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Charles Shrem, who ran a New York-based Bitcoin exchange, was arrested Monday and charged with engaging in a money laundering scheme with a user of Silk Road, the notorious deep web black market.

In the federal criminal complaint, the Southern District of New York charges Shrem, the 24-year-old CEO of BitInstant, with three counts, including one count operating an unlicensed money transmitting business, one count of money laundering conspiracy and one count willful failure to file suspicious activity report. Robert Faiella, a Silk Road user who operated under the name “BTCKing,” was charged with one count of operating an unlicensed money transmitting business and one count money laundering conspiracy.

The complaint alleges that Faiella took orders from Silk Road users hoping to purchase Bitcoin, the anonymous peer-to-peer crypto-currency. Shrem then filled the orders by transferring funds into an account controlled by Faiella and hosted on a third-party Japan-based Bitcoin exchange. Together the two allegedly sold over $1 million in Bitcoin to Silk Road users, who then used those Bitcoins to attempt to purchase anonymously drugs and other illegal goods from the deep web black market.

According to Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara:

Shrem is a well-known advocate for Bitcoin, and is a part-owner of EVR, the only New York City bar which to accept Bitcoin. He was such an evangelist for the currency that he earned mythic status among proponents of the virtual currency in New York. “Charlie wears the [passwords] to his bitcoin account imprinted on a ring around his finger,” one Bitcoin insider told The New York Observer last April. “I heard his co-workers call him ‘four-finger Charlie’ because they joke people will want to cut his finger off to get the key. If the price keeps going up, he could have a million dollars in that ring!”

Shrem’s company BitInstant is backed by well-known Silicon Valley investors, including Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss. The exchange has been offline for many months. A class action suit was filed against Shrem’s company, BitInstant, in August, alleging misrepresentation of the speed of its services.

Update 2:25pm

Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss, co-founders of Winklevoss Capital, a firm that is an investor in BitInstant, provided TIME with the following statement:

Read the full criminal complaint here:

United States vs. Charles Shrem and Robert M. Faiella

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