An iPhone in the DRC: Photos by Michael Christopher Brown

3 minute read

Like many photojournalists, I’ve been shooting with my iPhone for a while. Using a mobile phone allows me to be somewhat invisible as a professional photographer; people see me as just another person in the crowd. Invisibility is particularly useful in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where a potpourri of armed groups and governments have used conflict minerals as the latest way to help fund the warfare, atrocities and repression that have afflicted the area for more than a century.

The electronics industry is one of the main destinations for these minerals, which include tourmaline, cassiterite and coltan. They are used to make critical components of mobile phones, laptops and other gadgets. So it is fitting—if ironic—that I shot this entire essay with my iPhone. I arrived in Congo in early August to document some of the mines in an attempt to highlight how the minerals travel out of the country—and the trade’s effect on the lives of the workers who handle them along the way. At a camp for internally displaced people in Kibati, the phone helped me shoot scenes unobtrusively. Taking photographs with a phone also raises my awareness as a photographer. Instead of concentrating on camera settings and a large piece of equipment, I am better able to focus on the situation before me. It becomes more about how I feel and what I see.

In Congo, the effects of the mineral trade on every person’s life—even the lives of people who aren’t working at the mines—are palpable. At a Heal Africa clinic in Goma, I met an emaciated teenage girl who had been gang-raped by three Hutu militiamen allegedly funded by profits from the mines. I’m not advocating giving up our gadgets. The causes of problems in Congo are far more complex. There are industry sponsored programs like Solutions for Hope, which tries to monitor coltan. But auditing the origins of these minerals is complicated by inaccessibility and danger. I’d like people to pause when they look at these photographs, taking time to think about where the material for modern technology comes from—and what lives are affected before they get into the phones in our hands.

Michael Christopher Brown is a photographer based in New York City. His photographs appear in this week’s issue of TIME. See more of his work here.

Workers walk to a cassiterite, coltan and tourmaline mine near the town of Numbi, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. The minerals are used to make key components in electronic devices, including mobile phones.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A rock extracted in Numbi, in Congo’s South Kivu province.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A mining pit near Numbi, DRC.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Children can be found working in some mines, but in isolated areas such as Numbi, they often have few better options.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A miner in Numbi.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Miners begin their day near Numbi.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Mining in the eastern DRC is largely unregulated and results in large-scale manipulation and destruction of the landscape.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
People walk along a trading route to the mining town of Numbi. Because of a lack of infrastructure, supplies are brought in on foot. The minerals travel the same route, in the opposite direction, at night. Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
The first stage of coltan refining after being brought out of the mine, in Numbi.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Precious bits of tourmaline (left) and a mineral dealer (right).Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Young people wait along the trading route between Numbi and Lake Kivu.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
An FARDC soldier poses for a portrait by Lake Kivu.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A teenage girl, who was gang-raped by three militia men, sits with her baby at a Heal Africa clinic in Goma. Control over the mines, and the income they provide, has fueled conflicts in the area for decades, including violence against women.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A mobile phone ad beside the road in Goma, DRC.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Kibati, 10km north of Goma. A sign advertising a place to charge your phone (left). A young man demonstrates the democratic nature of mobile phone photography (right).Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A woman walks down the road in Goma.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Mobile phone stands line many of the streets in Goma, as they do across the continent.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
A mobile phone stand in Goma (left) and an IDP camp in nearby Kibati (right).Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Eglise De La Saintete, a church in Goma (left) and the nightclub Chez Ntemba (right).Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
Children gaze into an electronics shop in Gisenyi, Rwanda, across the border from Goma.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME
On the shores of Lake Kivu, in Gisenyi, Rwanda, just over the border from Goma.Michael Christopher Brown for TIME

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