TIME weather

Hurricane Danny Forms in the Atlantic

Hurricane Danny
Getty Images An image of Hurricane Danny captured from space by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on Aug. 20, 2015.

Hurricane Danny does not pose a threat to any land yet

(MIAMI) — Hurricane Danny has formed in the Atlantic, becoming the first hurricane of the Atlantic season.

Danny’s maximum sustained winds Thursday morning have increased to near 75 mph (120 kph) and additional strengthening is forecast during the next two days.

The hurricane is centered about 1,090 miles (1,755 kilometers) east of the Windward Islands and is moving west-northwest near 12 mph (19 kph).

The U.S. National Hurricane Center says Danny is a small storm with hurricane-force winds only extending outward up to 10 miles (20 kilometers) from the center.

The storm does not currently pose a threat to any land.

TIME weather

Watch This Hypnotizing Video of Rare Twin Typhoons in the Pacific

Two simultaneous typhoons have been observed for the first time since October, 1997

Prepare to be enthralled: a Japanese satellite has captured twin typhoons—that’s Goni on the left, Atsani on the right—swirling simultaneously for the first time since October, 1997.

The stunning images come courtesy of Japan’s new weather satellite, the Himawari-8, currently coasting about 22,000 miles above the Pacific. The video is able to capture the typhoon’s movement especially well because the Himawari-8 is snapping photos every ten minutes. U.S. weather satellites take shots every three hours, and at half the resolution.

The twin typhoons are a weather oddity—it’s the first time in about 18 years that twin typhoons have been observed. Incidentally, 1997 is known for hosting a particularly strong El Niño (we’re in the middle of another El Niño now), which tends to lead to typhoons in the central Pacific, according to Eric Holthaus, a meteorologist who writes for Slate. The stronger storms lead to stronger El Niño effects, leading to “a feedback loop of sorts,” Holthaus writes.

Goni might make landfall near the Philippines, Taiwan, or Japan over the next week or so. Atsani is so far not expected to affect any country.

TIME weather

3 Missing Men Presumed Dead After Alaska Landslide

Alaska Landslides sitka missing persons
James Poulson—AP Construction workers and emergency crew members look at the damage caused by a landslide on Kramer Drive on Aug. 18, 2015, in Sitka, Alaska.

A "body recovery effort" will resume Wednesday

Rescue crews in a small Alaskan town will search Wednesday for the bodies of three men who are presumed dead following a Tuesday landslide.

Sitka Fire Department spokesperson Sara Peterson told the Associated Press that the search is a “body recovery effort” based on “the force of the slide and that kind of impact.” Search efforts, which were suspended yesterday due to terrain concerns, are expected to resume Wednesday after a geologist evaluates the stability of the landslide site, CBS reports.

The slide occurred after the area received 2½ inches of rain in 24 hours. One witness said the landslide lasted about four minutes and destroyed at least one house and damaged another.

Two of the missing men were brothers, Peterson said: Elmer Diaz, 26, and Ulises Diaz, 25. The other man was city fire marshal William Stortz, 62. Another city official, Mark Gorman, told KTVA-TV that he delivered the news to Stortz’s wife.

“I was the one who called her to tell her husband was missing in a landslide,” Gorman said. “And she came up with her orange, rubber gardening gloves, just a mess, and saying, ‘I’m here to start digging.'”



TIME weather

Farmer’s Almanac Warns of Cold, Snowy Winter

Old Farmers Almanac
Jim Cole—AP The 2014 edition of the Old Farmer's Almanac.

"Just about everybody who gets snow will have a White Christmas in one capacity or another"

(CONCORD, N.H.)—Just when you thought you had gotten over last winter, be warned: The Old Farmer’s Almanac predicts it will be super cold with a slew of snow for much of the country, even in places that don’t usually see too much of it, like the Pacific Northwest.

If you don’t want to read about those four-letter words, there’s plenty more to peruse in the folksy, annual book of household tips, trends, recipes and articles, such as animal jealousy, the history of shoes and anticipation for the biggest Supermoon in decades in November 2016.

Otherwise, look for above-normal snow and below-normal temperatures for much of New England; icy conditions in parts of the South; and frigid weather in the Midwest. The snowiest periods in the Pacific Northwest will be in mid-December, early to mid-January and mid- to late February, the almanac predicts.

“Just about everybody who gets snow will have a White Christmas in one capacity or another,” editor Janice Stillman said from Dublin, New Hampshire, where the almanac is compiled. It’s due out in the coming week.

The almanac says there will be above normal-rainfall in the first half of the winter in California, but then that will dry up and the drought is expected to continue. “We don’t expect a whole lot of relief,” Stillman said.

The weather predictions are based on a secret formula that founder Robert B. Thomas designed using solar cycles, climatology and meteorology. Forecasts emphasize how much temperature and precipitation will deviate from 30-year averages compiled by government agencies.

No one’s perfect, and some meteorologists generally pooh-pooh the Almanac’s forecasts as too unscientific to be worth much. The almanac, which defends its accuracy for its predictions overall, says its greatest errors were in underestimating how far above normal California temperatures and Boston-area snowfall would be, although it did predict both would be above normal.

The record-breaking winter in Boston dumped more than 110 inches of snow on the city. The almanac doesn’t call for as much this year.

The 224-year-old almanac, believed to be the oldest continually published periodical in North America, is 26 years older than its closest competitor, “The Farmers’ Almanac,” published in Maine and due out later in August.



Boy Survives Desert Heat After Dying Parents Give Him Their Water

white sands new mexico
Giovanna Dell'Orto—AP Contoured patterns in the endless white sand dunes at White Sands National Monument in New Mexico in March, 2014.

Park rangers found the boy next to his dead father

A young French boy’s life was spared after his parents offered him more of the little water they had while hiking on perilous trail in New Mexico. His parents both died and he has since been reunited with his grandmother.

The tourists had traveled to the White Sands National Monument and set out to hike the Alkali Flat Trail, a 4.6 mile journey that takes visitors to the heart of the park’s sand dunes. Because of the extreme heat that visitors can face in the summer, the park recommends visitors carry about a gallon of water with them while on the trail and resting frequently. The park also recommends hiking during cool times—the early morning and evening.

The couple, however, only had two 20 ounce bottles of water among them, according to the Alamogordo Daily News, a local newspaper. And according to CNN, officials believe they started their hike around 1 p.m. local time, when temperatures hovered around 101 degrees.

To keep their son hydrated, the couple reportedly drank one sip of water as he took two. Both of the parents, identified as Ornella and David Steiner, died in the heat. The boy told officials Ornella was trying to head back to the start of the trail when she collapsed. The father and son were attempting to carry out the remainder of the journey, but only made it another 2,000 feet before succumbing to the heat. Rangers later found the bodies and the son next to his dead father.

According to Alamogordo Daily News, the boy’s grandmother flew to New Mexico from France to take care of him.

TIME weather

The Strongest Typhoon This Year Is Heading Toward Taiwan, Japan and China

It is expected to weaken as it nears Taiwan, however

Supertyphoon Soudelor has rapidly strengthened into a Category 5 storm in the northwest Pacific, with peak sustained wind speeds of 180 m.p.h., the Weather Channel reports. That makes it the strongest tropical cyclone recorded this year.

On Sunday, Soudelor, which made landfall as a Category 2 storm, slammed into the Northern Mariana Islands, causing “extensive” damage on Saipan. The storm brought down power lines, toppled roofs and flooded the island’s power plant. Hundreds of Saipan’s residents sought shelter until Monday afternoon.

Saipan’s acting governor Ralph D.L.G. Torres declared “a state of disaster and significant emergency” for the island, reports the Pacific Daily News.

According to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, the supertyphoon is expected to continue on its path northwestward across the Pacific Ocean over the next few days but will weaken as it nears Taiwan, China and Japan’s southwestern Ryukyu islands by Friday.

The name Soudelor comes from the Federated States of Micronesia and is a Pohnpeaian word for a legendary chief or ruler.

[Weather Channel]

TIME weather

The Temperature in This Iranian City Just Hit 164 Degrees

Amid a heat wave over the Middle East

A heat wave passing over the Middle East sent temperatures skyrocketing to extreme levels in Iran over the weekend — so high that one city almost broke a world record.

The heat index in Bandar Mahshahr, a city of over 100,000 atop the Persian Gulf, reached an astonishing 164 degrees (73 Celsius) on Friday afternoon , according the Weather Channel. The heat index is also known as the “feels-like” temperature, which combines air temperature with relative humidity, which soars during the summer due the city’s proximity to water.

In Iraq, air temperatures continued to exceed 120 degrees (49 Celcius) for the eighth day in a row on Sunday, according to the Weather Channel. The heat had become so scorching on Thursday that the Iraqi government mandated a four-day holiday.

The highest-known heat index — 178 degrees (81 Celcius) — was recorded in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, on July 8, 2003.

TIME weather

This Is the World’s Hottest City Today

Displaced Iraqis carry donated food at al-Takia refugee camp in Baghdad on July 30, 2015.
Khalid Mohammed—AP Displaced Iraqis carry donated food at al-Takia refugee camp in Baghdad on July 30, 2015.

The mercury hit 120 degrees Fahrenheit in Baghdad, and it feels even hotter

Tens of millions of Americans have been suffering under a blistering heatwave this week, with temperatures reaching into the high 90s. But they won’t get any sympathy from the people of Baghdad.

The Iraqi capital was the hottest city on the planet Friday — with the mercury hitting an unbearable 120 degrees Fahrenheit, according to The Weather Channel. And it has felt as hot as 159 degrees.

While many in the U.S. would not tolerate the summer season without air conditioning, people in the Iraqi capital say they have to put up with as little as six hours of electricity per day…

Read the rest of the story from our partners at NBC News

TIME advice

5 Unusual Ways to Stay Cool

Getty Images

No need to run air conditioner all day long

In the Northern Hemisphere, there’s no doubt summer is here — and with it, the perpetual quest to stay cool. For those of us interested in sustainability, the thought of huge summer cooling bills (and all the greenhouse emissions they cause) is enough to send a chill down the spine.

You’ve probably heard the basics of summertime energy management: keep your air conditioner filters clean, make sure your weather stripping is tight, draw the drapes during the heat of the day, and avoid the use of big heat-creating appliances like ovens and ranges whenever possible. If you want a quick review of hot weather energy-saving ideas, check this giant list of summer cooling tips.

But there are other ways to keep your cool through the summer. We’ve rounded up five for your consideration, including several tried-and-true methods from the days before central air. Give one or two a shot, and see how they work for you.

1. Go tropical

Take the lead of those who spend most of their lives in tropical climates: loose, lightweight cotton and linen clothing rules.

The guayabera, sometimes called the “Mexican wedding shirt,” is constructed to cool you naturally. A relative of the traditional Filipino barong, the guayabera wicks moisture from the skin and is worn untucked to promote air circulation. Madras is another good summertime choice for both men’s and women’s clothing.

Don’t forget the old standard of the American Deep South: seersucker. Originally an Indian import, its crisp cotton and cooling ridges make it a hot weather classic.

2. Cool that pulse point

When you were sick as a child, your mom may have brought you a cold facecloth. This idea works the same way.

Chill your pulse points by running cold water over your wrist for a minute or so each hour. Splashing water on your temples or face can produce a similar effect. And be sure to put some of that tap water into a glass and stay hydrated.

3. Don’t eat: Graze

Ever notice how you feel hot after a big meal? It’s not just because the food was served warm.

Big, protein-laden meals force your body to stoke its metabolic fires. The solution is to break up your eating into smaller, more frequent meals. You’ll feel cooler — and it’s better for you, anyway.

4. Eat to sweat

Latin America, India, Thailand — some of the world’s hottest places. And they happen to serve some of the world’s hottest foods.

Scientists have argued for years over why this is the case, but the most likely reason is that spicy foods make you sweat without actually raising body temperature. Chalk it up to capsaicin, a chemical found in things like hot peppers. Once your skin is damp, you’ll feel cooled by its evaporation.

Perhaps it wouldn’t be a bad idea to also reread our article on choosing a safer deodorant.

5. Stay cool under the covers

A lot of people find it difficult to sleep in hot weather.

Want to cool the bed down? Fill a standard hot water bottle with ice water. Use it to cool your ankles and the back of your knees — it works. You can also try bagging your sheets and tossing them in the freezer for an hour or two before bed.

Cooling your head cools your entire body. Opt for a cool and absorbent pillow of organic cotton if at all possible. Put aside down and latex pillows until the weather cools down this autumn.

This article originally appeared on MNN.com

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TIME astronomy

A Blue Moon Is Coming This Friday

They happen about…once in a blue moon

Blue moons aren’t actually blue, but they are as rare as the saying goes.

The second full moon in a month is commonly referred to as a blue moon—we had a full moon on July 2, and we’ll have another this Friday on July 31—but there’s a more complicated definition according to the U.S. Naval Observatory:

“The traditional definition is that of the third Full Moon to occur in an astronomical season in which four Full Moons fall. While somewhat more cryptic than the ‘second-of-the-month’ variety, this scheme helped farmers and other people who used traditional Full Moon names to keep the proper names in synch with the occasional “extra” Full Moon that occurs about every 2.6 years. The “controversy” over the proper definition of the “Blue Moon” dates back to an erroneous discussion of the phenomenon that was originally published in 1946 and subsequently re-discovered in 1999.”

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