TIME College Basketball

Watch the Game That Saved March Madness

Princeton’s near-upset of Georgetown in a 1989 first-round game made sure Cinderella would always get invited to the dance

On St. Patrick’s Day night, 1989, the top-seeded Georgetown Hoyas—the most dominant and polarizing college basketball team in America—faced the 16th-seeded Princeton Tigers in the first round of the NCAA tournament. The Hoyas had just rolled through the powerful Big East. The Tigers barely won the lightly-regarded Ivy League. While watching that year’s selection show, many Princeton players had just one wish: please, don’t make us play Georgetown. First game on the board: Georgetown vs. Princeton, in Providence.

For the Princeton players, jitters soon turned into joy. For college basketball fans, March Madness would soon change, forever, for the better. A David vs. Goliath classic attracted what was then ESPN’s largest-ever audience for a college hoops game. The first two days of the opening round, which tip off today, have become a shared national ritual. And it might never have happened were it not for that one night, a quarter century ago, in Providence. Here’s the story of the game that saved March Madness.

TIME Crime

Teen Arrested After Climbing 1 World Trade Center

One World Trade Center
Ted S. Warren—AP

The 16-year-old from New Jersey was able to gain access to the spire of Manhattan's 1 World Trade Center after slipping past security on the 104th floor. The daring climb raises questions about the security of America's tallest building

A New Jersey teenager was able to gain access to the spire of Manhattan’s 1 World Trade Center recently after slipping past security on the 104th floor.

The teenager, 16-year-old Justin Casquejo, was later arrested, charged with trespassing and released. According to court papers, he told police: “I was walking around the construction site and figured out how to access the Freedom Tower rooftop.” Police have secured a warrant to search the camera and cellphone he was carrying at the time.

A Port Authority Police Department spokesman says a guard who was reportedly asleep at the time of Casquejo’s climb on Sunday has been fired. The full security measures of 1 WTC are not slated to go into effect until 2015, according to city documents.

Law enforcement officials say that Casquejo may have tricked an elevator operator into ferrying the teen up to the 88th floor. Casqeujo then hiked up to the 104th floor, snuck past the sleeping security guard and climbed through a foot-wide hole to reach the top.

A Twitter account that purportedly belongs to Casquejo tweeted one word Tuesday: “Inspired.”

[DNA Info]

TIME Solutions for America

Built in Detroit

Shinola bike shop in Detroit, Rebuilding Detroit
Shinola's Detroit store sells its U.S.-made watches and hand assembled bikes. Roy Ritchie for TIME

A new wave of high-end ventures like watchmaker Shinola helps revive manufacturing in the Motor City

The factory floor is silent but not empty. Dozens of workers dressed in crisp white lab coats, hairnets and matching Crocs are maneuvering dollhouse-size hand tools and manipulating minuscule parts to assemble wristwatches. With loupes to eyes, one line builds the movement–the timepieces’ quartz-powered brain. Another line does nothing but put the dials in place, while others set the hands, fix the case backs and lash the leather straps. This isn’t a clean room in Geneva or a Chinese factory in Shenzhen. These movements are taking place behind the floor-to-ceiling glass wall that separates Shinola’s Detroit headquarters from its sprawling state-of-the-art factory.

One of the company’s first nine employees, Titus Hayes is in charge of technical repairs. The 23-year-old looks around at the shop floor, where 60 people now work (overall the company payroll has swelled to 230). “Before I was just one of many,” he says. “Here I feel part of something. I’ve never had a job like this.”

If the name Shinola rings a bell, it may be because of an off-color taunt. Founded in 1907, the brand-name shoe polish was a staple for American GIs, who popularized the expression “You don’t know sh-t from Shinola.” Over the past year, the brand–which was bought and relaunched by Fossil Inc. founder Tom Kartsotis–has established itself as a force in American-made design. The company’s watches range in price from $475 to $950 and can be found at Bloomingdale’s and Neiman Marcus as well as its two flagship Shinola-branded stores. In 2013, the company made about 50,000 watches; this year it wants to make 150,000. It has also expanded into customized bicycles, leather goods, journals, soft drinks and, naturally, shoe polish. During its first six months in business, Shinola generated more than $20 million in sales. The company expects to turn a profit by 2017, when revenue is projected to hit $100 million.

Shinola has earned high marks among style arbiters. Actress Kerry Washington put Shinola products on her Christmas wish list, and the company’s timepieces seem to appeal to both Democrats and Republicans–former President Bill Clinton wears one, as does Michigan Governor Rick Snyder. (Snyder, who says Shinola is part of Detroit’s comeback story, had to buy his online. “It’s hard to get one,” he adds.)

More than style is at stake. Shinola is growing at a time when American manufacturing is in full revival and the global trade equation is being rewritten. Climbing wages in China, higher transportation costs, a weaker dollar, rising U.S. productivity and cheaper energy: all these factors mean American firms are finding it increasingly competitive to make things at home. Companies like Shinola–native U.S. manufacturing operations determined to nurture domestic cottage industries that have all but disappeared–are the latest test of these trends. If Shinola can thrive, it could become part of something the Motor City hasn’t seen since the glory days of American automaking: a new boom in manufacturing.

On West Milwaukee Avenue in midtown Detroit, the 11-story brick Argonaut Building soars above the horizon, a beacon of better days. From 1936 to 1956, it was General Motors’ research laboratory, where every GM car was designed. Here the first automatic transmission was mass-produced and the first heart-lung machine developed. During World War II, some 60,000 sq. ft. was turned over to manufacturing fighter jets. But by 1999 the Argonaut stood empty.

Today the building is owned by the College of Creative Studies, a local art school. Shinola occupies the fifth floor. Kartsotis, 54, first visited the site in 2011 as plans for Shinola began taking shape. He’d founded fashion-accessories giant Fossil in 1984. In 2000 he stepped down as Fossil’s CEO and began winding down his financial stake in the company. Three years later he founded venture-capital firm Bedrock Manufacturing, focusing on domestic industries and investing in legacy brands like the maker of outdoor gear Filson as well as Mollusk, a San Francisco surf-wear maker. At first, “it was the irony of building a watch factory in Detroit that was the attraction,” he says.

Touring the Argonaut convinced Kartsotis that his company could use Detroit’s manufacturing legacy to bring back a host of industries that had either gone offshore or died altogether. That’s why Shinola made the Detroit story and its history the centerpiece of the company’s $10 million marketing campaign last year. “The whole time we were studying this idea,” says Kartsotis, “we expected to run into something that would make it impossible. Detroit never showed us impossible.”

By 2012, Shinola’s team had settled on its first batch of watch designs. It had been over 40 years since America had manufactured timepieces on a large scale. The last producer, Hamilton, is now a subsidiary of the Swiss outfit Swatch. Even finding a master watchmaker proved difficult. Eventually, a Shinola recruiter met Stefan Mihoc, a Romanian immigrant who had been working as a machinist for 10 years in Detroit, after he posted his résumé online.

In order to get up and running, Shinola partnered with Ronda AG, an established Swiss maker of movements, to supply components and to train Detroit workers in how to assemble, test and fix watches. (Ronda has a financial stake in the firm.) Shinola says its factory workers earn more than Michigan’s $7.40 minimum wage. The company launched last April at the watch world’s annual BaselWorld confab in Switzerland alongside horology heavy hitters like Rolex and Omega.

Now Shinola is in expansion mode, according to CEO Steve Bock. Last year it opened flagship stores in Detroit and Manhattan, with more to come in Minneapolis, Chicago, London and Berlin. On its drawing board of future products: jeans, shoes and eventually furniture. “This is not just a watch company,” insists Daniel Caudill, Shinola’s creative director, a longtime brand and product stylist who was previously Adidas’ global design guru. “This is a design company.”

The company’s biggest problem now is finding U.S. suppliers and manufacturers to make good on its boldface promise of American-made. Most “American” watches today are in fact made in Asia or Switzerland. (Fossil watches by and large are made overseas.) Shinola’s reliance on some foreign-made parts for its watches and bikes has made it the target of critics who ask just how homegrown its products really are. Its watches are labeled built in Detroit, not the FTC-regulated made in USA.

To bolster its mission, Shinola has partnered with numerous American suppliers: Horween, Chicago’s last tannery, produces its leather watchbands, journals and other leather goods. Steel bicycle frames and forks are handmade by Waterford Precision Cycles of Oshkosh, Wis., and then shipped to Detroit. There are dozens more. “This is not a one-off feel-good entrepreneur going out and making things in the U.S.,” explains Harold Sirkin, senior partner with the Boston Consulting Group in Chicago. “As their supply chain starts to reappear and they start to make more fully made-in-America products, they are creating new businesses.”

In addition to the factory, Shinola has helped revitalize a desolate stretch on the old Cass Corridor, an area better known for prostitutes and drug dealers, by opening a store in an empty factory there last June. Today the spot is thriving with new businesses. “This area was our skid row,” says Jeanette Pierce, director of community relations for D:hive, a nonprofit group that connects Detroit’s resources and businesses. “Sixteen months ago, there were maybe four small shops. Today there are 16 and a brewery.”

The multiplier effect is worth watching. Matthew Clayson, director of the Detroit Creative Corridor Center, credits Shinola’s success as a magnet for attracting new business. Four years ago, he was lucky if he got one call a quarter from a firm interested in setting up shop in Detroit. “Now,” he says, “I get one call a week.”

Recently Kartsotis and Bedrock have begun the process of launching Act II of their made-in-the-USA story. In the space adjacent to Shinola’s Detroit shop, construction is under way on their latest venture, Willys (named after the classic American Jeep), a multibrand store set to open in May. No surprise, it is dedicated to a spectrum of American-made products. Says CEO Bock: “We feel this city has a future.”

SEE MORE SOLUTIONS AT time.com/solutionsforamerica

TIME Military

When the Skit Hits the Fan: The Army’s Sexual-Assault Woes Persist

Army General To Enter Into Plea Deal In Military Sexual Assault Case
Brigadier General Jeffrey Sinclair leaves the Fort Bragg Courthouse on Monday. Davis Turner / Getty Images

The trial of a general accused of sexual assault has only highlighted the Army's problem

To its credit, the Army itself spotlighted the sexual-assault rot pervading the service this week during the case of Army Brigadier General Jeffrey Sinclair. But it only highlighted what appears to have been a messy consensual affair gone sour because Sinclair embarrassed the service by getting caught.

On Thursday, Colonel James Pohl reprimanded Sinclair, 51, a former deputy commander of the 82nd Airborne Division, and ordered him to pay a $20,000 fine. But the military judge sentenced him to no jail time, stemming from a plea deal in which Sinclair pleaded guilty to adultery (a crime in the U.S. military) with a female Army captain, 34, in Afghanistan, and related charges. Following the sentencing, Sinclair smiled and hugged his attorneys.

The case against him fell apart after the accuser, who charged Sinclair with sexual assault two years ago, was suspected of perjury during a pretrial hearing, and after word surfaced that a senior Army officer may have improperly rejected, for political reasons, an earlier plea offer from Sinclair.

The collapse of the prosecution, and the resulting minimal punishment, makes it inconclusive for those advocating major changes in how the military handles sexual assaults.

But the real key to the issue of sexual assault in the Army isn’t about the case. Rather, it’s what the court martial highlighted about acceptable actions in today’s Army. On Tuesday, during the final day of a two-day sentencing hearing at Fort Bragg, N.C., Army prosecutors rolled out an officer’s account of a skit performed for Sinclair’s benefit as he prepared to leave his assignment in Germany.

The fact that the skit happened isn’t as important as the reaction of those involved.

Lieut. Colonel Benjamin Bigelow testified that the 2010 going-away party for Sinclair featured a raunchy skit involving two male soldiers, one playing Sinclair, and the other his primary accuser. The character playing the female captain, wearing a brown wig like the accuser’s hair, “moved in front of the Sinclair character’s crotch,” Bigelow said, “and offered to do something for him.” Much of the crowd laughed loudly. “She was offering to give him oral sex.”

The reactions to the skit were telling:

—For the audience: It suggested that those watching would understand the reference. It indicates that such behavior was tolerated, if not condoned, and was ripe for parody. This was not a small crowd, given to locker-room antics. More than 500 people saw it, including German guests.

—For Rebecca Sinclair, the general’s wife, who was there: She was “clearly shocked, angered and dismayed,” according to Bigelow (the accuser did not attend).

—For Sinclair himself: Attorney Richard Scheff said, in his client’s defense, that he had nothing to do with the skit:

(I’m) disappointed with them that they would try to make something out of nothing…a skit he had nothing to do with, a skit that afterwards he made sure the main accuser was talked to make sure she was okay. And frankly, a skit that involved other people as well where supposedly she was doing the same to other people. So what is the meaning of it? It means nothing.

Maybe it meant nothing to his client, a disgraced officer trying to weasel out of jail time, or to his civilian attorney.

But to the Army, it means everything.

Any soldier fresh out of basic training knows the meaning of “command climate.”

“Command climate” is the air that a military unit breathes. It is its bedrock culture, supposedly forged by leaders and nurtured by everyone in the outfit. Sinclair, by sitting there and watching the skit, accepted it. He didn’t stand up and walk out. Perhaps he didn’t want to embarrass his wife. Maybe he didn’t want to draw any more attention to his earlier actions and attitudes that let fellow soldiers think he’d get a kick out of it.

Even if he didn’t get a kick out of it, the soldiers performing it thought he would.

That’s the definition of a poor command climate. And until there’s more climate change in the Army, sexual assaults and harassment will continue.

TIME Courts

Court Tosses $1.2B Ruling Against Johnson & Johnson

An Arkansas jury previous found the pharmaceutical company liable for downplaying the risks of the antipsychotic drug Ripserdal.

The Arkansas Supreme Court threw out a $1.2 billion judgment against the pharmaceutical firm Johnson & Johnson in a case over its marketing of the antipsychotic drug Risperdal.

The court ruled that the state improperly sued Johnson & Johnson under a law that applies to health care facilities—not pharmaceutical companies—when it won a 2012 case by arguing that company subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals downplayed the risks of Risperdal and lied to doctors about its side effects, the Associated Press reports.

The case was one of several across the country challenging the drugmakers’ marketing of Risperdal, the AP reports. The companies have appealed a $327 million judgement in a similar case in South Carolina and had another ruling overturned in Louisiana in January.

Risperdal made billions of dollars for Johnson & Johnson after it was released in 1994, netting $4.5 billion in global sales in 2007 alone. The drug has been linked to increased risk of stroke and death in elderly patients, as well as seizures, weight gain and diabetes.

The companies argued in Arkansas that there was no fraud related to Risperdal and the state’s Medicaid program was not harmed, the AP reports.


TIME Economy & Policy

The Government Is a Hit Man: Uber, Tesla and Airbnb Are in Its Crosshairs

San Francisco taxi drivers show their opposition to Uber which taxi drivers say is operating illegally in San Francisco
San Francisco taxi drivers protest Uber, which taxi drivers say is operating illegally in San Francisco, July 30, 2013. Beck Diefenbach—Reuters

The real losers are not just the next generation of innovators but also customers who lose out on more ways of getting what they need or want.

What the invisible hand of free-market innovation giveth, the dead hand of politically motivated regulation tryeth desperately to take away.

That’s the only way to describe what’s happening to three wildly innovative and popular products: the award-winning electric car Tesla, taxi-replacement service Uber and hotel alternative Airbnb. These companies are not only revolutionizing their industries via cutting-edge technology and customer-empowering distribution, they’re also running afoul of interest groups that are quick to use political muscle to maintain market share and the status quo.

The battle between what historian Burton W. Folsom calls “market entrepreneurs” and “political entrepreneurs” is an old and ugly one, dating back to the earliest days of the American experiment. Market entrepreneurs make their money by offering customers a good or new service at a good or new price. Political entrepreneurs make their money the old-fashioned way: they use the government to rig markets and kneecap real and potential competitors. In his great 1987 book The Myth of the Robber Barons, Folsom discusses how the 19th century steamboat pioneer Robert Fulton quickly went from a market entrepreneur to a political one by securing a 30-year monopoly from the New York legislature for all steamboat traffic in the Empire State.

Especially in today’s sluggish economy, it’s more important than ever that market innovators win out over crony capitalists. Letting markets work to find new ways of delivering goods and services isn’t just better for customers in the short term, it’s the only way to unleash the innovation that ultimately propels long-term economic growth. After all, no country has ever regulated its way out of a recession.

Tesla has done the unthinkable not once but twice: First, it built an electric car that people actually want to buy despite a price tag north of $70,000 for its cheapest models. Second, it has the temerity to sell directly to its wealthy customers rather than subjecting them to the ritualized hell known as auto dealerships. But because auto dealers account for as much as 20% of state sales taxes, their wishes often become legislators’ commands. At the top of their wish list? Don’t let carmakers sell directly to customers. The most glaring example of protectionism just took place in New Jersey, whose legislature added even more burdens to rules that already banned the direct sales of cars to customers. Now Teslas effectively can’t be sold in New Jersey, reports the New York Times, all in the name of ensuring consumer safety and protecting competition. News flash: Anyone who can afford a $70,000 car doesn’t need much protecting. And if you’re ready to believe car dealers when they argue that incredibly complicated rules making it impossible for new companies to enter their market are about protecting competition, I’ve got an expensive undercoating package I want to sell you.

The app-driven car service Uber, which bills itself as “everyone’s car service” and connects drivers and riders in minutes, presents a similar threat to traditional taxi and ride services in the 30-plus U.S. cities in which it operates. Rather than fight for customers by cutting fares, increasing the number of cabs or improving services, taxi commissioners and city councils from San Francisco to New York are instead trying to regulate Uber out of business on the grounds that it provides unfair and unsafe competition.

Never mind that Uber riders get to instantly rate their experience in a way no cab passenger ever does (just as amazingly, drivers get to rate passengers!). At the state level, California has already instituted a bevy of regulations on Uber, Lyft and other new ride-sharing services. These include mandatory criminal-background checks for drivers, licensing via public-utilities commissions, and driver-training programs. Last year, Washington, D.C., officials unsuccessfully tried to squeeze out Uber with regulations on the types of cars that could carry passengers, what sorts of credit-card processing machines could be used and how the company’s app operates.

Airbnb, a website that allows people to rent everything from vacation homes to spare couches for short-term stays, works great for everyone but conventional hoteliers and cities trying to bilk travelers for tourist taxes. Operating in 192 countries and typically showing hundreds of thousands of offerings, Airbnb has faced stiff regulation in towns supposedly famous for their weirdness and openness to lifestyle experimentation, such as Austin, which charges hosts an annual licensing fee and limits the number of participants, and Portland, Ore., which has banned the service in residential neighborhoods. In New York City, rent-control advocates are teaming up with hospitality-industry heavyweights to try and shut down Airbnb and similar services.

If mobsters were pulling these sorts of stunts, we’d recognize the attacks on new ways of doing business for what they are: protection rackets, with state regulators rather than professional hit men creating and enforcing rules to benefit well-connected businessmen. The real losers are not just the next generation of innovators but also customers who lose out on more ways of getting what they need or want.

Folsom’s study of political and market entrepreneurs also suggests that political entrepreneurs are ultimately unsuccessful. Indeed, Fulton claimed in 1817 that his monopoly meant no one could ferry passengers to New York City from neighboring states. A young Cornelius Vanderbilt was hired by a New Jersey businessman to challenge Fulton not in a court of law but on the Hudson River, ferrying passengers from Elizabeth, N.J., and Gotham. Vanderbilt cheekily flew a flag from his ship that read, “New Jersey must be free.” While evading capture, Vanderbilt lowered prices and changed the business climate.

It turns out that New Jersey must be free again — to sell Teslas. And New Yorkers should be free to rent out their rooms if they want to. And Uber to drive you where you want to go. The invisible hand of free markets shouldn’t have to spend so much of its time slapping away the dead hand of political entrepreneurship.


Bionic Limb Helps Boston Marathon Bombing Survivor Dance Once Again

Adrianne Haslet-Davis, Christian Lightner
Adrianne Haslet-Davis, left, performs on stage with dancer Christian Lightner at the 2014 TED Conference March 19, 2014, in Vancouver. James Duncan Davidson—AP

Adrianne Haslet-Davis performed on stage at the 2014 TED Conference in Vancouver

A dance instructor who lost part of her left leg in last year’s Boston Marathon bombing performed publicly for the first time since the attack Wednesday night with the help of a specially-designed bionic limb.

Outfitted with a computerized prosthetic, 33-year-old Adrianne Haslet-Davis performed “Ring My Bells” by Enrique Iglesias with dance partner Christian Lightner, Mashable reports. She received a standing ovation from the capacity crowd at the 2014 TED Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia, which included former Vice President Al Gore.

The man who designed Haslet-Davis’ high-tech prosthetic, Massachusetts Institute of Technology associate professor Hugh Hugh, was also in attendance. A double-amputee himself, he designed the bionic limb after meeting Haslet-Davis last year with the specific intent that it could be used for dancing.


TIME Crime

New Jersey Employee Stole Almost Half-a-Million Dollars… in Quarters

Thomas Rica, a former Ridgewood borough employee, stands with his attorney Robert Galantucci, during a hearing at the Bergen County Courthouse Wednesday, March 19, 2014, in Hackensack, N.J.
Thomas Rica, a former Ridgewood borough employee, stands with his attorney Robert Galantucci, during a hearing at the Bergen County Courthouse Wednesday, March 19, 2014, in Hackensack, N.J. Mitsu Yasukawa—he Record of Bergen County/AP

A Bergen County public works inspector who admitted to swiping about 1.8 million quarters—roughly 11.25 tons—over 25 months won't go to prison, but he will begin paying back the stolen money

A public works inspector in New Jersey admitted Wednesday to stealing more than $460,000 in quarters over a span of 25 months.

Thomas Rica, 43, was arrested last year and fired for taking $500 in coins. A Bergen County investigation found that his coin collection was, in fact, much larger. He pleaded guilty Wednesday to four counts of third-degree theft from the village of Ridgewood, The Record newspaper reports.

Officials say Rica gained access to a room in the Village Hall with his master key, where he regularly took handfuls of coins, sometimes several times a week. Four separate times, he took more than $500, his lawyer Robert Galantucci, said at Wednesday’s hearing.

Rica deposited his illicit earnings at coin machines in multiple different bank branches, eluding authorities even though the coins he took over two years amounted to more than half of Ridgewood’s total annual collection from parking meters.

The 1.8 million quarters—roughly 11.25 tons—helped complement Rica’s $86,000 salary, The Record reports. Rica’s plea deal means that he won’t go to prison but will instead have to pay back the stolen money, beginning with an initial lump sump of $69,000 followed by at least $2,000 a month.

It needn’t be in coins.

[The Record]

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