Ford Motor announced Tuesday that it will invest $1.2 billion in three Michigan plants to create or retain 130 jobs — a move hailed by President Trump, who has been pushing car manufacturers to build and hire in the U.S.
But even with car companies’ recent investments in the U.S., all automakers except Tesla assemble some of their U.S.-sold cars abroad. And even vehicles built domestically still contain international parts, making it difficult to determine how “American” a vehicle is. Take the 2017 Ford Focus, which is built in the U.S. but only gets 40% of its parts from the U.S. and Canada, according to federal data.
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Ford’s Michigan investment contrasts with the company’s previous plans to invest $1.6 billion in a Mexican assembly plant. CEO Mark Fields said in January that he scrapped the Mexico plans in part because of the President-elect’s proposal to reform corporate tax policy, though market changes were a major factor.
Ford makes 36% of its U.S.-sold cars abroad, according to a TIME analysis. Five U.S.-based automakers produce more of their cars domestically: Tesla, Jeep, Cadillac, Dodge and GMC.
Out of 17.5 million vehicles sold in the U.S. in 2015, about 65% were produced in the U.S.
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