Women make up more than half the U.S. population, but 240 years after the nation’s founding they are still not equally represented in government.
No matter who is elected president when Americans head to the polls on Tuesday, the fact remains that in 2016, women held just 23% of government offices, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. There are four times as many male senators as female ones, and out of the 100 largest cities in the country, just 19 are led by female mayors.
In contrast, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced last year that women would make up 50% of his cabinet. When other countries have made efforts to increase the number of women in government roles, research has shown they improved in areas such as education, labor-force participation and paid leave.
Check out the graphic below to see how many men there are for each woman at different levels of government in the United States.
- Meet TIME’s Newest Class of Next Generation Leaders
- After Visiting Both Ends of the Earth, I Realized How Much Trouble We’re In
- Google Is Making It Easier to Remove Personal Info From Search
- Oil Companies Posted Huge Profits. Here’s Where The Cash Will Go (Hint: Not Climate)
- Column: We Asked Hundreds of Americans About Abortion. Their Feelings Were Complicated
- A Short History of the Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of the Marcos Family
- Long-Lasting Birth Control Is Already Hard to Get. Advocates Worry It May Only Get Worse
- Who Should Be on the 2022 TIME100? Vote Now