Photographing Black Lives in America’s South

4 minute read

I suspect that few are aware of the accomplishments of Baldwin Lee, who, photographing in the South 30 years ago, produced a body of work that is among the most remarkable in American photography of the past half century.

In the early 1970s, Lee studied photography with Minor White at MIT and then with Walker Evans at Yale. He became Evans’ printer, and afterwards began to teach photography at the Massachusetts College of Art and then at Yale. Lee took a cross-country photo trip with former classmate Philip Lorca-DiCorcia in 1981 and a year later joined the faculty of the University of Tennessee. He retired last year.

When Baldwin Lee first arrived in the south, he did not know what he would photograph. He took a 2,000-mile exploratory trip on the back roads photographing anything that interested him with his 4 x 5-inch view camera. “My subjects included landscapes, cityscapes, close-up details, night studies, interiors of commercial and residential buildings, and portraits of peoplewhite and black, old and young, rural and urban, well-to-do and poor,” he writes in a manuscript that has yet to find a publisher. “Upon proofing the film, I saw that the suspicion I had had while making the photographs was confirmedwhat interested me most were the pictures of black Americans who lived in poverty.” Lee was surprised by the strong empathy he found he had for the subject.

An American of Chinese descent, Lee must have cut an odd figure carrying his bulky equipment in these communities. He begins his manuscript, In Consideration of Photographing in the South, with a chapter entitled The Bed You Lie In: “My profession was announced as I walked down the road by the tripod-mounted, large-format wooden camera perched on my left shoulder,” he writes. “I had long since discovered that walking is by far the most useful way to increase your chances of encountering interesting people and situations. I was making my way along a street in a dilapidated commercial area on the outskirts of downtown Augusta, Georgia, when a beater van slowed as it passed. A slowing vehicle usually means one of two things. Either it is a random innocent event, or you are being checked out, perhaps out of curiosity. It is not every day that people see an Asian man in the black section of town carrying a big camera.”

A couple inside the van invites Lee in: “A short time later we arrived at a funeral home. The man and his wife had lost their baby a few days before.” Baldwin continues his story and discusses the photograph he was asked to take of their baby and then launches into a discussion on post-mortem photography, crib safety, and James Van Der Zee. His manuscript is part memoir, part treatise on photography. He slips in and out of topics, many of which shed light on the photographer’s predicament. Delightfully, he veers from Eudora Welty to Las Vegas to his father’s bath schedule (his large family in Manhattan’s Chinatown had to contend with one bathroom) to the unequal distribution of wealth to Aesop’s Fables. He offers insights to Walker Evans and gives a rich reading of Evans’ photographs.

Baldwin Lee’s inspired work from the mid-1980s deserves to be known by a larger audience. It is the result of a keen talent and intellect working with discipline, passion, concern, and risk. The neglected world he describes has perhaps vanished by now, but it is my hope that his unique images along with his words will find a publisher and enrich our understanding of what photographers do.

Baldwin Lee is a photographer, university professor and Guggenheim fellow based in Tennessee.

Mark Steinmetz is a Guggenheim fellow and his work is in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and The Whitney Museum of American Art, among others. His publications include South Central 2007, South East 2008, Greater Atlanta 2009 and Paris in my time 2013. His newest book on little league baseball, The Players, will be published in spring 2015 by Nazraeli Press. See more of his work on TIME LightBox. Mark Steinmetz: South is on show at the Ogden Museum of Southern Art in New Orleans until May 10, 2015.

Woman in hat, Lula, Miss., 1984.
Woman in hat, Lula, Miss., 1984.Baldwin Lee
Woman with greens, Quitman, Ga.,1984
Woman with greens, Quitman, Ga.,1984.Baldwin Lee
Alan Friend, Vicksburg, Miss,1983
Alan Friend, Vicksburg, Miss,1983.Baldwin Lee
Baby in lap, Plain Dealing, La.,1986
Baby in lap, Plain Dealing, La.,1986.Baldwin Lee
Basketball players at night, Monroe, La.,1985.
Basketball players at night, Monroe, La.,1985.Baldwin Lee
Columbia, S.C., 1984.
Columbia, S.C., 1984.Baldwin Lee
Armadillo, Waterproof., Louisiana, 1986.
Armadillo, Waterproof., Louisiana, 1986.Baldwin Lee
Man and school bus, Tutweiller, Ms., 1986.
Man and school bus, Tutweiller, Ms., 1986.Baldwin Lee
Beans, Canton, Ms.,1985.
Beans, Canton, Ms.,1985.Baldwin Lee
Children and truck, Walls, Ms.,1984.
Children and truck, Walls, Ms.,1984.Baldwin Lee
Child on hood, Hughes, Ark.,1984.
Child on hood, Hughes, Ark.,1984.Baldwin Lee
Washing_machine and baseball glove, Vicksburg, Ms.,1984.
Washing_machine and baseball glove, Vicksburg, Ms.,1984.Baldwin Lee
Barber, Vicksburg, Ms.,1983.
Barber, Vicksburg, Ms.,1983.Baldwin Lee
Dirt yard, Macon, Ga.,1983.
Dirt yard, Macon, Ga.,1983.Baldwin Lee
Children holding hands, Vicksburg Ms.,1984.
Children holding hands, Vicksburg Ms., 1984.Baldwin Lee
Mr.Lawrence and girl, Boyle, Ms.,1984.
Mr.Lawrence and girl, Boyle, Ms.,1984.Baldwin Lee
Mrs. Fulton's kitchen, Natchez, Ms., 1984.
Mrs. Fulton's kitchen, Natchez, Ms., 1984.Baldwin Lee
Dice, West Memphis, Arkansas, 1984.
Dice, West Memphis, Arkansas, 1984.Baldwin Lee
Pool and cash, Chattanooga, Tn., 1983.
Pool and cash, Chattanooga, Tn., 1983.Baldwin Lee
Mounsors Club, Monroe, La., 1985.
Mounsors Club, Monroe, La., 1985.Baldwin Lee
Preacher, Imokolee, Fla., 1986.
Preacher, Imokolee, Fla., 1986.Baldwin Lee
Parthenon, Nashville, Tn.,1983.
Parthenon, Nashville, Tn.,1983.Baldwin Lee
Whispering, Boyle, Ms., 1985.
Whispering, Boyle, Ms., 1985.Baldwin Lee

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