TIME Hong Kong

The British Once Considered Moving the Entire Population of Hong Kong to Northern Ireland

Getty Images

An official at the Northern Ireland office was inspired by a university lecturer's proposal to "transplant" Hong Kong to Northern Ireland

(LONDON) — A bizarre plan to relocate the entire population of Hong Kong to Northern Ireland was considered an option in the uncertain years before Britain handed back the former British colony to Chinese rule, formerly classified government files showed.

Britain’s National Archives on Friday released a 1983 government file called “Replantation of Northern Ireland from Hong Kong,” which showed British officials discussing a far-fetched proposal to settle 5.5 million Hong Kong people in a newly built “city state” between Coleraine and Londonderry.

George Fergusson, an official at the Northern Ireland office, was inspired by a university lecturer’s proposal to “transplant” Hong Kong to Northern Ireland — a move that would supposedly revitalize the local economy as well as save Hong Kong, which the lecturer believed had “no future on its present site.”

“At this stage we see real advantages in taking the proposal seriously,” Fergusson wrote in a memo to a colleague in the Foreign Office.

While it wasn’t clear if Fergusson was writing tongue-in-cheek, the droll reply he received showed that it wasn’t taken seriously.

“My initial reaction … is that the proposal could be useful to the extent that the arrival of 5.5 million Chinese in Northern Ireland may induce the indigenous peoples to forsake their homeland for a future elsewhere,” quipped David Snoxell at the Republic of Ireland Department. “We should not underestimate the danger of this taking the form of a mass exodus of boat refugees in the direction of South East Asia.”

An official scribbled in the margins: “My mind will be boggling for the rest of the day.”

Though outlandish, the idea illustrated anxieties at the time about the future of Hong Kong. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher began talks with China on the topic in 1982. Two years later, the two sides agreed that the city would return to Chinese rule in 1997.

TIME Soccer

English Loss Sets Up Japan-U.S.A. World Cup Soccer Final

The defending champions advanced to play the United States in the championship game

(EDMONTON, Alberta) — Laura Bassett scored into her own net during second-half stoppage time, giving Japan a 2-1 victory over England in a Women’s World Cup semifinal.

The decisive goal Wednesday came when Japan’s Nahomi Kawasumi drove up the right side and sent a cross into the middle for Yuki Ogimi. Bassett reached out with her right foot and caught the ball flush, inadvertently sending it toward her net. The ball struck the crossbar and bounced in just before goalkeeper Karen Bardsley could get across.

The defending champions advanced to play the United States in the championship game at Vancouver on Sunday. It’s a rematch of the 2011 championship game in Germany, when Japan won on penalty kicks after a 2-2 draw.

Bassett was inconsolable at the end of the match, lying flat on the ground, her face in the turf. She then needed assistance from teammates and her coach before leaving the field.

It was a torturous finish for the sixth-ranked Lionesses, who have made their deepest run in four World Cup appearances. England had never won an elimination game until this year.

England will remain in Edmonton to play top-ranked Germany in the third-place match Saturday. Germany lost 2-0 to the United States on Tuesday.

England lost despite controlling much of the second half against the fourth-ranked Japanese. And that was despite what Japan coach Norio Sasaki had said a day earlier, when he suggested his players were “superior.”

The teams traded penalty kick goals seven minutes apart in the first half.

Aya Miyama opened the scoring in the 33rd minute by driving the ball into the open left corner while Bardsley guessed the wrong way.

The penalty was set up when Mizuho Sakaguchi’s long kick from Japan’s side of the field found Saori Ariyoshi free up the right side. As Ariyoshi got control of the ball, she was pushed from behind by Claire Rafferty.

The Lionesses responded on Fara Williams’ penalty kick in the 40th minute. She threaded a shot just inside the left post, barely out of the reach of diving keeper Ayumi Kaihori.

That penalty came off corner kick to the right of the Japan net. Williams’ kick into the area bounced between four players before Steph Houghton got control, took a step toward the net and went down when Ogimi appeared to catch the back of Houghton’s foot.

England had the Japanese on their heels during a four-minute span of the second half.

Toni Duggan, from just inside the penalty area, had her line-drive kick go off the crossbar in the 62nd minute. A minute later, Ellen White was set up in the middle, and got a shot off that Kaihori punched away.

And in the 66th minute, Jill Scott headed Williams’ corner kick just wide of the left post.

The game was played on Canada Day — the nation’s 148th birthday — in front of a slow-arriving crowd. The attendance was announced at 31,467 in a stadium that holds more than 53,000. The crowd would’ve been would have been much larger had England not eliminated the host country in the quarterfinals last weekend.

The Lionesses have already created a buzz back home as just the third English team — including the men — to reach a World Cup semifinal, joining the 1966 champion and 1990 men’s squads.

England began the day by receiving a royal pep talk from Prince William, who spoke to the players and staff by phone.

Manchester United and English national team captain Wayne Rooney has become a fan. Rooney posted a note of support on his Twitter account Wednesday, writing in part: “We’re all behind you, let’s go one step closer an get to the final.”

Women’s coach Mark Sampson also attempted to rally support by providing fans back home an excuse to be late for work Thursday.

Because the game didn’t start until midnight in England, Sampson and the nation’s Football Federation on Twitter posted a “late-to-work” form that’s already signed by the coach.

TIME Tunisia

Individuals Suspected of Links to the Tunisian Beach Attack Have Been Arrested

British British Home Secretary Theresa May Arrives In Tunisia Following The Terrorist Attack
Jeff J Mitchell—Getty Images Armed guards patrol Marhaba beach during a visit by British Home Secretary Theresa May at the scene where 39 people were killed on June 29, in Sousse, Tunisia.

Authorities are meanwhile attempting to find out if gunman Saif Rezgui had been trained in jihadist camps

An unspecified number of individuals suspected of having links to last Friday’s Tunisian beach massacre have been arrested by Tunisian authorities, Reuters reports.

“We will find all those involved, whether it was just logistical support or not,” Najem Gharsalli, the Interior Minister, told reporters.

Thirty-nine holidaymakers — mostly Britons — were killed when Tunisian gunman Saif Rezgui started firing on the beach by the Imperial Marhaba hotel in Sousse on June 26. ISIS has claimed responsibility for the killings.

Gharsalli didn’t provide details about those arrested, but said that authorities are investigating whether the gunman, who was killed during the attack, had been trained in jihadist camps. “There is a large possibility that he was in Libya for about a month this year for training,” an unnamed security source told Reuters.

Tunisia has been grappling with a rise in Islamist militancy since its recent democratic transition. Over 3,000 Tunisians have joined Islamist militant groups in Syria, Iraq and most recently Libya, Reuters says.


TIME Music

Rolling Stones Bassist Is ‘Disgusted’ By Plaque Honoring Band

Fiona Adams—Redferns / Getty Images The Rolling Stones (L-R: Bill Wyman, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts) in 1963

Officials are replacing a plaque heralding the origins of the Rolling Stones following objections from Bill Wyman, the band's former bassist

A blue plaque at Dartford station in southeast England marking the site of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards’ first meeting is going to be replaced, following objections from The Rolling Stones’ former bassist, Bill Wyman.

The plaque, first unveiled in February, says: “Mick Jagger and Keith Richards met on platform 2 on 17 October 1961 and went on to form The Rolling Stones – one of the most successful rock bands of all time.”

Wyman objected, saying it was actually guitarist Brian Jones who founded the band and enlisted each member one by one. “He gave the name The Rolling Stones, he chose the music and he was the leader,” Wyman told the BBC.

Jagger and Richards both attended the same elementary school and met up again on the Dartford train platform in 1961, discovering they shared a love of the blues and later becoming two of Jones’ bandmates.

Jones suffered from a drug and alcohol addiction and drowned in the swimming pool at his home in 1969.

A local official said the plaque would be reworded to make it clear that the station was where Jagger and Richards met and went on to be part of the band.

TIME Bizarre

Dictionary Editors Say Twerking Goes Back Almost 200 Years

Miley Cyrus
Charles Sykes—AP Miley Cyrus performs a move known as "twerking" at the MTV Video Music Awards at the Barclays Center in New York City on Aug. 25, 2013

Researchers found it used as a noun in 1820, spelled "twirk"

(LONDON)— Twerking may be older than you think.

The provocative dance that gained global fame thanks to an attention-grabbing performance by Miley Cyrus has been admitted to the venerable Oxford English Dictionary — and lexicographers say its origins go back almost 200 years.

The dictionary now describes twerking as dancing “in a sexually provocative manner, using thrusting movements of the bottom and hips while in a low, squatting stance.”

It had previously listed the word, but then to refer to a twisting or jerking movement or twitch. Researchers found it used as a noun with that meaning in 1820, spelled “twirk.” It became a verb by 1848, and the “twerk” spelling was popularly used by 1901.

Senior editor Fiona McPherson called revelations about the word’s roots “quite spectacular.”

She said the word as a description of a dance has its roots in the 1990s New Orleans music scene.

Other new entries, announced Thursday, include social-media term “twitterati” and smokers’ helper “e-cigarette.”

The OED charts the historical development of the English language and has stricter admission criteria than other Oxford dictionaries. New entries must have been in use in both news stories and fiction for at least 10 years.


Find Out the Palace’s Official ‘Allowance’ for Kate, Prince William and Prince Harry

A Service Of Commemoration - Afghanistan
Samir Hussein—WireImage Prince Harry, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and Prince William attend a commemoration for troops who were stationed in Afghanistan in London on March 13, 2015

Thanks, Dad!

The palace shed a little light on the cost of running the official life of Prince William and Princess Kate Tuesday – and it’s Prince Charles who largely foots the bill.

The staff, travel and official wardrobes for William, Kate and Prince Harry are covered by Charles, who uses a fund totaling $4.6 million.

The future king, 66, pays for his official life by drawing an income from the Duchy of Cornwall, a massive estate given to the heir to the throne to fund his official and private livelihoods. That income in the year to March 31 was $31.1 million, a rise of 1.7 percent, his office at Clarence House says in its annual report out Tuesday.

The budget Charles sets aside for his sons to run their Kensington Palace office, including their official private secretaries and their press team, rose by a modest $60,000, largely accounted for by increased travel – something that has cost more across the board, a palace source suggests.

“We can’t identify how much of it is allocated to their office,” the palace source tells PEOPLE, adding that unlike in previous years, they are not breaking down specific costs, such as Kate’s amazing wardrobe.

This article originally appeared on PEOPLE.com


Why the Arrest of Rwanda’s Intelligence Chief in the U.K. Is Causing Waves

Rwandan Lieutenant General Karenzi Karake
Cyril Ndegeya — AFP/Getty Images Rwandan Lieutenant General Karenzi Karake at Nasho Military training school in Kirehe District, in Rwanda's Eastern Province, when he was still a major-general, Dec. 17, 2010

Rwandan officials are angry at the news of Karenzi Karake's arrest

The arrest of Rwanda’s intelligence chief Karenzi Karake on Saturday in connection with war crimes threatens to disrupt the U.K.’s relationship with Rwanda.

Louise Mushikiwabo, Rwanda’s foreign minister, said the arrest was an outrage, adding: “Western solidarity in demeaning Africans is unacceptable. It is an outrage to arrest #Rwandan official based on pro-genocidaires lunacy!”

The Metropolitan Police released a statement to Reuters saying: “Karenzi Karake, 54, a Rwandan national appeared before Westminster Magistrates’ Court … after being arrested on a European Arrest Warrant on behalf of the authorities in Spain, where he is wanted in connection with war crimes against civilians.”

The spy chief and 39 other Rwandan officials were indicted in 2008 by a Spanish court on charges of genocide and the killing of three Spanish nationals working for Medicos del Mondo.

Andrew Mitchell, the former U.K. minister for international development, claimed Karake was arrested for political reasons rather than judicial ones. “It’s politically motivated and acted by supporters of the genocidal regime in Rwanda,” Mitchell told the BBC. “The warrants were originally set up in 2008 against 40 officials… but a Spanish high court suspended these indictments in March 2014. I think it is a misuse of the European Arrest Warrant system.”

This sentiment is shared by a leaked U.S. diplomatic cable in 2008 from the U.S. Embassy in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali. In the cable, the U.S. ambassador at that time described the Spanish indictment as “outrageous and inaccurate.”

Christoph Wille, Africa analyst at the consultancy firm Control Risks, says that Rwanda and the U.K. have had good relations in recent years. “British and Rwandan officials lashed out because they feel it (the arrest warrant) may not hold and may simply strain relations between Rwanda and the U.K. which has historically been very good, arguably too good. I think the UK is keen to maintain that relationship, ” he says.

Wille drew parallels between Karake’s case and 2008 arrest of the Rwandan politician Rose Kabuye in Frankfurt, Germany. The charges were eventually dropped in 2009, but not before Rwanda expelled the German ambassador and recalled Rwanda’s envoy from Berlin.

Karake was a part of the Tutsi-led rebel movement known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front, which is still Rwanda’s ruling party after deposing the the Hutu government in July 1994 and ending the genocide that took the lives of 800,000 people, mainly from the minority Tutsi tribe.

The government, which is headed by Paul Kagame has been accused of human rights abuses, including responsbility for massacres in both Rwanda and Congo after the 1994 genocide.

“It’s a period during which the Rwandan army killed hundreds if not thousands of civilians in both Rwanda and the Congo (DRC), particularly in the late 90s. He (Karake) was one of the key figures and many victims and witnesses and often cites his name in serious crimes,” says Carina Tertsakian, a senior researcher on Rwanda at Human Rights Watch.

Phil Clark, lecturer on Africa’s Great Lakes Region at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, told the BBC there were concerns about the evidence in the Spanish indictment. “There’s a sloppiness I think in much of the investigation that underpins this and even very critical human rights groups, that have tended not to be very friendly to Rwanda in the past, have raised questions about the quality of the Spanish arrest warrants.”

Karake will remain in custody till his court hearing in London on Thursday.

Read next: More Than 3 Million Iraqis Displaced Due to IS Violence, Says U.N.

Download TIME’s mobile app for iOS to have your world explained wherever you go


Thousands Mark Summer Solstice at Stonehenge

solstice stonehenge
Niklas Halle'n—AFP/Getty Images Revellers watch the sunrise as they celebrate the pagan festival of Summer Solstice at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, southern England on June 21, 2015.

The sun was visible only briefly, meaning the party was shorter than in past years

(LONDON) — Thousands of revelers, new-agers and self-styled Druids descended on the ancient stone circle at Stonehenge on Sunday, catching a brief glimpse of the sun as they marked the summer solstice — the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere.

About 23,000 sun-watchers gathered on the Salisbury Plain about 80 miles (130 kilometers) southwest of London, police said. But with the sun visible only briefly, the party was markedly shorter than in past years. Authorities reported nine arrests for drug offenses — fewer than in the past.

Visitors kissed the stones, dancers swirled on the grass and drummers pounded as part of the free-form celebrations. A small group of yoga enthusiasts held a short class and couples renewed their commitments to one another.

Stonehenge is an icon of Britain, and one of its most popular attractions. It was built in three phases between 3,000 B.C. and 1,600 B.C. and its purpose remains under study.

TIME relationships

Crossword-Loving Man Proposes in the Geekiest and Sweetest Way

What better way than solving a puzzle?

(LONDON) — It’s a case of two down: the aisle.

A crossword-loving British lawyer hid a marriage proposal in The Times newspaper’s daily puzzle. Matthew Dick thought of the cryptic way of popping the question to girlfriend Delyth Hughes and persuaded the newspaper to agree.

Tuesday’s Times crossword opened with one across: “Pretty Welsh girl widely thought not to be all there.” The answer: Delyth.

Other clues included “‘Will you marry me,’ say, that’s forward also rude.” The answer was proposal.

Dick, 38, told Wednesday’s edition of the newspaper that he showed Hughes the crossword at breakfast, with some key words underlined, then “reached into my pocket to reveal the ring.”

“She looked so surprised and didn’t say anything for about 30 seconds, before then saying ‘No’, which she thought was hilarious,” he said. “But she did then say ‘Yes’ and I had to tell her this was the real Times crossword, not something I had printed out myself.”

Hughes says she was “dumbfounded that he’d gone to such lengths.”

“It was also bloody typical, as he’s a smart-a— at the best of times,” she said. “I’ve heard all the engagement stories but this one trumps them all. It’s so special and such a geeky way of doing it.”

Times crossword editor Richard Rogan said he believed this was the first time the newspaper had included a proposal in a puzzle. He said it was “a one-off” that wouldn’t be repeated.

TIME royals

Princess Charlotte ‘Does Sleep Through the Night,’ Says Prince Charles

Giving her busy parents extra sleep to catch up on

What a good baby!

It seems 5-week-old Charlotte is being the perfect little princess and letting her parents, Prince William and Princess Kate, get a little shut-eye at night.

Doting grandfather Prince Charles talked about the newest addition to the royal family on Wednesday at a tea party with World War II veterans at Clarence House in London.

Geoff Bradley, one of the guests at the afternoon tea, told the Press Association that when he chatted with Charles about grandchildren, “He was saying Princess Charlotte does sleep through the night and it was much easier on mum than Prince George.”

This is probably a relief for Kate and her husband – less than a month ago, a slightly bleary-eyed William admitted that they were enduring sleepless nights with their then-two-week-old baby and an energetic 22-month-old.

“He was saying he’s obviously really enjoying being a father and Princess Charlotte is actually keeping him up – and probably why his eyes are looking a little bit tired,” said Steph Houghton, captain of the England women’s soccer team.

This article originally appeared on People.com.

Your browser is out of date. Please update your browser at http://update.microsoft.com