Dallastown school-board president, 1964-67; U.S. House, 1974- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 96, Jacobus 17407. Tel.: 717-755-5354

When the G.O.P. stormed the House in 1994, 10-term veteran Goodling was rewarded with the chair of the Educational Opportunities Committee. From there he proposed lump-sum grants for states to administer their own school programs and opposed “opportunity-to-learn” standards in President Clinton’s Goals 2000: Educate America Act. He hopes his new prominence in Congress will mean votes for him at home.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[Being a committee chairman] means, instead of having all these ideas and not being able to push them through, I’m now in a position to do it myself.”

FRANK MASCARA (D) District 20 (Southwest–Mon Valley; Washington)

BORN: Jan. 19, 1930, Belle Vernon EDUCATION: California U of Pennsylvania, B.S., 1972 FAMILY: Wife, Delores; four children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1946-47 OCCUPATION: Accountant POLITICAL CAREER: Washington County controller, 1974-79, commission chairman, 1980-95; sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1992; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1109, Washington 15301. Tel.: 412-229-8683

Mascara’s background is the foundation of his politics: his father died in a steel-mill accident and his grandfather in a mining accident, so he knows first-hand the rough life of industrial workers in his district. He has vowed to work for their security–health care, jobs, portable pension plans–but has achieved his greatest visibility calling for a safer radar system at Pittsburgh International and other U.S. airports.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia NO NAFTA NR Welfare NO* Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[Six billion dollars for airport renovation] is a small price to pay for ensuring that we are protecting the flying public with the best radar system available.”

MIKE MCCORMICK (R) District 20

BORN: Jan. 10, 1949, Monongahela EDUCATION: Clarion U, B.S., 1970 FAMILY: Wife, Cathie; two children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Financial-consulting-firm owner; banker POLITICAL CAREER: Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994. ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1284, McMurray 15317. Tel.: 412-941-8052

Undiscouraged by his defeat in the 1994 election–he lost by only 6%–McCormick is ready to take on the career politicians again. As the president and ceo of a local financial-consulting firm, he emphasizes his economic experience and believes that the 20th is ready for his kind of moderate Republican.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We think it’s long overdue to balance the budget, reform welfare and protect working families and senior citizens.”

RON DINICOLA (D) District 21 (Northwest–Erie)

BORN: June 10, 1956, Erie EDUCATION: Harvard U, A.B., 1979; Georgetown U, J.D., 1982 FAMILY: Wife, Monica RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Marines, 1974-76 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 3538, Erie 16508. Tel.: 814-452-2089

The two candidates are both Erie natives born in 1956–just 10 days apart. Beyond that, DiNicola has tried to be as different from Phil English as possible, portraying him as a Gingrich clone who supports extreme budget cuts at the expense of environmental protection, student loans and Medicare. DiNicola promises to be a compassionate lawmaker who will limit government but not at the expense of children, the elderly and the disabled. In a district that elected English with a margin of 4,643 votes, Democrats sense an opportunity in this election.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NR Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NR Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I believe that America must invest in its children if we are to remain competitive.”

PHIL ENGLISH (R) District 21

BORN: June 20, 1956, Erie EDUCATION: U of Pennsylvania, B.A., 1979 FAMILY: Wife, Christiane Weschler RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: State legislative aide POLITICAL CAREER: Erie County controller, 1986-89; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1940, Erie 16507. Tel.: 814-864-9984

A distinguished freshman-year record may not be enough to get English re-elected. In a blue-collar district that is predictably neither Democratic nor Republican, he fights resistance from the Democratic National Committee and the AFL-CIO for his support of the Contract with America and the G.O.P. plan to reform Medicare. He needs to persuade voters that his loyalty to them outweighs his devotion to a Republican fiscal agenda.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The Republican Party will be an enduring majority only if it can pitch its message to a lot of people who have not traditionally been comfortable with [us]…We cannot be the party of privilege.”

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