The Spanish region’s separatist leader, Carles Puigdemont, recently promised a binding referendum before October. But the government in Madrid opposes a vote, calling it unconstitutional.
The debt-stricken U.S. territory will hold a nonbinding referendum on June 11, its fifth such vote. Voters will choose between statehood (and the federal funds that come with it) and independence.
Scots narrowly rejected independence from the U.K. in 2014, but the government is mulling another ballot after a majority of Scots voted to remain in the E.U. in June’s Brexit vote.
This appears in the February 27, 2017 issue of TIME.
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