• U.S.

A GUIDE TO THE CONGRESSIONAL RACES: MICHIGAN

32 minute read
TIME

MICHIGAN

Population (1994): 9,496,000 (up 2.2% from 1990), 3.6 % of U.S. total

Voting-age pop.: 6,983,000; 1994 turnout, 44%

Median age: 32.6 years

Median household income: $35,284 ($3,020 above U.S. median)

Unemployment: 4.6% (1% below U.S. average, March 1996)

Last presidential election: Clinton (D): 44% Bush (R): 36% Perot (I): 19%

Congressional delegation: 10 Democrats, eight Republicans

From the Great Depression to the oil-price shock of 1979, Michigan more often than not voted Democrat. Though the loss of some 160,000 auto-production jobs in the early ’80s gave the G.O.P. an opening–it picked up two congressional seats in 1994–Clinton beat Bush in 1992, and the Democrats are favored to hold their congressional-delegation majority this year.

CARL LEVIN (D) SENIOR SENATOR

BORN: June 28, 1934, Detroit EDUCATION: Swarthmore College, B.A., 1956; Harvard U, LL.B., 1959 FAMILY: Wife, Barbara; three children RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Detroit city council, 1969-77; U.S. Senate, 1978- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 47368, Oak Park 48237. Tel.: 810-557-8683

Though in general liberal, Levin–who with his brother Congressman Sander Levin of the 12th District makes the only sibling pair in Congress–has supported bipartisan legislation and occasionally votes with conservatives. He voted for the new welfare-reform bill and has worked on congressional reform as well, helping write a bill to require more reporting of lobbying activity.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare YES National Service YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “As the richest nation on earth, our minimum wage should be a living wage. But it isn’t close.”

RONNA ROMNEY (R) SENATE CHALLENGER

BORN: Sept. 24, 1943, Detroit EDUCATION: Michigan State U, Oakland, B.A., 1967 FAMILY: Divorced; five children RELIGION: Christian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Radio-talk-show host; author; teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Sought G.O.P. nomination for U.S. Senate, 1994 ADDRESS: 21711 West Ten Mile Road, No. 202, Southfield 48075. Tel.: 810-357-1500

Romney has no experience in public office, but name recognition–as the ex-wife of the son of former Governor George Romney–hosting a popular radio talk show and a healthy conservatism helped her win the nomination. She supports a balanced-budget amendment and term limits, and opposes abortion in most circumstances.

THE ISSUES

Budget Yes Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare NO National Service NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Being a mother has prepared me to serve…I am proud to say this is the real-world experience I’ll bring to Washington, and quite frankly, they need it.”

BOB CARR (R) District 1 (Upper Peninsula; northern lower Michigan)

BORN: Oct. 8, 1947, Hillsdale EDUCATION: Loma Linda U, B.A., 1970 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Congregationalist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Community facilitator POLITICAL CAREER: Sought G.O.P. nomination for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 5317, Traverse City 49685. Tel.: 616-929-1943

Campaigning with only $850 and a dog named Caboose, Carr won an upset primary victory over heavily endorsed opponent Dean Altobelli. Carr focused on his own background: he says that because he lived in more than 20 foster homes as a child, he wants to make adoption easier, and points to his company, which operates old railway cars, and his work restoring the Mackinac Island lighthouse as examples of how historic preservation can enhance tourism.

THE ISSUES

Budget NR Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NR Guns YES Gays NR Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “You don’t have to spend money to [win a campaign]. I just hit the pavement and wore out two pairs of shoes in two months.”

BART STUPAK (D) District 1

BORN: Feb. 29, 1952, Milwaukee, Wis. EDUCATION: Northwestern Michigan College, A.A., 1972; Saginaw Valley State College, B.S., 1977; Thomas M. Cooley Law School, J.D., 1981 FAMILY: Wife, Laurie Ann Olsen; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer; state trooper; patrolman POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1989-91; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 143, Menominee 49858. Tel.: 906-863-2800

Stupak, representing one of the most sparsely populated districts east of the Mississippi, is conservative on social issues, moderate on economic issues and liberal in his work for his constituents. He traveled frequently to his district, but his intensity also earned him a “boss from hell” award from a group of 200 government aides.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I was a cop when we were called pigs. I was a lawyer and people hate lawyers. Now I’m a politician when everyone hates politicians. I can take it. I won’t lose any sleep over it.”

PETER HOEKSTRA (R) District 2 (West–Holland; Muskegon)

BORN: Oct. 30, 1953, Groningen, Netherlands EDUCATION: Hope College, B.A., 1975; U of Michigan, M.B.A., 1977 FAMILY: Wife, Diane; three children RELIGION: Christian Reformed MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Furniture-company executive POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: 1454 Cimmoran Drive, Holland 49423. Tel.: 616-335-5326

In a district where 25% of the people claim Dutch ancestry, the Holland-born Hoekstra has built a conservative record and worked for governmental reform. As one of the few former FORTUNE 500 executives in Congress and a friend of Newt Gingrich, he won a subcommittee chair in the House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunity.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We must aspire to renew our democracy by increasing citizen involvement, not just in elections, but in communities, schools and places of worship.”

DAN KRUSZYNSKI (D) District 2

BORN: May 10, 1947, Muskegon EDUCATION: Holton High School, diploma, 1965 FAMILY: Wife, Jennifer; three children RELIGION: United Methodist MILITARY: Air Force, 1965-70 OCCUPATION: Business-services-facility technician POLITICAL CAREER: Constable of Holton Township, 1970-78 ADDRESS: 4638 Truman Road, Ravenna 49451. Tel.: 616-853-2925

In many ways, Kruszynski is a traditional liberal: he wants to preserve Medicare and Social Security, protect the environment and support education. In others he’s more like a New Democrat: he supports welfare reform and balancing the budget by fighting abuses of the system. But while the Muskegon native, campaigning in his father’s 1950 Ford pickup, has several key endorsements, including one from the uaw, the Second District usually votes Republican.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I want welfare reform for the poor as well as for the rich. I am, like you, the middle-class worker who is funding both.”

VERNON EHLERS (R) District 3 (West central–Grand Rapids)

BORN: Feb. 6, 1934, Pipestone, Minn. EDUCATION: U of California, Berkeley, A.B., 1956, Ph.D., 1960 FAMILY: Wife, Johanna; four children RELIGION: Christian Reformed MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Professor; physicist political career: Kent County commissioner, 1975-83; Michigan House, 1983-85, Senate, 1985-93; U.S. House, 1993- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 3340, Grand Rapids 49506. Tel.: 616-956-0550

Ehlers is seeking his second full term in the House after taking over Paul Henry’s seat in 1993 and winning in 1994 by a landslide. Home schooled as a child because he had severe asthma, he holds a doctorate in nuclear physics from Berkeley, and in his first term worked to update the House’s computers and Internet access. Ehlers has also written two books on the environment and served on the Clean Air Act Advisory Committee.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “When I first took this job, some offices were still using typewriters.”

BETSY FLORY (D) District 3

BORN: Oct. 16, 1936, Grand Rapids EDUCATION: Grand Rapids Community College, A.A., 1955; Calvin College, A.B., 1956; U of Michigan, M.A., 1977; U of Michigan, Ed. Spec., 1987; Western Michigan U, spada, 1992 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Congregationalist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for Michigan Senate, 1978; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1994 ADDRESS: 2759 West Leonard Street, Grand Rapids 49504. Tel.: 616-453-7599

Flory hopes for better results this year than when she lost by 50 points to Vernon Ehlers in 1994. An elementary school teacher for 38 years, she wants full funding for Head Start and a community-college tax credit. And she says Ehlers “caved in” to the N.R.A. by voting to repeal the assault-weapons ban. In this Republican district, Flory has her work cut out for her.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “While a high school education is certainly better than nothing at all, in today’s marketplace, it often is not enough.”

DAVE CAMP (R) District 4 (North central–Midland)

BORN: July 9, 1953, Midland EDUCATION: Albion College, B.A., 1975; U of California at San Diego, J.D., 1978 FAMILY: Wife, Nancy Keil RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1989-90; U.S. House, 1990- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 423, Midland 48640. Tel.: 517-631-9475

After an independent study rated him the biggest budget cutter in the Michigan delegation in 1993 and 1994, Camp went on to become a member of the post-G.O.P. revolution group of conservatives that dominated the 104th Congress. He supported a balanced-budget amendment and opposed the assault-weapons ban. His record is consistent with his G.O.P.-leaning district, and he beat challenger Lisa Donaldson once before–by a 28% margin in 1992.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The hard-working families in the Fourth Congressional District … and across the country believe welfare should be a hand up, not a handout.”

LISA DONALDSON (D) District 4

BORN: April 20, 1958, Ypsilanti EDUCATION: Kirtland Community College, A.A., 1978, A.S., 1978 FAMILY: Husband, William; three children RELIGION: Episcopalian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Homemaker POLITICAL CAREER: Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1992 ADDRESS: 116 Hilltop Drive, Roscommon 48653. Tel.: 517-275-5985

Besides arguing for a traditional set of liberal positions, Donaldson is emphasizing campaign-finance reform in her second gambit against Dave Carr. She proposes limiting House campaign funds to $130,000 and passing a constitutional amendment extending House terms to four years.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I’ve heard a lot of senior citizens say they think it’s cruel the way the G.O.P. seems to be saying that it should be every man for himself. I agree with them. Where did our sense of community go?”

JAMES BARCIA (D) District 5 (East–Saginaw; Bay City)

BORN: Feb. 25, 1952, Bay City EDUCATION: Saginaw Valley State College, B.A., 1974 FAMILY: Wife, Vicki Bartlett RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Congressional aide POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1977-83, majority whip, 1979-83; Michigan Senate, 1983-92, U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 775, Bay City 48706. Tel.: 517-686-6880

Michigan’s Fifth, with thousands of autoworkers, leans Democratic most of the time. But Barcia, who replaced Republican Bob Traxler in 1992, has staked out fairly conservative territory in Washington. He’s for a balanced-budget amendment and against the Brady gun law. He’s not fond of the Sierra Club, either, calling its members “anarchists.” Still, he keeps an eye on district interests like the federal environmental-data clearinghouse in Saginaw.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On not balancing the budget] “I think we’re headed toward a major, major disaster if we continue on the course we have been on.”

LAWRENCE SIMS (R) District 5

BORN: July 13, 1948, Ottawa, Ill. EDUCATION: Michigan State U, B.S., 1971 FAMILY: Wife, Linda; one child RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army Reserve OCCUPATION: Insurance agent POLITICAL CAREER: President, Saginaw Valley Republican Club, 1989; chair, Saginaw County Republican Committee, 1990-92 ADDRESS: 2115 Bay Road, Saginaw 48602. Tel.: 517-791-1996

Though he’s never won a general election, Sims has been involved in community affairs and politics for a quarter-century, including service as chairman of the Michigan State University Board of Directors. He believes government is stifling individual initiative and voices frustration that the 104th Congress hasn’t had more success in cutting the federal budget. But running against one of Michigan’s most conservative Democrats will not make Sims’ job any easier.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The federal policies of the past 40 years [constitute] a system based upon a caretaker government, one that breeds dependency.”

CLARENCE ANNEN (D) District 6 (Southwest–Kalamazoo; Benton Harbor; St. Joseph)

BORN: April 9, 1928, Milwaukee, Wis. EDUCATION: Kalamazoo Central High School, diploma, 1946 FAMILY: Wife, Elizabeth; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Labor official POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 8022 Greenfield Shores, Scotts 49088. Tel.: 616-327-9309

Annen proves it’s never too late to run for Congress, seeking his first political office at 68. The grandfather of six is committed to protecting Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. As a 32-year member of the United Paperworkers’ Union, he supports a ban on the use of replacement workers during strikes. Annen hopes to connect with union and blue-collar workers in the Sixth, where General Motors and the Indiana-Michigan Power Co. are the largest employers.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “My first priority would be the protection of employee rights…Protection of the collective-bargaining process without the threat of being fired, replaced or locked out is essential.”

FRED UPTON (R) District 6

BORN: April 23, 1953, St. Joseph EDUCATION: U of Michigan, B.A., 1975 FAMILY: Wife, Amey Rulon-Miller; two children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Budget analyst POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1986- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 490, St. Joseph 49085. Tel.: 616-983-1144

Upton, whose grandfather was a founder of Whirlpool, is an ardent deficit fighter; in 1995, the Concord Coalition named him the fourth most fiscally conservative member of Congress. He initiated the fda Reform Plan, which enables medical-supply companies to produce goods for export that do not yet have fda approval–a popular program in the Sixth, home to Upjohn. Upton will be hard to beat; in five re-election bids, he has never won with less than 58% of the vote.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The Federal Government lets U.S. firms export toasters, movies and cars…without batting an eye. But when it comes to our drug and medical-device companies, outdated laws and red tape stand in the way.”

NICK SMITH (R) District 7 (South central–Battle Creek; Jackson)

BORN: Nov. 5, 1934, Addison EDUCATION: Michigan State U, B.A., 1957; U of Delaware, M.S., 1959 FAMILY: Wife, Bonnalyn Atwood; four children RELIGION: Congregationalist MILITARY: Air Force, 1959-61 OCCUPATION: Dairy farmer POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1979-83, Senate, 1983-92; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 20142, Lansing 48901. Tel.: 517-541-7777

The National Taxpayers Union named Smith the “most fiscally conservative” member in the first 100 days of the 104th Congress. This summer he proposed a Social Security bill that would let workers divert some of their taxes to private accounts and reduce their retirement benefits accordingly, as well as increase the retirement age. Smith has a good shot at re-election in the conservative Seventh.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I am a farmer from Michigan. For a moment, let us try to get some of the tax information out of the mow and down onto the barn floor where we can chew at it a bit.”

KIM TUNNICLIFF (D) District 7

BORN: Nov. 7, 1954, Davenport, Iowa EDUCATION: MacAlester College, B.A., 1977; U of Iowa, Ph.D., 1984 FAMILY: Wife, Virginia; three children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: College administrator POLITICAL CAREER: Albion City Council, 1995- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 911, Albion 49224. Tel.: 517-629-9979

Tunnicliff emphasizes balancing the federal budget, resisting what he sees as G.O.P. attempts to weaken environmental protection, and funding education programs like the Direct Student Loan Program. He focused much of his early campaign energy on attacking Republican incumbent Nick Smith as an extremist, portraying himself as a moderate. Unfortunately for Tunnicliff, though Smith may be conservative, most voters in the Seventh seem to agree with him.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Working families are constantly being attacked by the extreme policies coming out of Congress. That simply isn’t right.”

DICK CHRYSLER (R) District 8 (Central–part of Lansing)

BORN: April 29, 1942, St. Paul, Minn. EDUCATION: Brighton High School, diploma, 1960 FAMILY: Wife, Katie; three children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Vehicle-manufacturing and auto-parts executive POLITICAL CAREER: G.O.P. nominee for U.S. House, 1992; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1518, Brighton 48116. Tel.: 810-220-0960

Chrysler, elected as a supporter of the Contract with America, sponsored bills to cut House committees and staff by a third. He pushed unsuccessfully to eliminate the Commerce Department and last spring proposed replacing income and capital-gains taxes with a 15% federal sales tax. The Democrats think Chrysler is vulnerable; the Eighth was represented by a Democrat for 12 years before he was elected.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NR Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare YES Medical Leave NR (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The only way the [House] freshmen are extreme is that we are extremely in touch with the American people, who want us to keep our word and balance the budget.”

DEBBIE STABENOW (D) District 8

BORN: April 29, 1950, Gladwin EDUCATION: Michigan State U, B.A., 1972, M.S.W., 1975 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: United Methodist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Management consultant POLITICAL CAREER: Ingham County Commissioner, 1975-78; Michigan House, 1979-91, Senate, 1991-95 ADDRESS: P.O. Box 4945, East Lansing 48826. Tel.: 517-336-8500

As a popular former State Senator, Stabenow poses a decent challenge to incumbent Dick Chrysler. She is a moderate, and emphasizes her work on behalf of business. As a Michigan legislator, she sponsored an amendment that scrapped the state’s old property-tax system and led to a tax cut, and in the early 1990s she helped strengthen Michigan’s drunk-driving laws.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NR Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NR Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Nearly one out of four freshman Republican members of Congress are millionaires. That simple fact speaks volumes about this Congress. Out of step. Out of touch. Not getting it–and not understanding why they should.”

DALE KILDEE (D) District 9 (East central–Flint; Pontiac)

BORN: Sept. 16, 1929, Flint EDUCATION: Sacred Heart Seminary, B.A., 1952; U of Michigan, M.A., 1961 FAMILY: Wife, Gayle; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1965-75, Senate, 1975-76; U.S House, 1976- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 317, Flint 48501. Tel.: 810-742-6882

In the past few years of his 20-year congressional tenure, Kildee has focused on education and labor issues. He has worked to fund elementary and secondary schools, as well as child-nutrition and school-lunch programs, and fought to prohibit companies from permanently replacing striking workers. But having won re-election by progressively slimmer margins, he could be in for a hard race this year.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[It is] absolutely imperative that our children achieve the highest possible academic standards…Business and industry respond to the demands of the marketplace, and so must our schools.”

PATRICK NOWAK (R) District 9

BORN: Aug. 23, 1938, Detroit EDUCATION: Marquette U, 1957-59 FAMILY: Wife, Sandra Jean; six children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Vice president of civil-engineering and consulting firm POLITICAL CAREER: Oakland County commissioner, 1973-76 ADDRESS: 3255 Dixie Highway, Waterford 48347. Tel.: 810-673-3491

The National Republican Congressional Committee considers Dale Kildee one of the Democrat’s most vulnerable incumbents and thinks Nowak a strong contender. He boasts five years as state transportation director, saying that during his tenure almost 3,000 miles of road were improved. Politically, he wants to reduce federal spending, aggressively fight crime and drugs and limit congressional terms.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I will be very concerned about transportation…I know first-hand the morass created by the Federal Government in transportation funding.”

DAVID BONIOR (D) District 10 (Southeast–Macomb County; Port Huron)

BORN: June 6, 1945, Detroit EDUCATION: U of Iowa, B.A., 1967; Chapman College, M.A., 1972 FAMILY: Wife, Judy; three children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Air Force, 1968-72 OCCUPATION: Probation officer; adoption caseworker POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1972-76; U.S. House, 1976- ADDRESS: 3270 Grandview Court, Shelby Township 48316. Tel.: 810-468-5512

Bonior has been one of the prickliest thorns in the G.O.P.’s side. Energetically attacking Newt Gingrich and calling for an ethics investigation of his PAC, Bonior, who as minority whip is the second most powerful Democrat in the House, has hurt the G.O.P. The G.O.P. wants to “bounce Bonior” also because he is, with the exception of his antiabortion position, liberal on nearly all issues. Whether vulnerable or not, Bonior is at the top of the Republicans’ congressional hit list.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On NAFTA] “We can’t let jobs be our No. 1 export.”

SUSY HEINTZ (R) District 10

BORN: Oct. 30, 1947, Kalamazoo EDUCATION: U of Michigan at Dearborn, B.A., 1980 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Presbyterian MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Fund-raising consultant, gubernatorial aide POLITICAL CAREER: Wayne County commissioner, 1986-91; Michigan G.O.P. chair, 1995- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 380286, Clinton Township 48038. Tel.: 810-412-2527

In her speech to the G.O.P. convention, Heintz declared that “taxes, taxes, taxes” would be the theme of her campaign. She meant lowering federal taxes, but incumbent David Bonior had a different idea when he revealed the next day that Heintz hadn’t paid some of her own taxes. Heintz blamed her husband, whom she has since divorced, and all the taxes have now been paid. Taxes aside, Heintz’ record won her key endorsements.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NR Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NR Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “[Thanks in part to the] backing of Governor John Engler, America’s tax-cutting champion, I was chosen to take on America’s tax-raising champion, David Bonior.”

MORRIS FRUMIN (D) District 11 (Southeast–part of Oakland County)

BORN: Feb. 1, 1922, Detroit EDUCATION: Michigan State U, B.S., 1942; Wayne State U, M.D., 1958 FAMILY: Wife, Natalie; four children RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Psychiatrist; college instructor; chemist POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 30715 Timberbrook Lane, Bingham Farms 48025. Tel.: 810-850-1447

With a skeleton campaign crew and a promise to spend little money on his bid for Congress, Frumin was waging a low-key, coffeehouse campaign even in late summer. He emphasizes his 30 years in medicine (mostly as a psychiatrist) and is promoting a platform of universal health-care coverage. He also favors term limits, and hopes to set an example for other candidates with his largely self-funded campaign.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense NO Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare NR Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Political campaigns should be about the debate of ideas and philosophies, not about fund raising and 30-second paid television advertisements.”

JOE KNOLLENBERG (R) District 11

BORN: Nov. 28, 1933, Mattoon, Ill. EDUCATION: Eastern Illinois U, B.S., 1955 FAMILY: Wife, Sandie; two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1955-57 OCCUPATION: Insurance broker POLITICAL CAREER: Oakland County G.O.P. chair, 1978-86; U.S. House, 1992- ADDRESS: 27877 Orchard Lake Road, Farmington 48334. Tel.: 810-488-1111

Knollenberg represents a middle-class district that is 93% white and has had a G.O.P. Congressman for more than 40 years. In his four years in Congress, he has often locked horns with the White House; one of the few times he supported Clinton was on the passage of NAFTA. Knollenberg won re-election in 1994 with nearly 70% of the vote, and doesn’t seem worried this year: as of early September, he had yet to publish any campaign literature.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On campaign financing] “My view is you don’t put limits on spending. You ought to raise most of your money from your district, which I do, and most of it should come from individuals, which mine does.”

SANDER LEVIN (D) District 12 (Suburban Detroit–Warren; Sterling Heights)

BORN: Sept. 6, 1931, Detroit EDUCATION: U of Chicago, B.A., 1952; Columbia U, M.A., 1954; Harvard U, LL.B., 1957 FAMILY: Wife, Victoria; four children RELIGION: Jewish MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan Senate, 1965-71; Democratic nominee for Governor, 1970, 1974; U.S. House, 1982- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 1092, Warren 48090. Tel.: 810-558-9696

The liberal Levin–whose brother is Michigan Senator Carl Levin–beat John Pappageorge by 7% in 1992 and 5% in 1994. Though Levin has muted his liberalism–working against parts of President Clinton’s ill-fated health-care bill and voting for the G.O.P. welfare-reform bill–this election may be even closer than the first two.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It is interesting that so many of those who now say they champion a…balanced budget were champions of the policies in the 1980s that were a substantial cause of raising the national debt by four times.”

JOHN PAPPAGEORGE (R) District 12

BORN: July 19, 1931, Detroit EDUCATION: U.S. Military Academy, West Point, B.S., 1954; U of Maryland, M.A., 1971 FAMILY: Widowed; two children RELIGION: Greek Orthodox MILITARY: Army, 1954-84 OCCUPATION: State Department official; defense-industry executive political career: Oakland City board of commissioners, 1989-93; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1992, 1994; vice chairman, state Republican Party, 1995 ADDRESS: 33150 Dequindre Road, Sterling Heights 48310. Tel.: 810-979-3420

Pappageorge, in his third consecutive run against Sander Levin, claims to have over 12,000 campaign volunteers–“the largest [army of volunteers] of any congressional candidate.” He supports the main G.O.P. fiscal measures, opposes abortion except in cases of rape, incest or endangerment of the mother’s life, and is against gays in the military.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “Whenever we cut taxes, we create more personal freedom…[Cutting taxes gives people] freedom to decide how they can best spend their hard-earned money.”

JOE FITZSIMMONS (R) District 13 (Southeast–Ann Arbor; Westland; Ypsilanti)

BORN: Nov. 10, 1934, Newark, N.J. EDUCATION: Cornell U, B.A., 1957, M.A., 1967 FAMILY: Divorced; five children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Microfilm-company executive; engineer POLITICAL CAREER: None ADDRESS: 3830 Packard Road, Suite 180, Ann Arbor 48108. Tel.: 313-971-9696

Fitzsimmons, who resigned last year as president of University Microfilms International in Ann Arbor, had the connections and capital to mount a credible campaign against incumbent Lynn Rivers. Yet like her, he advertises his blue-collar origins–he is a butcher’s son–to woo the district’s autoworkers. Fitzsimmons paints himself as a hard-nosed businessman who will get results, but he will have to fight hard for the influential working class.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NO Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “My dad was a butcher. And he trimmed every last speck of fat off the meat he sold. Why? To give people their money’s worth. We should balance the budget the same way. He didn’t use a meat ax, and neither should we.”

LYNN RIVERS (D) District 13

BORN: Dec. 19, 1956, Au Gres EDUCATION: U of Michigan, B.A., 1987; Wayne State U, J.D., 1992 FAMILY: Husband, Joe; two children RELIGION: Protestant MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Law clerk POLITICAL CAREER: Ann Arbor board of education, 1984-91, president 1987-91; Michigan House, 1993-95; U.S. House, 1994- ADDRESS: P.O. Box 8293, Ann Arbor 48107. Tel.: 313-665-5115

In this industrial district, Rivers gets points for refusing campaign gifts and pledging to fight waste in Congress. Married the day after her high school graduation–her husband is a member of the United Auto Workers–and pregnant at 18, Rivers worked her way through college and law school. With a nod to the need for local control of schools, she argues for the Federal Government to set standards and provide funds.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia YES NAFTA NR Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I am the only member of Congress married to a member of the United Auto Workers, and I am one of a handful who know what it’s like to return pop bottles in order to buy a gallon of milk.”

WILLIAM ASHE (R) District 14 (Parts of Detroit; Harper Woods; Highland Park)

BORN: Oct. 4, 1924, Toledo, Ohio EDUCATION: U of Detroit, B.A., 1950, M.A., 1952 FAMILY: Divorced, two children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: U.S. Navy, 1943-46; Naval Reserve, 1946-50 OCCUPATION: Materials engineer POLITICAL CAREER: G.O.P. nominee for Michigan House, 1984, 1992, 1994; G.O.P. nominee for U.S. House, 1988 ADDRESS: 13952 Grandmont Avenue, Detroit 48227. Tel.: 313-838-4539

Though usually mainstream Republican, Ashe has some unusual ideas on congressional reform. He believes bills should have only one subject; congressional sessions should last no longer than 100 days; congressional pay should be reduced; and the annual budget process should be biennial. Ashe knows he may not defeat the 32-year incumbent, but he is grateful to get his Republican message out.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense NR Abortion NO Guns NO Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “The reason people are good today is not because of the fear of God. It’s because of the fear of punishment and the disgrace that goes with it.”

JOHN CONYERS JR. (D) District 14

BORN: May 16, 1929, Detroit EDUCATION: Wayne State U, B.A., 1957, LL.B., 1958 FAMILY: Wife, Monica Esters; two children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: National Guard, 1948-52; Army, 1952-53; Army Reserve, 1953-57 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: U.S. House, 1964- ADDRESS: 1420 Washington Boulevard, Detroit 48226. Tel.: 313-964-0247

The 17-term Conyers has used his position as a member of the Judiciary Committee to burnish a reputation as a hard-nosed Democrat while cultivating moderate approaches to crime. He helped get $4 billion for crime prevention in 1994 and pushed for the assault-weapons ban. In this Democratic district, Conyers makes for a formidable incumbent.

THE ISSUES Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NO Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On lack of federal interest in investigating militia groups] “If these militia and paramilitary groups were African American, law-enforcement agencies would be falling over each other…to investigate.”

STEPHEN HUME (R) District 15 (Parts of Detroit; Grosse Pointe; Hamtramck; River Rouge)

BORN: April 1, 1952, Detroit EDUCATION: Wayne State U, 1972-74 FAMILY: Single RELIGION: Believes in God MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Boatyard operator POLITICAL CAREER: Candidate for mayor of Detroit, 1985; candidate for city council, 1991; candidate for county clerk, 1993 ADDRESS: 95 St. Jean Street, Detroit 48214. Tel.: 313-822-7180

Hume, an unorthodox Republican whose goal is to reform politics, has refused all monetary contributions to his campaign. He also says he would have voted against banning partial-birth abortions and supported Clinton’s policy on gays in the military. Founder of Citizens for Fair Elections, Hume helped reform Detroit’s election procedures and, with his Public Eye Video company, won the right to videotape Detroit government meetings.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare YES Defense YES Abortion NO Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave NO (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “It is my feeling that violation of the oath of office should carry a penalty that is at least equal to a felony and possibly a charge as serious as treason.”

CAROLYN KILPATRICK (D) District 15

BORN: June 25, 1945, Detroit EDUCATION: Ferris State U, A.A., 1965; Western Michigan U, B.S., 1968; U of Michigan, M.S., 1972 FAMILY: Divorced; two children RELIGION: Baptist MILITARY: None OCCUPATION: Teacher POLITICAL CAREER: Michigan House, 1978- ADDRESS: 3026 East Grand Boulevard, Detroit 48202. Tel.: 313-872-4749

Kilpatrick made Barbara-Rose Collins the first Democratic House member in the nation to lose a primary, convincingly beating the troubled incumbent 51% to 31%. In the Michigan House, Kilpatrick sponsored a bill to allow Detroit riverfront development and helped prevent the re-routing of federal highway funds from the local to the state level. Her liberal platform gives her an advantage over Stephen Hume in this Democratic district.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion NO Guns YES Gays NR Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare NO Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “We’ve got to keep nonviolent offenders out of prisons–where they learn how to become better criminals–and put them to work in our communities so they can learn to become productive citizens.”

JAMES DESANA (R) District 16 (Southeast Wayne County; Monroe County)

BORN: Oct, 6, 1930, Wyandotte EDUCATION: St. Patrick’s High School, diploma, 1948 FAMILY: Divorced; five children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Navy, 1951-54 OCCUPATION: Industrial-supply-company owner POLITICAL CAREER: Wyandotte city council, 1957-61, mayor, 1961-68, 1987-; Wayne County commissioner, 1969-75; Michigan Senate, 1975-87 ADDRESS: 3359 Third Street, Wyandotte 48192. Tel.: 313-285-4433

In January DeSana changed parties, letting him challenge one of Congress’ longest tenured members. But veteran pol DeSana may pose a challenge, partly because the 16th has become more conservative. He opposes affirmative action and abortion and wants to curb the growth of Medicare and Medicaid to balance the budget.

THE ISSUES

Budget YES Medicare NR Defense NR Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia YES NAFTA YES Welfare YES Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: “I am not leaving the Democratic Party. The national Democratic Party long ago left me, just as it left millions of working families and small-business owners.”

JOHN DINGELL (D) District 16

BORN: July 8, 1926, Colorado Springs, Colo. EDUCATION: Georgetown U, B.S., 1949, J.D., 1952 FAMILY: Wife, Deborah Insley; four children RELIGION: Roman Catholic MILITARY: Army, 1944-46 OCCUPATION: Lawyer POLITICAL CAREER: Wayne County assistant prosecutor, 1953-55; U.S. House, 1955- ADDRESS: 9216 Pelham Road, Suite 101, Taylor 48180. Tel.: 313-291-2900

Dingell has served 41 continuous years in the House, more than any other member. The 6 ft., 3 in. lawyer, called “Big John” and “the Grand Inquisitor,” is the ranking Democrat on the Commerce Committee. Dingell is basically liberal but favors aggressive foreign policy, a weaker Clean Air Act–to protect his district’s automakers–and a reduction in trial lawyers’ leverage in product-liability suits.

THE ISSUES

Budget NO Medicare NO Defense YES Abortion YES Guns NO Gays YES Bosnia NO NAFTA NO Welfare NO* Medical Leave YES (For an explanation of these issues, see the front of this guide.)

QUOTE OF NOTE: [On his fight against auto-industry regulation] “I am totally unapologetic about that. I represent half a million people whose lives are controlled by…the auto industry.”

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