U.N. Warns Asia-Pacific To Grow More Food Or Risk Wars

Governments in Asia and the Pacific must increase food production by mid-century, or risk food shortages and chronic hunger, warns U.N.

The United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned on Monday that governments in Asia and the Pacific must increase its food production significantly by mid-century, or risk food shortages and chronic hunger that could spur political unrest and civil wars.

The warning came as the organization launched a week long food security conference in Ulan Bator, Mongolia. It said some countries in the region—which encompasses countries as diverse as Australia, China, India, New Zealand, and the Philippines—will need to increase their food production by up to 77 per cent to feed their populations by 2050. The world’s population is expected to reach 9 billion by mid-century, reports Reuters.

While countries in the region have made progress on improving on under-nutrition, says the FAO, the region has more hungry people than in the rest of the regions of the world combined—more than 550 million.

“If we fail to meet our goal and a food shortage occurs, there will be a high risk of social and political unrest, civil wars and terrorism, and world security as a whole might be affected,” said Hiroyuki Konuma, the assistant director-general of FAO Asia-Pacific.


TIME Pope Francis

Pope Francis Takes The Bus To Spiritual Retreat

Pope Francis alights from a bus with other cardinals and bishops for a retreat in Ariccia
Osservatore Romano/Reuters

Pontiff dumps the Popemobile in favor of a more humble mode of transport

Pope Francis left the Popemobile at home on Sunday to travel by bus to a week-long spiritual retreat with cardinals and bishops.

The Pope is about to celebrate his one year anniversary, and will ring in the occasion on a Lenten retreat with the Roman Curia–the administrative branch of the Catholic Church. This year’s retreat is being held in the town of Ariccia, which is located in the hills of southern Rome. This is the first time in decades that the Pope’s Lenten retreat is held outside of Rome.

When asked about the Pope’s decision to take a bus, Vatican official Monsignor Mario Toso told the Associated Press that the choice of transportation “is something nice. It is the proof of the family, the caravan of God, serving humanity.”



China Wants Answers on Vanished Jet

Relatives of Chinese passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane wait on a bus on theirway to get paper work to fly to Malaysia, in Beijing, March 9, 2014.
Relatives of Chinese passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane wait on a bus in Beijing on March 9, 2014, to get paperwork to fly to Malaysia Alexander F. Yuan—AP

A 13-member Chinese delegation is in Kuala Lumpur to help investigate the disappearance of the Malaysia Airlines plane

Thirteen Chinese officials boarded a plane bound for Malaysia on Monday morning. Their mission: to help investigate the deepening mystery surrounding Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, which vanished in the early hours of March 8 while winging its way from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. The majority of the jetliner’s passengers — 153 of 227 — held passports from mainland China. And now the Chinese want answers — even if the Malaysians hadn’t quite formally invited them.

The team of representatives from the Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry, as well as aviation experts, “will urge the Malaysian side to intensify search and rescue efforts, to find out the fact of the incident as soon as possible, to timely release the accurate information and to well serve the family members of the passengers to Malaysia at the same time,” the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

The delegation was to begin work “immediately” upon arrival in Kuala Lumpur.

A few hours after the Chinese officials took off, some 150 distraught family and friends of those on the lost plane gathered in the grand ballroom complex of a Beijing hotel, where they had been cloistered by Malaysia Airlines. With them was another set of Chinese bureaucrats. It was, the relatives said, the first time that Chinese government representatives had met with them. During the question-and-answer session, frustrations simmered as the answers seemed to elicit nothing beyond the officials’ initial statement. Shouting ensued. After less than half-an-hour, the meeting was terminated, despite efforts by some family members to stop the bureaucrats from exiting the room.

Dissatisfaction hasn’t only been directed at the Chinese government. Much ire has been reserved for Malaysia Airlines for failing to adequately update family members on the investigation into MH370’s disappearance. Of course, it’s hard to provide updates when so little is known about a jetliner that disappeared without a trace or even a distress signal. Nevertheless, anger has snowballed as families feel that information about their loved ones is being kept from them. On Monday afternoon, Malaysia Airlines employees briefed family at the Beijing hotel. They were pelted with water bottles.

Outside the grand ballroom’s wooden doors, a throng of media waited. Small clusters of passengers’ families walked past, often holding hands with elderly relatives. Police vehicles patrolled the neighborhood around the hotel. Inside, family members debated whether or not they would take Malaysia Airlines up on an offer to fly them to Kuala Lumpur. The first flight is scheduled to leave just after midnight on Tuesday. Some of the families have armed themselves with lawyers.

A massive nine-nation search for the missing carrier continues off the coast of Vietnam and other expanses on the plane’s planned flight path. Governments that in recent months had been skirmishing over disputed territorial waters have joined together. But so far the multinational effort has yielded no evidence of the Boeing 777’s whereabouts; initial hope from oil slicks discovered off the coast was dashed Monday when officials said they weren’t from the plane.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi sounded almost reproachful when discussing Malaysia’s crisis management on Sunday. “The Chinese side requires the Malaysian side to keep trying every effort in the search-and-rescue work and informing the Chinese side every progress,” Wang said. “We will never give up and will keep trying as long as there is any glimpse of hope.”

The airline mystery has dominated social media and news portals in China. But for the Chinese state’s propaganda machine, the balance is tricky. The anxious wait for news of the missing plane has overshadowed the annual meeting of China’s rubber-stamp legislature currently taking place in Beijing. The opening of the congress was eclipsed by other tragic news, that of a massacre by knife-wielding attackers in the southwestern city of Kunming that claimed 29 lives. The government quickly blamed the rampage on jihadi-bent separatists from Xinjiang, a northwestern region of China that is home to the Uighur ethnic minority.

On March 10, the People’s Daily, the Chinese Communist Party’s mouthpiece, declined to run a front-page story about the vanished jetliner. A censorship directive leaked online and posted in English by China Digital Times, which operates out of the University of California, Berkeley, indicated that Chinese media were not allowed to “independently analyze or comment on the lost Malaysia Airlines flight.” The directive continued: “All media must refrain from interviewing family members without permission, and must not incite any discontented sentiment. All media continue to give increased publicity to the [parliament meeting in Beijing].”

Meanwhile, emotional outpourings proliferated online. He Jiong, a Chinese TV host, wrote on his Weibo microblogging account: “Let’s pray for the miracle to happen.” By Monday afternoon, the post had been shared more than 46,000 times. Others speculated about whether the plane’s disappearance was due to a problem with the plane or some nefarious human intervention. The fact that only a week separated the Kunming terrorist attack and the vanished plane led others — without evidence — to try to connect the two tragedies.

Fears of terrorism have been fanned by revelations that at least two of the passengers had boarded the ill-fated flight with stolen passports. But there is no proof that this immigration anomaly has anything to do with the plane’s disappearance; forged documents are used for everything from illegal immigration to drug trafficking. Few countries adequately plumb a vast Interpol database on stolen passports.

On Sunday, Malaysia’s Home Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi said the two men who used the sham passports were of Asian origin, according to Malaysian state news agency Bernama. But on Monday evening, Malaysia’s top civil-aviation official, Azharuddin Abdul Rahman, described the pair, who boarded MH370 with stolen Austrian and Italian passports, using a surprising reference. They resembled, he said, Mario Balotelli, the Italian footballer whose birth parents emigrated from Ghana.

With reporting by Chengcheng Jiang / Beijing

TIME real estate

This Broke Country Is Basically Giving Away Free Villages

Ian Aitken—Getty Images/AWL Images RM

Spanish real estate agencies are selling entire abandoned villages for cheap—and some mayors are giving them away for free

In the market for an ancient Spanish village? They come cheap these days.

Thousands of abandoned villages across Spain are up for sale as jobs leave the countryside and rural life slowly fades in the country, reports Agence France-Presse, and there are so many of them, that some are literally being given away for free.

Specialized real estate agencies help identify the around 2,900 empty villages and sell them to owners, many of them foreigners, who are surprisingly hard to come by. But some municipalities, desperate for caretakers of the ancient and abandoned properties, are giving away villages for free.

A stand of three stone houses and a granary—a typical hamlet in northwest Spain—can fetch less than $100,000. Some villages have requirements that purchasers must preserve them, many of which date back to the Middle Ages.


TIME movies

Zack Snyder and the West Should Stop Killing Ancient Persians

A scene from 300: Rise of an Empire.
A scene from 300: Rise of an Empire. Warner Bros.

The story of '300: Rise of an Empire' comes from a graphic novel, but it's based on a travesty of history that has long existed in the Western imagination

Shortly after the 2007 release of 300—Zack Snyder’s computerized gorefest about the ancient Battle of Thermopylae—the Iranians issued an angry response. Then President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad did not take kindly to the film’s garish depiction of hordes of feral Persians, swarming and dying around the famous band of Spartans whose last stand 2,500 years ago briefly checked the Persian Empire’s advance into mainland Greece. The film was “an insult to Iran,” said one of Ahmadinejad’s spokesman; it was “part of a comprehensive U.S. psychological war aimed at Iranian culture,” said another.

The current, more diplomatic Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has yet to react to the movie’s sequel, 300: Rise of an Empire, which made $45 million on its first weekend in U.S. cinemas. But he surely won’t be pleased. Like its predecessor, the new 300 presents a spurious clash of civilizations. The muscled, taciturn Greeks—this time fighting on sea—carry on flexing their freedom-loving biceps, hacking and slashing their way through faceless mobs of easterners. The Persians remain the incarnation of every Orientalist stereotype imaginable: decadent, oversexed, craven, weak, spineless. They are also incapable of winning a battle against the Greeks without the help of a Greek traitor: in the new film it’s Artemisia, a woman consumed by a crazed desire for power and destruction. “My heart is Persian,” she says in a viperous voice.

A quick turn to the source material—specifically, The Histories by Herodotus, the most famous Greek chronicler of the Persian wars—shows how ridiculous some of this is. Far from being a lone, blood-thirsty warmonger, Artemisia was one of countless Greeks serving in the Persian armies and a figure of considerable wisdom. According to Herodotus, she cautions the Persian Emperor Xerxes against fighting the disastrous naval battle at Salamis, which, in the film, is an engagement she pursues with a furious mania. The burly Themistokles, the new 300‘s jacked Athenian protagonist, is made out to be a selfless champion of Western liberty; according to ancient Greek accounts, though, he later defects to the Persians and joins Xerxes’s son.

The larger cultural picture painted by this new 300 is not any more edifying—it sets a tyrannical, violent East against a folksy, democratic West. At various moments in the film, the narrator reminds the viewer with mind-numbing seriousness that the Persians “fear” or “mock” or even “are annoyed by” Greece’s fledgling democracy. To hammer home the crude, ahistorical message, the Persians win their only victory in the film when a suicide bomber is able to destroy a number of Greek ships.

It would be nice to chalk off this atrocity, as many have, to the silly imagination of Snyder, the film’s producer and co-writer, and Frank Miller, the graphic novelist whose blood-drenched books form the immediate basis for the movies. In no other chronicle of antiquity is Xerxes a hairless, bejeweled creature of camp fetish. To be sure, the film’s creators know this isn’t a story based on facts: it takes place in a “fictionalized, mythological world,” says Snyder in notes distributed to reporters at an advance press screening last week.

But Snyder’s bludgeoning Hollywood franchise is hardly alone in its fictions. A tradition of Western myth-making gained traction in the 19th century that insisted these battles between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire were a showdown over the fate of Western civilization itself. Preeminent historians of the time believed that Xerxes’ defeat helped preserve supposedly Greek attributes of free-thought and reason in the face of Eastern backwardness and mysticism. It’s a dubious view that some conservative scholars in the West continue to propagate to this day. The far-right, anti-immigrant Golden Dawn party in Greece holds ceremonies at Thermopylae, as TIME reported in 2012, chanting “Greece belongs to Greeks” before a bronze statue of the slain Spartan king Leonidas.

300: Rise of an Empire shamelessly indulges this demonization of the Persian—of the alien, dangerous “Other.” That’s far removed from the way many of the ancient Greeks saw their world at the time. The Persians by the Greek playwright Aeschylus, who actually fought at the Battle of Salamis, imagines the scene in the Persian capital in the wake of the empire’s disastrous defeat. There is weeping, lamentation and a cautionary tale about hubris and imperial overreach. It’s a lesson not just meant for Persians. Flush with glory, Aeschylus’s Athens is about to enter a long, grinding war against other Greek states, especially Sparta, that will bring decades of devastation to the Greek world. That’s a story I challenge Snyder and Miller to tell.

TIME Middle East

Group Linked to Al-Qaeda Frees Nuns

Greek Orthodox nuns are released after four-month ordeal

A group of 13 Greek Orthodox nuns were freed on Monday after being kidnapped and held by Al-Qaeda-linked rebels in Syria for four months.

They arrived in Damascus after a deal was reached between the Syrian government and members of the group the Nusra Front, the Associated Press reports.

The nuns were taken from their convent in the predominantly Christian town of Maaloula during a bout of fighting in December. They claimed in a video released by the Nusra Front that they were well-treated. The nuns were delivered to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Old Damascus, where they will remain. Their release came in exchange for about 150 Syrian women being released by the government in Damascus.

Despite their safe release, the Syrian Greek Orthodox Patriarchal Assistant, Bishop Louca al-Khoury, accused the Nusra Front of going after Syria’s religious minorities, claiming the country is now being targeted “by armed terrorist groups who don’t understand anything but the language of killing and destruction.”


TIME Afghanistan

Taliban Order Fighters To Disrupt Afghan Elections

Presidential elections are scheduled to take place in April

The Afghan Taliban issued a warning on Monday against anyone taking part in the upcoming presidential elections on April 5, ordering their fighters to “use all force” to disrupt the polling.

Zabihullah Mujahid, a spokesman for the Taliban, said in a statement that the group is telling clerics across the country to inform locals that the election is “an American conspiracy,” the Associated Press reports.

“We have given orders to all our mujahadeen to use all forces at their disposal to disrupt these upcoming sham election to target all its workers, activists, callers, security apparatus and offices,” the statement said. It also advised Afghans to not put themselves in danger by going to the polls.

Several incidents of campaign-related violence have been reported in the last month, with the Taliban taking responsibility for some of the attacks. President Hamid Karzai, who became leader following the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, is barred from running for a third term.


TIME Ukraine

Guns and Roses: Kiev in Mid-Revolution

The Maidan: Kiev's Independence Square, March 6, 2014.
The Maidan: Kiev's Independence Square, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

Flowers, karaoke and masked soldiers in a visit to Ukraine's capital

In Kiev’s Independence Square, the aftermath of a bloody revolution has left behind a strange beauty. Red roses adorn piles of charred black tires. A rainbow of votive candles lay before heaps of rusted metal, burnt wood, and other debris—remnants of barriers built by anti-government protesters against thuggish security forces. Beneath a lamp post punctured by bullet holes—snipers—lies the photo of a smiling young man and a splendid pile of flowers in his memory. In an auditorium at Kiev’s city hall, now manned round-the-clock by activists who feel their work remains incomplete, a young man in a bulletproof vest plays a gentle classical piece on a white piano.

An activist wearing a bulletproof vest plays piano at Kiev's city hall, March 6, 2014.
An activist wearing a bulletproof vest plays piano at Kiev’s city hall, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

These contrasts also stand in for Ukraine’s political reality, now a mix of wreckage and blooming hope three weeks after massive protests overthrow an authoritarian president who had spurned Europe for Russia’s orbit. An interim government has now replaced the reputedly corrupt Viktor Yanukovych, and elections are scheduled for May. But the economy is in crisis and the parliament is still packed with dubious characters. Talk of war hangs in the air like the smoke from the barrel fires warming the activists and self-defense volunteers still camped on the square, who say their work is unfinished. Russian President Vladimir Putin has seized the Crimean peninsula, and may have designs on other parts of Ukraine’s pro-Russian east. Kiev’s anxious residents are left to wonder whether their future holds more flames than flowers.

Flowers memorialize the dead at the square's independence monument. March 6, 2014.
Flowers memorialize the dead at the square’s independence monument. March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

Elena, as we’ll call her, is a 25-year-old lawyer here. She grew up in the pro-Russian east but studied in the UK on a scholarship. Smartly dressed in a grey tweed jacket and black-framed glasses, Elena estimates that she filled two dozen Molotov cocktails during the protests. She also volunteered in a makeshift hospital, witnessing injuries like she’d never seen before.

Elena never imagined that Ukraine’s fate could grow so precarious. “I never thought I would wake up every day happy just that there is no war,” she says. Things she’s always taken for granted—Internet service, electricity, basic security—now all seem contingent on Putin’s unknown intentions.

“You know, when people are crazy you are not sure what they will do,” says Anna Shyshko, a 30 year old legal secretary smoking a cigarette on the square one recent afternoon. She hopes that the West will take more decisive action than it did as protesters were being gunned down last month.

“On Facebook all the time they’re saying the U.S. and European Union worried much too long,” she says. “While they were shooting people, [the West was] saying that they are worried about our country. But it took too long.”

For now, Kiev is mostly peaceful, a seemingly happy European city. Coffee booths are plentiful on the streets. The downtown Porsche dealership is still open, as is a men’s luxury clothing store named Billionaire—destinations, perhaps, for Yanukovych’s oligarch allies. At an upscale karaoke bar, party people smoked hookahs and belted out maudlin ballads into the small hours.

"Self-defense" volunteers patrol near the Maidan, March 6, 2014.
“Self-defense” volunteers patrol near the Maidan, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

But some here seem girded for more fighting. Around the square, known here as the Maidan, men in camouflage uniforms who describe themselves as self-defense forces are camped out in dozens of tents. Some fly the red and black flag of the Ukrainian People’s Army, a World War II-era anti-Soviet partisan force; it’s a common sign of affiliation with the modern nationalist, far-right Pravy Sector. (The UPA’s alliance with the Nazis remains a subject of intense debate.) After midnight a few nights ago, a pair of young men with mohawks patrolled a main street with baseball bats; they identified themselves as members of Spilna Sprava, another right-wing nationalist group.

On a rise above the square lay a pair of overturned burnt-out vehicles that likely belonged to the now-vanquished Berkut security forces. “Have You Seen This Man?” asks a sign taped to one of them. But there is no way to tell: the man’s photo has been torn out. Next to the empty space someone has scrawled the word ANIMAL.

Poster taped to a scorched bus near the Maidan square, in Kiev, March 6, 2014.
Poster taped to a scorched bus near the Maidan square, in Kiev, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

A short walk from the Maidan to the Dnipro river bank offered more unsettling sights. Crates of Molotov cocktails fashioned from beer bottles lay unattended near the National Philharmonic Building. In a grand park overlooking the river, access to a large Soviet-era monument to the unity of Ukraine and Russia has been barricaded— presumably to prevent defacement of a statue representing an ideal that many here now despise.

A few hundred yards away towers Vladimir. Not Putin, but Vladimir the Great, a local ruler who Christianized the region a thousand years ago. (This was after he rejected Islam, in part, because it forbids drinking: “We cannot exist without that pleasure,” he allegedly declared.)

Behind the statue is a well-kept, tree-lined public park, where the other Vladimir’s shadow loomed. A group of perhaps two dozen men in makeshift paramilitary uniforms were training here for combat. Some concealed their faces behind balaclavas; several wore scarves in the UPA’s red and black. One group practiced hand-to-hand fighting—faux punches, arm twists, leg sweeps. Another, wielding what appeared to be fake wooden pistols and rifles, took positions behind trees. They would duck out, then quickly swerve back again, taking shots at their imaginary enemy.

Volunteers train for combat in Kiev's Vladimirskaya Gorka park, March 6, 2014.
Volunteers train for combat in Kiev’s Vladimirskaya Gorka park, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

None spoke English. One man in a balaclava insisted that a reporter stop taking photographs. Two others encouraged more pictures, and the three fell into a squabble. Meanwhile, a young couple out for a walk in the park pushed a stroller past the men practicing hand to hand combat. The trainees politely stood aside as the infant rolled by.

So it goes in these strange days of Kiev’s unfinished revolution.

Roses adorn a barricade in the Maidan square, March 6, 2014.
Roses adorn a barricade in the Maidan square, March 6, 2014. Michael Crowley—TIME

Russia Warned It Could Face Jihadi Attacks Over Crimea

Some militant Tartars may be prepared to fight Russia over potential annexation of Crimea, warn local leaders

A senior Crimean Tartar leader has warned that Russia risks provoking jihadi attacks if it annexes Crimea.

In an interview with the Financial Times on Sunday, Mustafa Jemilev, a member of the Ukrainian parliament, said a number of militant Tartars had approached him to say they would fight the Russians. “We can’t stop people who want to die with honor,” said Jemilev, who reportedly made clear that he himself did not endorse a jihadi campaign.

A referendum on whether Crimea should become part of Russia is set to take place in March, triggered by Russia’s occupation of the peninsula earlier this month. Crimean Tartars, a Muslim minority group who make up roughly 12 per cent of the region’s population, are largely in favour of remaining part of Ukraine. Their opposition is rooted in a long history of persecution under previous Russian rule.

Jemilven said he and other Tartar leaders are reluctant to believe the reassurances from Crimea’s pro-Russian leaders, including offers of senior government positions for members of the community. “This agreement is not worth the paper it’s written on. Everything can change tomorrow.”



Oscar Pistorius Vomits in Court

Pistorius arrives in court ahead of his trial in Pretoria
Oscar Pistorius arrives in court ahead of his trial at the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria Mar. 3, 2014 Reuters

Olympian athlete and murder suspect retches during graphic testimony about Reeva Steenkamp's autopsy

Olympian amputee and murder suspect Oscar Pistorius may have vomited in court Monday during testimony about the autopsy of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, whom he fatally shot early on Valentines Day 2013.

Despite a judge’s ban on broadcasting or tweeting from the courtroom, many journalists tweeted that Pistorius retched and was physically sick after the graphic description of Steenkamp’s postmortem examination.

Pistorius shot Steenkamp through a bathroom door, and she died of multiple gunshot wounds. Pistorius says he fired because he thought there was an intruder in the house, and that he was trying to protect Steenkamp. Prosecutors say Pistorius shot Steenkamp during a heated argument, and neighbors have testified that they heard the couple fighting that night. The trial continues.


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